University of Arkansas

The University of Arkansas is a public land-grant, research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is the flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System and the largest, best-known university in the state. Founded as Arkansas Industrial University in 1871, its present name was adopted in 1899 and classes were first held on January 22, 1872, it is noted for its strong architecture, business, communication disorders, creative writing, history and Middle Eastern studies programs. Enrollment for the fall semester of 2018 was 27,778; the university campus consists of 378 buildings spread across 512 acres of land in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Some well known architecture on campus includes Old Main, the first permanent academic building erected. Academic programs are in excess of 200; the ratio of students to faculty is 19:1. The university received a combined total of $103.2 million in research awards for the 2017 fiscal year. UA's athletic teams, the Arkansas Razorbacks, compete in NCAA Division I as members of the Southeastern Conference with eight men's teams and eleven women's teams in thirteen sports.

The University is known for its traditions, including Calling the Hogs at sports events, Senior Walk, more than 4 miles of campus sidewalk etched with the names of all UA graduates since 1871. The University of Arkansas has a strong Greek life tradition, including the founding chapter of the Chi Omega sorority, the largest fraternity chapter in North America, Kappa Sigma; the University of Arkansas was founded in 1871 on the site of a hilltop farm that overlooked the Ozark Mountains, giving it the nickname "The Hill". The university was established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862; the university's founding satisfied the provision in the Arkansas Constitution of 1868 that the General Assembly was to "establish and maintain a State University."Bids from state towns and counties determined the university's location. The citizens of Fayetteville and Washington County. Pledged $130,000 toward securing the university, a sum that proved to be more than other offers; this was in response to the competition created by the Arkansas General Assembly's Organic Act of 1871, providing for the "location and maintenance of the Arkansas Industrial University with a normal department therein."

Classes started on January 22, 1872. Completed in 1875, Old Main, a two-towered brick building designed in the Second Empire style, was the primary instructional and administrative building, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Its design was based on the plans for the main academic building at the University of Illinois, which has since been demolished. However, the clock and bell towers were switched at Arkansas; the northern taller tower is the bell tower, the southern shorter tower is the clock tower. One legend for the tower switch is that the taller tower was put to the north as a reminder of the Union victory during the Civil War. A second legend is that the contractor accidentally swapped the tower drawings after having had too much to drink. Although the southern tower was designed with clock faces, it did not hold a working clock until October 2005; the bell tower has always had some type of chime a bell, rung on the hour by student volunteers. Electronic chimes were installed in 1959.

In addition to the regular chimes of the clock, the university's Alma Mater plays at 5 pm every day. Old Main housed many of the earliest classes at the university, has served as the offices of every college within the university during its history. Today, in addition to hosting classes, it contains the restored Giffels Auditorium and historic displays, as well as the administrative offices of the J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences; the lawn at Old Main serves as an arboretum, with many of the trees native to the state of Arkansas found on the lawn. Sitting at the edge of the lawn is Spoofer's Stone, a place for couples to meet and pass notes. Students play soccer and touch football on the lawn's open green. Beginning with the class of 1876, the names of students at University of Arkansas are inscribed in "Senior Walk" and wind across campus for more than four miles; the sidewalk is one of a kind nationally. More the names of all the recipients of honorary degrees were added, including such notables as J. Edgar Hoover, Queen Noor, President Bill Clinton, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

One of the more unusual structures at Arkansas is the Chi Omega Greek Theatre, a gift to the school by the sorority's national headquarters. It marked the first time in the history of Greek letter social organizations that a national sorority had presented a memorial of its foundation to the institution where it was founded. Chi Omega was organized on April 5, 1895, at the University of Arkansas and is the mother chapter of the national organization; the theater has been used for commencements, concerts and pep rallies. The largest crowd assembled there – upwards of 6,000, according to professor Walter J. Lemke – was for a concert by the Army Air Corps Band during World War II. From 1934 to 1991, the space under the stage was used for a rifle range by the Army ROTC; the University of Arkansas became the first major Southern public university to admit an African-American student without litigation when Silas Herbert Hunt of Texarkana, an African American veteran of World War II, was admitted to the university's School of Law in 1948.

Roy Wilkins, administrator of the NAACP, wrote in 1950 that Arkansas was the "very first of the Southern states to accept the new trend without fighting a delaying action or attemptin

Margaretha Meijboom

Margaretha Anna Sophia Meijboom or Meyboom was a social worker and translator of Scandinavian literature into Dutch. She introduced many Scandinavian writers to the Netherlands, such as Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Selma Lagerlöf, she resisted the idea that a woman's role in society was in the home, founded several cooperative organisations to further women's economic independence. She considered herself less a communist or feminist than a pacifist. Margaretha Meijboom was born in Amsterdam, the second daughter in a family of five boys and three girls, her mother was Anjes H. F. Tydeman, she inherited a deep social interest from him. Thanks to her Danish ancestry, she came to know Scandinavian literature, when she was 17 she taught herself Danish, she became a Sunday school teacher. Her father died in 1874, in 1881 the rest of the family moved to The Hague. There she continued to be active as teacher. In 1890 Meijboom travelled to Copenhagen. There she attended lectures by the linguist Otto Jespersen, became a certified translator in Danish and Norwegian.

She came into contact with recent public developments, such as the formation of a public library and, in the Vesterbro district, the idea of a cooperative commune. After her return to the Netherlands she published about it; until 1898 she lived in Groningen with her stepbrother, the university professor Hajo Uden Meyboom, his family. In 1894 she became a board member of a public library for women in The Hague. Together with Claudine Bienfait, another translator of Scandinavian languages, she made sure that the library included beside publications on social issues as well as literature. In the early 1890s Meijboom published several remarkable articles on women and housekeeping in the Sociaal Weekblad and in a book titled Vrouwenwerk. Meijboom was a strong voice in the debate on the 1897 feminist novel Hilda van Suylenburg by Cecile van Beek en Donk. In 1897 Meijboom met the Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf. In addition to works by Lagerlöf, she translated the work of such Scandinavian writers as Henrik Ibsen, Knut Hamsun and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson into Dutch.

She translated into Dutch from English The Inner Life and other works by the founder of the Sufi Movement, Zia Inayat Khan. In 1898 Meijboom moved to The Hague, where she became involved in the founding of the organisation, to hold the 1898 Dutch Exhibition of Women's Work, a national exhibition of women's labour inspired by an 1895 exhibition in Copenhagen. During this event the idea emerged to found a cooperative, the Coöperatieve Vereeniging'De Wekker'. In 1901, a textile factory in The Hague was converted into a cooperative corporation, where all female workers earned a fixed salary, a share in the profit and a pension. Meijboom became president of the Governing Board. De Wekker produced and sold arts and crafts objects, small pieces of furniture and reform clothing, loosely fitting dresses that replaced the corset. At its pinnacle 60 women were working for the cooperative. From 1902 to 1904 Meijboom was editor of the weekly Lente, in 1904 she founded the magazine Scandia. After publication of both magazines had ceased, she started the monthly Scandinavië-Nederland.

For sixteen years, Meijboom was secretary of the Dutch Cooperative Women's Association, founded in 1900, wrote about women and youth in its magazine De Coöperator. She was initiator of the Broederschapsfederatie, a collaborative project for theosophists, Esperantists, teetotalers and adherents of the Rein Leven movement, she was a board member of the International Cooperative Women's Guild, founded in Ghent in 1924. In reaction to the 1903 general strike, Meijboom came to the conclusion that a radical transformation of society was needed, she therefore co-founded, with Clara and Antonia Bokkes, the Cooperative Association'Westerbro' in Rijswijk. In September 1924 Meijboom and Bokkes moved to Voorburg, because of Bokkes' bad health, founded the commune'Nieuw Westerbro'. Meijboom died there three years later, she was buried in the cemetery in Rijswijk. The Broederschapsfederatie and the Coöperatieve Vrouwenbond placed an oaken monument on her grave with the inscription: "Her mind was the key that unlocked old hearts to new world ideas."The International Institute of Social History holds the archive of Margaretha Meyboom.

Oude wijn in nieuwe vaten In het klooster Vrouwenwerk: schetsen Handleiding bij het zelfonderricht van't Deensch De vrouwenbeweging in Nederland en Hilda van Suylenburg Open brief aan Anna de Savornin Lohman naar aanleiding van haar brochure'De liefde in de vrouwenkwestie' De geschiedenis van'De Wekker' Leercursus Deensch met spreekoefeningen in geluidschrift Een tuinschool Jonas Lie. Mannen en vrouwen van beteekenis in onze dagen. 39, afl. 6 Henrik Ibsen en het huwelijk De ideale koopman voorheen en thans Volksbibliotheken in Noorwegen. Vlugschriften der vereeniging voor openbare leeszalen in nederland. Mannen en vrouwen van beteekenis in onze dagen. 41, afl. 7 Selma Lagerlöf. Reeks Scandinavische bibliotheek. Boven Menschelijke Kracht Van en over liefde

Clark MacGregor

Clark MacGregor was a Republican U. S. Representative from Minnesota's 3rd Congressional District. MacGregor was born in Minneapolis and graduated cum laude from Dartmouth College in 1944 and the University of Minnesota Law School in 1946, he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives in 1960, defeating six-term Democratic incumbent Roy Wier, served in the 87th, 88th, 89th, 90th, 91st congresses, January 3, 1961 – January 3, 1971. In 1963, MacGregor appeared in a satirical revue by Dudley Riggs' Brave New Workshop, he was a delegate to the 1968 Republican National Convention from Minnesota. He was an unsuccessful candidate for U. S. Senator from Minnesota in 1970, running against former Democratic Vice President Hubert Humphrey. MacGregor was Assistant to Richard Nixon for congressional relations in 1970, Counsel to the President on congressional relations, Chairman of the Committee to Re-elect the President following John Mitchell's resignation from the position in the Watergate political scandal.

After 1973, he left politics. He continued to live in Washington, D. C. worked for United Technologies Corporation, was on the boards of the National Symphony Orchestra and the Wolf Trap Foundation. United States Congress. "Clark MacGregor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress