The United Daughters of the Confederacy is an American hereditary association of Southern women established in 1894 in Nashville, Tennessee. The stated purposes of the organization includes the commemoration of Confederate soldiers and the funding of the erection of memorials to these men. Many historians have described the organization's treatment of the Confederacy, along with its promotion of the Lost Cause movement, as advocacy for white supremacy. "It was women," those of the UDC, who "founded the Confederate tradition.” The group was founded on September 10, 1894, by Caroline Meriwether Goodlett and Anna Davenport Raines as "the National Association of the Daughters of the Confederacy." The first chapter was formed in Nashville. The name was soon changed to "United Daughters of the Confederacy." Their stated intention was to "tell of the glorious fight against the greatest odds a nation faced, that their hallowed memory should never die." Their primary activity was to support the construction of Confederate memorials.
The UDC holds that members support U. S. troops and honor veterans of all U. S. wars. In 1896, the organization established the Children of the Confederacy to impart similar values to younger generations through a mythical depiction of the Civil War and Confederacy. According to historian Kristina DuRocher, "Like the KKK's children's groups, the UDC utilized the Children of the Confederacy to impart to the rising generations their own white-supremacist vision of the future." The UDC denies assertions. The communications studies scholar W. Stuart Towns notes UDC's role "in demanding textbooks for public schools that told the story of the war and the Confederacy from a definite southern point of view." He adds that their work is one of the "essential elements perpetuating Confederate mythology."The UDC was incorporated on July 18, 1919. Its headquarters is located in the Memorial Building to the Women of the Confederacy, Virginia. Across the Southern United States, associations were founded after the Civil War, chiefly by women, to organize burials of Confederate soldiers and care for permanent cemeteries, organize commemorative ceremonies, sponsor impressive monuments as a permanent way of remembering the Confederate cause and tradition.
The organization was "strikingly successful at raising money to build monuments, lobbying legislatures and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, working to shape the content of history textbooks." They raised money to care for the widows and children of the Confederate dead. Most of these memorial associations merged into the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which grew from 17,000 total members in 1900 to nearly 100,000 by World War I; the UDC was influential in the early twentieth century across the South, where its main role was to preserve and uphold the memory of the Confederate veterans those husbands, sons and brothers who died in the Civil War. Memory and memorials became the central focus of the organization. Historian Jacquelyn Dowd Hall notes that the UDC had a particular interest in the position of Southern women, with "a commitment to bolstering vanquished and disheartened veterans and keeping the memory of the dead alive, but it was committed to immortalizing the heroism of Confederate women, whose valor, its leaders believed, had been every bit as important as men's."
The UDC's methods were wide-ranging and ahead of their times: UDC leaders were determined to assert women's cultural authority over every representation of the region's past. This they did by lobbying for state archives and museums, national historic sites, historic highways. More than half a century before women's history and public history emerged as fields of inquiry and action, the UDC, with other women's associations, strove to etch women's accomplishments into the historical record and to take history to the people, from the nursery and the fireside to the schoolhouse and the public square. "The number of women's clubs devoted to filiopietism and history was staggering," says historian W. Fitzhugh Brundage, noting that women were much more to be involved in a variety of organizations than men, who devoted their energies to fraternal societies. Brundage notes that after women's suffrage came in 1920, the historical role of the women's organizations eroded. After 1900 the UDC became an umbrella organization coordinating local memorial groups.
The UDC women specialized in sponsoring local memorials. After 1945, they were active in placing historical markers along Southern highways; the UDC has been active in national causes during wartime. According to the organization, during World War I, it funded 70 hospital beds at the American Military Hospital on the Western front and contributed over US$82,000 for French and Belgian war orphans; the homefront campaign raised $24 million for war savings stamps. Members donated $800,000 to the Red Cross. During World War II, they gave financial aid to student nurses; the UDC donated $50,000 for the construction of a Confederate memorial hall on the campus of Vanderbilt University in 1935. By August 2016, the university returned $1.2 million to the UDC after the board of trust, backed by anonymous donors, agreed to remove the word "Confederate" from the building. The UDC encouraged women to publish their experiences in the war, beginning with biographies of major southern figures, such as Varina Davis's of her husband Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy.
Women began adding more of their own experiences to the "public
"Primeval" is the 21st episode of season 4 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Following Spike's interference in the previous episode and the Scoobies are not talking to each other, consistent with Adam's plans. However, since he wants Buffy in the Initiative, Adam is displeased to discover that Willow still has possession of the encrypted disks from the previous episode which would have led her back, he refuses to remove Spike's behaviour modification chip. Meanwhile, Riley is unsure why he is in Adam's lair, Adam reveals that the government implanted a chip near Riley's heart, giving Adam complete control over Riley's motor functions. In the aftermath of the Scoobies' fights, Xander dejectedly ponders his life direction, is consoled by Anya, who tells him that she loves him. Tara and Willow work at decrypting the information disks, only to find that they decrypt themselves. Giles suffers through a hangover. Buffy returns to Adam's cave seeking more information, annoyed when she finds Spike there, suspicious when he lets slip that he's aware of the Scoobies' falling out.
Buffy realises that Spike reunites with the original gang. Willow reveals the information on the disks: that Adam is hiding at one of The Initiative's secret labs, plans to build more cyborg demonoids like himself. Buffy realises that the overcrowded holding cells at the Initiative are a form of Trojan horse warfare. Furthermore, he is keen for Buffy to be present to the demon-human kill ratio; the gang brainstorms how to kill Adam, a difficult paralysis spell which must be incanted in Sumerian within striking distance of the victim is suggested. Xander jokingly suggests merging the whole gang into one body to allow the spell to be cast — an idea to which Giles is receptive. Buffy, Xander and Willow break into the Initiative through the elevator shaft, but are captured by the Colonel; the gang attempt to explain the situation to the Colonel, but the presence of a "magic gourd" in their bag convinces the Colonel that they are crazy. Adam, watching this on surveillance, sees that Spike has succeeded in getting Buffy to the Initiative, but failed in keeping the gang apart.
Adam cuts the power in the main part of the Initiative, locking the perimeter while releasing all the demons in the holding cells. The Colonel and soldiers go to engage with the demons. Buffy knocks both of them out. Willow finds air ducts leading to an area behind 314. Buffy leaves through a secret door. Buffy finds Riley sitting unbound in a chair and unable to speak, still under Adam's control. Adam enters and, upon discovering that Buffy will not be balancing the demon-human kill ratio as he envisioned, orders Forrest, now turned into a killer cyborg demonoid, to kill her; as they battle, Riley uses a shard of glass to take out the chip embedded in his chest, freeing himself to attack his former best friend. Buffy engages with Adam, she is knocked away with a punch to the gut. Rebounding Buffy and Adam exchange a high volume of blows: Buffy breaks the Polgara demon spike on Adam's left arm, but he reveals his right arm has been "upgraded" to a giant machine gun. Bombarded with gunfire, the Slayer runs behind a computer console for cover.
Much like their previous encounters, Adam is the superior, until the enjoining spell kicks in: Giles and Xander, by invoking the powers of the Slayer lineage, merge their psyches in Buffy's body to form a fighter with Buffy's physical strength, Willow's magic power, Xander's bravery and Giles's knowledge. This composite being rises from the ashes, repelling Adam's missiles with a shield, shutting his weapons arm down with a wave of the hand. Closing in, she evades every punch thrown by Adam, before countering with a devastating chain of strikes herself, ripping out his uranium-powered "heart." Riley arrives in time to catch Buffy. Giving all of their strength and power to Buffy leaves the rest of the gang exhausted and vulnerable as a demon breaks into their room, but Spike kills it. Though unhappy that he tried to help Adam, Willow and Xander decide to spare Spike out of fatigue and the fact that he just saved them. In a unseen battle, Riley, Giles and Spike join with the Initiative's soldiers to stop the demon attacks, saving most of them with only 40% casualties amongst the Initiative.
Graham survives, the Colonel is killed. In an internal debriefing, the government decides to shut down the Initiative for good, remove any paper trail of its existence, they praise Maggie Walsh's vision of harnessing demons as a powerful military weapon, but conclude that demonkind cannot be controlled. The invocation of the First Slayer has serious consequences in the next episode and in subsequent seasons. Despite the orders given, the Initiative's base is not filled with concrete following the season finale. In a variation unique to season four, the season's "Big Bad" is defeated in the penultimate episode and not the season finale; the Buffy-composite displays ma
Sibila Vargas is an American news anchor who used to be the anchor of the 5, 6 and 11 p.m. weekday editions on WNBC-TV in New York City, she is a former news anchor in the morning and 11 a.m.editions of "CBS 2 News" for KCBS-TV in Los Angeles of KRIV in Houston and former CNN entertainment reporter. Her mother and father are from the Dominican Republic, she is at WSPA-TV as morning and noon anchor. Vargas was a freelance entertainment reporter for KTLA-TV in California. Prior to her tenure at KTLA-TV, Vargas was a guest co-host of ABC's The View. Vargas has been the host of TV Guide Channel's Hollywood Insider, Fox Movie Channel News and FXM Dailies, Paramount Domestic TV's Real TV and guest host of Fox Sports and Fit TV's Forever Young, she began her broadcasting career at WPIX-TV in New York as a producer. Vargas graduated cum laude from Long Island University. Joining CNN in March 2004, Vargas served as an entertainment correspondent/anchor for CNN/U. S based in California bureau. Vargas was a regular guest on American Morning's "90 Second Pop" and Anderson Cooper 360°.
She reported on several key entertainment events, including Fox network's reality show American Idol and the finale of the NBC sitcom Friends. She made a name for herself in the blogosphere with a hostile 2006 interview with Neil Young, in which she questioned his patriotism for his having criticized George W. Bush. Vargas suggested that Young was criticizing the president in order to sell records, expressed outrage that a "Canadian" with "less of a platform to say these things" would speak about America without considering the "backlash". Sibila Vargas on IMDb