click links in text for more info

United Daily News

United Daily News is a newspaper published in Taiwan in Traditional Chinese. It is considered to support the Pan-Blue Coalition in its editorials. UDN was founded in 1951 by Wang Tiwu as a merger of three newspapers, Popular Daily and the Economic Times; the three newspapers formally merged in 1953. In terms of political orientation, the United Daily News is regarded as taking an editorial line that supports the Pan-blue Coalition. Before Taiwan democratized, it was an opponent of political reform, it is the third biggest newspaper in Taiwan, ranking after the Apple Daily. UDN was and to some extent still is a place to publish literature in the Lianhe Fukan literary supplement. In terms of editorial style and standards, UDN is one of the most literary of Taiwan's newspapers. Once praised for its high standards, UDN has faced stiff competition in recent years, resulting in lowered readership and less money available for proof-reading. UDN has spawned a group of newspapers, including UDN evening edition and UDN international edition, including an American edition published with the Chinese-American audience in mind.

UDN has published The New York Times International Weekly on Mondays since 2004, changed to Tuesdays on. This 8-page supplement features a selection of English language articles from The New York Times; the publisher is owned by Wang Tiwu's daughter, Shaw-Lan Wang. General editors over the years, installed on September 16, the anniversary of UDN's founding.: Guan Jiemin 1951- Liu Changping 1953- Ma Keren 1964- Wang Jipu 1971- Zhang Zuojin 1975- Zhao Yuming 1981- Liu Guorui 1984- Huang Nian 1988- Hu Litai 1990- Zhang Yidong 1993- Shuang Guoning 1996- Huang Sujuan 2001- Lo Kuo-Chun 2008- You Mei-Yue 2012- Hsiao Heng-Chien 2016- Media of Taiwan De-Westernizing Media Studies, by Myung-Jin Park, James Curran, Routledge, 2000

Kato Polemidia

Kato Polemidia is a municipality of Cyprus, located in the district of Limassol. It has a population of 22,369 according to the 2011 census. In 1960 Census, there were 982 Turkish Cypriots in Kato Polemidia. During the years of Cypriot intercommunal violence and after the collapse of the bicommunal structure of the Republic of Cyprus, Richard Patrick wrote that the village, along with Pano Polemidia, were exceptional in that they remained accessible to the Greek Cypriot population and the Greek Cypriot National Guard; the National Guard co-existed with the fighters of the Turkish Resistance Organization, which were open with regards to their existence, but were tolerated by the National Guard so long as they did not carry weaponry. In 1974, following the ultra-nationalist Greek coup and the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the population of the village fled to the Akrotiri British Base; some of the population fled secretly to Northern Cyprus, but most were transferred in 1975 and resettled in Morphou.

The village was repopulated by displaced Greek Cypriots from the north, who filled up the homes of Turkish Cypriots. As more refugees came in, they were allocated self-housing schemes in the village; the Turkish Cypriot football club Binatlı Yılmaz S. K. now based in Morphou, was founded in 1940. As of 2015, the club is playing in Cyprus Turkish Football Association K-PET 1st League

Tomasz Merta

Tomasz Adam Merta was a Polish historian and Polish Undersecretary of State from 2005-2010. He served as the Polish Deputy Minister of National Heritage. Merta was listed on the flight manifest of the Tupolev Tu-154 of the 36th Special Aviation Regiment, carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński, crashed near Smolensk-North airport near Smolensk, Russia, on 10 April 2010, killing all aboard. On April 16, 2010 he was posthumously decorated with the Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta, posthumously with the Gloria Artis Gold Medal of the National Education Commission. On the same day the Parliament of the Province of Lower Silesia gave him the title of Honorary Citizen of Lower Silesia, he was buried in the cemetery at St. Sophie Barat in Warsaw

Grand Army of the Republic

The Grand Army of the Republic was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army, Union Navy and the U. S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War, it was founded in 1866 in Springfield and grew to include hundreds of "posts" across the nation. It was dissolved in 1956 at the death of Albert Woolson of Duluth, Minnesota. Linking men through their experience of the war, the G. A. R. became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, promoting patriotic education, helping to make Memorial Day a national holiday, lobbying the United States Congress to establish regular veterans' pensions, supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at 410,000, was in 1890, a high point of various Civil War commemorative and monument dedication ceremonies, it was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, composed of male descendants of Union Army and Union Navy veterans. After the end of American Civil War, various state and local organizations were formed for veterans to network and maintain connections with each other.

Many of the veterans used their shared experiences as a basis for fellowship. Groups of men began joining together, first for camaraderie and for political power. Emerging as most influential among the various organizations during the first post-war years was the Grand Army of the Republic, founded on April 6, 1866, on the principles of "Fraternity and Loyalty," in Springfield, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson and the first GAR Post was established in Decatur, Illinois; the GAR grew and prospered as a de facto political arm of the Republican Party during the heated political contests of the Reconstruction Era. The commemoration of Union Army and Navy veterans and white became entwined with partisan politics; the GAR promoted voting rights for Negro veterans, as many white veterans recognized their demonstrated patriotism and sacrifices, providing one of the first racially integrated social/fraternal organizations in America. Black veterans, who enthusiastically embraced the message of equality, shunned black veterans' organizations in preference for racially inclusive and integrated groups.

But when the Republican Party's commitment to reform in the South decreased, the GAR's mission became ill-defined and the organization floundered. The GAR disappeared in the early 1870s, many state-centered divisions, named "departments", local posts ceased to exist. In his General Order No. 11, dated May 5, 1868, first GAR Commander-in-Chief, General John A. Logan declared May 30 to be Memorial Day, calling upon the GAR membership to make the May 30 observance an annual occurrence. Although not the first time war graves had been decorated, Logan's order established "Memorial Day" as the day upon which Americans now pay tribute to all their war casualties, missing-in-action, deceased veterans; as decades passed inspired commemorations spread across the South as "Confederate Memorial Day" or "Confederate Decoration Day" in April, led by organizations of Southern soldiers in the parallel United Confederate Veterans. In the 1880s, the Union veterans' organization revived under new leadership that provided a platform for renewed growth, by advocating Federal pensions for veterans.

As the organization revived, black veterans joined in organized local posts. The national organization, failed to press the case for similar pensions for black soldiers. Most black troops never received any pension or remuneration for wounds incurred during their Civil War service; the GAR was organized into "Departments" at the state level and "Posts" at the community level, military-style uniforms were worn by its members. There were posts in every state in the U. S. and several posts overseas. The pattern of establishing departments and local posts was used by other American military veterans' organizations, such as the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion; the G. A. R.'s political power grew during the latter part of the 19th century, it helped elect several United States presidents, beginning with the 18th, Ulysses S. Grant, ending with the 25th, William McKinley. Five Civil War veterans and members were elected President of the United States. For a time, candidates could not get Republican presidential or congressional nominations without the endorsement of the GAR veterans voting bloc.

With membership limited to "veterans of the late unpleasantness," the GAR encouraged the formation of Allied Orders to aid them in various works. Numerous male organizations jousted for the backing of the GAR, the political battles became quite severe until the GAR endorsed the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War as its heir. Although an overwhelmingly male organization, the GAR is known to have had at least two women who were members; the first female known to be admitted to the GAR was Kady Brownell, who served in the Union Army with her husband Robert, a private in the 1st Rhode Island Infantry at the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia and with the 5t

Great Britain at the 1932 Summer Olympics

Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association, competed at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, United States. British athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games. 108 competitors, 90 men and 18 women, took part in 50 events in 10 sports. British athletes won four gold medals, sixteen medals overall, finishing eighth. Seven cyclists, all men, represented Great Britain in 1932. Individual road raceFrank Southall Charles Holland Stanley Butler William HarvellTeam road raceFrank Southall Charles Holland Stanley ButlerSprintErnest ChambersTime trialWilliam HarvellTandemErnest Chambers Stanley ChambersTeam pursuitErnest Johnson William Harvell Frank Southall Charles Holland Three fencers, one man and two women, represented Great Britain in 1932. Men's foilJohn Emrys LloydWomen's foilJudy Guinness Peggy Butler Three male pentathletes represented Great Britain in 1932. Percy Legard Vernon Barlow Jeffrey MacDougall Single scull - Dick Southwood - Fourth Coxless pair - Lewis Clive, Hugh Edwards - Gold Coxless four - John Badcock, Jack Beresford, Hugh Edwards, Rowland George - Gold Eight - Tom Askwith, D Haig-Thomas, C J S Sergel, D H E McCowen, K M Payne, H R N Rickett, W A T Sambell, L Luxton, J M Ranking - Fourth

John L. Horn

John Leonard Horn was a scholar, cognitive psychologist and a pioneer in developing theories of multiple intelligence. The structure of mental abilities For his PhD research at the University of Illinois, Horn identified other broad intellectual abilities to supplement fluid reasoning ability and crystalised ability postulated by his supervisor Raymond Cattell; as with Cattell, Horn rejected the existence of an higher level factor of general intelligence ‘g’ asserted by Spearman. In Horn he reported a full list of such broad level abilities: gc gf gv ga gq gs TSR SAR The Cattell-Horn model was, more or less, replicated by Carroll’s massive analysis by of 450+ intelligence measures, which yielded a higher order factor similar to Spearman’s ‘g’. McGrew reported that in 1999 the test publisher ‘Riverside Publishing met with Horn and Carroll in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, to seek a common, more meaningful umbrella term that would recognise the strong structural similarities of their respective theoretical models, yet recognize their differences.

This sequence of conversations resulted in a verbal agreement that the phrase “Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory of cognitive abilities” made significant practical sense, appropriately recognized the historical order of scholarly contribution of the three primary contributors.’ The Cattell-Horn- Carroll theory is the basis for many modern IQ tests. Horn's parallel analysis, a method for determining the number of factors to keep in an exploratory factor analysis, is named after him. References J. B. Carroll, Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor-analytic studies, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA. Horn, J. L.. Thinking about human abilities. In J. R. Nesselroade & R. B. Cattell, Handbook of multivariate experimental psychology. New York: Academic Press, McGrew, K. S.. The Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory of Cognitive Abilities. In D. P. Flanagan & P. L. Harrison.. Contemporary intellectual assessment: Theories and issues.. New York: Guilford Press. Spearman, C.. The abilities of man. London: Macmillan He started his career as a Lecturer of Educational Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley in 1967.

He was Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Denver from 1970 to 1986. Meanwhile, he was Research Associate at the Institute of Psychiatry of the University of London in England in 1972 and Research Associate of Psychiatric Clinic at the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden 1982, he was Professor of Psychology & Head of Adult Development and Aging University of Southern California from 1986 to 2006. He received numerous awards, including: Research Career Development Award, National Institutes of Health. Horn served as president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the American Civil Liberties Union, he died in 2006. Bio