Soid Borax, known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid. Powdered borax is white, consisting of colorless crystals that dissolve easily in water. Borax has a variety of uses. It is a component of many detergents and enamel glazes, in artisanal gold mining, the borax method is sometimes used as a substitute for toxic mercury in the gold extraction process. Borax was reportedly used by miners in parts of the Philippines in the 1900s. The term borax is used for a number of closely related minerals or chemical compounds that differ in their water content. Commercially sold borax is partially dehydrated, Borax was first discovered in dry lake beds in Tibet and was imported via the Silk Road to the Arabian Peninsula in the 8th Century AD. However, it is formulated as Na2·8H2O, since borax contains the 2− ion. In this structure, there are two four-coordinate boron atoms and two boron atoms. Borax is converted to boric acid and other borates.
When borax is added to a flame, it produces a green color. Borax is not used for purpose in fireworks due to the overwhelming yellow color of sodium. Boric acid is used to color methanol flames a transparent green, the English word borax is Latinized, the Middle English form was boras, from Old French boras, bourras. That may have been from medieval Latin baurach, borax, or maybe directly from the Arabic, along with Spanish borrax and Italian borrace, the Arabic was بورق bauraq/bwrk, a word used for borax. Traditional Arabic dictionaries say that it derives from the verb to glisten, which is written بورق bwrq, but it seems to actually derive from the Persian būrah. The word borax is found in Arabic būraq, meaning white, which is from Middle Persian bwrk, another name for borax is tincal, from Sanskrit. The word tincal /ˈtɪŋkəl/ tinkle, or tincar /ˈtɪŋkər/ tinker, refers to crude borax, before it is purified, as mined from deposits in Tibet, Persia. The word was adopted in the 17th century from Malay tingkal and from Urdu/Persian/Arabic تنکار tinkār/tankār and these all appear to be related to the Sanskrit टांकण ṭānkaṇa
Tiffany & Co.
Tiffany & Company is an American luxury jewelry and specialty retailer, headquartered in New York City. Tiffany sells jewelry, sterling silver, crystal, fragrances, water bottles, personal accessories, many of these goods are sold at Tiffany stores, as well as through direct-mail and corporate merchandising. Tiffany is renowned for its goods and is particularly known for its diamond jewelry. Tiffany markets itself as an arbiter of taste and style, and was once a purveyor to the Russian imperial family, founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. The name was shortened to Tiffany & Company in 1853 when Charles Tiffany took control, Tiffany & Company has since opened stores in major cities all over the world. Unlike other stores at the time in the 1830s, Tiffany clearly marked the prices on its goods to forestall any haggling over prices, in addition, against the social norm at the time, Tiffany only accepted cash payments, and did not accept payments on credit. Such practices, fixed prices for ready money, were first introduced by Palmers of London Bridge in 1750, who employed the young Robert Owen, the social reformer.
The first Tiffanys mail order catalog, known as the Blue Book, was published in 1845 in the United States, in 1862, Tiffany & Company supplied the Union Army with swords and surgical implements. In 1867, Tiffany & Co. was the first US firm to win an award for the excellence in silverware at the Exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1870, the built an new store building at 15 Union Square West, designed by John Kellum. It was described by The New York Times as a palace of jewels, Tiffany stayed at this site until 1906. In 1877, an insignia that would become the famous New York Yankees NY logo was struck on a medal of honor by Tiffany & Company. In 1878, Tiffany won the medal for jewelry and a grand prize for silverware at the Paris Exposition. In 1887, Tiffany bought the French Crown Jewels, which attracted publicity, the company revised the Great Seal of the United States in 1885. In 1902, after the death of Charles Lewis Tiffany, his son, Louis Comfort Tiffany, in 1919, the company made a revision to the Medal of Honor on behalf of the United States Department of the Navy.
This Tiffany Cross version was rare because it was awarded only for combat, in 1942 the Navy established the Tiffany version for non-combat heroism, but in August 1942 the Navy eliminated the Tiffany Cross and the two-medal system. In 1956, legendary designer Jean Schlumberger joined Tiffany, and Andy Warhol collaborated with Tiffany to create Tiffany Holiday Cards. In 1968 Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the U. S. at the time, in November 1978, Tiffany & Co. was sold to Avon Products Inc. for about US$104 million in stock
Cathay Pacific, is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport. The airlines operations and subsidiaries have scheduled passenger and cargo services to 180 destinations in 44 countries worldwide including codeshares, served with a fleet of wide-body aircraft, consisting of Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Airbus A350, and Boeing 777 equipment. Its wholly owned subsidiary, Cathay Dragon, operates to 44 destinations in the Asia-Pacific region from its Hong Kong base, in 2010, Cathay Pacific, together with Dragonair, carried nearly 27 million passengers and over 1.8 million tons of cargo and mail. The airline was founded on 24 September 1946 by Australian Sydney H. de Kantzow, with each man putting up HK$1 to register the airline. The airline made the worlds first non-stop transpolar flight flying over the North Pole in July 1998, the airline celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2006, and as of October 2009, its major shareholders are Swire Pacific and Air China.
It is reciprocally one of the shareholders of Air China. Cathay Pacific is the tenth largest airline measured in terms of sales. In 2010, Cathay Pacific became the worlds largest international cargo airline, Cathay Pacific is a founding member of the Oneworld alliance. Cathay Pacifics subsidiary Cathay Dragon is a member of Oneworld. Cathay Pacific was awarded Skytraxs 2014 Airline of the Year, Cathay Pacific has won the Worlds Best Airline award four times. Cathay Pacific was founded as Roy Farrell Export-Import Co, Ltd in Shanghai in January 1946 by Australian Sydney de Kantzow and American Roy Farrell. Both men were ex-air force pilots who had flown the Hump, Farrell purchased the airlines first aircraft, a Douglas DC-3, nicknamed Betsy, in New York on 6 October 1945. The company began freight services in January 1946 with two DC-3s between Australia and China, but the business soon attracted attention from Republic of China government officials. After several instances where the planes were detained by authorities in Shanghai, on 11 May 1946 the company relocated.
Farrell and de Kantzow re-registered their business in Hong Kong on 24 September 1946 as Cathay Pacific, each man put up HK$1 to register the airline. They named it Cathay, the ancient name given to China, the Chinese name for the company was not settled on until the 1950s. It comes from a Chinese idiom meaning grand and peaceful state, according to legend, the airlines unique name was conceived by Farrell and some foreign correspondents at the bar of the Manila Hotel. On Cathay Pacifics maiden voyage, Farrell and de Kantzow flew from Hong Kong to Manila, the airline initially flew routes between Hong Kong, Manila, Singapore and Canton, while scheduled service was limited to Bangkok and Singapore only
Alma de Bretteville Spreckels
Alma de Bretteville Spreckels was a wealthy socialite and philanthropist in San Francisco, California. She was known both as Big Alma and The Great Grandmother of San Francisco, among her many accomplishments, she persuaded her first husband, sugar magnate Adolph B. Spreckels, to donate the California Palace of the Legion of Honor to the city of San Francisco. She was born Alma Charlotte Corday le Normand de Bretteville in the Sunset District of San Francisco, the family was very poor during her early childhood. Viggo claimed to be descended from Franco-Danish nobility and used that as an excuse to avoid working while simultaneously deriding the nouveau riche of California, in contrast, Mathilde had enough ingenuity and business sense to open a combination Danish bakery–laundry service–massage parlor which became the familys source of income. At age 14, Spreckels quit school to work full-time for the family business, she had developed a love of art and enrolled in the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art to study painting.
While there, she earned money by being a nude model, now flush with cash, she became popular around town, and found herself intimately involved with a miner named Charlie Anderson. After their relationship deteriorated, she gained a bit of notoriety for having successfully sued him for personal defloweration, Alma de Bretteville met her future husband thanks to modeling for the Dewey Monument by Robert Aitken, which can be found in Union Square. This statue was selected from a number of entries and only made the cut, thanks to the crucial vote of the chair of the Citizens Committee. Although he was 24 years older than her, he was smitten and after a five-year courtship, because he was head of the Spreckels Sugar Company, she often referred to her husband as her sugar daddy. In the meantime, son Adolph Bernard Jr. was born in 1911, followed by daughter, Dorothy Constance. It was after Dorothys birth that Spreckels learned her husband had contracted syphilis before their marriage, fortunately for her, she never caught it from him.
After the mansion was completed, Spreckels began throwing opulent parties befitting a woman of her status, although attended by local celebrities such as author Jack London and sculptor Earl Cummings, there were a number of people who were disdainful of her earlier infamy and snubbed her invitations. This motivated her to some respectability for herself, which she did by going to Paris. There, she met entertainer Loie Fuller and through Fuller, other artists, with Fullers encouragement and contacts, Alma Spreckels eventually became one of the more influential art collectors in the U. S. She returned from Paris right after the beginning of World War I, having purchased a number of Rodins works directly from the artist, she had them displayed at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. In the intervening time, she busied herself with charity auctions, raising money for war-torn France, for one such event at the Palace Hotel, she was able to obtain donations from U. S. presidents and other renowned individuals.
Her own collection was not spared, her prized Rodin The Genius of War went on the auction block, after some persuading, Adolph eventually agreed to fund Spreckels museum project
Macys West was a longtime division of Macys, Inc. representing one of the New York-based department store chains earliest notable acquisitions and westward expansions. The consolidation became effective during the quarter of 2009. When it was consolidated, Macys West was headed by Chairman Jeffrey Gennette and Vice Chairman and Director of Stores Rudolph J. Borneo. As of February 2,2009, the gross square feet of the Macys West stores totaled 40.331 million. In 1928, the company, by known as OConnor, R. H. Macy & Company, New York, New York acquired OConnor Moffat in 1945 and on October 16,1947 renamed the store Macys San Francisco. Macys followed up with an expansion of the store at 170 OFarrell Street in 1948, using the original architect of the 1928 building. Macys Northern California expansion began in 1952 when it purchased a small San Rafael based department store named Alberts, Alberts had a location on fourth street in downtown San Rafael, and another in Richmond. Both of these were small in size and did not carry a full line of merchandise.
In 1954 Macys built its first full-line Northern California branch at Hillsdale Shopping Center in San Mateo, California. After that, the company expanded throughout Northern California, primarily the San Francisco Bay Area, along the way, the newly renamed Macys California ventured into shopping center development with Valley Fair in San Jose and Bayfair in San Leandro. In 1971, the San Francisco store pioneered the cellar as the concept for its housewares department. The brand has spread to all departments at all Macys stores. In 1978, Macys expanded into Nevada with a new store in Reno, in 1984, four complementary locations were acquired from Liberty House, including Liberty Houses own OFarrell & Stockton flagship built in 1974, which eventually became Macys Mens Store. In 1986 R. H. Macys management team led a buyout of the company, Macys California began to seek locations in Southern California. These plans were put on hold after Macys purchased the Bullocks, Bullocks Wilshire, Campeau had bested Macys own attempted acquisition of Federated Department Stores and sold these California divisions to Macys as part of their settlement.
Magnin, whose San Francisco flagship adjoined Macys, was consolidated with Bullocks Wilshire to form an autonomous specialty-department store subdivision under Macys California, magnins smaller, dated locations were shuttered and in 1989 the Bullocks Wilshire stores assumed the I. Magnin name. In a test case, the I. Magnin at South Coast Plaza in Costa Mesa, on January 27,1992 R. H. Macy & Co. declared bankruptcy. Bullocks closed locations in Lakewood, La Mesa and Santa Ana, California at this time, the historic Bullocks Wilshire store closed in early 1993
Battle of Manila Bay
The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1 May 1898, during the Spanish–American War. The American Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey engaged and destroyed the Spanish Pacific Squadron under Admiral Patricio Montojo, the battle took place in Manila Bay in the Philippines, and was the first major engagement of the Spanish–American War. The battle was one of the most decisive battles in history. Americans living on the West Coast of the United States feared a Spanish attack at the outbreak of the Spanish–American War, only a few U. S. Navy warships, led by the USS Olympia, stood between them and a powerful Spanish fleet. Admiral Montojo, a career Spanish naval officer who had been dispatched rapidly to the Philippines, was equipped with a variety of obsolete vessels, efforts to strengthen his position amounted to little. The strategy adopted by the Spanish bureaucracy suggested they could not win a war, Montojo compounded his difficulties by placing his ships outside the range of Spanish coastal artillery and choosing a relatively shallow anchorage.
His intent seems to have been to spare Manila from bombardment, the harbor was protected by six shore batteries and three forts whose fire during the battle proved to be ineffective. Only Fort San Antonio Abad had guns with enough range to reach the American fleet, at 7 p. m. on 30 April, Montojo was informed that Deweys ships had been seen in Subic Bay that afternoon. As Manila Bay was considered unnavigable at night by foreigners, Montojo expected an attack the following morning. Oscar F. Williams, the United States Consul in Manila, had provided Dewey with detailed information on the state of the Spanish defenses, based in part upon this intelligence, Dewey—embarked aboard USS Olympia—led his squadron into Manila Bay at midnight on 30 April. Passing the entrance, two Spanish mines exploded but were ineffective as they were well below the draft of any of the due to the depth of the water. Inside the bay, ships used the north channel between Corregidor Island and the northern coast, and this was the only channel mined.
Dewey instead used the south channel between El Fraile and Caballo Islands. The El Fraile battery fired a few rounds but the range was too great, the McCulloch and Zafiro were detached from the line and took no further part in the fighting. At 5,15 a. m. on 1 May, the squadron was off Manila, the shore batteries and Spanish fleet opened fire but all the shells fell short as the fleet was still out of range. At 5,41 with the now famous phrase, You may fire when ready, the U. S. squadron swung in front of the Spanish ships and forts in line ahead, firing their port guns. They turned and passed back, firing their starboard guns and this process was repeated five times, each time closing the range from 5,000 yards to 2,000 yards. The Spanish forces had been alerted, and most were ready for action, eight Spanish ships, the land batteries, and the forts returned fire for two and a half hours although the range was too great for the guns on shore
The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War,1861 to 1865. It included the permanent regular army of the United States, which was augmented by numbers of temporary units consisting of volunteers as well as conscripts. The Union Army fought and eventually defeated the Confederate Army during the war, at least two and a half million men served in the Union Army, almost all were volunteers. About 360,000 Union soldiers died from all causes,280,000 were wounded and 200,000 deserted. When the American Civil War began in April 1861, there were only 16,000 men in the U. S. Army, and of these many Southern officers resigned and joined the Confederate army. The U. S. Army consisted of ten regiments of infantry, four of artillery, Lincolns call forced the border states to choose sides, and four seceded, making the Confederacy eleven states strong. The war proved to be longer and more extensive than anyone North or South had expected, the call for volunteers initially was easily met by patriotic Northerners and even immigrants who enlisted for a steady income and meals.
Over 10,000 Germans in New York and Pennsylvania immediately responded to Lincolns call, as more men were needed, the number of volunteers fell and both money bounties and forced conscription had to be turned to. Nevertheless, between April 1861 and April 1865, at least two and a million men served in the Union Army, of whom the majority were volunteers. It is a misconception that the South held an advantage because of the percentage of professional officers who resigned to join the Confederate army. At the start of the war, there were 824 graduates of the U. S, Military Academy on the active list, of these,296 resigned or were dismissed, and 184 of those became Confederate officers. Of the approximately 900 West Point graduates who were civilians,400 returned to the Union Army and 99 to the Confederate. Therefore, the ratio of Union to Confederate professional officers was 642 to 283, the South did have the advantage of other military colleges, such as The Citadel and Virginia Military Institute, but they produced fewer officers.
The Union Army was composed of numerous organizations, which were generally organized geographically, Military Division A collection of Departments reporting to one commander. Military Divisions were similar to the modern term Theater, and were modeled close to, though not synonymous with. Department An organization that covered a region, including responsibilities for the Federal installations therein. Those named for states usually referred to Southern states that had been occupied and it was more common to name departments for rivers or regions. District A subdivision of a Department, there were Subdistricts for smaller regions
Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries/lands to the French National Day, which is celebrated on 14 July each year. In France, it is called la Fête nationale and commonly and legally le 14 juillet. On 19 May 1789, Louis XVI invited Estates-General to air their grievances, the deputies of the Third Estate, representing the common people—the two others were the Catholic clergy and the nobility —decided to break away and form a National Assembly. The Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing not to separate until a constitution had been established and they were gradually joined by delegates of the other estates, Louis XVI started to recognize the validity of their concerns on 27 June. The assembly renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July, jacques Necker, the finance minister, who was sympathetic to the Third Estate, was dismissed on 11 July. As it happened, at the time of the attack in July 1789 there were only seven inmates, the crowd was eventually reinforced by mutinous Gardes Françaises, whose usual role was to protect public buildings.
They proved a match for the forts defenders, and Governor de Launay. However, possibly because of a misunderstanding, fighting resumed, shortly after the storming of the Bastille, late in the evening of 4 August, after a very stormy session of the Assemblée Constituante, feudalism was abolished. On 26 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man, the Fête de la Fédération on 14 July 1790 was a celebration of the unity of the French nation during the French Revolution. The aim of this celebration, one year after the Storming of the Bastille, was to symbolize peace, the event took place on the Champ de Mars, which was at the time far outside Paris. The place had been transformed on a basis by the population of Paris. A mass was celebrated by Talleyrand, bishop of Autun, the popular General Lafayette, as captain of the National Guard of Paris and a confidant of the king, took his oath to the constitution, followed by King Louis XVI. On 30 June 1878, a feast was arranged in Paris to honour the French Republic.
On 14 July 1879, there was another feast, with a semi-official aspect, the days events included a reception in the Chamber of Deputies and presided over by Léon Gambetta, a military review at Longchamp, and a Republican Feast in the Pré Catelan. All through France, Le Figaro wrote, people feasted much to honour the storming of the Bastille, on 21 May 1880, Benjamin Raspail proposed a law to have the Republic choose the 14 July as a yearly national holiday. The Assembly voted in favour of the proposal on 21 May and 8 June, the Senate approved it on 27 and 29 June, favouring 14 July against 4 August. The law was made official on 6 July 1880, and the Ministry of the Interior recommended to Prefects that the day should be celebrated with all the brilliance that the local resources allow, the celebrations of the new holiday in 1880 were particularly magnificent. This day cannot be blamed for having shed a drop of blood and it was the consecration of the unity of France
The term monument is often applied to buildings or structures that are considered examples of important architectural and/or cultural heritage. Monuments have been created for thousands of years, and they are often the most durable, in more recent times, monumental structures such as the Statue of Liberty and Eiffel Tower have become iconic emblems of modern nation-states. The term monumentality relates to the status and physical presence of a monument. Monuments are frequently used to improve the appearance of a city or location, planned cities such as Washington D. C. New Delhi and Brasília are often built around monuments, for example, the Washington Monuments location was conceived by LEnfant to help organize public space in the city, before it was designed or constructed. Older cities have monuments placed at locations that are important or are sometimes redesigned to focus on one. As Shelley suggested in his famous poem Ozymandias, the purpose of monuments is often to impress or awe. Structures created for purposes that have been made notable by their age.
This can happen because of age and size, as in the case of the Great Wall of China. Monuments are designed to convey historical or political information. They can be used to reinforce the primacy of political power. The social meanings of monuments are rarely fixed and certain and are contested by different social groups. This contention of meaning is a theme of modern post processual archaeological discourse. Until recently, it was customary for archaeologists to study large monuments, New ideas about what constitutes the archaeological record have revealed that certain legislative and theoretical approaches to the subject are too focused on earlier definitions of monuments. An example has been the United Kingdoms Scheduled Ancient Monument laws, recently and more monuments are being preserved digitally through organisations as CyArk. Cenotaphs and other memorials to commemorate the dead, usually war casualties, e. g. India Gate and Vimy Ridge Memorial, or disaster casualties, such as the Titanic Memorial, Belfast.
Church monuments to commemorate the dead, located above or near their grave, often featuring an effigy, often topped with a statue, e. g. Berlin Victory Column, Nelsons Column in London, and Trajans Column in Rome. Gravestones, small monuments to the deceased, placed at their gravesites, e. g. the tombs and vaults of veterans in Les Invalides and tombs to honor the dead, e. g. the Great Pyramid of Giza and Taj Mahal
Hyatt Hotels Corporation is an American multinational owner and franchiser of hotels and vacation properties. The Hyatt Corporation came into being upon purchase of the Hyatt House, at Los Angeles International Airport, as of September 30,2016, Hyatt has 679 properties in 54 countries. In 2017, Fortune magazine listed Hyatt as the 32nd-best U. S. company to work for, the original owners were entrepreneurs Hyatt Robert von Dehn and Jack Dyer Crouch, after a few years, Von Dehn sold his share in the hotel to entrepreneur Jay Pritzker. Jays younger brother Donald Pritzker took on an important role in the company, over the following decade, acquisitions were made, and Hyatt became the fastest-growing hotel chain in the United States. Donald died in 1972, Jay continued to run the company, in 1969, Hyatt opened its first hotel outside the United States, the Hyatt Regency Hong Kong. In 1980 the Grand Hyatt and Park Hyatt brands were introduced, Hyatt runs resort hotels, starting with the Hyatt Regency Maui in 1980.
As of 30 November 2015 Hyatt had over 627 hotels worldwide, in 1972 Hyatt formed Elsinore Corporation, a subsidiary to operate the Four Queens Hotel and Casino and the Hyatt Regency Lake Tahoe Resort, Spa & Casino. After Hyatt became a company in 1979, Elsinore was spun off as a public company. The company opened the Playboy Hotel and Casino as a joint venture with Playboy Enterprises, on June 30,2009, Global Hyatt Corporation changed its name to Hyatt Hotels Corporation. Blackstone had inherited AmeriSuites from its 2004 acquisition of Prime Hospitality, the AmeriSuites chain was rebranded and called Hyatt Place, a competitor to the limited-service products Marriott Internationals Courtyard by Marriott and Hilton Worldwides Hilton Garden Inn. In December 2005 Hyatt acquired limited service company Summerfield Suites from the Blackstone Group, Blackstone had inherited Summerfield Suites from its purchase of Wyndham International. In August 2009 it was reported that Hyatt Hotels Corporation filed plans to raise up to $1.15 billion in a share sale.
That November Hyatt completed a public offering and began trading publicly on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol H. According to the filing Mark S. Hoplamazian was to serve as CEO, the public offering is a result of the acrimonious breakup of the Pritzker family empire. As of 31 December 2014 Hyatt Corporations worldwide portfolio consisted of 587 properties, on September 1,2011, Hyatt acquired Hotel Sierra, which has 18 properties in 10 states. Along with Hyatt Summerfield Suites hotels, several of these properties were rebranded as Hyatt house in January 2012, Hyatt Hotels Corporation operates several chains. The Human Rights Campaign awarded the company 100% in the HRC Equality Index for eight consecutive years, the Hyatt Regency brand is the oldest brand in the company, with the Grand Hyatt and Park Hyatt brands being introduced in 1980. Some of these are styled as resort properties, and may have spas or other recreational facilities, other brands include Hyatt Place, designed as a limited service offering for business travelers
A plaza /ˈplɑːzə/ is an open urban public space, such as a city square. The plaza might be enough to serve as a military parade ground. At times of crisis or fiesta, it was the space where a large crowd might gather, like the Italian piazza, the plaza remains a center of community life that is only equaled by the market-place. A plaza de toros is a bullring, in modern usage, a plaza can be any gathering place on a street or between buildings, a street intersection with a statue, etc. Todays metropolitan landscapes often incorporate the plaza as an element, or as an outcome of zoning regulations, building budgetary constraints. Sociologist William H. Plaza is a Spanish word, cognate to Italian piazza, Portuguese praça, Galician praza, Catalan plaça, Romanian piața, German Platz, the origin of all these words is, via Latin platea, from Greek πλατεῖα plateia, meaning broad. The first purpose-built shopping center in the United States, opened in Kansas City, Missouri in 1922, knowingly took the name of Country Club Plaza and adopted Spanish architectural details.
More recently plaza has been used to describe a complex, similar to a shopping mall. Examples, Pantip Plaza, Bintang Plaza, Kuching Plaza, Plaza Las Américas, Plaza de las Estrellas, Central Plaza, Schiphol Plaza, Plazas del Centro Comercial Santafé, The Plaza, and Cityplaza. Central Plaza, in Hong Kong, was for four years the tallest building in Asia, at 78 storeys,374 m