The Secretary of the Air Force is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a military department within the United States Department of Defense. The Secretary of the Air Force is a civilian appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; the Secretary reports to the Secretary of Defense and/or the Deputy Secretary of Defense, is by statute responsible for and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Air Force. The Secretary works with their civilian deputy, the Under Secretary of the Air Force; the first Secretary of the Air Force, Stuart Symington, was sworn in on September 18, 1947, upon the split and re-organization of the Department of War and Army Air Forces into an air military department and a military service of its own, with the enactment of the National Security Act. On October 16, 2019, Barbara Barrett was confirmed by the U. S. Senate as the Secretary of the Air Force, was sworn in to office on October 18, 2019; the Secretary is the head of the Department of the Air Force.
The Department of the Air Force is defined as a Military Department. It is not limited to the Washington headquarter staffs, rather it is an entity which includes all the components of the United States Air Force, including its reserve components: The term'department', when used with respect to a military department, means the executive part of the department and all field headquarters, reserve components, installations and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the department; the exclusive responsibilities of the Secretary of the Air Force are enumerated in Title 10 Section 9013 of the United States Code. They are not limited to: Recruiting. Organizing. Supplying. Equipping. Training. Servicing. Mobilizing. Demobilizing. Administering. Maintaining; the construction and repair of military equipment. The construction and repair of buildings and utilities and the acquisition of real property and interests in real property necessary to carry out the responsibilities specified in this section.
By direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force assigns military units of the Department of the Air Force, other than those who carry out the functions listed in 10 USC 8013, to the Unified and Specified Combatant Commands to perform missions assigned to those commands. Air Force units while assigned to Combatant Commands may only be reassigned by authority of the Secretary of Defense. However, the chain of command for Air Force units for other purposes than the operational direction goes from the President to the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force to the Commanders of Air Force Commands. Air Force Officers have to report on any matter to the Secretary, or the Secretary's designate, when requested; the Secretary has the authority to detail, prescribe the duties, to assign Air Force service members and civilian employees, may change the title of any activity not statutorily designated. The Secretary has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice with respect to Air Force service members, including to authority to convene General Courts Martial and to commute sentences.
The Secretary of the Air Force may be assigned additional responsibilities by the President or the Secretary of Defense, e.g. the Secretary is designated as the "DoD Executive Agent for Space", as such:... shall develop and integrate plans and programs for space systems and the acquisition of DoD Space Major Defense Acquisition Programs to provide operational space force capabilities to ensure the United States has the space power to achieve its national security objectives. The Secretary of the Air Force's principal staff element, the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, has responsibility for acquisition and auditing, comptroller issues, inspector general matters, legislative affairs, public affairs within the Department of the Air Force; the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force is one of the Department of the Air Force's two headquarter staffs at the seat of government, the other one is the Air Staff. The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force is composed of: Under Secretary of the Air Force The Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for International Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for Space Programs Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition and Logistics Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management and Comptroller Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Installations and Logistics Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition and Integration General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force Inspector General of the Air Force Chief of Legislative Liaison Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force Auditor General of the Department of the Air Force Air Reserve Forces Policy Committee Air Force Cross Department of the Air Force Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service Title 10 United States Code Subtitle A – General Military Law CHAPTER 1 – DEFINITIONS § 101.
Definitions Subtitle D – Air Force CHAPTER 6 – COMBATANT COMMANDERS § 162. Combatant command: assigned forces. Organization. § 8013. Secretary of the Air Force. § 8014. Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. § 8015. Under Secretary of the Air Force. CHAPTER
The spinyhead blenny is a species of blenny native to the tropical western Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The spinyhead blenny has a mottled black and red coloration over the entire body, rather elongated; as with most blennies, the head of this animal has small, hair-like appendages over the eyes, which are large and red. The dorsal fin has 13 to 16 soft rays; the anal fin has 21 to 25 soft rays. It grows to a total length of 2.8 cm. The spinyhead blenny is native to the Caribbean Sea, its range extends from the Antilles, the Bahamas, Florida to Curaçao. It inhabits small, rocky reefs surrounded by sand, is known as a tube blenny from its habit of occupying a hole in a coral or an empty worm tube from which it pokes out its head, its depth range is down to about 20 m. The spinyhead blenny is most found on elkhorn coral and inhabits the empty tubes of vermetid mollusks and serpulid worms. Competition for suitable holes is high and any vacated hole is soon occupied by another blenny from the area.
Each blenny remains in its hole, but may be replaced by a larger fish after combat. Blennies displaced by 5 m are able to find their way back to their original hole, so they do sometimes leave their holes to explore their territories, they are opportunistic feeders, preferring to dart out and retrieve food bits from the water column, as opposed to engaging in active foraging and hunting behavior. Their diet consists of small crustaceans and planktonic particles. In the home aquarium, they only require a moderate degree of care, they are reef safe. Photos of Acanthemblemaria spinosa on Sealife Collection
Gabriela Horn, known professionally as Pænda, is an Austrian singer and music producer. She represented Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 with the song "Limits", released on 8 March. Pænda was born in Deutschlandsberg, Styria, she started singing in a choir in her home town at the age of six. At fourteen, she began singing in various pop rock bands, she took guitar and piano lessons and moved to Vienna at age 20 to study pop and jazz music at the Vienna Music Institute, where she graduated with honors in 2013. She lives in Vienna, writing and producing her music at her home studio. Pænda writes everything by herself. In 2019, Pænda was chosen by a team of music experts and broadcaster ORF to represent Austria at the 64th Eurovision Song Contest in Tel Aviv, she performed her song "Limits", which finished second last with 21 points, as a result did not quality for the final. Media related to Pænda at Wikimedia Commons Official website