Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. The name Friedrich–Alexander comes from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, its benefactor Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. FAU is the second largest state university in the state of Bavaria, it has 5 faculties, 24 departments/schools, 25 clinical departments, 21 autonomous departments, 579 professors, 3,457 members of research staff and 14,300 employees. In winter semester 2018/19 around 38,771 students enrolled in the university in 265 fields of study, with about 2/3 studying at the Erlangen campus and the remaining 1/3 at the Nuremberg campus; these statistics put FAU in the list of top 10 largest universities in Germany. In 2018, 7,390 students graduated from the university and 840 doctorates and 55 post-doctoral theses were registered. Moreover, FAU received 201 million Euro external funding in the same year, making it one of the strongest third-party funded universities in Germany.
FAU is a member of DFG and the Top Industrial Managers for Europe network. The university was founded in 1742, in Bayreuth by Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, moved to Erlangen in 1743. Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach provided significant support to the early university. From the beginning, the university was a Protestant institution, but over time it secularized. During the Nazi era, the university was one of the first that had a majority of Nazi supporters in the student council. In 1961, the business college in Nuremberg was merged with the university in Erlangen, so now the combined institution has a physical presence in the two cities. An engineering school was inaugurated in 1966. In 1972, the school of education in Nuremberg became part of the university. Below is a short timeline of FAU from its inception to its present form: 1700–1704: The Schloss of the Margraves at Erlangen is built. 1743: Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, issues an edict whereby the university founded in Bayreuth is transferred to Erlangen.
It has the four faculties of Protestant Theology, Jurisprudence and Philosophy. 1769: The University at Erlangen is given the new name of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität in honour of Alexander, Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth. 1818: The library of the University of Altdorf, dissolved in 1809, is moved to Erlangen. 1824: The first hospital is built. 1825: The university moves into the Schloss. 1920: The WiSo Faculty is established. 1927: Science is taken out of the Faculty of Arts thus creating the new Faculty of Science. 1961: The FAU acquires a further faculty through merger with the Nuremberg College of Economics and Social Sciences. The university's name is now Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. 1966: The Faculty of Engineering is established. 1972: The Teacher Training College in Nuremberg is incorporated into the Faculty of Education. 1993: The FAU celebrates its 250th anniversary. 1994: The Free State of Bavaria purchases for the university 4.4 hectares of land in Erlangen owned by the US military.
The area is now called Röthelheim Campus. 2000: The Bavaria-California Technology Centre opens its headquarters at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. 2000: Inauguration of the Research Centre in Clinical Molecular Biology in Erlangen. 2001: Opening of the Röthelheim Campus on the site of the old artillery barracks. 2004: Inauguration of the new building at the WiSo Faculty of Business Administration, Economics & Social Sciences in Nuremberg. FAU is the first German university to establish a branch campus in Busan in the Republic of Korea. In November 2009, its campus project received approval from the Korean Ministry of Education and Technology; the FAU Busan Branch Campus offers a Graduate School with a master's degree program in Chemical and Bioengineering and a research center. In 2014, the university announced its intention of working toward making the Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone an educational hub. To this end, FAU Busan works internationally with various universities; the University Library Erlangen-Nürnberg is the library system of the Friedrich Alexander University and is a regional library for the region of Middle Franconia.
As an academic universal library, it offers its users a wide range of specialist literature from all faculties and a variety of services. With 5.4 million volumes, it is Bavaria's largest library outside the state capital Munich. Large parts of the media stock are accessible in interregional lending; the University Library is a member of the Bibliotheksverbund Bayern. In February 2007, the senate of the university decided upon a restructuring into five faculties. Since October 2007, the FAU consists of: Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences, Theology Faculty of Business and Law Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Sciences Faculty of EngineeringThe following faculties were part of the university: Theological faculty Law faculty Medical faculty Philosophical faculty I Philosophical faculty II Science faculty I Science faculty II Science faculty
The Malayan night heron known as Malaysian night heron and tiger bittern, is a medium-sized heron. It is distributed in eastern Asia; the Malayan night heron has been found in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan. It is a vagrant in Christmas Palau, its range size is estimated at 1,240,000 km2. This bird occurs in forests and marshes; the Malayan night heron is about 48 cm long. The wingspan is about 86 cm, it is stocky, with a short beak. Its neck and breast are rufous. There are streaks going down the centre of the neck to the breast; the upperparts are vermiculated. The flight feathers are blackish; the crown is black, the chin is white, the eyes are yellow. The beak is black and the legs are greenish; the juvenile is spotted and vermiculated. The Malayan night heron is solitary, it feeds in open areas. Its territorial call is deep oo notes, it produces hoarse croaks and arh, arh. The most common food items are earthworms and frogs, it will sometimes eat fish.
A study of its pellets found reptiles, chilopods, arachnids and insects. The bird has a large range and its global population is between 2,000 and 20,000 individuals, its population trend is not known, but it does not meet the criteria for a vulnerable species status. BirdLife Species Factsheet
Ma Liwen is a female Chinese film director. She has directed a handful of films during the 2000s, including 2005's You and Me, two films in 2008, Lost and Found and Desires of the Heart. Born Ma Xiaoying in 1971 in Jiangxi province, Ma would move to Beijing in the early 1990s, she graduated from the Central Academy of Drama in 1994, is one of Fifth Generation director Tian Zhuangzhuang's protégés along with Ning Hao. Her debut film, was shot on a small budget. In 2005, Ma Liwen directed You and Me, which drew on her own experiences living in a small courtyard apartment in Beijing; the film won the Ma a Golden Rooster for Best Director in 2005 and Best Actress award for actress Jin Yaqin. Ma Liwen on IMDb Ma Liwen at the Chinese Film Database
The Bali are a clan of the Mohyal community, who are found in North India the states of Jammu and Kashmir and Delhi. Mohyals have long claimed a few royal houses of ancient and early medieval times as their own ancestors, including Raja Dahir and the Sikh Shahi kings of Kabul and the Punjab. According to their oral history, the Kabul dynasty of King Spalapati that reached a glory under his son King Samanta Dev were of the Datt lineage, whose ancestors in preceding centuries are said to have been displaced as rulers of a small coastal territory called Harya Bunder further towards the Middle-East; some of the latter Hindu Shahi Kings that were defeated after successive invasions by Ghazni Sultans are claimed to have been of the Vaid clan, which according to Mohyal ballads is said to have nearly been wiped out in the process. As per Mohyals' history, King Dahir of Brahmanabad in Sindh belonged to the Chhibber clan and was a forefather of Bhai Mati Das. Other oral and written sources talk of the Raja Vishav Rai of the Lau clan having ruled over Bajwara, the Mohans ruling over Mamdot.
Some of the other royals claimed by Mohyals as their own forefathers are claimed by other groups, these names include King Porus and Raja Nand of Punjab. During the Mughal and Sikh rule, they were bestowed with titles like Sultan, Dewan, Mehta etc. in reward for their bravery. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had appointed many Mohyals to his famous Vadda Risala-the Life Guards of the Lion of Punjab. During the British period, fifty percent of the Mohyal commissioned officers, were decorated with awards for their distinguished services. In the self-serving "Theory of Martial Races" propounded by the British after the 1857 mutiny, Mohyals were the only predominantly Sikh community from Punjab included in the classification; this ethnic group is divided into seven clans listed below with their gotras: 1. Bali: Parashar 2. Bhimwal: Kaushal 3. Chhibber/Chibber: Bhrigu 4. Datt: Bharadwaja 5. Lau: Vasishtha 6. Mohan: Kashyap 7. Vaid: Bharadwaja Currently, a documented history of Mohyals is derived from oral history and a few historical records.
The known written works include the following: Bali Nama by Rattan Chand Bali Mirat-ul-Mohyali Islah-e-Mohyali Raizada Rattan Chand Vaid Mohyal History Chuni Lal Dutt Gulshan-e-Mohyali Raizada Hari Chand Vaid Jang Nama - An account of the Mohans by Har Bhagwan Lau Tawarikh-e-Vaidaan - A history of the Vaids The history of the Muhiyals: The militant Brahman race of India by T. P. Russell Stracey Mohyal History by P. N. Bali
"The Heretic Anthem" is a song by American heavy metal band Slipknot. The song was released as a promotional single from their second album Iowa. Revolver describes "The Heretic Anthem" as being derived more from death metal than nu metal; the song was written about record labels who showed no interest in signing a recording contract with the band. The lyrics, "I bleed for this and I bleed for you/ Still you look in my face like I'm somebody new/ TOY – nobody wants anything I've got/ Which is fine, because you're made of/ Everything – I'm – NOT", reflect this attitude. Promo singleLive single The American band Periphery covered the song in 2012 and released as a bonus track for the limited edition of Periphery II: This Time It's Personal; the American band Carnifex covered the song in 2018. Andrew Baena covered the song in 2018 with Johnny Ciardullo
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana is a government-backed Life insurance scheme in India. It was mentioned in the 2015 Budget speech by Finance Minister Sri Arun Jaitley in February 2015, it was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata. As of May 2015, only 20% of India's population has any kind of insurance, this scheme aims to increase the number. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana is available to people between 18 and 50 years of age with bank accounts, it has an annual premium of ₹330. The GST is exempted on Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana; the amount will be automatically debited from the account. In case of death due to any cause, the payment to the nominee will be ₹2 lakh; this scheme will be linked to the bank accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana scheme. Most of these account had zero balance initially; the government aims to reduce the number of such zero balance accounts by using this and related schemes. Now all Bank account holders can avail this facility through their net-banking service facility or filling a form at the bank branch at any time of the year.
The premium is deducted automatically from the insured's bank account. Insured's family members will receive a sum insured of 2 lac Rupees after insured's death; as of 31 March 2019, 5.91 crore people have enrolled for this scheme. 1,35,212 claims have been disbursed amounting to a total of ₹2,704.24 crore. The banks have complained that revenue received will be low; some bankers have claimed that amount they are receiving is not sufficient to cover the service costs. Since this is a scheme, banks have not received instruction regarding cases where excessive claims are in a year. Insurers have pointed out that no health certificate or information of pre-existing disease is required for joining. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, a financial inclusion scheme in India Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, a related accident insurance scheme Atal Pension Yojana, a related pension scheme