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United States Forces Japan

The United States Forces Japan is an active subordinate unified command of the United States Indo-Pacific Command. It was activated at Fuchū Air Station in Tokyo, Japan on 1 July 1957 to replace the Far East Command. USFJ is commanded by the Commander, U. S. Forces, Japan, dual-hatted as commander of the Fifth Air Force. At present, USFJ is headquartered at Yokota Air Base in Tokyo. COMUSJAPAN plans and supervises the execution of missions and responsibilities assigned by the Commander, U. S. Indo-Pacific Command, they establish and implement policies to accomplish the mission of the United States Armed Forces in Japan and are responsible for developing plans for the defense of the country. COMUSJAPAN supports the Security Treaty and administers the Status of Forces Agreement between the United States and Japan, they are responsible for coordinating various matters of interest with the service commanders in Japan. These include matters affecting US-Japan relationships among and between the United States Department of Defense.

S. Ambassador to Japan. Under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, the United States is obliged to protect Japan in close cooperation with the Japan Self-Defense Forces for maritime defense, ballistic missile defense, domestic air control, communications security and disaster response operations. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in Asia, the United States Armed Forces assumed administrative authority in Japan; the Japanese Imperial Army and Navy were decommissioned, the U. S. Armed Forces took control of Japanese military bases until a new government could be formed and positioned to reestablish authority. Allied forces planned to demilitarize Japan, new government adopted the Constitution of Japan with a no-armed-force clause in 1947. After the Korean War began in 1950, Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan and the Japanese government established the paramilitary "National Police Reserve", developed into the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.

In 1951, the Treaty of San Francisco was signed by the allied countries and Japan, which restored its formal sovereignty. At the same time, the U. S. and Japan signed the Japan-America Security Alliance. By this treaty, USFJ is responsible for the defense of Japan; as part of this agreement, the Japanese government requested that the U. S. military bases remain in Japan, agreed to provide funds and various interests specified in the Status of Forces Agreement. At the expiration of the treaty, the United States and Japan signed the new Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan; the status of the United States Forces Japan was defined in the U. S.–Japan Status of Forces Agreement. This treaty is still in effect, it forms the basis of Japan's foreign policy. During the Vietnam War, US military bases in Japan those in the Okinawa Prefecture, were used as important strategic and logistic bases. In 1970, the Koza riot occurred against the US military presence in Okinawa.

The USAF strategic bombers were deployed in the bases in Okinawa, which were still administered by the U. S. government. Before the 1972 reversion of the island to Japanese administration, it has been speculated but never confirmed that up to 1,200 nuclear weapons may have been stored at Kadena Air Base in Okinawa during the 1960s; as of 2013, there are 50,000 U. S. military personnel stationed in Japan, along with 40,000 dependents of military personnel and another 5,500 American civilians employed there by the United States Department of Defense. The United States Seventh Fleet is based in Kanagawa Prefecture; the 3rd Marine Expeditionary Force is based in Okinawa. 130 USAF fighters are stationed in Kadena Air Base. The Japanese government paid ¥217 billion in 2007 as annual host-nation support called Omoiyari Yosan; as of the 2011 budget, such payment was no longer to be referred to as omoiyari yosan or "sympathy budget". Japan compensates 75 percent of U. S. basing costs — $4.4 billion. After the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 9,720 dependents of United States military and government civilian employees in Japan evacuated the country to the United States.

The relocation of the U. S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma to Henoko was resolved in December 2013 with the signing of a landfill agreement by the governor of Okinawa. Under the terms of the U. S.-Japan agreement, five thousand U. S. Marines were relocated to Guam and four thousand U. S. Marines to other Pacific locations such as Hawaii or Australia while around ten thousand Marines were to remain on Okinawa. No timetable for the Marines redeployment was announced, but The Washington Post reported that U. S. Marines would leave Okinawa as soon as suitable facilities on elsewhere were ready; the relocation move was expected to cost 8.6 billion US dollars, including a $3.1bn cash commitment from Japan for the move to Guam as well as for developing joint training ranges on Guam and on Tinian and Pagan in the Northern Mariana Islands. Certain parcels of land on Okinawa which were leased for use by the American military were supposed to be turned back to Japanese control via a long-term phased return process according to the agreement.

These returns have been ongoing since 1972. However, as of July 2016, the situation has not been settled. In May 2014, in a strategic shift by the United States to Asia and the Pacific, it was revealed the US was deploying two unarmed Glob

Nicotiana sylvestris

Nicotiana sylvestris is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, known by the common names woodland tobacco, flowering tobacco, South American tobacco. It is a perennial plant in the tobacco genus Nicotiana, native to the Andes region in Argentina and Bolivia, in South America, it is a tall plant, growing to 1.5 m high by 0.5 m broad. The leaves are simple, somewhat sticky, with the blade surrounding the stem, clasping petiole. Flowers are produced on many-branched stems; the flowers are tubular, borne in racemes held above the foliage. Flowers can be over 7 cm long with a face 2 cm wide, their intense scent is strongest at night, to attract pollinating moths. Each flower produces a large quantity of small seeds; this plant is thought to be one of the parents of Nicotiana tabacum, the plant used in modern tobacco production. However, all parts of N. sylvestris can cause discomfort or irritation if consumed. Nicotiana sylvestris is cultivated as an ornamental plant, it is planted in gardens for its architectural qualities and fragrant flowers.

Though a short-lived perennial, in colder zones it is grown as a half-hardy annual, sown under glass with heat in early spring, planted out after the last frosts. In Great Britain, it will only overwinter in more sheltered coastal areas or parts of London where the temperature never falls below −5 °C; this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Jepson Manual Treatment: Nicotiana sylvestris Uky.edu: photos of Nicotiana sylvestris

Emma Sandile

Emma Sandile known as Princess Emma, was the daughter of the Ngqika chief Mgolombane Sandile. She was educated by the British in the Cape Colony, became a landowner the first black woman to hold a land title in South Africa; the Ngqika chief Mgolombane Sandile sent his daughter Emma and his two sons to Cape Town to be educated, although they were referred to by Anglican bishop Robert Gray as "hostages for the peace and prosperity of their country". At the time, the Xhosa people, of which the Ngqika were a part, had fought with the British Empire and the Cape Colony in the Xhosa Wars over land rights; the children first stayed with Gray and his wife attended Zonnebloem College. The British hoped that both Emma and her older brother Gonya, Sandile's heir, would prove to be influencers to their people, she took to writing about the first known writing in English by a Xhosa woman. She arrived at the College alongside two other girls as company and 18 boys. There was no specific education for the girls, who took to cooking and sewing.

After a year a teacher was hired for them, Emma was baptised six months after. She sought to return to the Xhosa for brief periods, but these were turned down as there were concerns by George Grey, Governor of the Cape Colony, that she would be married to a non-Christian. However, Grey did grant her ownership of a farm, she may have been the first black women in Southern Africa to have land registered in her name. There was a struggle between her father, who wished for her to marry a neighbouring Chief and Bishop Gray. There was agreement that she would be betrothed to Ngangelizwe of Thembuland as he was a Chief, interested in Christianity; the marriage was called off, after disagreements about both the marriage and wedding practices, because Ngangelizwe wished to use a Wesleyan minister instead of an Anglican priest. Emma became a teacher, at a mission in Grahamstown and became the second wife of Stokwe Ndela, a chief of the Mqwathi. Although she was the second wife, because of her lineage, she was his primary wife.

However, he was killed by the British during a revolt in 1881, the Thembu claimed that she had helped to cause this. Her husband left her further land, Emma petitioned the land commission to receive the land in her name; the farm was in Ciskei in the south east of modern South Africa. Emma died in 1892, leaving the land to her four daughters and one son, none of which were brought up Christian. There continued to be legal disputes about the land owned by her into the 1980s

Covenant Worship

Covenant Worship is an American Christian music worship band from Dallas, Texas. Their group formed at Covenant Church, an interdenominational congregation, while the church was established by Pastors Mike and Kathy Hayes, in 1976; the group released, Heaven on Earth, independently, in 2009. They have released two studio albums, Standing in 2012 and Kingdom in 2014. Covenant Worship is from Dallas, where they were established in 2009, with four members, David Binion, Nicole Binion, Joshua Dufrene, Colin Edge, while they are members of Covenant Church, an interdenominational congregation, founded by Pastors Mike and Kathy Hayes, in 1976; the band started as a musical entity in 2009, with their first independently-made album, Heaven on Earth, released on October 27, 2009, from Covenant Worship. This album was their breakthrough release upon the Billboard magazine charts, where it peaked at No. 29 on the Gospel Albums chart. Their subsequent album, a studio album, was released on August 7, 2012, by Integrity Music.

The album charted on three Billboard magazine charts, where it peaked at No. 138 on The Billboard 200, No. 2 on Christian Albums, No. 19 on the Independent Albums chart. They released, Kingdom, on July 2014, with Integrity Media; this album peaked on The Billboard 200 at No. 113, at No. 2 on the Christian Albums chart. They released, Take Heart, on February 2016, with Integrity Music. Current membersDavid Lee Binion Nicole Denise Binion Joshua Jachin Dufrene Colin Geoffrey Edge Studio albums Official website

Verizon Hum

Hum is a vehicle diagnostic and tracking system from Verizon Communications. The system is composed of two devices: a diagnostics reader which connects to a vehicle's OBDII and a speaker with Bluetooth connectivity that can be clipped to the visor. A monthly subscription is required, but includes a mobile application for reviewing collected data and receiving alerts as well as roadside assistance; the Hum was first revealed in January 2015 under the name Verizon Vehicle, but was rebranded before its release in August of that year. The initial product launch included features such as maintenance reminders, parking assistance, incident alerts, emergency assistance and stolen vehicle location assistance. In 2016 Verizon added location-based features that were marketed to parents as a way of keeping track of teen driving habits; the newer features allow users to set alerts for when the vehicle exceeds certain speeds or goes outside of set geographical boundaries. A new model, Hum X, was launched in March 2017, featuring Wi-Fi hotspot capability, priced at $15/month.

Unlike previous aftermarket in-vehicle telematics solutions, such as OnStar FMV, Verizon Hum could be installed on any vehicle from the 1996 model year or newer that included an OBD II port under its dashboard. The OnStar FMV system was only tested to function in select vehicles newer. Verizon Hum can be installed by the consumer, whereas other systems must be professionally installed, which entails an installation fee. All the consumer has to do after removing the Verizon Hum from its box is plug the transmitting device into his or her OBD II port on the underside of the vehicle's dashboard, clip the speaker unit onto their sun visor and power the speaker unit on; the consumer would activate his or her Verizon Hum device online. The only maintenance required is charging the speaker unit, which can be charged via a Micro USB cable; some telematics systems do not provide a Bluetooth connection for hands-free and voice-activated calling, as well as the playback of music on a user's device, whereas Verizon Hum offers this compatibility.

When the'Check Engine' light illuminates on their vehicle's dash, the driver can talk to a certified mechanic via Verizon Hum, who can analyze the Diagnostic Trouble Code in real time, provide expert advice as to how to remedy the problem. Not all telematics systems provide an in-vehicle 4G LTE Wi-Fi connection like Verizon Hum. hum.com

Cooper Park Historic District

The Cooper Park Historic District, in Bozeman, Montana, is a 75 acres historic district, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. It includes Cooper Park, a two-block square that anchors the district, the 200 to 700 blocks of S. Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, & Cross Sts. in Bozeman, includes 222 contributing buildings out of a total of 265 one- and two-story houses in the district. It includes Colonial Revival, Bungalow/craftsman, Queen Anne architecture. There are several small clusters or pairs of houses built by one hand, including four similar Bungalow-style houses at 507, 511, 515, 523 W. Babcock, all built by carpenter Elmer Bartholomew around 1920, 718 and 722 S. 7th Avenue, built by carpenter Ora E. Long