The University Belt is the unofficial name of a de facto subdistrict in Manila, Philippines. It refers to the area where there is a high concentration or a cluster of colleges and universities in the city; the University Belt is understood as the one located in San Miguel district. But technically it includes nearby Sampaloc and Santa Cruz, it includes the western end of España Boulevard, Nicanor B. Reyes Street, the eastern end of Recto Avenue, Legarda Street, Mendiola Street, the different side streets; each of the colleges and universities found here are at a short walking distance of each other. However, Manila has other clusters of universities and colleges, such as the one found in the long stretch of Taft Avenue from Ermita through Malate, although not as compact, another one found inside the walled city of Intramuros, although not as many as the one found in San Miguel; the three clusters are close enough together that many consider it as one huge University Belt. All are found within no more than four miles, in an irregular crescent string shape, across seven of the sixteen districts of Manila.
Major universities and colleges located in Sampaloc, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa, San Miguel: Arellano University Centro Escolar University College of the Holy Spirit Manila De Ocampo Memorial Colleges Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology Far Eastern University FEATI University Guzman College of Science and Technology La Consolacion College Manila Manila Business College Manila Law College Manuel L. Quezon University Mary Chiles College National Teachers College National University Philippine College of Criminology Philippine College of Health Sciences Philippine School of Business Administration PMI Colleges Polytechnic University of the Philippines Saint Jude College Saint Rita College San Beda University San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Manila STI College Recto Campus Technological Institute of the Philippines University of the East University of Manila University of Santo TomasThe University Belt is near Malacañan Palace, protesters would pass by the colleges and universities on their way to Mendiola Street and the Chino Roces Bridge, a frequent venue of rallies.
All institutions are all located along or near Taft Avenue stretching from Ermita to Malate, with a distance long of 2.25 miles from Universidad de Manila in the north to De La Salle University in the south. Adamson University De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde De La Salle University Emilio Aguinaldo College Philippine Christian University Philippine Normal University Philippine Women's University Saint Paul University Manila St. Scholastica's College Manila Santa Isabel College Manila Technological University of the Philippines Universidad de Manila University of the Philippines Manila All institutions are located within the walled city of Intramuros, it lies close in the northern tip of the Taft Ave. cluster. Colegio de San Juan de Letran Lyceum of the Philippines University Mapúa University Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila List of universities and colleges in Metro Manila España Boulevard Mendiola Street Legarda Street
Seisa Dohto University
Seisa Dohto University is a university in Kitahiroshima, Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan. Seisa Dohto University Seisa Dohto University
Mixed-sex education known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures in Western countries. Single-sex education, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries; the relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate. The world's oldest co-educational day and boarding school is Dollar Academy, a junior and senior school for males and females from ages 5 to 18 in Scotland, United Kingdom. From its opening in 1818 the school admitted both boys and girls of the parish of Dollar and the surrounding area; the school continues in existence to the present day with around 1,250 pupils. The first co-educational college to be founded was Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Ohio, it opened on December 3, 1833, including 29 men and 15 women. Equal status for women did not arrive until 1837, the first three women to graduate with bachelor's degrees did so in 1840.
By the late 20th century, many institutions of higher learning, for people of one sex had become coeducational. In early civilizations, people were educated informally: within the household; as time progressed, education became more formal. Women had few rights when education started to become a more important aspect of civilization. Efforts of the ancient Greek and Chinese societies focused on the education of males. In ancient Rome, the availability of education was extended to women, but they were taught separately from men; the early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. In the 16th century, at the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic church reinforced the establishment of free elementary schools for children of all classes; the concept of universal elementary education, regardless of sex, had been created. After the Reformation, coeducation was introduced in western Europe, when certain Protestant groups urged that boys and girls should be taught to read the Bible.
The practice became popular in northern England and colonial New England, where young children, both male and female, attended dame schools. In the late 18th century, girls were admitted to town schools; the Society of Friends in England, as well as in the United States, pioneered coeducation as they did universal education, in Quaker settlements in the British colonies and girls attended school together. The new free public elementary, or common schools, which after the American Revolution supplanted church institutions, were always coeducational, by 1900 most public high schools were coeducational as well. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coeducation grew much more accepted. In Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the education of girls and boys in the same classes became an approved practice. In Australia there is a trend towards increased coeducational schooling with new coeducational schools opening, few new single sex schools opening and existing single sex schools combining or opening their doors to the opposite gender.
The first mixed-sex institution of higher learning in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute, renamed National Central University and Nanjing University. For millennia in China, public schools public higher learning schools, were for men. Only schools established by zongzu were for both male and female students; some schools such as Li Zhi's school in Ming Dynasty and Yuan Mei's school in Qing Dynasty enrolled both male and female students. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University and Peking Girls' Higher Normal School, but there were no coeducation in higher learning schools. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of mixed-sex education, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students at the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal School held on December seventh, 1919, he proposed that the university recruit female students. The idea was supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming, such famous professors as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo, but opposed by many famous men of the time.
The meeting decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal School enrolled eight Chinese female students in 1920. In the same year Peking University began to allow women students to audit classes. One of the most notable female students of that time was Jianxiong Wu. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded; the Chinese government has provided more equal opportunities for education since and all schools and universities have become mixed-sex. In recent years, many female and/or single-sex schools have again emerged for special vocational training needs but equal rights for education still apply to all citizens. In China Muslim Hui and Muslim Salars are against coeducation, due to Islam, Uyghurs are the only Muslims in China that do not mind coeducation and practice it. Admission to the Sorbonne was opened to girls in 1860; the baccalaureat became gender-blind in 1924, giving equal chances to all girls in applying to any universities. Mixed-sex education became mandatory for primary schools in 1957 and for all universities in 1975.
St. Paul's Co-educational College was the first mixed-sex secondary school in Hong Kong, it was founded in 1915 as St. Paul's Girls' College. At the end of World War II it was temporarily merged with St. Paul's College, a boys' school; when classes at the campus of St. Paul'
University of the City of Manila
The Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila or University of the City of Manila is a city government funded and tuition-free local university situated inside the historic walled area of Intramuros, Philippines. It was established on June 19, 1965 and opened on July 17, 1967 to 556 scholars, all coming from the top ten percent of graduates of Manila's public high schools. PLM holds the distinction of being: the first tertiary-level institution in the country to offer tuition-free education. From its first enrollment record of 556 freshman scholars coming from the top ten percent of the graduating classes of Manila's twenty-nine public high schools, total semestral enrollment has grown to an average of 10,000; the lone college in its earliest beginning has sprung to 12 colleges, seven graduate, two professional schools, a score of research and specialized centers, including a teaching hospital, an entrepreneurial center, an integrated learning center for toddlers. In addition, it maintains a comprehensive distance education and open university program for thousands of community health workers and public administrators in different regions nationwide, with affiliations and recognition from various national and international organizations and institutions.
Based on a study using cumulative data from 1999 to 2003 showed that during the said period PLM was among the top five schools nationwide in terms of board exam passing rate. In the same study, it was one among three public universities in the top ten category; as a chartered and autonomous university, PLM is governed by a Board of Regents and administered by a president. The Board of Regents, the highest decision-making body of PLM, has the authority to grant diplomas and titles to students who have completed their academic programs and validate graduation of students; the six-member Board is composed of the president of the PLM, a representative of the PLM faculty, a distinguished alumnus, a respected educator, one other respected professional, the superintendent of the Division of City Schools-Manila. Each member serves a six-year tenure of office; the president oversees the implementation of the university policies. Under the president are the offices of four vice presidents — executive vice president, vice president for Academic Affairs, vice president for Administration, vice president for Finance and Planning.
The university is organized into 12 undergraduate colleges, two professional schools, seven graduate schools, an open university and distance learning program, which are all supervised by the executive vice president. These academic units collectively provide 53 single-degree undergraduate and 49 masters and graduate diploma programs; the Arts and Sciences degree programs at the undergraduate level are conferred through the College of Accountancy & Economics, the College of Architecture & Urban Planning, the College of Engineering & Technology, the College of Human Development, the College of Liberal Arts, the College of Management & Entrepreneurship, the College of Mass Communication, the College of Nursing, the College of Physical Education, Recreation & Sports, the College of Physical Therapy, the College of Science, the College of Tourism, Hotel & Travel Industry Management. Postgraduate studies are being administered through the open university and distance learning program, the College of Law, the College of Medicine, the six graduate schools, including the Emeritus College, the Graduate School of Arts, Sciences & Education, the Graduate School of Health Sciences, the Graduate School of Engineering, the Graduate School of Law, the Graduate School of Management, the President Ramon Magsaysay Graduate School of Public Governance.
PLM is the tenth largest university in Metro Manila with a total student enrollment of 13,711. For the undergraduate class of 2006-2007, PLM received 40,000 college applications, accepted 3% of them. While admittance to the undergraduate colleges are exclusive for Manila residents, non-residents who have graduated either as Salutatorian or Valedictorian are privileged to take the PLM Admission Test and qualify as freshmen; as for the professional and graduate schools, no specific residency requirements are imposed. Full scholarship is entitled for Manila residents. Other scholarships are available in the university, with funding coming from alumni donations, the government, the private sector. PLM's endowment in 2008 was valued at PhP 500 million, excluding budgetary allocation for its chief teaching hospital, the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, about PhP 250 million; the University spends about four to fives times the national average for education. PLM uses a semester-based modular system for conducting courses, adopts features of the American credit system, employs the General Weighted Average system and a 1.00 to 5.00 grading scale.
Grounded in its commitment to the City of Manila and the whole country, PLM implements a framework of action that fosters a culture of service among its administrators and alumni dubbed as "Malasakit sa Kapwa, Malasakit sa Bansa", on which all curricular programs of the University are anchored. As one of the participating schools of medicine in "Bagong Doktor para sa Bayan" of the national government, the College of Medicine makes sure that medical interns are stationed for months in far-flung barangays to immerse themselves and apply community dynamics, family medicine theories, appropriate technologies with the people of the community. Students in the College of Nurs
St. Paul University Quezon City
St. Paul University Quezon City is a private, sectarian and a women's college. Situated on a gentle slope of what was known as New Manila, the SPUQC campus now occupies an entire block bordered by busy Aurora Boulevard, Gilmore Avenue, Third street, Dona Magdalena Hemady Street in Quezon City. St. Paul College Quezon City catered to young women of the upscale area of New Manila In June 2006, SPUQC started to open its doors to young men who desire to undergo their college education and formation in St. Paul University of Quezon City; the High School department followed suit when the first set of graduates from the co-ed Grade School enrolled in the High School in June 2008. Its sister school St. Paul College Pasig remained an exclusive all-girls school. St. Paul University of Quezon City is recognized by the Department of Education and the Commission on Higher Education and a charter member of the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools and Universities, it has earned Level III accreditation on all of its respective schools.
In May 2012, PAASCU granted re-accredited status to the Science, Liberal Arts, Business Programs. The late actress Ama Quiambao was a former faculty member of AB Mass Communications under the College of Arts and Education of the university; the college was established as St. Paul College Quezon City Branch in 1946, it was founded by the Sisters of St. Paul of Chartres, a congregation established in Chartres, France, by Father Louis Chauvet in 1696. St. Paul College Quezon City catered to young women of the upscale area of New Manila; the Liberal Arts and Commerce programs were first granted accreditation status by PAASCU in 1983 along with the High School department. The application for the accreditation of the Science programs followed in 1989. All these programs have periodically been granted re-accreditation status since then; the grade school was offered to boys and girls. The high school and college levels were offered to women, making the school a full women's college in 1966; the college enjoys full autonomy status from the Commission on Higher Education of the Philippines.
It was awarded a Level III Accreditation by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools and Universities. The college is part of the Women's Consortium Colleges which includes Miriam College in Katipunan, Assumption College San Lorenzo in Makati, La Consolacion College Manila in Mendiola, the College of the Holy Spirit Manila in Mendiola; the St. Paul University system SPUQC, has developed a cult following regarding the school's prescribed uniform. From the checkered skirt to the long sleeved polo and neckties used by Paulinians. Rhea Santos - GMA-7 newscaster Rafael Velasco - CEO,ABS-CBN Michelle Marquez - IT Batch 2000, Programmer at NASA Tootsie Guevara - former ABS-CBN actress and recording artist Liezl Sumilang-Martinez - Actress, MTRCB Board Maxine Medina - Miss Universe Philippines 2016 Alex Gonzaga - Actress, ABS-CBN Rafael Velasco - CEO,ABS-CBN
University of the Philippines Manila
The University of the Philippines Manila is a state-funded medical and research university located in Ermita, Philippines. It is known for being country's center of excellence in the health sciences, including health professional education and research, it is the oldest of the seven constituent universities of the University of the Philippines System predating the founding of UP by three years. Established on December 1, 1905 as the Philippine Medical School and called as the UP College of Medicine and Surgery on June 10, 1907, it was renamed as University of the Philippines Manila in 1983. UP Manila administers and operates the Philippine General Hospital, the largest medical center and the national referral center for health in the Philippines; the university is the home of the National Institutes of Health. Its 14 hectare campus occupies two large city blocks and it contains pre-war heritage buildings and structures built during the American Period designed by American Architect William E. Parsons, which were declared by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines as historical landmarks.
Since 2001, the College of Medicine and the College of Nursing has been recognized as Centers of Excellence by the Commission on Higher Education. On December 1, 1905, the Philippine Medical School was established under Commonwealth Act No. 1415. It opened on June 10, 1907, was housed at the School for the Deaf and Blind located on Malecon Drive. On June 18, 1908, the Philippine Assembly passed the Act No. 1870 known as the University Charter, marking the birth of the University of the Philippines. The Act renamed the Philippine Medical School as the University of the Philippines College of Medicine and Surgery; the control and management of the medical school was entrusted to the University of the Philippines Board of Regents on December 8, 1910. Its name was shortened to the University of the Philippines College of Medicine on March 1, 1923. UP opened its doors in 1909 with the School of Fine Arts, the College of Liberal Arts, College of Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, College of Engineering and the College of Law.
It operates the UP College of Agriculture in Los Baños, Laguna. These schools and colleges, established on different locations, were transferred to the UP Campus along Pedro Gil Street, Manila on July 1, 1910 except for the College of Agriculture. In 1907, the US government passed a law establishing the Philippine General Hospital, it was founded by Dean C. Worcester, an American, a member of the United States Philippine Commission. On September 1, 1910, the 350-bed capacity hospital was opened to the public for health care delivery and clinical instruction and training of medical students. Dr. Paul Freer served as its first Medical School Dean until 1912. On February 5, 1915, the Philippine Legislative Act No. 2467 reorganized the Training School for Nurses into the PGH School of Nursing and established it as a department of PGH. A few years in 1914, 1915 and 1927, the School of Pharmacy, Department of Dentistry and the School of Public Health were created under the UP College of Medicine; these units became full-fledged degree-granting units in 1935, 1948, 1932, respectively.
The university was destroyed during the Battle of Manila in 1945. However, the College of Medicine under Dean, Dr. Antonio G. Sison, PGH were still able to fulfill their mandate of attending to the injured and the sick. On December 15, 1948, much the university transferred to its sprawling 493 hectare campus in Diliman, Quezon City. Three units, Medicine and Public Health, were left behind in the war-torn UP Campus in Manila. On the 40th anniversary of the University of the Philippines in 1949, the original Oblation was transferred to UP's Diliman Campus in Quezon City from its original site along Padre Faura Street in Manila as a symbol of transfer of administrative seat. In April 1948, the UP College of Nursing, which established in the Diliman Campus, instituted the first baccalaureate program in Nursing in the Philippines. More academic units were established in the 1960s; these included the School of Allied Medical Professions, housed at the National Orthopedic Hospital, the Philippine Eye Research Institute in 1965.
With the clamor to meet the health science education needs of the growing population, a Health Sciences Center within the University of the Philippines was created through the passage of RA 5163 on June 17, 1967. It was mandated to seek and emphasize the highest standards of training and research in the various health sciences. However, the Center at the Diliman Campus did not materialize due to fiscal constraints. In 1972, the UP College Manila was instituted as the first extension unit to offer liberal arts courses. Thereafter, UP was reorganized into the University of the Philippines System to effect institutional unity, while allowing decentralization of authority and autonomy of the component units through Presidential Decree No. 58, promulgated on November 20, 1972, under the administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, it was approved by the Board of Regents at its 828th meeting on November 21, 1972, was implemented on January 1, 1973. The UP Health Sciences Center became an autonomous component of the UP System through Executive Order No. 519 dated January 24, 1979.
At that time, the Center was composed of the College of Medicine, College of Pharmacy, College of Dentistry, Institute of Public Health, School of Allied Medical Professions, Philippine General Hospital, UP Health Service, Philippine Eye Referral Institute (renamed as the Institute of Ophth