The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is the oldest in Victoria, its main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria. Melbourne is a sandstone university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21, Washington University's McDonnell International Scholars Academy, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university. There are 10 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty. Melbourne comprises 10 separate academic units and is associated with numerous institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute.
Amongst Melbourne's 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School and the Melbourne Medical School are well regarded. Times Higher Education ranked Melbourne 32nd globally in 2017-2018, while the Academic Ranking of World Universities places Melbourne 38th in the world, in the QS World University Rankings 2019 Melbourne ranks 39th globally and ranked sixth in the world according to the 2019 QS Graduate Employability Rankings. Four Australian prime ministers and five governors-general have graduated from the University of Melbourne. Ten Nobel laureates have been the most of any Australian university; the university's coat of arms is a blue shield on which a depiction of "Victory" in white colour holds her laurel wreath over the stars of the Southern Cross. The motto, Postera crescam laude, is written on a scroll beneath the shield; the Latin is from a line in Horace's Odes: ego postera crescam laude recens. The University of Melbourne was established following a proposal by Hugh Childers, the Auditor-General and Finance Minister, in his first Budget Speech on 4 November 1852, who set aside a sum of £10,000 for the establishment of a university.
The university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine and music. The act provided for an annual endowment of £9,000, while a special grant of £20,000 was made for buildings that year; the foundation stone was laid on 3 July 1854, on the same day the foundation stone for the State Library Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students. The original buildings were opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855. A law school was established in 1857 at the Parkville campus, following which a Faculty of Engineering and School of Medicine were established in 1861 and 1862 respectively; the university's residential colleges were first opened on the northern aspect of the campus in 1872, divided between the four main Christian denominations. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry, held the position until his death in 1880; the inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush.
The institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth. In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the more conservative ruling council. Julia'Bella' Guerin graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1883, became the first woman to graduate from an Australian University. Early in the 1900s the university expanded its offerings to more utilitarian courses. In 1901 the number of students enrolled at the University of Melbourne exceeded 500 students for the first time; the university established the Diploma of Education in 1903, following negotiations with the Victorian Education Department. Despite the economic depression of the 1890s and the discovery of a significant fraud by a university registrar in 1901, the university continued to expand during this period; this growth included the construction of several buildings between 1900 and 1906. Such growth was facilitated through an increased government funding allocation, the coinciding university led funding campaign.
To accompany the training dentists received by the Melbourne Dental Hospital, a School of Dentistry was established to teach the scientific basis of dentistry at the university. Agriculture was established in 1911 following the appointment of the State Director of Agriculture as the first professor. During this period the university became a notable site for research, emerging as a leader in Australia. Following World War II the demand for higher education increased and as a result became a transformative period for the university. Expansion of the university increased during the 1980s and 1990s, as the university amalgamated with a number of tertiary colleges. In 1988 the Melbourne Teachers' College was brought into the Faculty of Education, the amalgamation lead to the formation of a distinctly new Faculty of Education; the College of Advanced Education was incorporated into the university in 1989. During this period, more students than had before attended the university; the university had expanded its student population to beyond 35,000 students.
High Desert is a master-planned community built by High Desert Investment Corporation in the Far Northeast Heights of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The boundaries of the High Desert neighborhood are Tramway Blvd. to the west, Simms Park Road to the north, the Sandia Mountains to the east, Bear Canyon Open Space to the south. The High Desert area is one of the most expensive areas of Albuquerque. High Desert is one of the most elevated neighborhoods in Albuquerque, as most of the neighborhood is at or above 6,000 feet in elevation. High Desert is zoned to Georgia O'Keeffe Elementary School, Eisenhower Middle School, Eldorado High School. There are 23 subdivisions of homes located within High Desert; some of the subdivisions consist of homes on estates that are 4,000 square feet or more. The estate subdivisions of High Desert are located to the east of High Desert Street, to the north and east of Blue Grama Road/Imperata Street; some of the other subdivisions consist of homes that are on much smaller lots that are between 1,500 and 3,500 square feet.
High Desert Residential Owners Association
Bambasi is one of the 20 woredas in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Asosa Zone, it is bordered by the Mao-Komo special woreda on the southwest, Asosa in the northwest, Oda Buldigilu in the northeast, by the Oromia Region in the southeast; this woreda and its only town, are named for the tallest point in this zone, Mount Bambasi. Rivers include the Dabus; the 2007 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 48,694, of whom 30,720 were men and 23,974 were women. The majority of the inhabitants said they were Moslem, with 66.69% of the population reporting they observed this belief, while 29.26% of the population practised Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 3.83% were Protestant. Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 47,374, of whom 23,863 are men and 23,511 are women. With an estimated area of 2,210.16 square kilometers, Bambasi has a population density of 21.4 people per square kilometer, greater than the Zone average of 19.95.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 34,475 in 8,117 households, of whom 17,419 were men and 17,056 were women. The five largest ethnic groups reported in Bambasi were the Amhara, the Berta, the Oromo, 12.3% Fadashi, the Tigray, the Mao.]] is spoken as a first language by 42.7%, 33.7% speak Berta, 13.4% Fadashi 12.2% Oromiffa, 5.6% Tigrinya, 3.7% speak Mao one of the northern group of Omotic languages. The majority of the inhabitants were Muslim, with 72.3% of the population reporting they belonged to that faith, while 26.3% observed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity. Concerning education, 17.1% of the population were considered literate, less than the Zone average of 18.49%. Concerning sanitary conditions, 56.8% of the urban houses and 26% of all houses had access to safe drinking water at the time of the census.