Ruben Marinelarena Gallego is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for Arizona's 7th congressional district. A Democrat, he served as a member of the Arizona House of Representatives, serving as assistant minority leader in the Arizona House of Representatives from 2012 until his resignation to run for Congress. Gallego was elected to Congress in the 2014 midterm congressional elections, his district includes most of southern and downtown Phoenix, along with a portion of Glendale. Gallego was born in Chicago and is a first generation American with a Colombian mother and a Mexican father. Along with his three sisters, he was raised by a single mother; the family moved to Evergreen Park, he graduated from Evergreen Park Community High School. On August 7, 2008, Ruben Marinelarena changed his name to Ruben Marinelarena Gallego to honor his mother, Elisa Gallego, who raised him and his three siblings on her own after his father abandoned the family in his childhood. Gallego was married to Kate Widland Gallego.
They divorced in 2017, just prior to the birth of their only child. Gallego sits on the boards of Valley Citizens League, the President’s Community Advisory Board for South Mountain Community College. After graduating from Harvard University, Gallego joined the Marines. After completing infantry training, he deployed to Iraq with Lima Company, 3rd Battalion, 25th Marine Regiment. 3/25 would lose 46 Marines and two Navy corpsmen between January 2005 and January 2006, according to the Marine Corps official website. Gallego lost his best friend in combat in Iraq, his desire to help fellow veterans motivated the apolitical Gallego to get involved with politics. In 2011, he was named as a distinguished freshman lawmaker by The Arizona Republic. Gallego's first successful bill granted in-state tuition status to veterans residing in Arizona. Gallego supports the repeal of Arizona SB 1070, he considers education to be the most important long-term priority for Arizona. In 2012, Gallego was elected assistant minority leader.
He founded the group Citizens for Professional Law Enforcement, with the goal of recalling Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. Gallego cited Arpaio's immigration policies and his use of taxpayer money to investigate Barack Obama's citizenship as reasons for recalling Arpaio. Gallego worked for Strategies 360 as Director of New Media operations, he worked for Riester, one of the largest public relations firms in Arizona, for Phoenix Councilman Michael Nowakowski. On February 27, 2014, Gallego announced his candidacy for U. S. Congress in Arizona's 7th congressional district. Gallego resigned from the Arizona House in March 2014, he was not required to give up his seat under Arizona's resign-to-run laws, since he was in the final year of his state house term. Mayday PAC, a super PAC seeking to reduce the role of money in politics, announced its endorsement of Gallego because of his impressive evolution on the issue of campaign finance reform. On February 28, 2013 Gallego voted against an amendment that sought to raise campaign finance limits for federal candidates and abolish all limits for state candidates, HB 2523.
He has since been a vocal supporter of the Government By the People Act. Gallego won a five-way Democratic primary—the real contest in this Democratic, majority-Latino district—with 48.9 percent of the vote. He breezed to victory in November with 74 percent of the vote. Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces Subcommittee on Military Personnel Committee on Natural Resources Subcommittee on Indigenous Peoples of the United States Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands House Baltic Caucus Congressional Arts Caucus Congressional Hispanic Caucus Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus. Congressional Progressive Caucus. In a letter to the U. S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, Gallego stated "I support full legalization of marijuana; as a member of the Arizona legislature, I introduced a bill that would have legalized marijuana possession and regulated and taxed marijuana in our state in a manner similar to alcohol. I wholly support these types of measures."Gallego is a noted environmentalist, being one of the initiators of the call against Trump administration’s proposed rollback of protections for the Tongass National Forest in southeast Alaska.
He is a long-time supporter of LGBT causes. List of Hispanic Americans in the United States Congress Representative Ruben Gallego, official U. S. House website Campaign website Ruben Gallego at Curlie Appearances on C-SPAN Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Vote Smart Financial information at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
45th United States Congress
The Forty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1877, to March 4, 1879, during the first two years of Rutherford Hayes's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870; the Senate had a Republican majority, the House had a Democratic majority. The 45th Congress remained politically divided between a Democratic Republican Senate. President Hayes vetoed an Army appropriations bill from the House which would have ended Reconstruction and prohibited the use of federal troops to protect polling stations in the former Confederacy. Striking back, Congress overrode another of Hayes’s vetoes and enacted the Bland-Allison Act that required the purchase and coining of silver. Congress approved a generous increase in pension eligibility for Northern Civil War veterans.
March 4, 1877: Rutherford B. Hayes became President of the United States February 28, 1878: Bland–Allison Act, Sess. 2, ch. 20, 20 Stat. 25 April 29, 1878: National Quarantine Act, Sess. 2, ch. 66, 20 Stat. 37 June 3, 1878: Timber and Stone Act, Sess. 2, ch. 151, 20 Stat. 89 June 18, 1878: Posse Comitatus Act, Sess. 2, ch. 263, §15, 20 Stat. 152 The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. During this Congress, two Senate seats and one House seat were added for Colorado. President: William A. Wheeler President pro tempore: Thomas W. Ferry Republican Conference Chairman: Henry B. Anthony Democratic Caucus Chairman: William A. Wallace Speaker: Samuel J. Randall Democratic Caucus Chairman: Hiester Clymer Republican Conference Chair: Eugene Hale Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn This list is arranged by chamber by state.
Senators are listed in order of seniority, Representatives are listed by district. Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1880. Skip to House of Representatives, below The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 5 Democratic: 1 seat net gain Republican: 1 seat net loss deaths: 2 resignations: 3 interim appointments: 1 contested elections: 0 Total seats with changes: 5 replacements: 10 Democratic: 5 seat net gain Republican: 5 seat net loss deaths: 7 resignations: 1 contested election: 5 Total seats with changes: 13 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click or tap on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Agriculture Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Civil Service and Retrenchment Claims Commerce Distributing Public Revenue Among the States District of Columbia Education and Labor Elections of 1878 Engrossed Bills Epidemic Diseases Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service Finance Foreign Relations Hot Springs Commission Indian Affairs Judiciary Late Presidential Election Louisiana Manufactures Mexican Relations Military Affairs Mines and Mining Mississippi River Levee System Naval Affairs Ordnance and War Ships Patents Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Private Land Claims Privileges and Elections Public Lands Railroads Revision of the Laws Revolutionary Claims Rules Tariff Regulation Tenth Census Territories Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Treasury Department Account Discrepancies Whole Accounts Agriculture Appropriations Banking and Currency Claims Coinage and Measures Commerce District of Columbia Education and Labor Elections Enrolled Bills Expenditures in the Interior Department Expenditures in the Justice Department Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Foreign Affairs Indian Affairs Invalid Pensions Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River Manufactures Mileage Military Affairs Militia Mines and Mining Mississippi Levees Naval Affairs Pacific Railroads Patents Post Office and Post Roads Public Buildings and Grounds Public Expenditures Public Lands Railways and Canals Revision of Laws Rules Standards of Official Conduct Territories War Claims Ways and Means
Paul Anthony Gosar is an American politician who has served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Arizona since 2011. Since 2013 he has represented Arizona's 4th congressional district, which includes most of the rural western portion of the state, as well as a few suburbs of Phoenix. Gosar is a member of the Republican Party. Gosar was born in Rock Springs, Wyoming, in 1958, he is the oldest of the seven sons and three daughters born to Antone John Gosar and Bernadette M. Gosar, his paternal grandparents were Slovenian and his maternal grandparents were Basque immigrants from Banca, France. Gosar was raised in Wyoming, his parents have been described as devoted Republicans who attended the national conventions for former presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald Ford. Gosar's brother Pete Gosar, a former college football player at the University of Wyoming, is a former chairman of the Wyoming Democratic Party and was a candidate for governor of Wyoming in 2010 and 2014; as of 2019 Pete Gosar is the executive director of a free health care clinic in Laramie, where he works with his physician sister, Grace.
Gosar received his B. A. from Creighton University in Omaha and his D. D. S. from the Boyne School of Dentistry at Creighton. He owned his own dentistry practice in Arizona for 25 years, he was the Arizona Dental Association's "Dentist of the Year" in 2001, was inducted into the ADA Hall of Fame serving as its president. He was president of the Northern Arizona Dental Society and vice-chair of the ADA council on governmental affairs. 2010 In 2009 Gosar, who had never run for elected office before, announced that he would challenge Democratic incumbent Ann Kirkpatrick in the 1st district in the 2010 elections. He was identified as a Tea Party candidate by The New York Times because the Arizona Tea Party featured him on its website. Gosar won the Republican primary, he was endorsed by former Alaska governor Sarah Palin and three Arizona county sheriffs: Maricopa County's Joe Arpaio, Coconino County's Joe Richards, Pinal County's Paul Babeu. Kirkpatrick challenged him to five debates across the district.
Gosar agreed to one debate, but withdrew. He released a statement explaining that his decision to withdraw from the debate was based on the long drive to and from the television station, KAET in Phoenix, which had organized the debate, but a producer at KAET said that Gosar's staff had told the station that the candidate could not participate in the debate because he would be attending a fundraiser instead. Gosar defeated Kirkpatrick in the November 2010 general election. 2012 Gosar planned to seek reelection in the 1st district, made less favorable to Republicans as a result of redistricting, but with Kirkpatrick priming for a rematch, he changed his mind and announced in January 2012 that he would run in the newly created 4th district. The 4th had absorbed much of the western portion of the old 1st district, was Republican; as part of the move, Gosar bought a second home in Prescott, which he claimed as his official residence. Gosar faced a tough primary fight against Babeu, but Babeu pulled out in May 2012 due to allegations of abuse of power.
Gosar defeated former state senator Ron Gould and businessman Rick Murphy in the Republican primary, all but assuring him a second term in Congress. In the November general election, he defeated Democratic challenger Johnnie Robinson with 67 percent of the vote. 2018 In September 2018 six of Gosar's nine siblings spoke out against their brother and endorsed his Democratic opponent, David Brill, in a series of television campaign ads that drew national and international coverage. In the first ad, sisters Grace and Jennifer, both identified as health care providers, told viewers that their brother did not care about people in rural Arizona. In another ad, called "A family defends its honor," brother David Gosar, a lawyer, declared, "We've got to stand up for our good name; this is not who we are." Paul Gosar responded to the ads on Twitter, describing his siblings as "disgruntled Hillary supporters" who "put political ideology before family". Gosar defeated Brill in the November 2018 general election with 68.2% of the vote.
Gosar describes himself as pro-life. Of abortions, he has said, "These procedures undeniably rob the world of a human life in a most cruel fashion... The right thing to do is to ban these procedures." Gosar cosponsored the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act, a bill that would make permanent restrictions on federal funding of abortions in the US. He cosponsored the District of Columbia Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, an act placing restrictions on abortions in the District of Columbia. Gosar was given a 100% rating by the National Right to Life Committee, a pro-life interest group, a 0% rating by NARAL, a pro-choice interest group. In September 2015 Gosar submitted articles of impeachment against EPA administrator Gina McCarthy, asserting that she had committed "high crimes and misdemeanors" and "lied to the American people in order to force misguided and overreaching regulations, which have no scientific basis, down our throats." An EPA spokeswoman said Gosar's resolution "has zero merit and is nothing more than political theater" while fellow Republican and House majority leader Kevin McCarthy confirmed that "There's no plan to impeach Gina McCarthy."
On September 17, 2015, in an op-ed on the conservative website Townhall.com, Gosar announced that he would not attend Pope Francis's planned address to a joint meeting of Congress unless the Pope spoke about issues such as "vio
Arizona's 5th congressional district
Arizona's 5th congressional district is a congressional district located in the U. S. state of Arizona. The district contains Gilbert, Queen Creek and eastern Chandler, eastern Mesa, it is within eastern Maricopa County, includes most of the East Valley. It is represented by Republican Andy Biggs, elected in November 2016. After redistricting in 2010, most of the 5th's territory became the 9th district, while the 5th included most of the territory in the old 6th district. External linksMaps of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election Tentative Final Congressional Maps for the 2012 election Arizona picked up a fifth district after the 1980 Census, it covered most of the southeastern portion of the state, though the bulk of its population was located in the eastern half of Tucson. It was a Republican-leaning swing district, though a Democrat won it when it was first contested in 1982 before giving way to a Republican in 1984. After the 2000 census, this district became the 8th District, while most of the Maricopa County portion of the old 6th District became the new 5th District.
This version of the 5th covered all of Tempe and Scottsdale and portions of Chandler and the Ahwatukee section of Phoenix. Although Republicans outnumbered Democrats by about 40,000 voters, the 5th District was considered far less conservative than other suburban Phoenix districts. George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004 and home state candidate John McCain narrowly won the district in 2008 with 51.70% of the vote while Barack Obama received 47.17%. After the 2010 census, this district became the 9th District, while the 5th was reconfigured to take in most of the East Valley; this area had been the 1st District from 1951 to 2003 and the 6th District from 2003 to 2013. Like its predecessors, this district is Republican. Arizona began sending a fifth member to the House after the 1980 Census; as of January 2017, there are five former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 5th congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was James F. McNulty, Jr. on June 30, 2009.
Arizona's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts 1998 Election data from CNN.com 2000 Election data from CNN.com 2002 Election data from CBSNews.com 2004 Election data at CNN.com
Arizona's 7th congressional district
Arizona's 7th congressional district is a congressional district located in the U. S. state of Arizona. It includes much of inner Phoenix, as well as the eastern portion of Glendale, it is represented by Democrat Ruben Gallego. Arizona picked up a seventh district after the 2000 census. Situated in the southwestern part of the state, it included all of Yuma County and parts of La Paz, Pima and Santa Cruz counties. For all intents and purposes, it was the successor to the 2nd District--the former seat of longtime congressman Mo Udall; the district was larger than Rhode Island, Hawaii and New Jersey combined. It includes 300 miles of the U. S. border with Mexico. It was home to seven sovereign Native American nations: the Ak-Chin Indian Community, Colorado River Indian Tribes, Gila River Indian Community, Pascua Yaqui Tribe and Tohono O'odham. After the 2010 census, the old 7th district became the 3rd District, while the 7th was redrawn to take in most of the old 4th District. Arizona began sending a seventh member to the House after the 2000 Census.
The district was first created in 2002 following results from the 2000 U. S. Census; as of November 2018, there is one living former member of the House from the district. Arizona's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Demographic information at census.gov 2004 Election data at CNN.com 2002 Election data from CBSNews.com CQ Politics CQ 2008 Election Guide U. S. House, Arizona - 7th District Maps of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election Tentative Final Congressional Maps for the 2012 election
Arizona's 3rd congressional district
Arizona's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district that contains the southwestern portions of the state, sharing the border of Mexico from Nogales to the California border. Much of the district's population lives in the western third of Tucson, it is represented by Democrat Raúl Grijalva. Arizona picked up a third district after the 1960 Census, it encompassed the entire northern portion of the state wrapping around Phoenix and Maricopa County. After a mid-decade redistricting in 1967, the 3rd absorbed a slice of western Maricopa County, including most of what became the West Valley. Due in part to explosive growth in the Phoenix/Maricopa portion of the district, the 3rd lost much of its eastern portion in the 1970 Census. Although it appeared rural on paper, the great majority of its population lived in the West Valley. By the 1970s, as many people lived in the West Valley as in the rest of the district combined. After the 1990 Census, the district was reconfigured to include the Hopi Reservation on the other side of the state.
This was a product of longstanding disputes between the Navajo. Since tribal boundary disputes are a federal matter, it was long believed inappropriate to include both tribes' reservations in the same congressional district. However, the Hopi reservation is surrounded by the Navajo reservation; the final map saw the Hopi reservation connected to the rest of the district by a long, narrow tendril stretching through Coconino County. This was the only way to allow the district to remain contiguous without covering significant portions of Navajo land. After the 2000 Census, this district became the 2nd District, while the 3rd was reconfigured to include much of what had been the 4th District, it now contained most of northern Phoenix as well as some of its northern suburbs. Most of that territory became the 6th District after the 2010 Census, while the 3rd was shifted to cover most of what had been the 7th District; that district, in turn, had been the 2nd District from 1951 to 2003. From 2003 to 2013, most of the district's population was in middle-to-upper class areas in the northern part of Phoenix.
Like the metropolitan area in general, the 3rd district leaned Republican, although the southern parts of the district in east-central Phoenix and Paradise Valley were more competitive between the parties. George W. Bush received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain took in 56.47% of the vote in the district in 2008 while Barack Obama received 42.34%. Arizona began sending a third member to the House after the 1960 Census; as of April 2015, there are two former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 3rd congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was Sam Steiger on September 26, 2012. The most serving representative to die was Bob Stump on June 20, 2003. Arizona's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Demographic data from census.gov 2004 Election data from CNN.com 2002 Election data from CBSNews.com 2000 Election data from CNN.com 1998 Election data from CNN.com Maps of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election Tentative Final Congressional Maps for the 2012 election