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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is a United Nations agency with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. UNHCR‘s mandate does not apply to Palestinian refugees, who are assisted by UNRWA. UNHCR was created in 1950, during the aftermaths of World War II, its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland and it is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, once in 1954 and again in 1981 and a Prince of Asturias Awards for International Cooperation in 1991. Following the demise of the League of Nations and the formation of the United Nations the international community was acutely aware of the refugee crisis following the end of World War II. In 1947, the International Refugee Organization was founded by the United Nations; the IRO was the first international agency to deal comprehensively with all aspects of refugees' lives.

Preceding this was the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, established in 1944 to address the millions of people displaced across Europe as a result of World War II. In the late 1940s, the IRO fell out of favor, but the UN agreed that a body was required to oversee global refugee issues. Despite many heated debates in the General Assembly, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was founded as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly by Resolution 319 of the United Nations General Assembly of December 1949. However, the organization was only intended to operate for 3 years, from January 1951, due to the disagreement of many UN member states over the implications of a permanent body. UNHCR's mandate was set out in its statute, annexed to resolution 428 of the United Nations General Assembly of 1950; this mandate has been subsequently broadened by numerous resolutions of the General Assembly and its Economic and Social Council. According to UNHCR, mandate is to provide, on a non-political and humanitarian basis, international protection to refugees and to seek permanent solutions for them.

Soon after the signing of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, it became clear that refugees were not restricted to Europe. In 1956, UNHCR was involved in coordinating the response to the uprising in Hungary. Just a year UNHCR was tasked with dealing with Chinese refugees in Hong Kong, while responding to Algerian refugees who had fled to Morocco and Tunisia in the wake of Algeria's war for independence; the responses marked the beginning of a wider, global mandate in refugee protection and humanitarian assistance. Decolonization in the 1960s triggered large refugee movements in Africa, creating a massive challenge that would transform UNHCR. By the end of the decade, two-thirds of UNHCR's budget was focused on operations in Africa and in just one decade, the organization's focus had shifted from an exclusive focus on Europe. In 1967, the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees was ratified to remove the geographical and temporal restrictions of UNHCR under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

As the Convention was confined to the refugee crisis in the aftermath of World War II in Europe, the Protocol was made to address the “new refugee situations that have arisen since the Convention was adopted and the refugees concerned that may therefore not fall within the scope of the Convention”. In the 1970s, UNHCR refugee operations continued to spread around the globe, with the mass exodus of East Pakistanis to India shortly before the birth of Bangladesh. Adding to the woes in Asia was the Vietnam war, with millions fleeing the Laos and Vietnam; the 1980s saw new challenges for UNHCR, with many member states unwilling to resettle refugees due to the sharp rise in refugee numbers over the 1970s. These refugees were not fleeing wars between states, but inter-ethnic conflict in newly independent states; the targeting of civilians as military strategy added to the displacement in many nations, so even'minor' conflicts could result in a large number of displaced persons. Whether in Asia, Central America or Africa, these conflicts, fueled by superpower rivalry and aggravated by socio-economic problems within the concerned countries, durable solutions continued to prove a massive challenge for the UNHCR.

As a result, the UNHCR became more involved with assistance programs within refugee camps located in hostile environments. The end of the Cold War marked continued inter-ethnic conflict and contributed to refugee flight. In addition, humanitarian intervention by multinational forces became more frequent and the media began to play a big role in the lead up to the 1999 NATO mission in Yugoslavia, while by contrast, the 1994 Rwandan Genocide had little attention; the genocide in Rwanda caused a massive refugee crisis, again highlighting the difficulties for UNHCR to uphold its mandate, the UNHCR continued to battle against restrictive refugee policies in so called'rich' nations. UNHCR was established on 14 December 1950 and succeeded the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration; the agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees.

It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another state, with the option to return home voluntarily, integ


KSIB is a radio station located in Creston, Iowa that serves an eight-county area in southwest Iowa. It has been a country format station for most of its broadcast history; the station changed to talk format for six months in 2014 before returning to the country music format. KSIB broadcasts local news and sports. Local baseball and football games are broadcast live. KSIB-FM reaches as far north as West Des Moines, south of the Missouri-Iowa border. KSIB's prime broadcast area includes these 8 counties in Iowa: Adair, Clarke, Madison, Ringgold and Union. News and sports are covered from the counties of Adair, Adams and Union counties. KSIB was founded in 1946 and has maintained the country format since its beginning, except for six months beginning on March 31, 2014, when the format changed to talk. From 6 AM to 1 PM weekdays, the programming was predominately local; the only exception was the nationally syndicated AgriTalk program from 10-11 AM. After 1 PM, The Dennis Miller Show, Herman Cain and others were broadcast until 6 AM the next day.

KSIB dropped its talk radio format after six months, on October 10, 2014. When it returned to the country music format, the station selected music from a wider range of artists and broadcast music from the last several decades as well as the newest releases in the genre. Different from before, the music DJs are all local. Country begins at 1 PM every weekday with Melinda Mackey the host of KSIB's Grapevine show. Ben Walter, host of the KSIB Morning Show, is on after - from 6 PM to midnight; the KSIB Morning Show has Ben Walter, KSIB News Director, TJ Dunphy and KSIB Sports Director, Damon Helgevold. Damon Helgevold hosts a sports show, Midday Report, with interviews from local coaches, each weekday at 11 AM. Other local programs on KSIB include Trading Post Monday through Friday, Grapevine w/Melinda Mackey airing every Monday and Thursday, The "Newsmakers" program with TJ Dunphy airs every Tuesday morning, Wednesdays Radio Ranch w/Chad Rieck, FridaysLevel B w/Ben Walter. AgriNews is carried at 10 AM each weekday.

Ben Walter started part-time at the station in 1987. He hosts the KSIB Morning show every weekday morning - includes funeral announcements, birthdays/anniversaries, newscasts and sports. Melinda Mackey has been with KSIB for nearly 15 years - hosting the Grapevine program, Job Search, more. Sports Director Damon Helgevold and News Director TJ Dunphy. KSIB website Query the FCC's FM station database for KSIB Radio-Locator information on KSIB Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KSIB

Zhu Cong (footballer)

Zhu Cong is a Chinese footballer as a full back. Who plays for China League Two side Shenzhen Renren. Zhu started his professional career with Chinese Jia-A League side Shenzhen Jianlibao in 2003. On 19 August 2006, he made his senior debut in a 5–0 away defeat against Dalian Shide, coming on as a substitute for Fan Xiaodong in the 76th minute, he failed to establish himself within the first team and just played 6 league matches between 2004 and 2010. Zhu transferred to China League One club Guangdong Sunray Cave in July 2010. In 2015, Zhu signed for Shenzhen Renren. Statistics accurate as of match played 13 October 2018. Shenzhen Jianlibao Chinese Super League: 2004