SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Solymar, Uruguay

Solymar is a coastal resort or residential neighbourhood of the Ciudad de la Costa in the Canelones Department of Uruguay. Its name is a contraction of the words "Sun and Sea". Solymar borders the coastline of the Río de la Plata to the south, El Bosque and Lagomar to the west, Lomas de Solymar to the east and its northern limit is formed by the highway Ruta Interbalnearia. In 1994, when Ciudad de la Costa took on the status of a city, Solymar was incorporated in it, it borders the resorts Lagomar to the west, El Bosque to the southwest and Lomas de Solymar to the northeast. In 2011 Solymar had a population of 18,573. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay Parish Church of Our Lady of the Foundation INE map of Solymar, Lomas de Solymar and Colinas de Solymar

Quartz Mountain

Quartz Mountain is located in Greer County in southwest Oklahoma. It is the namesake of Quartz Mountain Nature Park and its eastern flank is enclosed by the park boundaries, it is near the cities of Mangum and Altus, Oklahoma. The park is open to the public year-round for rock climbing, boating, nature observation and photography, environmental education and interpretation; the mountain overlooks scenic Lake Altus-Lugert. Quartz Mountain is one of the westernmost peaks in the Wichita Mountains. In simplest terms, the Wichita Mountains are rocky promontories and rounded hills made of red and black igneous rocks, light-colored sedimentary rocks, boulder conglomerates; the Wichita Mountains were formed in four distinct geologic episodes. 1. Magmatism induced by continental rifting just prior to and in the Cambrian Period produced the granites and rhyolites, gabbroic rocks and diabases. 2. Subsidence resulted in burial by sandstones and limestone during the early Paleozoic. 3. Uplift during the Pennsylvanian Ouachita Orogeny brought these rocks to the surface as mountains.

4. Weathering and erosion during the Permian Period flattened the mountains and produced a mantle of conglomerates; the mountains themselves are Permian landforms covered and preserved by river-borne sediments in the Permian and excavated only in recent geological times. Exposure of these fossil mountains is greatest towards the southeast. Quartz Mountain is made of granite emplaced during the early Cambrian period. Like the other granite knobs nearby, the larger masses of granite in the eastern Wichita Mountains, these rocks are part of the Wichita Granite Group. Most of Quartz Mountain and the other exposures in the park are homogenous pink-red Lugert Granite. However, the flank of Quartz Mountain, as well as the adjacent peaks to the west are made of a coarser grained, red Reformatory Granite; the Reformatory Granite is quarried locally around the appropriately named town of Granite. A mixed zone between the two units reveals that these are two separate pulses of magma intruding the same level of the crust, that the Lugert post-dates the intrusion of the Reformatory.

Numerous miarolitic cavities and hydrothermal veins pervade its surroundings. Both contain appreciable amounts of quartz. Climbing using modern techniques at Quartz Mountain began in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Between 1978 and 1982, the majority of climbing routes were established; the property where the mountain is located was owned by Ted and Margaret Johnson, who had allowed access to the mountain for several decades. In an effort to ensure the area was preserved, it was purchased in 2001 by The Access Fund and the Wichita Mountains Climbers Coalition donated to the State of Oklahoma. In 2002 the area was designated Quartz Mountain Nature Park. There is no fee charged to climb the mountain. Activities at Baldy Point are only permitted during daytime. Climbers must be off the out of the parking lot by dusk. One source reports that Quartz Mountain climbing is strenuous and that this mountain is not recommended for beginners, it has been compared to climbing at Joshua Tree National Park. Most of the climbing is done on the south face of the mountain, so summer is not a recommended time for climbing.

Spring and fall are the best times for this activity. Camping is not allowed at the climbing area. Camping is available at Quartz Mountain park campground, about 3 miles from the climbing area, where there are 100 RV hookups plus a number of tent sites. Fires, paintball guns, mountain bikes, dirt bikes are prohibited at the climbing area. Quartz Mountain Nature Park Quartz Mountain Resort Arts and Conference Center