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United States Navy

The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U. S. allies or partner nations. It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction, five other carriers planned. With 336,978 personnel on active duty and 101,583 in the Ready Reserve, the U. S. Navy is the third largest of the U. S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 290 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of June 2019, making it the third-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force and the United States Army; the U. S. Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, established during the American Revolutionary War and was disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter.

After suffering significant loss of goods and personnel at the hands of the Barbary pirates from Algiers, the U. S. Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 for the construction of six heavy frigates, the first ships of the U. S. Navy; the U. S. Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of its rivers, it played the central role in the World War II defeat of Imperial Japan. The U. S. Navy emerged from World War II as the most powerful navy in the world; the 21st century U. S. Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, it is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and respond to regional crises, making it a frequent actor in U. S. foreign and military policy. The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy.

The Department of the Navy is itself a division of the Department of Defense, headed by the Secretary of Defense. The Chief of Naval Operations is the most senior naval officer serving in the Department of the Navy. To recruit, train and organize to deliver combat ready Naval forces to win conflicts and wars while maintaining security and deterrence through sustained forward presence; the U. S. Navy is a seaborne branch of the military of the United States; the Navy's three primary areas of responsibility: The preparation of naval forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war. The maintenance of naval aviation, including land-based naval aviation, air transport essential for naval operations, all air weapons and air techniques involved in the operations and activities of the Navy; the development of aircraft, tactics, technique and equipment of naval combat and service elements. U. S. Navy training manuals state that the mission of the U. S. Armed Forces is "to be prepared to conduct prompt and sustained combat operations in support of the national interest."

As part of that establishment, the U. S. Navy's functions comprise sea control, power projection and nuclear deterrence, in addition to "sealift" duties, it follows as certain as that night succeeds the day, that without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive, with it, everything honorable and glorious. Would to Heaven we had a navy able to reform those enemies to mankind, or crush them into non-existence. Naval power... is the natural defense of the United States The Navy was rooted in the colonial seafaring tradition, which produced a large community of sailors and shipbuilders. In the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, Massachusetts had its own Massachusetts Naval Militia; the rationale for establishing a national navy was debated in the Second Continental Congress. Supporters argued that a navy would protect shipping, defend the coast, make it easier to seek out support from foreign countries. Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navy the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking.

Commander in Chief George Washington resolved the debate when he commissioned the ocean-going schooner USS Hannah to interdict British merchant ships and reported the captures to the Congress. On 13 October 1775, the Continental Congress authorized the purchase of two vessels to be armed for a cruise against British merchant ships. S. Navy; the Continental Navy achieved mixed results. In August 1785, after the Revolutionary War had drawn to a close, Congress had sold Alliance, the last ship remaining in the Continental Navy due to a lack of funds to maintain the ship or support a navy. In 1972, the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Elmo Zumwalt, authorized the Navy to celebrate its birthday on 13 October to honor the establishment of the Continental Navy in 1775; the United States was without a navy for nearly a decade, a state of affairs that exposed U. S. maritime merchant ships to a series of attacks by the Barbary pirates. The sole armed maritime presence between 1790 and the launching of the U.

S. Navy's first warships in 1797 was the U. S. Revenue-Marine, the primary predecessor of the U. S. Coast Guard. Although the USRCS conducted operations against the pirates, their depredations far outstripped its abilities and Congress passed the Na

1926 VFL season

The 1926 Victorian Football League season was the 30th season of the elite Australian rules football competition. In 1926, the VFL competition consisted of twelve teams of 18 on-the-field players each, with no "reserves", although any of the 18 players who had left the playing field for any reason could resume their place on the field at any time during the match. Teams played each other in a home-and-away season of 18 rounds. Once the 18 round home-and-away season had finished, the 1926 VFL Premiers were determined by the specific format and conventions of the amended "Argus system". All of the 1926 finals were played at the MCG so the home team in the Semi Finals and Preliminary Final is purely the higher ranked team from the ladder but in the Grand Final the home team was the team that won the Preliminary Final. Melbourne defeated Collingwood 17.17 to 9.8, in front of a crowd of 59,362 people.. The 1926 VFL Premiership team was Melbourne; the VFL's leading goalkicker was Gordon Coventry of Collingwood with 83 goals.

The winner of the 1926 Brownlow Medal was Ivor Warne-Smith of Melbourne with 9 votes. North Melbourne took the "wooden spoon" in 1926; the seconds premiership was won by Carlton. Carlton 14.11 defeated Geelong 5.13 in the challenge Grand Final, played as a curtain raiser to the firsts Grand Final on 9 October at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. In order to ensure that each team had nine home games in every season, the 17 game home-and-away season of 1925 was extended to 18 matches in 1926. Following the retirement due to ill-health of Sir Baldwin Spencer, former Melbourne footballer, club doctor, VFL delegate Dr. William C. McClelland becomes President of the VFL, he serves from 1926 to 1956. Halfway through the 1924 season, Carlton's champion Horrie Clover retired as a player due to a serious illness, he was subsequently appointed Secretary of the Carlton Club and, as well, he was made a member of the VFL's Umpire and permit Committee. By the start of 1926, Clover's health had improved to the extent that he resumed his career with Carlton, playing another 78 senior games from 1926 to 1931.

Due to the perceived conflict of interest, he was made to resign from the VFL Committee. As the players were walking off the field for their half-time break in the Preliminary Final, the Melbourne centreman Bob Corbett was viciously king-hit from behind, suffering a broken jaw. With no replacements allowed, Melbourne were forced to continue with 17 men and were gamely defending against the Essendon onslaught in the last quarter when, with only minutes to go in the match, a conscious Corbett staggered out onto the field with his head swathed in bandages, took up his position in the centre, freeing up Ivor Warne-Smith to lead the Melbourne attack. In a mark of respect for Corbett's great courage, Essendon tough-man and rugged full-back Harry Hunter, racing up the ground towards the Essendon goals, saw a battered Corbett standing in his way. Under normal circumstances, known to take no prisoners, would have run straight through Corbett. Melbourne won 6.6 to Essendon's 5.9. The king-hit led to strong calls for substitute replacement players.

Maplestone, M. Flying Higher: History of the Essendon Football Club 1872–1996, Essendon Football Club, 1996. ISBN 0-9591740-2-8 Rogers, S. & Brown, A. Every Game Ever Played: VFL/AFL Results 1897–1997, Viking Books, 1998. ISBN 0-670-90809-6 Ross, J. 100 Years of Australian Football 1897–1996: The Complete Story of the AFL, All the Big Stories, All the Great Pictures, All the Champions, Every AFL Season Reported, Viking, 1996. ISBN 0-670-86814-0 1926 Season - AFL Tables


Zizzi is a chain of Italian inspired restaurants across the United Kingdom and Ireland. In February 2015, Bridgepoint Capital completed a £ 250 million acquisition of ASK Zizzi; as of September 2019, Zizzi have over twenty five restaurants in London. They have sites in other cities, including; some cities house two, three, or four restaurants. The restaurant estate of Zizzi includes sites in Belfast, Dublin and Glasgow, they opened their first restaurant in Chiswick in 1999. The Zizzi in Salisbury, was at the centre of the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal; the pair had dined there, advice was given to those who had eaten at Zizzi and the nearby Mill Pub on Sunday 4 or Monday 5 March 2018, to take measures such as washing or wiping their personal belongings though the risk of harm to fellow diners was "low". In the summer of 2011, Zizzi began using Pennies, the electronic charity box, in all their restaurants, giving their customers the option to top up their bill by 20p and donate to charity.

By March 2012, over £50,000 had been raised for charity, with the majority going to long standing charity partner, The Prince's Trust.'Pennies with Zizzi' was crowned "Project of the Year" by the Real IT Awards in 2012 picking up the prize for Corporate and Environmental Responsibility. List of Italian restaurants

Hamish Scott

Hamish Scott was a Scotland international rugby union footballer. He played at Number Eight. Born in Edinburgh, Scott was raised in St Andrews and attended the University of St Andrews, where he studied geology. Scott played for St Andrews University rugby clubHe played for Blackheath in London before moving to Asia, he completed his PhD in parasitology at University of St Andrews when he played for Madras College F. P. Scott played for North of Scotland. Whilst in Malaya he played for North Malaya at rugby, he was capped for Scotland once in 1950, playing in the Five Nations match against England at Murrayfield Stadium on 18 March 1950. Scotland won the match 13 - 11, he was capped at Number Eight. He served in the Royal Navy during the Second World War aboard HMS Scorpion and was involved in escorting duties for the Russian convoy ships in the Arctic Ocean, his navy career took him to the Pacific and he served in Australia. In 1949 he was the official photographer for a Himalayan expedition in Nepal which saw the first ascent of Paldor and the discovery of the Tilman Pass.

The expedition included Norgay Tensing and was led by Bill Tilman,He took up a post in Malaya with the colonial government as a Marine Biologist, wrote a book on the fish off the Malaysian coast. He was to move to Nigeria Canada, he died in 2010, at Scotland's St Andrews on a visit home to Fife


Tondela is a municipality in the central Portuguese subregion of Dão-Lafões. The population in 2011 was 28,946, in an area of 371.22 km². Amadeu Ferraz de Carvalho wrote of the municipality of Tondela in the following terms: "The municipality of Tondela extends over the plateau, covers part of the eastern slope of Caramulo and surpassing the saw still slopes through the highlands of São João do Monte, over the gentle flanks of the upper Águeda basin. In this way, the natural sections of your area are: part of the plateau, cut by the Dão and its effluents the Pavia and Dinha. In this context, the region of Tondela appears as one of the principal locations of archaeological remnants, concentrations of prehistoric populations; the traditional origin of Tondela arises from the fountain Chafariz das Sereias, a sculpted spring of stone, with a woman holding a trumpet. Legend suggests that this female figure was representative another woman who monitored the movements of Moorish forces across the mountains from her lookout.

When she discovered an impending attack from her vantage point the woman would sound the horn, "at the sound of this instrument", the settlers would arise to meet the enemy. The phrase "ao'tom'dela", which means "the sound of it", was transformed into the name "Tondela". Documents from the 9th, 10th and 12th century designated this region as the Terra de Balistariis; this designation arises from the word balista or besta, a war machine used by besteiros during the Middle Ages. The current municipality was the seat, until 1836, of the historical municipality of Besteiros, whose name continues to be seen in some of the historical documents and coat-of-arms of Tondela. To this former administrative division were annexed, through successive administrative reforms, including the older entitites of Serra do Caramulo, São João do Monte and Guardão; the lowlands, such as Mouraz, Canas de Santa Maria, São Miguel de Outeiro and a few parishes that were part of Viseu or the smaller municipalities of Barreiro and Treixedo were extended into Tondela.

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 19 civil parishes: The Clube Desportivo de Tondela is the main sports club in the municipality, its football team earned its first ascension to the First League Primeira Liga, during the 2015-2016 season, playing side-by-side with teams such as FC Porto, SL Benfica and Sporting CP. Lannemezan, France Tomás Ribeiro, portuguese politician, journalist and writer. Nuno Claro, portuguese professional footballer. Samuel Úria, portuguese musician. Portal Tondela Online Photos from Tondela

February 2010 Lower Dir bombing

The February 2010 Lower Dir bombing was a suicide bombing in the Lower Dir District area of Pakistan on 3 February 2010. At least 8 people, including three American soldiers, died. Three schoolgirls were among the dead. Another 70 people, including 63 schoolgirls, were among the injured; the soldiers were headed for the inauguration of a girls' school. They were part of a contingent of 70 soldiers training Pakistani soldiers in counter insurgency; the bomb went off near another girls school in the village of Koto along the way. The Koto Girls High School was flattened; the American soldiers were helping train Pakistan Frontier Corps. Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility for the bombing, they claimed that the attack was in retaliation of October 2008 attack by Blackwater Worldwide in Peshawar. Pakistan arrested 35 people in connection with this bombing; however a backlash against U. S. troop presence in Pakistan did not happen against some analysts predictions. List of terrorist incidents, 2010 Terrorist incidents in Pakistan in 2010 In pictures: Pakistan convoy attack