The United States Marine Corps referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The U. S. Marine Corps is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States; the Marine Corps has been a component of the U. S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working with naval forces; the USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers; the history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore. In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island.
As of 2017, the USMC has around some 38,500 personnel in reserve. As outlined in 10 U. S. C. § 5063 and as introduced under the National Security Act of 1947, three primary areas of responsibility for the Marine Corps are: Seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land operations to support naval campaigns. This last clause derives from similar language in the Congressional acts "For the Better Organization of the Marine Corps" of 1834, "Establishing and Organizing a Marine Corps" of 1798. In 1951, the House of Representatives' Armed Services Committee called the clause "one of the most important statutory – and traditional – functions of the Marine Corps", it noted that the Corps has more than not performed actions of a non-naval nature, including its famous actions in Tripoli, the War of 1812, numerous counter-insurgency and occupational duties, World War I, the Korean War. While these actions are not described as support of naval campaigns nor as amphibious warfare, their common thread is that they are of an expeditionary nature, using the mobility of the Navy to provide timely intervention in foreign affairs on behalf of American interests.
The Marine Band, dubbed the "President's Own" by Thomas Jefferson, provides music for state functions at the White House. Marines from Ceremonial Companies A & B, quartered in Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C. guard presidential retreats, including Camp David, the Marines of the Executive Flight Detachment of HMX-1 provide helicopter transport to the President and Vice President, with the radio call signs "Marine One" and "Marine Two", respectively. The Executive Flight Detachment provides helicopter transport to Cabinet members and other VIPs. By authority of the 1946 Foreign Service Act, the Marine Security Guards of the Marine Embassy Security Command provide security for American embassies and consulates at more than 140 posts worldwide; the relationship between the Department of State and the U. S. Marine Corps is nearly as old as the corps itself. For over 200 years, Marines have served at the request of various Secretaries of State. After World War II, an alert, disciplined force was needed to protect American embassies and legations throughout the world.
In 1947, a proposal was made that the Department of Defense furnish Marine Corps personnel for Foreign Service guard duty under the provisions of the Foreign Service Act of 1946. A formal Memorandum of Agreement was signed between the Department of State and the Secretary of the Navy on 15 December 1948, 83 Marines were deployed to overseas missions. During the first year of the MSG program, 36 detachments were deployed worldwide; the Marine Corps was founded to serve as an infantry unit aboard naval vessels and was responsible for the security of the ship and its crew by conducting offensive and defensive combat during boarding actions and defending the ship's officers from mutiny. Continental Marines manned raiding parties, both at ashore. America's first amphibious assault landing occurred early in the Revolutionary War on 3 March 1776 as the Marines gained control of Fort Montagu and Fort Nassau, a British ammunition depot and naval port in New Providence, the Bahamas; the role of the Marine Corps has expanded since then.
The Advanced Base Doctrine of the early 20th century codified their combat duties ashore, outlining the use of Marines in the seizure of bases and other duties on land to support naval campaigns. Throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries, Marine detachments served aboard Navy cruisers and aircraft carriers. Marine detachments served in their traditional duties as a ship's landing force, manning the ship's weapons and providing shipboard security. Marine detachments were augmented by members of the ship's company for landing parties, such as in the First Sumatran Expedition of 1832, continuing in the Caribbean and Mexican campaigns of the early 20th centuries. Marines would develop tactics and techniques of amphibious assault on defended coastlines in time for use in World War II. During World War II, Marines continued
Todd Robert Monken is an American football coach who serves as the offensive coordinator at the University of Georgia. He is the former offensive coordinator for the Cleveland Browns, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Oklahoma State University and Eastern Michigan University, as well as the former head coach at the University of Southern Mississippi. Monken attended Knox College in Galesburg, where he was a three-year letter-winner at quarterback for Knox and earned first-team small college All-America as a senior. While attending Knox, he was a member of the Xi Chapter of Beta Theta Pi, he earned a bachelor's degree in economics from Knox and a master's degree in education leadership from Grand Valley State University. Monken got his start in coaching at Grand Valley State under Tom Beck; when Beck moved to Notre Dame as offensive coordinator in 1991, Monken joined the staff as a graduate assistant. During his time at Grand Valley, he coached with defensive assistant Brian Kelly, the current coach of Notre Dame.
As the offensive coordinator Monken led Eastern Michigan to some of the best offenses in the history of the program. In his second stint at Oklahoma State he tutored Justin Blackmon into one of the best receivers in college football history. Mike Gundy introduced him as the next offensive coordinator tasked with keeping one of the nation's best offenses as potent as it has been in recent years. Gundy stated, “Todd is a good fit for what we need. He’s been in the Big 12 and SEC and he’s coached at places that have won at a high level. He’s an experienced, intelligent coach who will be able to come in and help us pick up where we left off. We’re excited to have him join our staff.”On December 10, 2012, it was reported that Monken accepted the position as head coach of the Southern Miss football team. He was hired to replace Ellis Johnson after an 0–12 season. On January 17, 2020, Monken was hired by the Georgia Bulldogs to be their offensive coordinator under head coach, Kirby Smart. In 2007, Monken was hired by the Jacksonville Jaguars to be their wide receivers coach.
On January 24, 2016, Monken was hired by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to be their offensive coordinator. After Buccaneers head coach Dirk Koetter was fired after the 2018 season, Monken was not retained on new head coach Bruce Arians' staff. On January 14, 2019, Monken was hired by the Cleveland Browns to be their offensive coordinator under new head coach, Freddie Kitchens. Monken is a native of Illinois. Monken and his wife, have one son, Travis, he is a cousin of Army head coach Jeff Monken. His younger brother Ted Monken is the former head football coach for St. Charles East and West Chicago
Tomáš Klus is a Czech musician and songwriter from the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. Klus was born in the industrial town of Třinec, his parents were folk music fans, he accompanied them to many concerts and music festivals. Growing up he was influenced by musicians Karel Plíhal, Karel Kryl and in particular Jaromír Nohavica, still a major influence on Klus' music. Klus moved to Prague aged 15 to pursue a sporting career, was a member of the gold medal winning team in modern pentathlon in the 2002 European championship. However, he became more interested in performance art and music. In 2007 he was the winner of the Czech Talent Zlín competition. In 2008 he released his debut album, Cesta do záhuby; the single "Do Nebe" was played on Czech Radio. He wrote music for the Czech film Anglické jahody. In September 2012 he graduated in drama from the Faculty of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. In 2011 he released a song called "Pánu bohu do oken" a song critical of Czech politics and the behaviour of Czech politicians.
It was performed live at Český slavík 2011, a mainstream Czech music awards ceremony. On 26 September 2011, his album Racek was released, it debuted at number one in Czech Album Sales Chart and it was certified Gold in its first week on sale. Racek spent 23 non-consecutive weeks at number one, it was the best selling album of 2011 in the Czech Republic, certified diamond. Tomáš Klus' latest album, entitled Proměnamě, was released on March 24, 2014, it debuted at number one in Czech Album Sales Chart. Albums: Cesta do záhuby Hlávní uzávěr splínu Racek Proměnamě Anat život není 2008 – Anděl – The best new act 2009 – Anděl – Singer of the year 2010 – TV Óčko Music Awards – Singer of the year 2011 – OSA Award – The most successful young artist 2011 – Český slavík Awards – Silver award in category of Male singers 2011 – Anděl – Singer of the year 2011 – Anděl – Album of the year award for "Racek" 2011 – Anděl – The best selling album of the year award for "Racek" 2011 – Žebřík Awards – Album of the year award for "Racek" 2011 – Žebřík Awards – Male singer of the year – 2nd place 2011 – Žebřík Awards – Song of the year award for "Nina" 2011 – TýTý Awards – Male singer of the year – 2nd place 2011 – TýTý Awards – The best new artist 2012 – Český Slavík Awards – Winner in category of Male 2009 – Gold album for selling more than 6,000 copies of "Cesta do záhuby" 2010 – Gold album for selling more than 8,000 copies of "Hlavní úzavěr splínu" 2011 – Platinum album for selling more than 12,000 copies of "Hlavní uzávěr splínu" 2011 – Gold album for selling more than 6,000 copies of "Racek" 2011 – Platinum album for selling more than 12,000 copies of "Racek" 2011 – Double platinum album for selling more than 24,000 copies of "Racek" 2012 – Diamond album for selling more than 50,000 copies of "Racek" Tomas Klus @ Mtv.co.uk Tomas Klus official website Anglicke Jahody Czech Talent Zlin 2007 results Tomas Klus profile on Osobnosti.cz