The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university; the university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two'ancient universities' share many common features and are referred to jointly as'Oxbridge'; the academic standards, history and wealth of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Cambridge is formed from a variety of institutions which include 31 semi-autonomous constituent Colleges and over 100 academic departments organised into six schools. Cambridge University Press, a department of the university, is the world's oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world. Cambridge Assessment a department of the university, is one of the world's leading examining bodies and provides assessment to over eight million learners globally every year.
The university operates eight cultural and scientific museums, including the Fitzwilliam Museum, as well as a botanic garden. Cambridge's libraries, of which there are over 100, hold a total of around 16 million books, around nine million of which are in Cambridge University Library, a legal deposit library; the university is home to, but independent of, the Cambridge Union - the world's oldest debating society. The university is linked to the development of the high-tech business cluster known as'Silicon Fen', it is the central member of Cambridge University Health Partners, an academic health science centre based around the Cambridge Biomedical Campus. In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2018, the central university, excluding colleges, had a total income of £1.965 billion, of which £515.5 million was from research grants and contracts. At the end of the same financial year, the central university and colleges together possessed a combined endowment of over £6.4 billion and overall consolidated assets of £12.2 billion.
The latter figure was £400 million higher than the previous financial year. By both endowment size and consolidated assets, Cambridge is the wealthiest university in the United Kingdom; as of 2019, Cambridge is the top-ranked university in the United Kingdom according to all major league tables. Cambridge is ranked the world's second best university by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, ranked 3rd worldwide by Academic Ranking of World Universities, 6th by QS, 7th by US News. Cambridge was ranked No. 10 in the 2016 and 2018 Nature Index Annual Tables, which measure the largest contributors to papers published in 82 leading scientific journals. According to the Times Higher Education ranking, no other institution in the world ranks in the top 10 for as many subjects, it is a member of numerous associations and forms part of the'golden triangle' of English universities. The university has educated many notable alumni, including eminent mathematicians, politicians, philosophers, actors and other heads of state.
As of October 2019, 120 Nobel Laureates, 11 Fields Medalists, 7 Turing Award winners and 14 British Prime Ministers have been affiliated with Cambridge as students, faculty or research staff. University alumni have won 194 Olympic medals. By the late 12th century, the Cambridge area had a scholarly and ecclesiastical reputation, due to monks from the nearby bishopric church of Ely. However, it was an incident at Oxford, most to have led to the establishment of the university: two Oxford scholars were hanged by the town authorities for the death of a woman, without consulting the ecclesiastical authorities, who would take precedence in such a case, but were at that time in conflict with King John. Fearing more violence from the townsfolk, scholars from the University of Oxford started to move away to cities such as Paris and Cambridge. Subsequently, enough scholars remained in Cambridge to form the nucleus of a new university when it had become safe enough for academia to resume at Oxford. In order to claim precedence, it is common for Cambridge to trace its founding to the 1231 charter from King Henry III granting it the right to discipline its own members and an exemption from some taxes.
A bull in 1233 from Pope Gregory IX gave graduates from Cambridge the right to teach "everywhere in Christendom". After Cambridge was described as a studium generale in a letter from Pope Nicholas IV in 1290, confirmed as such in a bull by Pope John XXII in 1318, it became common for researchers from other European medieval universities to visit Cambridge to study or to give lecture courses; the colleges at the University of Cambridge were an incidental feature of the system. No college is as old as the university itself; the colleges were endowed fellowships of scholars. There were institutions without endowments, called hostels; the hostels were absorbed by the colleges over the centuries, but they have left some traces, such as the name of Garret Hostel Lane. Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely, founded Peterhouse, Cambridge's first college, in 1284. Many colleges were founded during the 14th and 15th centuries, but colleges continued to be established until modern times, although there was a gap of 204 years between the founding of Sidney Sussex in 1596 and that of Downing in 1800.
The most established college is Robinson, built in the late 1970s. However, Homerton College only achieved full un
Emily Fragos is an American poet. She was a Witter Bynner Fellow, Guggenheim Fellow, she graduated from Syracuse University, Paris-Sorbonne University, Columbia University. She teaches at New York University, Columbia University, her work has appeared in Ploughshares, BOMB, Boston Review, Paris Review. Hostage, Sheep Meadow, 2011, ISBN 9781931357937 Little Savage. Grove Press. 2004. ISBN 978-0-8021-4065-4. "Emily Fragos: An Eternal Poet". Guernica / A Magazine of Art & Politics. Retrieved 2015-12-09
"Adrian Pimento" is the seventeenth episode of the third season of the American television police sitcom series Brooklyn Nine-Nine. It is the 62nd overall episode of the series and is written by Luke Del Tredici and directed by Maggie Carey, it aired on Fox in the United States on February 23, 2016. The show revolves around the fictitious 99th precinct of the New York Police Department in Brooklyn and the officers and detectives that work in the precinct. In the episode, Detective Adrian Pimento returns after being 12 years undercover and working for Jimmy "The Butcher" Figgis. Meanwhile, Gina Linetti directs a video that details the daily life of the precinct while Charles Boyle has to fix things after angering the head of custodians; the episode was seen by an estimated 2.13 million household viewers and gained a 0.9/3 ratings share among adults aged 18–49, according to Nielsen Media Research. The episode received positive reviews from critics, who praised Mantzoukas's performance in the episode.
The precinct welcomes Detective Adrian Pimento, a police officer, undercover for 12 years working for high-ranking mobster Jimmy "The Butcher" Figgis. Due to the extreme measures he took to earn his respect, Pimento suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder. Jake wants to work despite objections from Holt and Terry. Adrian agrees to work with him in a robbery case. However, Adrian's behavior raises suspicions to Jake, who believes he may still be working with Figgis. Jake asks Rosa for help. However, Adrian leaves the police. Jake convinces him to go back to both finish their robbery case. Meanwhile, Holt asks Gina to make a video about the daily workings inside the precinct. However, her style and tone are met with disapproval from Holt and she is dismissed, she uses Holt's audio record to make another video, which he approves. Boyle's actions have resulted in the refusal of the head of custodians, Mean Marge, to take out the trash. After days of staying with the trash in the precinct, the precinct makes an agreement to give her a break room.
In its original American broadcast, "Adrian Pimento" was seen by an estimated 2.13 million household viewers and gained a 0.9/3 ratings share among adults aged 18–49, according to Nielsen Media Research. This was a slight decrease in viewership from the previous episode, watched by 2.18 million viewers with a 0.9/3 in the 18-49 demographics. This means that 0.9 percent of all households with televisions watched the episode, while 3 percent of all households watching television at that time watched it. With these ratings, Brooklyn Nine-Nine was the second most watched show on FOX for the night, beating The Grinder and Grandfathered, but behind New Girl, third in its timeslot and tenth for the night, behind Hollywood Game Night, New Girl, Fresh Off the Boat, The Flash, Chicago Med, Chicago Fire, NCIS: New Orleans, NCIS. "Adrian Pimento" received positive reviews from critics. Genevieve Valentine of The A. V. Club gave the episode a "B+" grade and wrote, "'Adrian Pimento' is tricky because it's a high-concept episode committed to taking the Dark Brooding Cop Show down a peg, one crying, blood-soaked flashback at a time.
On paper and out of context as staunchly optimistic as Brooklyn Nine-Nine, Adrian Pimento could have walked off an FX pilot." Allie Pape from Vulture gave the show a 4 star rating out of 5 and wrote, "Seeing Rosa get excited about anything is always a recipe for laughs, I think Mantzoukas's mania might play better against her laconic vibe than it does against Andy Samberg's high-energy sweetness."Alan Sepinwall of HitFix wrote, "Brooklyn Nine-Nine, gave us one of this season's more frantically-paced episodes in'Adrian Pimento.' The title character, played by Jason Mantzoukas, was such a tonal departure from what the show does that it needed more time to properly develop, as opposed to being squeezed into an episode with two subplots that weren’t fully-baked." Andy Crump of Paste gave the episode a 8.6 rating and wrote, "As with most marquee guest stars, Mantzoukas is paired off with Andy Samberg, whose talent for instant histrionics is grossly outmatched by his co-star's.'Adrian Pimento' has a lot of fun dabbling in anti-comedy, as Pimento arrives in the 9-9 and begins'funny' sharing stories of his time as a hatchet man for an very unpleasant mobster named'The Butcher.'"
"Adrian Pimento" on IMDb "Adrian Pimento" at TV.com
Jado & Gedo are a professional wrestling tag team that work in New Japan Pro-Wrestling, where they are the head bookers. One of the most accomplished tag teams in puroresu, the team has won numerous tag team titles and six-man tag team titles in over seven promotions. Both Jado and Gedo debuted for NJPW on March 19, 1989. Early on, Jado used the name Punish; the two were part of the TPG. Jado and Gedo joined Gran Hamada's Universal Lucha Libre promotion, where they became the first UWA/UWF Intercontinental Tag Team Champions on November 8, 1991 by defeating Silver King and El Texano, they would hold the title for nearly eight months, before losing them to Scorpio Jr. and Shu El Guerrero on June 15, 1992. Six days on June 21, Punish and Crush won the title back for a second time, but vacated them as the two decided to split up. By 1993, UWA/UWF closed and Punish and Crush decided to go to W*ING. After UWA/UWF closed and Crush jumped to W*ING in 1993, where Punish was able to win the W*ING/WWC Caribbean Heavyweight Championship, but their tenure proved to be short lived as W*ING closed in early 1994.
After W*ING closed and Crush joined Genichiro Tenryu's WAR promotion. It was in WAR that the two started going by their more famous names and Gedo. While in WAR, the two would get their big break as they formed an alliance with Hiromichi Fuyuki called Fuyuki-Gun and would dominate WAR Six Man Tag team Division for years to come; the three would defeat Tenryu, Animal Hamaguchi and Koki Kitahara in a tournament final on June 30, 1994 to become the first WAR World Six-Man Tag Team Champions. The three would hold the title for two months, before losing it to Bob Backlund, Scott Putski and The Warlord on August 26, 1994. Six days they would rebound and win the titles for a second time, holding the title for another four months before losing it on January 8, 1995. After losing the title, the team took a break with Gedo winning the WAR International Junior Heavyweight Championship on two occasions as well becoming a runner up in New Japan's 1995 Super J-Cup. By the summer of 1995, Jado and Fuyuki reunited and on August 5, 1995, won the Six-Man Tag Team Title for the third time by defeating Tenryu and Kitahar,a but lost the title one month on October 4 to Kitahara, Nobutaka Araya and Arashi.
On March 22, 1996, they would win the title for a fourth time in a rematch. Two months on May 26, 1996, they would lose the title to Yoji Anjo, Yoshihiro Takayama and Ken'ichi Yamamoto. A few weeks on June 7, Jado and Fuyuki would win the title for a fifth and final time. After the title was vacated on June 19, the three entered a tournament to win them back, but lost in the finals. After failing to regain the title and Gedo left WAR at the end of 1996. In 1997, Jado and Gedo followed Fuyuki to Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling and spend most of their time in Fuyuki's Team No Respect stable. Wasting no time, the three won the FMW World Street Fight 6-Man Tag Team Championship on March 21, 1997, but after four months as champions the title was vacated in July 1997. After losing the title and Gedo would be unable to win anymore championships together for the next few years, during this time, the team began wrestling for All Japan Pro Wrestling, most notably participating at All Japan's first Tokyo Dome show on May 1, 1998.
In 2000, Jado and Gedo returned to title glory as they won the vacated WEW World Tag Team Championship on July 14, 2000, but lost the title two weeks on July 28 to Pro Wrestling Noah's Masao Inoue and Yoshinobu Kanemaru. A few months on September 21, 2000, they would win the WEW Hardcore Tag Team Championship in a three way ladder match, but would lose those title a few weeks on October 10, 2000 to Supreme and Homeless Jimmy. Towards the end of their tenure and Gedo formed a stable with Masato Tanaka called The Complete Players, which won the Six Man Tag Team Championship; however ten days the group left FMW and were stripped of the title. Through FMW's working relationship with American promotion Extreme Championship Wrestling and Gedo worked three matches for the promotion in March 2000. In early 2001, Jado and Gedo returned to NJPW and sided with Masahiro Chono and his Team 2000 stable. After returning to New Japan they made an impact as they defeated Jyushin Thunder Liger and El Samurai at Dome Quake on July 20, 2001 to win their first IWGP Junior Heavyweight Tag Team Championship.
The two would dominate the title, holding it for over ten months and making six successful title defenses before losing it to Liger and Minoru Tanaka on May 2, 2002. For the next year and half, the team would get several shots at the title, but came up short, before regaining them on November 29, 2003 from Liger and Koji Kanemoto. Along with the Tag Title, Jado won the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship on October 13, 2003 giving Jado and Gedo a monopoly on the Junior Heavyweight division, they would lose the Jr. Tag Title on March 12, 2004 to American Dragon and Curry Man. Three months on June 12, they would win the title back for a third time and would hold onto them for over nine months and would make five successful title defenses before losing the title to Kanemoto and Wataru Inoue on March 4, 2005. Around the time of their third reign and Gedo joined Jyushin Thunder Liger's stable CTU. On July 8, 2006, Jado and Gedo would win their fourth Jr. Tag Title by defeating El Samurai and Ryusuke Taguchi
Du Hengyan is a retired general in the Chinese People's Liberation Army. He served as Deputy Director of the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission. Du joined the PLA as a serviceman in 1969, joined the Communist Party of China a year later. Wei served in the Shenyang Military Region the Beijing Military Region. In 1996 he became the deputy political commissar of the 28th Group Army. In 1998 he was awarded the rank of major general. In 2000 he became political commissar of the 65th Group Army. In 2005 he became deputy political commissar of the Jinan Military Region. In 2007 he was promoted to lieutenant general. In 2010 he became political commissar of the Jinan Military Region, he attained the rank of General in July 2012 he was made Deputy Director of the Political Work Department in the same year. He was a member of the 17th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and a member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
The North Eastern Railway Class S was a 4-6-0 type of steam locomotive designed for express passenger workings. The first example was built in 1899, they were similar to the NER Class S1, except for the smaller wheels of the Class S. They were designed to reduce double heading on the East Coast Main Line; however they steamed poorly, with a smaller and shallower grate than was used by other locomotives at the time, the 4-4-0s of the NER Class R replaced them, with the 4-4-2 layout being preferred for express passenger designs. The class were re-classified as London and North Eastern Railway Class B13 in 1923; the first seven locomotives had slide valves. The slide valve engines were fitted with piston valves. Schmidt superheaters were fitted between 1913 and 1925, they were withdrawn between 1928 and 1938. Boddy, M. G.. Fry, E. V.. Locomotives of the L. N. E. R. Part 2B: Tender Engines—Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8. "NER/LNER Worsdell "B13" Class 4-6-0". BR Database