104th United States Congress
The One Hundred Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census. Both chambers had Republican majorities for the first time since the 1950s. Major events included passage of elements of the Contract with America and a budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration that resulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995 and 1996. January 3, 1995: Republicans gained control of both houses for the first time since 1954. January 31, 1995: President Clinton invoked emergency powers to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse. April 19, 1995: Oklahoma City bombing August 30, 1995: NATO began Operation Deliberate Force against Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina November 14–19, 1995: U.
S. government shutdown December 16, 1995 – January 6, 1996: U. S. government shutdown November 5, 1996: Re-election of President Bill Clinton. April 10, 1995: Mexican Debt Disclosure Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104–6, 109 Stat. 73 November 28, 1995: National Highway System Designation Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104–59, 109 Stat. 568 December 19, 1995: Lobbying Disclosure Act, Pub. L. 104–65, 109 Stat. 691, 2 U. S. C. ch. 26 December 22, 1995: Private Securities Litigation Reform Act, Pub. L. 104–67, 109 Stat. 737 February 8, 1996: Telecommunications Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–104, 110 Stat. 56, 47 U. S. C. § 609 March 12, 1996: Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–114, 110 Stat. 785, 22 U. S. C. §§ 6021–6091 April 9, 1996: Line Item Veto Act, Pub. L. 104–130, 110 Stat. 1200 April 24, 1996: Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, Pub. L. 104–132, 110 Stat. 1214 July 30, 1996: Taxpayer Bill of Rights 2, Pub. L. 104–168, 110 Stat. 1452 August 3, 1996: National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act, Pub.
L. 104–169, 110 Stat. 1482 August 3, 1996: Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–170, 110 Stat. 1489, 7 U. S. C. § 136 August 20, 1996: Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, 110 Stat. 1755 August 21, 1996: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Pub. L. 104–191, 110 Stat. 1936 August 22, 1996: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, Pub. L. 104–193, 110 Stat. 2105 September 21, 1996: Defense of Marriage Act, Pub. L. 104–199, 110 Stat. 2419 September 30, 1996: Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban, Pub. L. 104–208, 110 Stat. 3001 October 1, 1996: Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, Pub. L. 104–210, 110 Stat. 3011 October 12, 1996: Water Resources Development Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–303, 110 Stat. 3658 President: Al Gore President pro tempore: Strom Thurmond Majority Leader: Bob Dole, until June 11, 1996 Trent Lott, starting June 12, 1996 Majority Whip: Trent Lott, until June 11, 1996 Don Nickles, starting June 12, 1996 Republican Conference Chairman: Thad Cochran Republican Conference Secretary: Connie Mack III Republican Campaign Committee Chair: Al D'Amato Republican Policy Committee Chairman: Don Nickles, until June 12, 1996 Larry Craig, starting June 12, 1996 Minority Leader: Tom Daschle Minority Whip: Wendell Ford Policy Committee Co-Chairs: Tom Daschle and Harry Reid Democratic Conference Secretary: Barbara Mikulski Campaign Committee Chairman: Bob Kerrey Chief Deputy Whip: John Breaux Speaker: Newt Gingrich Majority Leader: Dick Armey Majority Whip: Tom DeLay Chief Deputy Whip: Dennis Hastert Conference Chair: John Boehner Conference Vice-Chair: Susan Molinari Conference Secretary: Barbara Vucanovich Policy Committee Chairman: Christopher Cox Campaign Committee Chairman: Bill Paxon Minority Leader: Dick Gephardt Minority Whip: David Bonior Chief Deputy Minority Whips: Rosa DeLauro, John Lewis, & Bill Richardson Caucus Chairman: Victor H. Fazio Caucus Vice-Chairman: Barbara B.
Kennelly Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Martin Frost Armenian Caucus Biomedical Research Caucus Blue Dog Coalition Congressional Arts Caucus Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus Congressional Automotive Caucus Congressional Bike Caucus Congressional Black Caucus Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans Congressional Caucus on Korea Congressional Fire Services Caucus Congressional Friends of Ireland Caucus Congressional Hispanic Caucus Congressional Motorsports Caucus Congressional Pediatric & Adult Hydrocephalus Caucus Congressional Progressive Caucus Congressional Portuguese-American Caucus Congressional Travel & Tourism Caucus Congressional Western Caucus Congresswomen's Caucus Hong Kong Caucus House Democratic Caucus Law Enforcement Caucus Northern Border Caucus Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus Senate Democratic Caucus Skip to House of Representatives, below In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1996.
The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate comm
111th United States Congress
The One Hundred Eleventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011. It began during the last two weeks of the George W. Bush administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Barack Obama's presidency, it was composed of the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U. S. Census. In the November 4, 2008 elections, the Democratic Party increased its majorities in both chambers, giving President Obama a Democratic majority in the legislature for the first two years of his presidency. A new delegate seat was created for the Northern Mariana Islands; the 111th Congress had the most experienced members in history: at the start of the 111th Congress, the average member of the House had served 10.3 years, while the average Senator had served 13.4 years. This Congress has been considered one of the most productive Congresses in history in terms of legislation passed since the 89th Congress, during Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society.
January 2009: Two Senate seats were disputed when the Congress convened: An appointment dispute over the Illinois seat vacated by President Barack Obama arose following Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich's solicitation of bribes in exchange for an appointment to the Senate. Roland Burris was appointed to the seat on December 31, 2008 but his credentials were not accepted until January 12, 2009. An election dispute over the Minnesota seat held by Norm Coleman, between Coleman and challenger Al Franken, was decided in June 30, 2009 in favor of Franken. Franken's admission gave the Senate Democratic caucus sixty votes, enough to defeat a filibuster in a party-line vote. January 8, 2009: Joint session counted the Electoral College votes of the 2008 presidential election. January 20, 2009: Inauguration of President Barack Obama. February 24, 2009: President's speech to a Joint Session April 28, 2009: Senator Arlen Specter switched from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party. September 9, 2009: President Obama addressed a joint session of Congress to promote health care reform, which Representative Joe Wilson interrupted by shouting at the President.
January 21, 2010: Citizens United v. FEC: The U. S. Supreme Court struck down limits on campaign contributions by nonprofits, labor unions and other associations. January 25, 2010: 2010 State of the Union Address February 4, 2010: Republican Scott Brown's election to the Senate ended the Democratic supermajority. April 20-September 19, 2010: Deepwater Horizon oil spill November 2, 2010: 2010 general elections, in which Republicans regained control of the House while the Democrats remained in control of the Senate. January 29, 2009: Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–2 February 4, 2009: Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act, Pub. L. 111–3 February 17, 2009: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–5 March 11, 2009: Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009, Pub. L. 111–8 March 30, 2009: Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–11 April 21, 2009: Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act, Pub. L. 111–13 May 20, 2009: Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, Pub.
L. 111–21 May 20, 2009: Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–22 May 22, 2009: Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–23 May 22, 2009: Credit CARD Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–24 June 22, 2009: Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, as Division A of Pub. L. 111–31 June 24, 2009: Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2009 including the Car Allowance Rebate System, Pub. L. 111–32 October 28, 2009: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, including the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, Pub. L. 111–84 November 6, 2009: Worker and Business Assistance Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–92 December 16, 2009: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, Pub. L. 111–117 February 12, 2010: Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act, as Title I of Pub. L. 111–139 March 4, 2010: Travel Promotion Act of 2009, as Section 9 of Pub. L. 111–145 March 18, 2010: Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act, Pub. L. 111–147 March 23, 2010: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub.
L. 111–148 March 30, 2010: Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, including the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, Pub. L. 111–152 May 5, 2010: Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–163 July 1, 2010: Comprehensive Iran Sanctions and Divestment Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–195 July 21, 2010: Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. 111–203 July 29, 2010: Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 August 3, 2010: Fair Sentencing Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–220 August 10, 2010: Securing the Preservation of Our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage Act, Pub. L. 111–223 September 27, 2010: Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–240 December 8, 2010: Claims Resolution Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–291 December 13, 2010: Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–296 December 17, 2010: Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, Job Creation Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–312, H. R. 4853 December 22, 2010: Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, Pub.
L. 111–321, H. R. 2965 January 2, 2011: James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, Pub. L. 111–347, H. R. 847 January 4, 2011: Shark Conservation Act, Pub. L. 111–348, H. R. 81 January 4, 2011: Food Safety and Modernization Act, Pub. L. 111–353, H. R. 2751 At the encouragement of the Obama administration, Congress devoted significant time considering health care reform. In March 2010, Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law, the first comprehensive health
Tulsi Gabbard is an American politician serving as the U. S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district since 2013. Following her election in 2012, she became the first Samoan American and the first Hindu member of the United States Congress, she is a member of the Democratic Party. Gabbard served in a field medical unit of the Hawaii Army National Guard in a combat zone in Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and was deployed to Kuwait from 2008 to 2009, she served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 2002 to 2004. When she was elected to the Hawaii House of Representatives at age 21, Gabbard was the youngest woman to be elected to a U. S. state legislature. Gabbard was a vice chair of the Democratic National Committee until February 28, 2016, when she resigned to endorse Senator Bernie Sanders for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination; as of 2019, Gabbard supports Medicare for All and same-sex marriage. She is critical of interventionism in Iraq and Syria, she denounced U. S. involvement in the Yemeni Civil War and is outspoken against intervention in the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis.
Her opposition to removing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad from power by force and her voting and lobbying against LGBT rights prior to 2005 have attracted controversy. She has since changed her views. On January 11, 2019, Gabbard announced her campaign for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 2020. Tulsi Gabbard was born on April 12, 1981, in Leloaloa, Maoputasi County, on American Samoa's main island of Tutuila, she was the fourth of five children born to Mike Gabbard. In 1983, when Gabbard was two years old, her family moved to Hawaii, her father is a member of the Hawaii Senate. Gabbard was raised in a multireligious household, her father is of an active lector at his Catholic church. Her mother, born in Decatur, Indiana, is of German descent and a practicing Hindu. Tulsi chose Hinduism as her religion. Gabbard was home-schooled through high school except for two years at a missionary academy for girls in the Philippines, she graduated from Hawaii Pacific University with a Bachelor of Science degree in business administration in 2009.
Gabbard's first name. Tulsi is the name for a plant sacred in Hinduism, her siblings have Hindu Sanskrit-origin names. During her childhood, Tulsi excelled in martial arts, was interested in gardening, she is known to be an accomplished athlete. In 2002, Gabbard was a martial arts instructor, she is a vegetarian and, as a Hindu, follows Gaudiya Vaishnavism, a religious movement founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in the sixteenth century. She appreciates the Bhagavad Gita as a spiritual guide, used it when she took the Oath of office in 2013. Gabbard describes herself as a karma yogi. Gabbard has said that she is pleased that her election gives hope to young American Hindus who "can be open about their faith, run for office, without fear of being discriminated against or attacked because of their religion". In 2002, Gabbard married Eduardo Tamayo, they divorced on June 5, 2006. She cites "the stresses war places on military families" as a reason for their divorce. In February 2015, Gabbard and freelance cinematographer and editor Abraham Williams became engaged.
In 2002, after redistricting, Gabbard ran to represent the 42nd House District of the Hawaii House of Representatives. She won the four-candidate Democratic primary with a plurality of 48% of the vote over Rida Cabanilla, Dolfo Ramos, Gerald Vidal. Gabbard defeated Republican Alfonso Jimenez in the general election, 65%–35%. In 2004, Gabbard filed for reelection, but volunteered for Army National Guard service in Iraq. Cabanilla, who filed to run against her, called on the incumbent to resign because she would not be able to represent her district from Iraq. Gabbard chose not to campaign for a second term, Cabanilla won the Democratic primary, 64%–25%. In 2002, at the age of 21, Gabbard had become the youngest legislator elected in Hawaii's history and the youngest woman elected to a U. S. state legislature. She represented the Oahu 42nd District, which covers Waipahu and Ewa Beach. After returning home from her second deployment to the Middle East in 2009, Gabbard ran for a seat on the Honolulu City Council.
Incumbent City Councilman Rod Tam, of the 6th district, decided to retire in order to run for Mayor of Honolulu. In the ten-candidate nonpartisan open primary in September 2010, Gabbard finished first with 33% of the vote. In the November 2 runoff election, she defeated 58 % -- 42 %, to win the seat; as a Honolulu City Councilwoman, Gabbard introduced a measure to help food truck vendors by loosening parking restrictions. She introduced Bill 54, a measure that authorized city workers to confiscate personal belongings stored on public property with 24 hours' notice to its owner. After overcoming opposition from the ACLU and Occupy Hawai'i, Bill 54 passed and became City Ordinance 1129. On April 30, 2011, Gabbard informed her constituents that she was resuming the use of her birth name, Tulsi Gabbard, that there would be no cost to city taxpayers for reprinting City Council materials containing her name, she resigned from the council on August 2012, to focus on her congressional campaign. 2012 In early 2011, Mazie Hirono, the incumbent Democratic U.
S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, announced that she would run for the United States Senate. Soon after that, in May 2011, Gabbard announced her candidacy for the U. S. House
115th United States Congress
The One Hundred Fifteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from January 3, 2017, to January 3, 2019, during the final weeks of Barack Obama's presidency and the first two years of Donald Trump's presidency. Several political scientists described the legislative accomplishments of this Congress as modest, considering that both Congress and the Presidency were under unified Republican Party control. According to a contemporary study, "House and Senate GOP majorities struggled to legislate: GOP fissures and an undisciplined, unpopular president undermined the Republican agenda. Most notably, clashes within and between the two parties strained old ways of doing business." January 5, 2017: House of Representatives condemned United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334. January 6, 2017: Joint session counted and certified the electoral votes of the 2016 presidential election.
January 11–12, 2017: Senate, in an all-night session, took first steps to repeal the Affordable Care Act. The final vote was 51 to 48 to approve a budget resolution to allow "broad swaths of the Affordable Care Act to be repealed through a process known as budget reconciliation." January 20, 2017: Inauguration of President Donald Trump. February 7, 2017: Vice President Mike Pence cast the tie-breaking vote to confirm Betsy DeVos as Secretary of Education; this was the first time in United States history that a cabinet confirmation was tied in the Senate and required a tie-breaking vote. February 28, 2017: President's speech to a Joint Session. April 6, 2017: Senate invoked the "nuclear option" to weaken Supreme Court filibusters. Nominee Neil Gorsuch was confirmed the next day. June 14, 2017: Majority Whip Steve Scalise and several staffers were shot during the 2017 Congressional baseball shooting, they were practicing for the annual Congressional Baseball Game. September 1, 2017: The Parliamentarian of the United States Senate decreed that the Senate had until the end of the month to pass ACA repeal via the reconciliation process, or the option would no longer be viable.
October 24 – December 14, 2017: 2017 United States political sexual scandals from the "Me too" movement: Allegations that Congressman Ruben Kihuen sexually harassed a campaign staffer led some in congressional leadership to call for his resignation. Kihuen announced he would not seek another term in office. Senator Al Franken announced he would resign "in the coming weeks" after photographs were made public suggesting that he sexually assaulted a Los Angeles-based radio personality during a USO tour in Iraq in 2006, he was accused by multiple female constituents of groping at various Minnesota fair appearances that he attended. Three members of Congress either announced their impeding resignations. Allegations that President Donald Trump raped and sexually harassed at least nineteen women, one girl, Miss Teen USA contestants resulted in calls by members of Congress for him to resign. Allegations that Republican Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore raped and sexually harassed at least eight women and one girl contributed to his defeat by Democrat Doug Jones in a special Senate election to replace Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
Allegations that Representative Blake Farenthold sexually harassed a former staffer resulted in the commencement of an investigation by the House Ethics Committee and his announcement he would not seek re-election in 2018. He subsequently resigned on April 6, 2018. January 20–22, 2018: United States federal government shutdown of January 2018 January 30, 2018: 2018 State of the Union Address February 9, 2018: United States federal government funding gap October 6, 2018: Senate confirms Brett Kavanaugh's nomination to the U. S. Supreme Court. November 28, 2018: Senate discharges from committee and calendars S. J. Res. 54, bill that ends US intervention in the Yemeni Civil War. December 22, 2018 – January 25, 2019: 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown May 5, 2017: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2017, H. R. 244, Pub. L. 115–31 August 2, 2017: Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, H. R. 3364, Pub. L. 115–44 December 12, 2017: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, H.
R. 2810, Pub. L. 115–91 December 22, 2017: Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, H. R. 1, Pub. L. 115–97 February 9, 2018: Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, H. R. 1892, Pub. L. 115–123 March 23, 2018: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018, H. R. 1625, Pub. L. 115–141 April 11, 2018: Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act, H. R. 1865, Pub. L. 115–164 May 24, 2018: Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act, S. 2155, Pub. L. 115–174 May 30, 2018: Trickett Wendler, Frank Mongiello, Jordan McLinn, Matthew Bellina Right to Try Act of 2017, S. 204, Pub. L. 115–176 August 13, 2018: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, H. R. 5515, Pub. L. 115–232 October 5, 2018: FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, H. R. 302, Pub. L. 115–254 October 11, 2018: Music Modernization Act, H. R. 1551, Pub. L. 115–264 October 23, 2018: America's Water Infrastructure Act of 2018, S. 3021, Pub. L. 115–270 October 24, 2018: SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act, H. R. 6, Pub. L. 115–271 December 20, 2018: Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, H.
R. 2, Pub. L. 115–334 December 21, 2018: FIRST STEP Act, S. 756, Pub. L. 115–391 May 4, 2017: American Health Care Act, passed House May 4, 2017 June 8, 2017: Financial CHOICE Act, passed House June 8, 2017 Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below. Section contents: Senate: Majority, Minority • House: Majority, Minority President: Joe Biden
108th United States Congress
The One Hundred Eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives from January 3, 2003 to January 3, 2005, during the third and fourth years of George W. Bush's presidency. House members were elected in the 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. Senators were elected in three classes in the 1998 general election on November 3, 1998, 2000 general election on November 7, 2000, or 2002 general election on November 5, 2002; the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-second Census of the United States in 2000. Both chambers had a Republican majority. February 1, 2003: Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during reentry March 20, 2003: 2003 invasion of Iraq began April 14, 2003: Human Genome Project was completed July 14, 2003: CIA leak scandal began May 17, 2004: Same-sex marriage began in Massachusetts July 22, 2004: 9/11 Commission issued an initial report of its findings September 13, 2004: expiration of the Federal Assault Weapons Ban November 2, 2004: United States presidential election, 2004: George W. Bush defeated Senator John Kerry.
United States Senate elections, 2004 & United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Republicans increased their majorities in both houses. March 11, 2003: Do-Not-Call Implementation Act of 2003, Pub. L. 108–10 April 30, 2003: PROTECT Act, including Illicit Drug Anti-Proliferation Act, Pub. L. 108–21 May 28, 2003: Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003, Pub. L. 108–27 September 4, 2003: Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, Pub. L. 108–79 October 28, 2003: Check 21 Act, Pub. L. 108–100 November 5, 2003: Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Pub. L. 108–105 November 25, 2003: Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act, Pub. L. 108–173 December 4, 2003: Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act, Pub. L. 108–159 December 12, 2003:Syria Accountability and Lebanese Sovereignty Restoration Act, Pub. L. 108–175 December 16, 2003: CAN-SPAM Act, Pub. L. 108–187 March 25, 2004: Unborn Victims of Violence Act, Pub. L. 108–212 June 30, 2004: Bunning-Bereuter-Blumenauer Flood Insurance Reform Act, Pub.
L. 108–264 July 7, 2004: GAO Human Capital Reform Act of 2004, Pub. L. 108–271 July 21, 2004: Project BioShield Act of 2004, Pub. L. 108–276 October 16, 2004: Global Anti-Semitism Review Act, Pub. L. 108–332 October 18, 2004: North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004, Pub. L. 108 -- 333 October 20, 2004: Belarus Democracy Act of Pub. L. 108–347 December 17, 2004: Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, Pub. L. 108–458 H. R. 2239: Voter Confidence and Increased Accessibility Act of 2003 The party summary for the Senate remained the same during the entire 108th Congress. Due to resignations and special elections, Republicans lost a net of two seats to the Democrats. All seats were filled though special elections. President of the Senate: Dick Cheney President pro tempore: Ted Stevens Majority Leader: Bill Frist Majority Whip: Mitch McConnell Republican Conference Chairman: Rick Santorum Republican Conference Secretary: Kay Bailey Hutchison Republican Campaign Committee Chair: George Allen Republican Policy Committee Chairman: Jon Kyl Chief Deputy Whip: Bob Bennett Minority Leader: Tom Daschle Minority Whip: Harry Reid Democratic Policy Committee Chairman: Byron Dorgan Democratic Conference Secretary: Barbara Mikulski Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Jon Corzine Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee Chair: Hillary Clinton Chief Deputy Whip: John Breaux Speaker: Dennis Hastert Majority Leader: Tom DeLay Majority Whip: Roy Blunt Chief Deputy Whip: Eric Cantor Conference Chair: Deborah Pryce Conference Vice-Chair: Jack Kingston Conference Secretary: John T. Doolittle Policy Committee Chairman: Christopher Cox Campaign Committee Chairman: Tom Reynolds Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi Minority Whip: Steny Hoyer Senior Chief Deputy Minority Whip: John Lewis Democratic Caucus Chairman: Bob Menendez Democratic Caucus Vice Chairman: Jim Clyburn Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Bob Matsui Chief Deputy Minority Whips: Joe Crowley, Baron Hill, Ron Kind, Ed Pastor, Max Sandlin, Jan Schakowsky, & Maxine Waters The Senators are preceded by the class, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2004.
The Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by the district number. Members who came and left during this Congress. No changes occurred. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee. Aging Agriculture and Forestry Forestry and Rural Revitalization Marketing and Product Promotion (Jim Talent, Chair.
56th United States Congress
The Fifty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1899, to March 4, 1901, during the third and fourth years of William McKinley's presidency; the apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White of North Carolina, who served his second and final term as a Representative in this Congress, would be the last black member of Congress until 1928, the last black member of Congress from the South until 1972. June 2, 1899: The Filipino Rebellion began the Philippine–American War. November 21, 1899: Vice President Garret Hobart died. January 8, 1900: President McKinley placed Alaska under military rule. January 17, 1900: Brigham H. Roberts was refused a seat in the United States House of Representatives because of his polygamy.
February 5, 1900: Britain and the United States signed a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal through Nicaragua. February 16, 1900: The United States and Great Britain ratified the Tripartite Convention partitioning the Samoan Islands. November 6, 1900: U. S. presidential election, 1900: Republican incumbent William McKinley was reelected by defeating Democratic challenger William Jennings Bryan. March 14, 1900: Gold Standard Act, Sess. 1, ch. 41, 31 Stat. 45 April 2, 1900: Foraker Act, Sess. 1, ch. 191, 31 Stat. 77 The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. President: Garret Hobart, until November 21, 1899. President pro tempore: William P. Frye Democratic Caucus Chairman: James K. Jones Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Stephen M. White Speaker: David B. Henderson Democratic Caucus Chairman: James Hay Republican Conference Chairman: Joseph G. Cannon Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne Majority Whip: James A. Tawney Minority Leader: James D. Richardson Minority Whip: Oscar Underwood This list is arranged by chamber by state.
Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1904; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 7 Democratic: no net change Republican: 1 seat loss Populist: 1 seat gain deaths: 3 resignations: 1 vacancy: 5 interim appointments: 2 Total seats with changes: 9 replacements: 21 Democratic: 5 seat loss Republican: 5 seat gain Populist: no net change deaths: 12 resignations: 7 contested election: 3 new seats: 1 Total seats with changes: 26 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Canadian Relations Census Civil Service and Retrenchment Claims Coast and Insular Survey Coast Defenses Commerce Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia Cuban Relations Distributing Public Revenue Among the States District of Columbia Education and Labor Engrossed Bills Enrolled Bills Establish a University in the United States Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service Expenditures in Executive Departments Finance Fisheries Five Civilized Tribes of Indians Foreign Relations Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game Geological Survey Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Irrigation and Reclamation Industrial Expositions International Expositions Interoceanic Canals Interstate Commerce Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Mississippi River and its Tributaries National Banks Naval Affairs Nicaragua Canal Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico Pacific Railroads Patents Pensions Philippines Post Office and Post Roads Potomac River Front Printing Private Land Claims Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Health and National Quarantine Public Lands Railroads Revision of the Laws Revolutionary Claims Rules Tariff Regulation Territories Transportation and Sale of Meat Products Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Washington City Centennial Whole Wom
93rd United States Congress
The Ninety-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1973, to January 3, 1975, during the end of Richard Nixon's presidency, the beginning of Gerald Ford's; this Congress was the first Congress with more than two Senate Presidents, in three. After the resignation of Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford was appointed under the authority of the newly ratified 25th Amendment. Ford became President the next year and Nelson Rockefeller was appointed in his place; the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. January 20, 1973: President Richard Nixon began his second term. January 22, 1973: Supreme Court issued abortion decision, Roe v. Wade January 27, 1973: Paris Peace Accords signed October 10, 1973: Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned October 20, 1973: Saturday Night Massacre December 6, 1973: Vice President Gerald Ford inaugurated August 9, 1974: President Richard Nixon resigned.
Vice President Gerald Ford became President of the United States. November 5, 1974: United States midterm elections: Democrats increased their majorities in both houses December 19, 1974: Vice President Nelson Rockefeller inaugurated August 13, 1973: Federal Aid Highway Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93–87, title I, 87 Stat. 250 September 26, 1973: Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93–112, 87 Stat. 355 October 1, 1973: Domestic Volunteer Services Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93–113, 87 Stat. 394 October 4, 1973: Oil Pollution Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93–119, 87 Stat. 424-2 November 3, 1973: Amtrak Improvement Act, Pub. L. 93–146, 87 Stat. 548 November 7, 1973: War Powers Resolution, Pub. L. 93–148, 87 Stat. 555 November 29, 1973: Hobby Protection Act, 87 Stat. 686 December 28, 1973: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act, Pub. L. 93–203 December 28, 1973: Endangered Species Act, Pub. L. 93–205, 87 Stat. 884 December 29, 1973: Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93–222 March 7, 1974: Water Resources Development Act of 1974, Pub.
L. 93–251, 88 Stat. 34 May 22, 1974: Disaster Relief Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–288, 88 Stat. 143 July 12, 1974: Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–344, 88 Stat. 297 July 25, 1974: Legal Services Corporation Act, Pub. L. 93–355, 88 Stat. 378 August 21, 1974: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, Pub. L. 93–380, title V, §513, 88 Stat. 571 September 2, 1974: Employee Retirement Income Security Act, Pub. L. 93–406, 88 Stat. 829 September 7, 1974: Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–415, 88 Stat. 1109 October 29, 1974: Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–498, 88 Stat. 1535 November 26, 1974: National Mass Transportation Assistance Act, Pub. L. 93–503, 88 Stat. 1565 December 3, 1974: Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act, Pub. L. 93–508, 88 Stat. 1578 December 16, 1974: Safe Drinking Water Act, Pub. L. 93–523, 88 Stat. 1660 December 31, 1974: Privacy Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–579, 88 Stat. 1896 January 2, 1975: An Act to Establish Rules of Evidence for Certain Courts and Proceedings, Pub.
L. 93–595, 88 Stat. 1926 January 3, 1975: Trade Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93–618, 88 Stat. 1978 January 3, 1975: Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, Pub. L. 93–633, title I, 88 Stat. 2156 January 4, 1975: National Health Planning and Resources Development Act, Pub. L. 93–641, 88 Stat. 2225 May 17, 1973: Watergate hearings began May 9, 1974: Hearings on the Impeachment of President Nixon began President of the Senate: Spiro Agnew until October 10, 1973 Gerald Ford December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974 Nelson Rockefeller from December 19, 1974 President pro tempore: James Eastland Permanent Acting President pro tempore: Lee Metcalf Majority Leader: Mike Mansfield Majority Whip: Robert Byrd Caucus Secretary: Frank Moss Minority Leader: Hugh Scott Minority Whip: Robert P. Griffin Republican Conference Chairman: Norris Cotton Republican Conference Secretary: Wallace F. Bennett National Senatorial Committee Chair: Bill Brock Policy Committee Chairman: John Tower Speaker: Carl Albert Majority Leader: Tip O'Neill Majority Whip: John J. McFall Democratic Caucus Chairman: Olin E. Teague Caucus Secretary: Leonor Sullivan Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Wayne Hays Minority Leader: Gerald Ford until December 6, 1973 John Jacob Rhodes from December 7, 1973 Minority Whip: Leslie C.
Arends Conference Chair: John B. Anderson Policy Committee Chairman: Barber Conable Congressional Black Caucus House Democratic Caucus Senate Democratic Caucus This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, Representatives are listed by district. Skip down to House of Representatives Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1976; the names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. There were three deaths. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the artic