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University of Adelaide

The University of Adelaide is a public university located in Adelaide, South Australia. Established in 1874, it is the third-oldest university in Australia; the university's main campus is located on North Terrace in the Adelaide city centre, adjacent to the Art Gallery of South Australia, the South Australian Museum and the State Library of South Australia. The university has four campuses, three in South Australia: North Terrace campus in the city, Roseworthy campus at Roseworthy and Waite campus at Urrbrae, one in Melbourne, Victoria; the university operates out of other areas such as Thebarton, the National Wine Centre in the Adelaide Park Lands, in Singapore through the Ngee Ann-Adelaide Education Centre. The University of Adelaide is composed with each containing constituent schools; these include the Faculty of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of the Professions, the Faculty of Sciences. It is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities.

The university is a member of the Sandstone universities, which consist of colonial-era universities within Australia. The university is associated with five Nobel laureates, constituting one-third of Australia's total Nobel Laureates, 110 Rhodes scholars; the university has had a considerable impact on the public life of South Australia, having educated many of the state's leading businesspeople, medical professionals and politicians. The university has been associated with many notable achievements and discoveries, such as the discovery and development of penicillin, the development of space exploration, the military tank, Wi-Fi, polymer banknotes and X-ray crystallography, the study of viticulture and oenology; the University of Adelaide was established on 6 November 1874 after a £20,000 donation by grazier and copper miner Walter Watson Hughes, along with support and donations from Thomas Elder. The first Chancellor was Sir Richard Hanson and the first vice-chancellor was Augustus Short.

The first degree offered was the Bachelor of Arts and the university started teaching in March 1876. John Davidson was the first Hughes professor of mental and moral philosophy; the university has a long history of championing the rights of women in higher education. It was the second university in the English-speaking world to admit women on equal terms with men, though women studied alongside men from the commencement of classes in 1876, were eligible for all academic prizes and honours, its first female graduate was Edith Emily Dornwell, the first person in Australia to receive the degree of Bachelor of Science. The university graduated Australia's first female surgeon Laura Fowler. Ruby Davy was the first Australian woman to receive a doctorate in music; the university was the first to elect a woman to a university council in Australia, Helen Mayo, in 1914. The great hall of the university, Bonython Hall, was built in 1936 following a donation from the owner of The Advertiser newspaper, Sir John Langdon Bonython, who left £40,000 for a Great Hall for the University.

On 2 July 2010, the university implemented its "Smoke-Free Policy". This move was the culmination of an anti-smoking agenda headed by Professor Konrad Jamrozik and subsequently, following Jamrozik's death, the Executive Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Professor Justin Beilby. Security have the right to eject people smoking within the university buildings and fine people smoking in the gardens or walkways, it is the first higher education institution in South Australia to institute a smoke-free policy. The North Terrace campus has been smoke-free since July 2010, it was planned that the Waite and Roseworthy campuses would be smoke-free by 2011, the university's residential facilities have been made smoke-free. In June 2018, University of Adelaide and University of South Australia began discussions regarding the possibility of a merger; the proposition was described as the formation of a "super uni" by Steven Marshall and Simon Birmingham, but the merger was called off in October 2018.

The main campus of the university is on North Terrace. It is bordered by the Art Gallery of South Australia, the State Library of South Australia, the South Australian Museum and the "City East" campus of the University of South Australia; the Adelaide University Medical and Dental Schools were located across Frome Road, behind the old Royal Adelaide Hospital. The hospital moved to the western end of North Terrace and so have the schools; the vast majority of students and staff of the university are based at the North Terrace campus, where the majority of courses are taught and schools are based. The central administration of the university and the main library, the Barr Smith Library, are both located on this campus. While many other universities have law and business schools or satellite campuses within the central business district, the University of Adelaide is unique among Australian sandstone universities for having its main presence adjacent to the main business and shopping precinct.

Bonython Hall, the Mitchell Building, the Elder Hall, the Napier building and the Ligertwood building, form the North Terrace street frontage of the campus. Bonython Hall is one of the many historic and heritage listed buil

Ganina Yama

Ganina Yama was a 9 ft. deep pit in the Four Brothers mine near the village of Koptyaki, 15 km north from Yekaterinburg. In the pre-dawn hours of 17 July 1918, after the execution of the Romanov family, the bodies of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were secretly transported to Ganina Yama and thrown into the pit. A week the White Army drove the Bolsheviks from the area and launched an investigation into the fate of the royal family. An extensive report concluded that the royal family's remains had been cremated at the mine, since evidence of fire was found and charred bones, but no bodies, but the Bolsheviks, realizing that the burial site was no longer a secret, had returned to the site the night after the first burial to relocate the bodies to another area. The secret Bolshevik report on the execution and burial did not give the location of the second burial site, but the description provided clues; the second burial site, a field known as Porosyonkov Log four and a half miles from Ganina Yama, was discovered in the late 1970s through clandestine research but kept secret until the political climate changed in 1989.

In 1995, the remains found at the Porosyonkov Ravine were identified as Romanovs using DNA from living relatives of Nicholas and Alexandra’s parents. The Porosyonkov Ravine burial pit is marked by a simple landscaping of the burial pit. A second, smaller pit was located at the Porosenkov Ravine in 2007 containing the remains of two Romanov children missing from the larger grave. Further excavation is planned for the summer of 2009; the Russian Orthodox Church, relying on the White Army's reports in preference to Bolshevik reports, doubting the DNA identification, declared the Ganina Yama site holy ground. The royal family and their retinue had been canonized in 1981 by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad; the grounds were therefore dedicated to honor the family’s humility during capture and their status as political martyrs. With financial assistance from the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, the Church constructed the Monastery of the Holy Imperial Passion-Bearers at the site in 2001. A tall cross marks the edge of the mine shaft, visible as a depression in the ground.

Seven chapels were constructed at the site, one for each member of the royal family. Each chapel is dedicated to a particular saint or relic; the katholikon is dedicated to the Theotokos Derzhavnaya, an icon revered by the monarchists. On the anniversary of the murder, a night-long service is held at the Church of All Saints on the site of the Ipatiev House. At daybreak, a procession walks four hours to Ganina Yama for another ceremony; the former mine pit is covered with lily plants for the ceremony. The Monastery complex in the name of Saint Regal Martyrs Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company website. Rappaport, Helen; the Last Days of the Romanovs. St. Martin's Maura. A Tale of Two Royal Gravesites, Los Angeles Times, June 18, 2002 Search Foundation, Inc. Organization to search for the remains of the two missing Romanov children Andrei. Russia's Royal Bones of Contention, The St. Petersburg Times, timohaapanen.net Virtual panoramic tour, Autumn 2010

Museum of Jewish Montreal

The Museum of Jewish Montreal is an online and mobile museum that collects and presents the history and experiences of the Montreal Jewish community through exhibits, walking tours and through online and mobile technology. It is located in Montreal, Canada, it was founded in 2010 by the museum's current director. The Museum of Jewish Montreal was founded in 2010, when Montreal’s Jewish community turned 250 years old. What began as a project to map Montreal’s Jewish history has since expanded to include online exhibits, oral histories and online/mobile walking tours; the MJM website features online exhibits with written descriptions of key institutions, events and people in the history of Montreal’s Jewish life. Each exhibit features archival imagery and links to further research. Exhibits are intended to give users context about how different elements of the Jewish community’s history fit into the history of Montreal, Quebec and worldwide Jewish life. There are over 125 original exhibits along with various exhibits based on Sara Tauben’s research on historic synagogues in Montreal.

Beginning in 2013, MJM began curating digital exhibitions, including Between These Walls, A Geography of Jewish Care and Work Upon Arrival. The Museum began to curate pop-up exhibitions in February 2014, with its exhibition on garment workers "Parkley Clothing: 1937." "Sacrée / Profane - Samy Elmaghribi" about a Moroccan Jewish pop singer and cantor was exhibited in winter 2015. MJM organizes events, including lectures, panel discussions and other public programming. In October 2011, MJM began publishing The Third Solitude Series, a blog featuring in-depth interviews, literature, photo essays and personal stories relating to Montreal’s Jewish heritage. The'Third Solitude' refers to a term sometimes used to the Jewish experience in Canada and in Montreal between French and English Canada. In 2012, MJM inaugurated the Stories Project, an oral history initiative that aims to collect the stories of members of the community with diverse backgrounds and experiences, to share the stories with broader society and to preserve them over the long-term.

A web app allowing users to record stories and upload photos was launched in 2015. In June 2014, MJM began leading daily Jewish walking tours in the Plateau and Mile End neighbourhoods, in June 2015, the Museum launched the "Beyond the Bagel" Jewish food tours. Demographics of Montreal Saint Laurent Boulevard History of the Jews in Canada Jewish Museum List of museums in Quebec Museum of Jewish Montreal website Le musée du Montréal juif website Third Solitude Series