MetroBus (St. Louis)
MetroBus is the public bus service for the Greater St. Louis Region connected with the MetroLink light rail system, it is managed by the Bi-State Development Agency and uses a shared fare system with the MetroLink system. Its service has 75 bus routes and service four counties in Missouri and Illinois, including the City of St. Louis. MetroBus service operates daily and averages about 110,000 daily boardings, more than the MetroLink; the capacity of the system can accommodate 25,000 additional passengers during peak hours and the daily capacity of the system could most accommodate 115,000 additional boardings in all hours. MetroBus connects with 11 transit centers in Missouri and 3 transit centers in Illinois, with 6 of the 11 connecting with MetroLink. Shaw Transit Center Clayton Transit Center Central West End Transit Center North Broadway Transit Center Gravois Hampton Transit Center Civic Center Transit Center Brentwood Transit Center Ballas Transit Center Riverview Hall Transit Center North Hanley Transit Center Shrewsbury Transit Center North County Transit Center Catalan Loop Rock Hill Loop There are four maintenance facilities in the Greater St. Louis Area.
Metro Main Shop Brentwood Garage DeBaliviere Garage Illinois Garage MetroLink Bi-State Development Agency Metro Website
Lambert Airport Terminal 1 station
Lambert Airport Terminal 1 is a St. Louis MetroLink station in Edmundson, Missouri; the station is located adjacent to Terminal 1 of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport; this station serves the nearby airport hotels. St. Louis Metro
Numbered streets of St. Louis
Number streets of St. Louis, start at the Mississippi River and increase as they go west, they are found Downtown and in Downtown West. 1st Street is broken by the grounds of location of the Gateway Arch. South of the Memorial, it runs from Poplar Street down through the Kosiusko neighborhood to Victor Street where it dead-ends. 1st Street starts up again on Potomac Street and turns into Gasconade Street. To the north, it runs from Washington Avenue as far as North Market Street (different from the downtown Market Street. 1st Street shows up again in Near North Riverfront before turning into Kissock Avenue. In the 1930s, the part of 3rd street beside Gateway Arch National Park was converted into Memorial Drive. North of Biddle Street, 3rd continues on to the city limits. 5th Street is known as Broadway. Broadway goes as far south as Lemay in St. Louis County. To the north, Broadway intersects with 3rd Street and runs with it as far as Riverview Blvd where it becomes Bellefontaine Road. Broadway is one of the major boulevards for St. Louis.
In the north it passes O'Fallon Park, Bellefontaine Cemetery, Calvary Cemetery. 12th Street 12th Boulevard, is now known as Tucker Boulevard, renamed for former Mayor Raymond R. Tucker, it is double serves as the border between Downtown and Downtown West. 17th Street is notorious for the 7-11. As the only convenience store in the area it receives a large amount of foot traffic and a fair amount of petty crime. 18th Street in St. Louis, Missouri runs north-south through Downtown West. Truman Parkway continues north over the Union MetroLink Station, it passes between the St. Louis Post Office and Union Station on to the Gateway Mall where it separates the Mall's Neighborhood Room from Aloe Plaza, it continues north past the Salvation Army's Railton Building. 18th Street ends in Carr Square. As part of Paul McKee's NorthSide project, the broken section of 22nd street near the I-64 interchange is to be restored and rebuilt. A large office tower has been proposed to anchor it to the expanded Gateway Mall.
23rd is an irregular street, broken up in many places. One such break was created by the Pruitt–Igoe site. 24th Street has disappeared over time. 25th Street appears to the north of downtown where Jefferson Avenue curves and creates space for another road. Streets of St. Louis, Missouri Charles C. Savage, Architecture of the private streets of St. Louis A walk in the streets of St. Louis in 1845, 1928 A. N. Milner, General information: city streets St. Louis Cory Allan Davis, On these streets: the automobile and the urban environment in St. Louis 1920-1930, University of Missouri-Columbia Norman J. Johnston, St. Louis and her private residential streets Street Lighting in St. Louis, Civic League Of Saint Louis, 1908 Earl B. Morgan, Street pavements in St. Louis William B. Magnan, Streets of St. Louis: An Entertaining History of St. Louis Street Names Andrew D. Young. Public Policy Research Centers Virginia Nester, Streets of St. Louis, Mo: avenues through time Oscar Newman.
Shrewsbury–Lansdowne I-44 station
The Shrewsbury–Lansdowne I-44 St. Louis MetroLink station is located on Lansdowne Avenue at River Des Peres Boulevard in Shrewsbury and St. Louis, near Interstate 44; the city limits line between the two communities runs through the parking facilities. It opened August 2006, along with the rest of the Cross-County Extension. There are 800 free surface commuter parking spaces available at this station; the platform at this station is designed to accommodate a future extension of the line, either via the River des Peres to the southeast or more southerly toward South County Center however, current studies are focusing on routes within the city of St. Louis that would not connect to this station; the project is called the MetroSouth Corridor. St. Louis Metro
Downtown St. Louis
Downtown St. Louis is the central business district of St. Louis, the hub of tourism and entertainment, the anchor of the St. Louis metropolitan area; the downtown is bounded by Cole Street to the north, the river front to the east, Chouteau Avenue to the south, Tucker Boulevard to the west. The downtown is the site including Stifel Financial Corp.. HOK, Spire Inc. and a host of other companies. The founding history of the downtown area of St. Louis relates to the founding of the city. Pierre Laclede chose to found the city on the bluffs because it had access to the river for trade and transportation, was above most floods and defensible against hostile Native Americans. Laclede found the present-day downtown area the perfect place to run a bustling fur trade with the Native Americans of the region. In the community's early days, Laclede acted as the de facto leader of St. Louis. While the settlement was named after King Louis IX of France, most residents called it "Laclede Village." Laclede planned the format of the city streets, oversaw the construction of the settlement's first buildings.
Although initial growth was slow, the settlement received a stimulus when France surrendered all of its territorial holdings east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain after the Seven Years' War. Many French colonists moved from east of the Mississippi River to St. Louis to escape British rule. By 1776 St. Louis had 300 residents and 75 buildings. By 1804 the population had tripled to 900. After the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, a flood of immigrants from the United States came to the village; as the newcomers established an American system of government, French influence and use of the French language began to wane, but the leading French colonial mercantile families continued to have power. With the arrival of the steamboat in 1817, St. Louis became a vital center of American commerce, able to trade goods from the Gulf of Mexico across the country through the great river system connected by the Mississippi River. By 1836 the City had 15,000 inhabitants, but it did not have basic institutions, such as banks, libraries or public schools.
The downtown streets were being renamed after prominent American settlers. By the mid-19th century, the area was becoming more commercial than residential, more people began to live in the western parts of the city; the commercial activity of St. Louis was centered on Main Street Washington Avenue, Walnut Street; the St. Louis Fire of 1849 destroyed much of this district. In time the city recovered from the fire and regained its place as one of the commercial centers of the Midwest. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the St. Louis downtown experienced a building boom because of a lack of room for businesses to expand. In its heyday, the downtown was a bustling center of commerce. By the mid-20th century, the downtown area began to decline as businesses moved west and to the suburbs, industries restructured. During the 1970s, owners replaced them with parking lots. In 2004, the historic St. Louis Century Building was demolished to create a parking deck; the present-day downtown has moved further south.
Recent preservation efforts have heightened awareness of the architectural significance of the area. Both major universities in St. Louis began in the downtown region. St. Louis University was founded in 1818 by Bishop DuBourg, who rented a stone house on Market Street to house its first class; the university was discontinued in 1826 because of Bishop DuBourg's pastoral duties, but the institution was rejuvenated two years by Father Van Quickenborne. The university expanded constructing numerous buildings. Washington University was founded as Eliot Seminary on February 22, 1853, it received its present name in 1857 at the insistence of its chancellor, William Greenleaf Eliot, as it was chartered on George Washington's birthday. The first school opened on its downtown campus at 17th Street and Washington Avenue was the Smith Academy in 1856; this original building was soon followed by the buildings for other departments. Like St. Louis University, Washington University relocated from the downtown area, in 1904 moving to its present campus to the west.
After the 1950s, St. Louis, like many other American industrial cities, suffered from industry restructuring, loss of jobs, demographic changes accompanying suburbanization following highway construction, it has had economic decline and heavy population losses, with rising rates of crime. Since the early 1990s, the city has directed urban renewal efforts in the downtown area, with increased investment. Over $4 billion was invested downtown between 1999 and 2006; the population has grown for the first time in 40 years, numerous residential and commercial units are being built. The United States Postal Service operates the St. Louis Main Post Office at 1720 Market Street in Downtown St. Louis. Located in the downtown neighborhood, the St Louis City Hall at 1200 Market Street. Nestlé Purina PetCare and Peabody Energy Corporation are headquartered in Downtown St. Louis. Ralcorp and its former subsidiary Post Foods have their headquarters in the Bank of America Plaza in Downtown St. Louis. In 1999, prior to its merger with American Airlines, Trans World Airlines was headquartered in One City Centre at 515 North 6th Street.
In 2006, John Steffen, owner of One City Centre, announced that he planned to redevelop it into a mixed-u
MetroLink (St. Louis)
MetroLink is the light rail transit system in the Greater St. Louis area of Missouri and the Metro East area of Illinois; the system consists of two lines connecting Lambert-St. Louis International Airport and Shrewsbury, Missouri with Scott Air Force Base near Shiloh, Illinois through downtown St. Louis; the system carries an average of 53,123 people each weekday. As of the first quarter of 2015, it is second only to Minneapolis Metro Transit's Blue and Green lines in the Midwestern United States in terms of ridership, is the 11th-largest light rail system in the country. MetroLink is operated by the Bi-State Development Agency, operating as Metro since 2003, in a shared fare system with the MetroBus lines. Construction on the initial MetroLink alignment from Lambert-St. Louis International Airport to the 5th & Missouri station in East St. Louis began in 1990; the initial 17-mile segment with 19 stations opened on July 31, 1993 between the North Hanley and 5th & Missouri stations. Service was operated with 31 high-floor light rail vehicles.
About 14 miles of the original 17 miles were on existing rail right-of-way. The first phase of MetroLink was complete when the line was extended westward to Lambert Airport Main station on June 25, 1994. At that time another station, East Riverfront, was opened in East St. Louis. Four years in 1998, the Lambert Airport East station was added; the capital cost to build the initial phase of MetroLink was $465 million. Of that amount, $348 million was supplied by the Federal Transit Administration. Construction on the St. Clair County MetroLink extension from the 5th & Missouri station to the College station in Belleville began in 1998 and opened in May 2001; the extension added seven park-ride lots. The total project cost was $339.2 million, with the FTA and St. Clair County Transit District sharing the burden at 72% and 28%, respectively. Local funding was provided by the St. Clair County Transit District as a result of a 1/2 cent sales tax passed in November 1993. In May 2003, a 3.5-mile extension from Southwestern Illinois College to Shiloh-Scott station opened.
This $75 million project was funded by a $60 million grant from the Illinois FIRST Program and $15 million from the St. Clair County Transit District; the Cross County Extension from Forest Park-DeBaliviere station to Shrewsbury-Lansdowne-I-44 station opened to the public on August 26, 2006. This 8-mile, 9-station extension connected Washington University, the popular Saint Louis Galleria shopping center and Shrewsbury to the system; the entire project was funded by a $430 million Metro bond issue. Metro cited repeated delays and cost overruns as its reasons for firing its general contractor in Summer 2004. Metro sued the Collaborative for $81 million for mismanagement; the Collaborative counter-sued for $17 million for work. On December 1, 2007, a jury voted in favor of the Cross County Collaborative, awarding them $2.56 million for work as yet unpaid for. On October 27, 2008, Metro renamed the two MetroLink lines using color designations: the Lambert Airport branch was renamed to the Red Line.
Service was extended on the Blue Line from its former terminus at Emerson Park to Fairview Heights. All trains have a red or blue sign on the front that identify the train as a Red Line or Blue Line train, all operators make station announcements identifying the Red Line or Blue Line. On September 9, 2014, the United States Department of Transportation announced $10.3 million in funding for a new Metrolink station between the Central West End and Grand stations in the Cortex research district. An additional $5 million in funding was provided by a public-private partnership including Washington University, BJC HealthCare, Great Rivers Greenway and the Cortex Innovation Community; the new Cortex station, located just east of Boyle Avenue, opened to the public on July 31, 2018. Below is a list of dates; the Red Line is a total of 38 miles with 29 stations. It begins at Lambert St. Louis International Airport's Terminal 1 and heads east serving Terminal 2, it proceeds through Berkeley before making a stop at North Hanley with numerous bus connections serving North St. Louis County.
It makes two stops at the University of Missouri St. Louis campus located in Normandy; the line continues along the old Wabash Railroad right-of-way until Grand Avenue, making stops in Pagedale at Rock Road station and in Wellston, before crossing the county line at Skinker Boulevard and stopping at Delmar in the popular Delmar Loop area. The Red Line meets up with the Blue Line at the Forest Park-DeBaliviere station; the two lines share track From this station until the Fairview Heights station in St. Clair County. For the rest of the Red Line, see "Shared alignment"; the Blue Line starts in Shrewsbury just to the west of River des Peres. It crosses Interstate 44 and continues northeast till the next 2 stations located in Maplewood, one at the Sunnen Industrial Complex, the other at Manchester Road. From there, it continues north to the Brentwood I-64 station located in Brentwood just south of Interstate 64, it proceeds underneath Interstate 64, continuing to the Richmond Heights station in Richmond Heights.
This station serves the popular St. Louis Galleria shopping center. Following that it proceeds to Clayton station in Clayton, serving the Central Business District of St. Louis County. From here, it continues in a tunnel right under Forest P
Light rail, light rail transit, or fast tram is a form of urban rail transit using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, on an exclusive right-of-way. There is no standard definition, but in the United States, light rail operates along exclusive rights-of-way and uses either individual tramcars or multiple units coupled to form a train, lower capacity and lower speed than a long heavy-rail passenger train or metro system. A few light rail networks tend to have characteristics closer to rapid transit or commuter rail. Other light rail networks are tram-like in nature and operate on streets. Light rail systems are found on all inhabited continents, they have been popular in recent years due to their lower capital costs and increased reliability compared with heavy rail systems. Many original tram and streetcar systems in the United Kingdom, United States, elsewhere were decommissioned starting in the 1950s as the popularity of the automobile increased. Britain abandoned its last tram system, except for Blackpool, by 1962.
Although some traditional trolley or tram systems exist to this day, the term "light rail" has come to mean a different type of rail system. Modern light rail technology has West German origins, since an attempt by Boeing Vertol to introduce a new American light rail vehicle was a technical failure. After World War II, the Germans retained many of their streetcar networks and evolved them into model light rail systems. Except for Hamburg, all large and most medium-sized German cities maintain light rail networks; the basic concepts of light rail were put forward by H. Dean Quinby in 1962 in an article in Traffic Quarterly called "Major Urban Corridor Facilities: A New Concept". Quinby distinguished this new concept in rail transportation from historic streetcar or tram systems as: having the capacity to carry more passengers appearing like a train, with more than one car connected together having more doors to facilitate full utilization of the space faster and quieter in operationThe term light rail transit was introduced in North America in 1972 to describe this new concept of rail transportation.
The first of the new light rail systems in North America began operation in 1978 when the Canadian city of Edmonton, adopted the German Siemens-Duewag U2 system, followed three years by Calgary and San Diego, California. The concept proved popular, although Canada has few cities big enough for light rail, there are now at least 30 light rail systems in the United States. Britain began replacing its run-down local railways with light rail in the 1980s, starting with the Tyne and Wear Metro and followed by the Docklands Light Railway in London; the historic term light railway was used because it dated from the British Light Railways Act 1896, although the technology used in the DLR system was at the high end of what Americans considered to be light rail. The trend to light rail in the United Kingdom was established with the success of the Manchester Metrolink system in 1992; the term light rail was coined in 1972 by the U. S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration to describe new streetcar transformations that were taking place in Europe and the United States.
In Germany the term Stadtbahn was used to describe the concept, many in UMTA wanted to adopt the direct translation, city rail. However, UMTA adopted the term light rail instead. Light in this context is used in the sense of "intended for light loads and fast movement", rather than referring to physical weight; the infrastructure investment is usually lighter than would be found for a heavy rail system. The Transportation Research Board defined "light rail" in 1977 as "a mode of urban transportation utilizing predominantly reserved but not grade-separated rights-of-way. Electrically propelled. LRT provides a wide range of passenger capabilities and performance characteristics at moderate costs." The American Public Transportation Association, in its Glossary of Transit Terminology, defines light rail as:...a mode of transit service operating passenger rail cars singly on fixed rails in right-of-way, separated from other traffic for part or much of the way. Light rail vehicles are driven electrically with power being drawn from an overhead electric line via a trolley or a pantograph.
However, some diesel-powered transit is designated light rail, such as the O-Train Trillium Line in Ottawa, Canada, the River Line in New Jersey, United States, the Sprinter in California, United States, which use diesel multiple unit cars. Light rail is similar to the British English term light railway, long-used to distinguish railway operations carried out under a less rigorous set of regulation using lighter equipment at lower speeds from mainline railways. Light rail is a generic international English phrase for these types of rail systems, which means more or less the same thing throughout the English-speaking world; the use of the generic term light rail avoids some serious incompatibilities between British and American English. T