The University of Bristol is a red brick research university in Bristol, England. It received its royal charter in 1909, although it can trace its roots to a Merchant Venturers' school founded in 1595 and University College, in existence since 1876. Bristol is organised into six academic faculties composed of multiple schools and departments running over 200 undergraduate courses in the Tyndalls Park area of the city; the university had a total income of £642.7 million in 2017-18, of which £164.0 million was from research grants and contracts. It is the largest independent employer in Bristol; the University of Bristol is ranked 49th by the QS World University Rankings 2020, is ranked in the top 10 of UK universities in 2020 by QS World University rankings, Times Higher Education, ARWU. The University of Bristol was the second most targeted university by the UK's top 100 employers, according to the Graduate Market in 2019 report produced by High Fliers. An selective institution, it has an average of 6.4 to 13.1 applicants for each undergraduate place.
It was ranked 9th in the UK among multi-faculty institutions for the quality of its research and for its Research Power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework. Current academics include 21 fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, 13 fellows of the British Academy, 13 fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 44 fellows of the Royal Society; the university has been associated with 13 Nobel laureates throughout its history, including Paul Dirac, Sir William Ramsay, Cecil Frank Powell, Sir Winston Churchill, Dorothy Hodgkin, Hans Albrecht Bethe, Max Delbrück, Gerhard Herzberg, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, Sir Paul Nurse, Harold Pinter, Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio and most 2015 Economics Nobel Prize winner Angus Deaton. Bristol is a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive British universities, the European-wide Coimbra Group and the Worldwide Universities Network, of which the university's previous vice-chancellor, Eric Thomas, was chairman from 2005 to 2007. In addition, the university holds an Erasmus Charter, sending more than 500 students per year to partner institutions in Europe.
The earliest antecedent of the university was the engineering department of the Merchant Venturers' Technical College which became the engineering faculty of Bristol University. The university was preceded by Bristol Medical School and University College, founded in 1876, where its first lecture was attended by only 99 students; the university was able to apply for a royal charter due to the financial support of the Wills and Colston families, who made their fortunes in tobacco plantations and the transatlantic slave trade, respectively. A 2018 study commissioned by the university estimated 85% of the philanthropic funds used for the institution's foundation was directly connected with the transatlantic slave trade; the royal charter was gained in May 1909, with 288 undergraduates and 400 other students entering the university in October 1909. Henry Overton Wills III became its first chancellor; the University College was the first such institution in the country to admit women on the same basis as men.
However, women were forbidden to take examinations in medicine until 1906. Since the founding of the university itself in 1909, it has grown and is now one of the largest employers in the local area, although it is smaller by student numbers than the nearby University of the West of England. Bristol is spread over a considerable geographic area. Most of its activities, are concentrated in the area of the city centre, referred to as the "University Precinct", it is a member of the Russell Group of research-led UK universities, the Coimbra Group of leading European universities and the Worldwide Universities Network. After the founding of the University College in 1876, Government support began in 1889. After mergers with the Bristol Medical School in 1893 and the Merchant Venturers' Technical College in 1909, this funding allowed the opening of a new medical school and an engineering school—two subjects that remain among the university's greatest strengths. In 1908, gifts from the Fry and Wills families £100,000 from Henry Overton Wills III, were provided to endow a University for Bristol and the West of England, provided that a royal charter could be obtained within two years.
In December 1909, the King erected the University of Bristol. Henry Wills became Conwy Lloyd Morgan the first vice-chancellor. Wills died in 1911 and in tribute his sons George and Harry built the Wills Memorial Building, starting in 1913 and finishing in 1925. Today, it houses parts of the academic provision for earth sciences and law, graduation ceremonies are held in its Great Hall; the Wills Memorial Building is a Grade II* listed building. In 1920, George Wills bought the Victoria Rooms and endowed them to the university as a Students' Union; the building now is a Grade II * listed building. At the point of foundation, the university was required to provide for the local community; this mission was behind the creation of the Department of Extra-Mural Adult Education in 1924 to provide courses to the local community. This mission continues today. Among the famous names associated with Bristol in this early period is Paul Dirac, who graduated in 1921 with a degree in engineering, before obtaining a second degree in mathematics in 1923 from Cambridge.
For his subsequent pioneering work on quantum me
Henry Carnegie Phipps was an American sportsman and financier, the owner of Wheatley Stable along with his wife Gladys Mills Phipps, a member of the wealthy Phipps family. Phipps was born on May 1879 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he was the second son of Anne Childs Phipps, businessman Henry Phipps Jr. His siblings included Amy Phipps. At Henry Phipps' death, his father, at one time the second largest shareholder of Carnegie Steel and was a founder of Bessemer Trust, was worth $3,121,810, according to transfer tax appraisal documents. Phipps graduated from Yale University in 1902; the Wheatley Stable was the nom de course for a Thoroughbred racing partnership formed in 1926 by Gladys Mills Phipps and her brother, Ogden Livingston Mills. They became a major owner and breeder in Thoroughbred racing with numerous champions including 1957 American Horse of the Year Bold Ruler who went on to be an eight-time Leading sire in North America and whose progeny included the legendary Secretariat. Phipp's daughter and her husband Stuart became involved in the sport of thoroughbred racing and most notably bred and raced the ill-fated Ruffian, a U.
S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee regarded as one of the greatest fillies in racing history. In December 1907, Phipps was married to Gladys Livingston Mills at her parent's home in Staatsburg, New York. Gladys was the daughter of famed financier Ogden Mills and the twin sister of Beatrice, who married Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, her brother Ogden was the 50th U. S. Secretary of the Treasury; as a wedding present, her father bought them a marble‐fronted townhouse at East 85th Street and Fifth Avenue. They had a home Westbury, which cost $800,000, a home in Palm Beach, Florida known as Hearnaw. Together, they were the parents of: Ogden Mills Phipps, a chairman of The Jockey Club who married Ruth Pruyn in 1930, they divorced and in 1937 he remarried to Lillian Stokes Bostwick, a granddaughter of one of the founding partners of Standard Oil. Barbara Phipps, who married Stuart Symington Janney Jr. Audrey Phipps, who married Philip Dana Holden, an investment banker. Sonia Phipps, who married Hans Christoph Farrell, Count of Seherr-Thoss.
Phipps died at his winter home in Palm Beach on March 21, 1953. His estate was left to his widow, who died in 1970. Through his son Ogden, he was the grandfather of Ogden Mills Phipps, a financier and horse breeder who served as chairman of the family's Bessemer Trust until his retirement in 1994. Through his daughter Barbara, he was the maternal grandfather of Stuart S. Janney III, a lawyer and fellow horseman. Henry Carnegie Phipps at Find a Grave
Ricardo Alberto Trigueño Foster is a Guatemalan football goalkeeper who plays for Club Xelajú MC in Guatemala's top division. Trigueño started his career at Aurora before moving to Suchitepéquez, who he left after only one season. After joining Marquense in 2005 he joined Petapa in 2007. In late 2009, Marquense appealed to CAS, he made his debut for Guatemala in a January 2003 friendly match against El Salvador and had earned 51 caps at the start of January 2010. He has represented his country during the 2006 World Cup qualification campaign, as well as at the 2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup Ricardo Trigueño at fussballdaten.de Ricardo Trigueño at National-Football-Teams.com