The United Church of Christ is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination based in the United States, with historical confessional roots in the Congregational and Lutheran traditions, with 4,882 churches and 824,866 members. The United Church of Christ is a historical continuation of the General Council of Congregational Christian churches founded under the influence of New England Pilgrims and Puritans. Moreover, it subsumed the third largest Reformed group in the country, the German Reformed; the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the General Council of the Congregational Christian Churches united in 1957 to form the UCC. These two denominations, which were themselves the result of earlier unions, had their roots in Congregational, Lutheran and Reformed denominations. At the end of 2014, the UCC's 5,116 congregations claimed 979,239 members in the U. S. In 2015, Pew Research estimated that 0.4 percent, or 1 million adult adherents, of the U. S. population self-identify with the United Church of Christ.
The UCC maintains full communion with other mainline Protestant denominations. Many of its congregations choose to practice open communion; the denomination places high emphasis on participation in worldwide interfaith and ecumenical efforts. The national settings of the UCC have favored liberal views on social issues, such as civil rights, LGBT rights, women's rights, abortion. However, United Church of Christ congregations are independent in matters of doctrine and ministry and may not support the national body's theological or moral stances, it self-describes as "an pluralistic and diverse denomination". The United Church of Christ was formed when two Protestant churches, the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the General Council of the Congregational Christian Churches united in 1957; this union adopted an earlier general statement of unity between the two denominations, the 1943 "Basis of Union". At this time, the UCC claimed about two million members. In 1959, in its General Synod, the UCC adopted a broad "Statement of Faith".
The UCC adopted its constitution and by-laws in 1961. There is no UCC hierarchy or body that can impose any doctrine or worship format onto the individual congregations within the UCC. While individual congregations are supposed to hold guidance from the general synod "in the highest regard", the UCC's constitution requires that the "autonomy of the Local Church is inherent and modifiable only by its own action". Within this locally focused structure, there are central beliefs common to the UCC; the UCC uses four words to describe itself: "Christian, Reformed and Evangelical". While the UCC refers to its evangelical characteristics, it springs from mainline Protestantism as opposed to Evangelicalism; the word evangelical in this case more corresponds with the original Lutheran origins meaning "of the gospel" as opposed to the Evangelical use of the word. UCC is theologically liberal, the denomination notes that the "Bible, though written in specific historical times and places, still speaks to us in our present condition".
The motto of the United Church of Christ comes from John 17:21: "That they may all be one". The denomination's official literature uses broad doctrinal parameters, emphasizing freedom of individual conscience and local church autonomy. In the United Church of Christ, creeds and affirmations of faith function as "testimonies of faith" around which the church gathers rather than as "tests of faith" rigidly prescribing required doctrinal consent; as expressed in the United Church of Christ constitution: The United Church of Christ acknowledges as its sole Head, Jesus Christ, Son of God and Savior. It acknowledges as kindred in Christ all, it looks to the Word of God in the Scriptures, to the presence and power of the Holy Spirit, to prosper its creative and redemptive work in the world. It claims as its own the faith of the historic Church expressed in the ancient creeds and reclaimed in the basic insights of the Protestant Reformers, it affirms the responsibility of the Church in each generation to make this faith its own in reality of worship, in honesty of thought and expression, in purity of heart before God.
In accordance with the teaching of our Lord and the practice prevailing among evangelical Christians, it recognizes two sacraments: Baptism and the Lord's Supper or Holy Communion. The denomination, looks to a number of historic confessions as expressing the common faith around which the church gathers, including: The Apostles' Creed, The Nicene Creed, The Heidelberg Catechism, Luther's Small Catechism, The Kansas City Statement of Faith, The Evangelical Catechism, The Statement of Faith of the United Church of Christ. In 2001, Hartford Institute for Religion Research did a "Faith Communities Today" study that included a survey of United Church of Christ beliefs. Among the results of this were findings that in the UCC, 5.6% of the churches responding to the survey described their members as "very liberal or progressive", 3.4% as "very conservative", 22.4% as "somewhat liberal or progressive", 23.6% as "somewhat conservative". Those results suggested a nearly equal balance between conservative congregations.
The self-described "moderate" group, was the largest at 45%. Other statistics found by the Hartford Institute show that 53.2% of members say "the Bible" is the highest source of
Brennan Gilmore is a musician and former United States Foreign Service Officer. As a musician and bandleader he has performed in a number of musical groups, he was raised in Lexington and attended the University of Virginia, studying international relations as an Echols Scholar, graduating in 2001. He resides in Charlottesville, Virginia. Gilmore served as chief of staff for Tom Perriello's campaign for governor in Virginia, he serves as senior director for Clean Virginia, works in rural workforce development, bringing IT opportunities to "underserved communities" in rural Virginia. He teaches as adjunct faculty at James Madison University in Virginia. Gilmore was present for a protest rally in Charlottesville on August 2017 that turned violent, his film of a car ramming participants led to accusations and threats, damages for some of which he is now suing in court. Gilmore joined the United States Foreign Service in 2002, shortly after finishing college, serving 15 years in several African countries, including Tunisia.
He served at postings in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and Sierra Leone — and domestically from the State Department in Washington, D. C, he was Deputy Chief of Mission in Central African Republic. His service in Africa was curtailed by a closing of the U. S. diplomatic mission in Bangui in 2012 due to security concerns. Gilmore served as Russ Feingold and Tom Perriello's top aide in their postings as U. S. Special Envoy to the African Great Lakes Region, he is on long-term unpaid leave from the Department of State. Brennan Gilmore's grandfather, John Middlemas, a 97-year-old World War II veteran, "took a knee" in support of NFL players protesting the national anthem, saying, "Those kids have every right to protest." Gilmore "knew it was a powerful image" of his relative kneeling, posted it to his Twitter account. His grandfather's activism was inspired by his own New Zealand relative, a British settler "who spoke out against'mean and nasty' treatment of the Maori 150 years ago."
Gilmore's aunt Maile Auterson, who heads a community gardens organization in Missouri and descends from a long line of Ozarks farmers, claims "they are a family of Democrats". Gilmore served as chief of staff for Tom Perriello's Democratic campaign for Virginia governor in 2017 and formed a musical group from his friends known as Perriello's Pickers to help get the political message across, his latest group, Wild Common, echoes a poem by D. H. Lawrence titled "The Wild Common" which laments the loss of natural environment: Gilmore has been an outspoken critic of Dominion Energy, he current serves as a senior director of Clean Virginia, an organization established to limit the influence of monopoly energy utility Dominion Energy in Virginia politics. As Gilmore stated about legislation Dominion sponsored, "these are convenient ways to open the door to deregulation and overcharging the customer." He has opposed two natural gas pipelines proposed for Virginia, performing with his group Wild Common at a protest event to block them, stating: We are here today to stand up against two unnecessary and dangerous pipelines that represent corporate interests but threaten the Virginia whose hills and valleys and rivers gave birth to the musical traditions that we represent.
In his role at Wize Solutions, he promotes rural workforce development in the southwest region of Virginia. The college course Gilmore teaches at James Madison University as adjunct faculty, "Political Protest and Civil Engagement", looks at the role of protests in a democracy, his attendance at the "Unite the Right" rally in Charlottesville on August 12, 2017 was motivated by his desire to counter the evil he saw gathering there. As he explained to Judy Woodruff in an interview on PBS:... I think any time you have this vial ideology show its face in this country, you need to have a majority of people who reject it show up and show that the numbers are on our side, and so, that's. Gilmore was present at the protest rally in Charlottesville, Virginia in August 2017, where he filmed the automobile ramming participants, he subsequently was the target of threats regarding his role in the incident. Gilmore says threats came in on Twitter and Facebook like: "You're a dead man walking. You're a CIA operative.
You work for George Soros or Barack Obama or Hillary Clinton... we're coming for you. We know where you are." In an interview with NPR, Gilmore stated: I have a background in the Federal Service, a background in the Foreign Service that I'm proud of overseas, they twisted that and said I was a CIA agent. Ridiculous allegations. Gilmore and his family have suffered other consequences. Gilmore is now pursuing damages from media outlets in court; the complaint, filed March 13, 2018 by Georgetown Law's Civil Rights Clinic on behalf of Gilmore, names Alex Jones of InfoWars, Lee Stranahan of Breitbart News, former Florida congressman Allen West as defendants, along with Jim Hoft of The Gateway Pundit. It was filed in the U. S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia Charlottesville Division. In a statement, Gilmore said of the defendants named in his suit: Today, I'm asking a court to hold them responsible for the personal and professional damage their lies have caused me, more to deter them from repeating this dangerous pattern of defamation and intimidation
El Mostrador is a Chilean online newspaper, founded on 1 March 2000. Its current director is Federico Joannon Errázuriz. El Mostrador was launched on 1 March 2000 and is Chile's first digital newspaper. On 20 November 2001, part of its journalistic content was paywalled, but in 2007 it was reopened free of charge; as of 2012, its historical databases are free and open access. In 2003, it became Chile's first digital newspaper to be recognized as such by the Superintendency of Securities and Insurance, that is, it has a status similar to that of the printed press published on paper, including the power to publish legal notices; the paper press media, led by El Mercurio, filed an appeal for protection before the Santiago Court of Appeals to reverse that decision, dismissed by both that court and the Supreme Court in the second instance, setting an important precedent in the matter. On 25 May 2010 the newspaper launched an online television channel, El Mostrador TV; this is transmitted by a digital television signal on channel 26 within the ring of Américo Vespucio Avenue in Santiago.
El Mostrador is owned by La Plaza S. A, its president is Germán Olmedo Acevedo. The journalistic director is Héctor Cossio López and the deputy director is Iván Weissman; the El Mostrador website is organized into the following sections: News: National and international news and letters to the director, among others Markets: News from the economic field TV: Analysis and cultural billboard in video format Culture+City: News from the cultural field Online Life: News from the technological field and the Internet On 19 March 2010 El Mostrador published a report that linked the newly appointed governor of Bío Bío Province, José Miguel Steigmeier, with the inner circle of Paul Schäfer, ex-leader of Villa Baviera, with supposed participation in money laundering. Faced with this information, Interior Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter summoned Steigmeier to La Moneda Palace that same day, deciding after the meeting to revoke his appointment to govern Bío Bío. On 22 April 2010 Mirko Macari left the directorship of El Mostrador due to his appointment as director of the newspaper La Nación.
However, pressures from the Independent Democratic Union made the government of Sebastián Piñera reverse the decision the following day. The return of Macari to his original post at El Mostrador was made public through a press release from the electronic medium published on 23 April, under the consideration that the previous withdrawal was a voluntary act and that the journalist satisfied "fully the standards of pluralism and quality that characterize El Mostrador." Official website