University of Leeds

The University of Leeds is a public research university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It was established in 1874 as the Yorkshire College of Science. In 1884 it was renamed Yorkshire College, it became part of the federal Victoria University in 1887, joining Owens College and University College Liverpool. In 1904 a royal charter was granted to the University of Leeds by King Edward VII. For 2017-18 Leeds is ranked nationally between 14th; the university is ranked as the 31st best in Europe and was ranked 93rd in the QS World University Rankings for 2019. Leeds was ranked in the top three in the UK and the top 20 in the world for graduate employability, it was ranked as the fifth most targeted British university by the UK's top graduate employers in 2016-17. Leeds was ranked 10th in the UK for research power in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, the best result in the Yorkshire and the Humber region; the university was named the 2017 Sunday Times University of the Year, having been runner-up in 2016.

The university has 36,250 students, the fifth largest university in the UK. From 2006 to present, the university has been ranked within the top 5 in the United Kingdom for the number of applications received. Leeds had an income of £706.2 million in 2017/18, of which £137.1 million was from research grants and contracts. The university has financial endowments of £77.2 million, ranking outside the top ten British universities by financial endowment. Notable alumni include former Secretary of State Jack Straw, former co-chairman of the Conservative Party Sayeeda Warsi, Piers Sellers and six Nobel laureates; the university's history is linked to the development of Leeds as an international centre for the textile industry and clothing manufacture in the United Kingdom during the Victorian era. The university's roots can be traced back to the formation of schools of medicine in English cities to serve the general public. Before 1900, only six universities had been established in England and Wales: Oxford, London, Durham and Wales.

The Victoria University was established in Manchester in 1880 as a federal university in the North of England, instead of the government elevating Owens College to a university and grant it a royal charter. Owens College was the sole college of Victoria University from 1880 to 1884. In 1831, the Leeds School of Medicine was established with the aim of serving the needs of the five medical institutions, established in the city. In 1874, the Yorkshire College of Science was created to provide education for the children of middle-class industrialists and merchants. Financial support from local industry was crucial in aiding the students; the university continues to recognise these elements of its history. The College of Science, modelled on Owens College, was established in 1851 as non-sectarian, was open to Protestant Dissenters and Jews since Oxford and Cambridge restricted attendance to members only of the Church of England. University College London was non-sectarian; the religious qualification ceased in the 1850s but the classics-based education continued at Oxford and Cambridge.

The Northern colleges continued to promote themselves as offering a general education, progressive and pragmatic in nature as were the technical colleges of Germany and the ancient universities upon which they were modelled. The Yorkshire College of Science began by teaching experimental physics, geology, mining and biology, soon became well known as an international centre for the study of engineering and textile technology; when classics, modern literature and history went on offer a few years the Yorkshire College of Science became the Yorkshire College. In 1884, the Yorkshire College absorbed the Leeds School of Medicine and subsequently joined the federal Victoria University on 3 November 1887. Students in this period were awarded external degrees by the University of London. Leeds was given its first university in 1887 when the Yorkshire College joined the federal Victoria University on 3 November; the Victoria University had been established by royal charter in 1880. Leeds now found itself in an educational union with close social cousins from Manchester and Liverpool.

Unlike Owens College, the Leeds campus of the Victoria University had never barred women from its courses. However, it was not until special facilities were provided at the Day Training College in 1896 that women began enrolling in significant numbers; the first female student to begin a course at the university was Lilias Annie Clark, who studied Modern Literature and Education. The Victoria University was a short-lived concept, as the multiple university locations in Manchester and Liverpool were keen to establish themselves as separate, independent universities; this was due to the benefits a university had for the cities of Liverpool and Manchester whilst the institutions were unhappy with the practica

Ceremonial first pitch

The ceremonial first pitch is a longstanding ritual of baseball in which a guest of honor throws a ball to mark the end of pregame festivities and the start of the game. The guest threw a ball from his/her place in the grandstand to the pitcher or catcher of the home team, but the ritual changed after President Ronald Reagan threw the first pitch on the field at an unscheduled appearance at a Baltimore Orioles game. Now, the guest throws towards home plate, he or she may sometimes stand on the mound. The recipient of the pitch is a player from the home team; the ceremonial thrower may be a notable person, in attendance, an executive from a company that sponsors the team, or a person who won the first pitch opportunity as a contest prize. In the minor leagues, multiple first pitches are made; the practice of having a mayor, governor, or other local celebrity throw out ceremonial "first pitches" dates back to at least 1890. Ohio Governor William McKinley, for example, "threw the ball into the diamond" before an opening day game between Toledo and Columbus in 1892.

On April 23, 2012, the Texas Rangers executed a unique twist on the first pitch tradition. Before the Rangers' home game against the New York Yankees, the team held an official retirement ceremony for longtime catcher Iván Rodríguez. Instead of going to the pitcher's mound, he went behind home plate and threw the first "pitch" to longtime teammate Michael Young, standing at second base. Former Japanese Prime Minister Ōkuma Shigenobu threw out the ceremonial first pitch at the first game of an American All-Star team's tour of Japan in 1908, making him the first former chief executive of any country to throw out a first pitch. President William Howard Taft started the American tradition of Presidential first pitches in 1910 at Griffith Stadium, Washington, D. C. on the Washington Senators' Opening Day. Every President from Taft to Obama has thrown out at least one ceremonial first ball or pitch, either for Opening Day, the All-Star Game, or the World Series with much fanfare; the current President, Donald Trump, has yet to throw a ceremonial first pitch, though has done so for Minor League games prior to taking office.

President George W. Bush has thrown more first pitches than any other president, his father George H. W. Bush joins him near the top of the list for most first pitches thrown by a President. "U. S. Presidents & Major League Baseball". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2008-03-30

Rohtak Zoo

The Tilyar Mini Zoo, Rohtak is located inside the Tilyar Lake complex on Delhi Road in Rohtak, India. This Zoo was built in year 1987; the Tilyar Zoo at Rohtak is 42 km from Delhi border and the zoo is well maintained, Tilyar Lake and Tilyar Zoo are worth visiting specially for families. Fishing is permissible at Tilyar Lake after paying INR200 fishing fee. Haryana had many mini zoos spread across the state. In 2001 the Government of Haryana decided to shut these down and replace them with well developed viable zoos, this included setting up the zoo at Rohtak within Tilyar Lake complex; as a result, enclosures for housing animals and aviaries for birds were built. Visitor facilities such as landscaping, walkways ahd trials, hillocks, artificial waterfalls, visitor toilets and resting shelters, watch towers, drinking water facilities, etc. were created. The following animals have been housed in this zoo: Deer Park, founded in 1970-71, is oldest among zoos and deer parks in Haryana Haryana is now left with 5 tigers in captivity: 2 each in Mini Zoo and Rohtak Zoo and 1 in Pipali Zoo In 2003, a baby baboon was born in captivity in Pipali Zoo In 2009, tiger Apaya of Bhiwani zoo attacked and killed another tigress.

In 2011, tiger Apaya of Bhiwani zoo attacked her. Rani was buried on the zoo premises. In 2011 another tiger Brondis had killed a caretaker in Bhiwani zoo. In 2014, 43 private school kids who were visiting Bhiwnai zoo were attacked by the bees. Species found at the zoo. Video of Rohtak Zoo is here and another video of tiger there is here. A travelogue collage of pictures is available here