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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State referred to as the State Department, is a federal executive department responsible for carrying out U. S. foreign policy and international relations. Established in 1789 as the nation's first executive department, its duties include advising the President of the United States, administering the nation's diplomatic missions, negotiating treaties and agreements with foreign entities, representing the U. S. at the United Nations. The department is led by the Secretary of State, a member of the Cabinet, nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate; the Secretary of State serves as the nation's chief diplomat and representative abroad, is the first Cabinet official in the order of precedence and in the presidential line of succession. The State Department is headquartered in the Harry S Truman Building, a few blocks away from the White House, in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D. C.. The current Secretary of State is Mike Pompeo.

The U. S. Constitution, drafted in Philadelphia in September 1787 and ratified by the 13 states the following year, gave the President the responsibility for conducting the nation's foreign relations. To that end, Congress approved legislation to establish a Department of Foreign Affairs on July 21, 1789, President Washington signed it into law on July 27, making the Department of Foreign Affairs the first federal agency to be created under the new Constitution; this legislation remains the basic law of the Department of State. In September 1789, additional legislation changed the name of the agency to the Department of State and assigned to it a variety of domestic duties; these responsibilities grew to include management of the United States Mint, keeper of the Great Seal of the United States, the taking of the census. President George Washington signed the new legislation on September 15. Most of these domestic duties were transferred to various new federal departments and agencies established during the 19th century.

However, the Secretary of State still retains a few domestic responsibilities, such as being the keeper of the Great Seal and being the officer to whom a President or Vice President of the United States wishing to resign must deliver an instrument in writing declaring the decision to resign. On September 29, 1789, President Washington appointed Thomas Jefferson of Virginia Minister to France, to be the first United States Secretary of State. John Jay had been serving as Secretary of Foreign Affairs as a holdover from the Confederation since before Washington had taken office. From 1790 to 1800, the State Department was headquartered in Philadelphia, the capital of the United States at the time, it occupied a building at Fifth Streets. In 1800, it moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D. C. where it first occupied the Treasury Building and the Seven Buildings at 19th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue. The State Department moved several times throughout the capital in the ensuing decades, including Six Buildings in September 1800.

Since May 1947, the State Department has been based in the Harry S. Truman Building in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington. Madeleine Albright became the first woman to become the Secretary of State and the first foreign-born woman to serve in the Cabinet when she was appointed in 1997. Condoleezza Rice became the second female Secretary of State in 2005 and the second African-American after Colin Powell. Hillary Clinton became the third female Secretary of State when she was appointed in 2009. In 2014, the State Department began expanding into the Navy Hill Complex across 23rd Street NW from the Truman Building. A joint venture consisting of the architectural firms of Goody and the Louis Berger Group won a $2.5 million contract in January 2014 to begin planning the renovation of the buildings on the 11.8 acres Navy Hill campus, which housed the World War II headquarters of the Office of Strategic Services and was the first headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency. The Executive Branch and the U.

S. Congress have constitutional responsibilities for U. S. foreign policy. Within the Executive Branch, the Department of State is the lead U. S. foreign affairs agency, its head, the Secretary of State, is the President's principal foreign policy advisor. The Department advances U. S. objectives and interests in the world through its primary role in developing and implementing the President's foreign policy. It provides an array of important services to U. S. citizens and to foreigners seeking to visit or immigrate to the United States. All foreign affairs activities—U. S. Representation abroad, foreign assistance programs, countering international crime, foreign military training programs, the services the Department provides, more—are paid for by the foreign affairs budget, which represents little more than 1% of the total federal budget; as stated by the Department of State, its purpose includes: Protecting and assisting U. S. citizens living or traveling abroad. S. businesse

The Real McCoy (album)

The Real McCoy is the seventh album by jazz pianist McCoy Tyner and his first released on the Blue Note label. It was recorded on April 21, 1967 following Tyner's departure from the John Coltrane Quartet and features performances by Tyner with Joe Henderson, Ron Carter and Elvin Jones. Producer Alfred Lion recalls the recording session as a "pure jazz session. There is no concession to commercialism, there's a deep, passionate love for the music embedded in each of the selections"; the Penguin Guide to Jazz selected this album as part of its suggested "Core Collection" calling it "A key album in Tyner's discography... Recommended." The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states that "Tyner was entering a period of struggle, although artistically his playing grew quite a bit in the late'60s... recommended". In the liner notes, Tyner talks about the pieces selected for this album; the titles for "Passion Dance" and "Contemplation" came to the pianist only after he'd written the pieces. Whilst the former sounds like "a kind of American Indian dance, evoking trance-like states", the latter has "the sound of a man alone.

A man reflecting on what religion means to him, reflecting on the meaning of life." Tyner titled the fourth piece "Search for Peace" because of its tranquil feeling. The album closes with an upbeat, merry piece called "Blues on the Corner", a reminiscent musical portrait of Tyner's childhood: "When I was growing up in Philadelphia, some of the kids I knew liked to hang out on the corner youngsters talking, kidding around, jiving." All compositions by McCoy Tyner "Passion Dance" – 8:47 "Contemplation" – 9:12 "Four by Five" – 6:37 "Search for Peace" – 6:32 "Blues on the Corner" – 5:58 McCoy Tyner - piano Joe Henderson - tenor saxophone Ron Carter - bass Elvin Jones - drums

Mervyn Edward Archdale

Mervyn Edward Archdale, was an Irish soldier, High Sheriff and MP. He was born the eldest son of Edward Archdall of Riversdale, County Fermanagh, Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1813, he was educated at private schools in England and Brasenose College, where he matriculated in 1830 but did not graduate. He joined the 6th Dragoons, becoming a cornet in 1832, a lieutenant in 1835 and a captain in 1841, he retired on half pay in 1847. In 1834 was elected the member of Parliament for Fermanagh following the retirement of his uncle Mervyn Archdall, he was returned unopposed in the following nine elections, sitting until 1874. He was appointed High Sheriff of Fermanagh for 1879. In 1857 he inherited the family seat of Castle Archdale and Trillick in County Tyrone from his uncle William Archdall, he became treasurer of the grand lodge of Ireland. He kept racehorses, he died in 1895 at Cannes in the south of France. He had married Emma Inez, the daughter of Jacob Goulding of Kew, with whom he had two sons, Mervyn Henry and Hugh James and three daughters.

His estates passed to his brother, William Humphrys Archdale, who took over the representation of Fermanagh in Parliament. Dictionary of Irish Biography - Archdale, Mervyn Edward by C. J. Woods Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mervyn Edward Archdale

Retort (collective)

Retort is a community of about forty writers, teachers and activists, all self-styled opponents of capital and empire, based for the past two decades in the San Francisco Bay Area. Retort is a gathering of antinomians, it is not a typical collective. Retort is a motley crew - writers, teachers, scientists, poets - joined in a web of sustaining friendships, who share an antagonism to the present order of things. Retort has been meeting on a regular basis for the last two decades, for the most part to eat and drink together, but to discuss politics, history and the terms and tactics of root-and-branch opposition to capital and the various versions of barbarism on offer. There is a deep appreciation of old cafes and city taverns, competing with a tendency to favor the open air - rambles, the back country, tidepool picnics, wild swimming; the gathering has produced broadsides and pamphlets for particular occasions, from time to time they organize more public events - readings, evenings of film, so forth.

There are collaborations of many kinds within the milieu. The name "Retort" acknowledges that the project is engaged in a wider conversation whose terms and assumptions they reject, that Retorters stand on ground and otherwise, not of our own choosing; some feel forced to spend much of the time - far too much - in rebuttals, rejoinders. In a word, retorting; the name gestures to an obscure non-sectarian 1940s journal of that title, which at first, Retort thought about reviving. It was published out of a cabin in Bearsville, a hamlet near Woodstock, New York. Retort's printing press had belonged to the eloquent Wobbly agitator Carlo Tresca, before he was assassinated on the streets of Manhattan by agents of Benito Mussolini; the journal Retort was anti-statist, anti-militarist and published essays on art and culture. Poetry too - the first issue published the Kenneth Rexroth poem that begins: "Now in Waldheim where the rain/ Has fallen careless and unthinking/ For all an evil century's youth, / Where now the banks of dark roses lie..."Retort Press published Prison Etiquette: The Convict's Compendium of Useful Information compiled by war resisters those imprisoned for refusing to collaborate either with the state or with the Anabaptist "peace churches" who had agreed with the US government to self-manage the rural work camps for conscientious objectors.

A retort is like the alchemist's vessel that ferments, transforms. It's fragile, it needs fire, there may be problems with the underlying theory, but there's occasional magic. Retort's broadsheet Neither Their War Nor Their Peace was produced for distribution at demonstrations against the impending US invasion of Iraq in the spring of 2003, it was expanded into the book Afflicted Powers: Capital and Spectacle in a New Age of War, written by Iain Boal, T. J. Clark, Joseph Matthews and Michael published by Verso Books; the broadsheet "All Quiet On The Eastern Front" was part of Retort's installation at the second Seville Biennial. Associated members include English geographer Michael Watts, Irish social historian Iain Boal, British art historian T. J. Clark, radical attorney Joseph Matthews, labor historian Cal Winslow, editor Eddie Yuen, economic geographer Richard Walker, art historian Anne Wagner, Victor Serge translator James Brook, microbial ecologist Ignacio Chapela and writer Summer Brenner, Balkan anarchist Andrej Grubačić, Italian literary scholar Franco Moretti.

SourcesRetort, "Blood for Oil?" London Review of Books, April 21, 2005. Retort, Afflicted Powers: Capital and Spectacle in a New Age of War Verso, 2nd edition with afterword, 2006

Daphne mezereum

Daphne mezereum known as mezereum, February daphne, spurge laurel or spurge olive, is a species of Daphne in the flowering plant family Thymelaeaceae, native to most of Europe and Western Asia, north to northern Scandinavia and Russia. In southern Europe it is confined to medium to higher elevations and in the subalpine vegetation zone, but descends to near sea level in northern Europe, it is confined to soils derived from limestone. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1.5 m tall. The leaves are soft, 3–8 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, arranged spirally on the stems; the flowers are produced in early spring on the bare stems. They have a four-lobed pink or light purple perianth 10–15 mm diameter, are scented; the fruit is a bright red berry 7–12 mm diameter. Daphne mezereum is toxic because of the compounds mezerein and daphnin present in the berries and twigs. If poisoned, victims experience a choking sensation. Handling the fresh twigs can cause rashes and eczema in sensitive individuals. Despite this, it is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens for its attractive flowers.

The native wild version became a protected species in the UK in 1975 under the Conservation of Wild Creatures and Wild Plants Act. This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia. Manfred A. Fischer: Exkursionsflora von Österreich, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-8001-3461-6 Smeil, Fitschen: Flora von Deutschland, Wiesbaden. Mezereon Plant Information "Mezereon". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921


Ottogi Co, Ltd. is a food manufacturing company located in Korea. Ottogi Center is located at 308, Yeongdong-daero, Gangnam-gu, South Korea, and HQ is located at 405 Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Now it listed on the KOSPI 200 as well. Ottogi was founded in May 1969. Ottogi’s first product was Ottogi Curry and it was first Korean made curry product introduced to Korean market.. Ottogi manufactured soup and mayonnaise for the first time in Korean history. After Ottogi was listed on the stock market in Aug 1994, its total revenue exceeded 1 trillion won in 2007 and exceeded 2 trillion won in 2017. Ottogi established China branch in 1994, US branch in 2005 and Vietnam Branch in 2007. Ottogi has affiliates such as Ottogi Ramyon Co. Ltd. Ottogi Sesame Mills Co. Ltd. Ottogi Frozen Foods Co. Ltd. and etc. Ottogi has products such as curry, sauce, powder, HMR, retort pouch, dehydrated food, processed grain products, livestock product, Ramen, edible oils, spices and etc. Main products are Ottogi Curry, Ottogi Tomato Ketchup, Ottogi 3 Minutes Meals, Ottogi Mayonnaise, Ottogi Cooked Rice, Jin Ramen, Ottogi Frozen Pizza, Ottogi Canned Tuna.

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