Universal City, California

Universal City is an unincorporated area within the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles County, United States. 415 acres within and around the surrounding area is the property of Universal Pictures, one of the five major film studios in the United States: about 70 percent of the studio's property is inside this unincorporated area, while the remaining 30 percent is within the Los Angeles city limits. Universal City is surrounded by Los Angeles with its northeastern corner touching the city of Burbank, making the unincorporated area a county island. Located within the area of Universal City is the Universal Studios Hollywood film studio and theme park, as well as the Universal CityWalk shopping and entertainment center. Within the Los Angeles city limits lies 10 Universal City Plaza, a 36-floor office building for Universal and NBC; the Metro Red Line underground station of the same name is located opposite the 10 Universal Plaza. A Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department station is located at Universal CityWalk, the community houses the only government-funded fire station located on private property.

The Los Angeles County Fire Department Station 51 is of special significance to Universal, as "Station 51" was the fictional setting of the Universal and Jack Webb television series Emergency!. However, the current Station 51 was not used for external shots, or used as a model for the interior shots seen on the show. Universal City's ZIP code is 91608, the community is inside area code 818. Carl Laemmle opened the Second Universal City on March 15, 1915, on the 230-acre Taylor Ranch property. At the launch event, in what is now the North Hollywood area, a crowd of men and women eagerly awaited the display of the film stages, daredevil stunt pilots and silent film idols, as well as the movie cameras Laemmle had brought along. "See how slapstick comedies are made. See your favorite screen stars do their work. See how we make the people laugh or cry or sit on the edge of their chairs the world over!" Stated a poster touting Universal's opening. "C'mon out! Aw, c'mon!"Laemmle, a German immigrant, was Universal Pictures' founder who opened his first nickelodeon in Chicago in 1906.

He moved to New York City, where he soon joined half a dozen small motion picture companies to create the movie company he called Universal Pictures. In 1912, Laemmle operated three small studios - Bison and Oak Crest Ranch. After a court battle with New York Motion Picture Company, control of the Bison lot was returned to the New York Motion Picture Company; the court allowed Carl Laemmle to retain use of the name "Bison" as "Bison 101" for his westerns, which were filmed on the Oak Crest property in the San Fernando Valley. The Oak Crest Ranch is; the Providencia Land and Water company, called "Oak Crest Ranch" in the trade papers, became the first Universal City location. In 1913, Laemmle consolidated the Nestor studio and Oak Crest ranch property, his first Universal City was too small, so he ordered a search for a new and larger property in the valley, a location with more space. Laemmle leased Providencia ranchland in the San Fernando Valley in 1912. If it was a city, it was a haphazard one: with the help of nearly 300 movie hands and actors, Laemmle erected makeshift buildings, set up cameras and began churning out hundreds of one- and two-reel silent westerns.

Other studio chiefs called the place "Laemmle's Folly", mocking that the property was so far out of town and that Laemmle could film scenery for free anywhere he wanted. Laemmle worried that he had made a huge mistake, though Universal was a success because the public could observe movies being made. In the meantime, Laemmle added a zoo to the Oak Crest Ranch –, open to visitors to generate free advertising by word of mouth; the Rotarians of Los Angeles were one of the groups permitted to visit the Oak Crest - Universal City. The Oak Crest ranch being too small for his larger Universal City, Laemmle bought the Lankershim Land and Water property, the 230-acre Taylor Ranch for $165,000, calling it his "New Universal City". In 1914, operations at The Oak Ranch were moved to the Taylor ranch; the Universal ranch zoo was moved to the Back Ranch of the Lankershim property. The new Universal City was opened for Universal staff in 1914. Laemmle went on an eight-day whistle-stop tour from Chicago to Los Angeles the week before Universal City's grand public opening.

His promoters sold the grand lie that Laemmle had persuaded the Secretary of the Navy to send a battleship up the Los Angeles River to fire a salvo on opening day. Easterners, would believe anything they heard about California. After World War I, Laemmle brought more kin over from war-torn Europe, increasing the payroll to 70, his cheerful nepotism was immortalized in humorist Ogden Nash's couplet: Uncle Carl Laemmle has a large faemmle. Carl Laemmle was responsible for creating the "star system" rather than just using anonymous actors in films. Laemmle was forced to end studio tours in the 1920s, when talkies came along and "quiet on the set" became an absolute, he sold his sprawling entertainment empire in 1936. Before his death in 1939, at age 72, he helped bring more than 200 German-Jewish refugees to Los Angeles. A nephew, founded the local Laemmle Theatres chain. Universal City did not welcome tourists again until Jul

Tigon British Film Productions

Tigon British Film Productions or Tigon was a film production and distribution company, founded by Tony Tenser in 1966. It is best remembered for its horror films Witchfinder General and The Blood on Satan's Claw. Other Tigon films include The Creeping Flesh, The Sorcerers and Doomwatch, based on the TV series of the same name. A 1990s book by Andy Boot highlighted the importance of Tigon and Tony Tenser to the British horror genre but contained a number of factual errors, including the misidentification of a number of films as Tigon productions; this misidentification continues to this day. Tigon was based at Hammer House in Wardour Street and released a wide range of films from sexploitation, to an acclaimed television adaptation of August Strindberg's Miss Julie starring Helen Mirren; the largest part of its output, was made up by low-budget horror films in direct competition for audiences with Hammer Film Productions and Amicus Productions. In February 2005, a DVD box set of Tigon films was released by Anchor BayUK.

The box set contains only Witchfinder General, The Body Stealers, The Haunted House of Horror, The Blood on Satan's Claw, The Beast in the Cellar, Virgin Witch, consists of UK rather than US prints, in Region 2 – PAL format. Providing an audio commentary on a number of the films, as well as writing the productions notes, was the author and film critic John Hamilton; the same year, FAB press in the UK published John Hamilton's biography of Tony Tenser, a comprehensive look at the career of Tigon's founder and the man dubbed "the Godfather of British Exploitation". Hamilton had access to production files and personal correspondence, as well as recording a number of exclusive interviews with the likes of Vernon Sewell, Michael Armstrong, Christopher Lee, Ian Ogilvy and Peter Sasdy, he recorded over 18 hours of interviews with Tony Tenser himself, all of which went to create an in-depth look not only at the making of the films but the machinations involved with running a film company. The book was critically acclaimed in a number of newspapers and magazines, including The New York Times and The Independent, as well as Film Review and SPFX.

Hamilton has gone on to write a number of articles on Tigon film productions, published in magazines like The Darkside and Little Shoppe of Horrors. Boot, Andy. "The Terrors of Tigon" in his Fragments of Fear: An Illustrated History of British Horror Films. Londond & San Francisco: Creation Books, 1996, pp. 172–91. Hamilton, John: "Beasts in the Cellar; the Exploitation Film Career of Tony Tenser". FAB press, Guildford, UK 2005 Hamilton, John: "Tigon. Blood on a Budget". Hemlock Books, Hailsham, E. Sussex. 2015. Tigon British Film Productions on IMDb Tigon Film Distributors on IMDb Tigon Pictures on IMDb Tigon on IMDb

The Many Faces of Art Farmer

The Many Faces of Art Farmer is an album by Art Farmer recorded in 1964 and released on the Scepter label. The Allmusic review awarded the album two stars. "Happy Feet" - 4:39 "Hyacinth" - 5:00 "Ally" - 6:46 "Minuet in G" - 5:00 "All About Art" - 4:41 "People" - 5:15 "Saucer Eyes" - 4:48 Art Farmer - flugelhorn Charles McPherson - alto saxophone Tommy Flanagan - piano Ron Carter, Steve Swallow - bass Bobby Thomas - drums