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University of Montana

The University of Montana is a public research university in Missoula, Montana. UM is its second largest campus. UM reported 10,962 undergraduate and graduate students in the fall of 2018; the University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among public universities in producing Rhodes Scholars. The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars, 14 Goldwater Scholars and 40 Udall Scholars to its name. An act of Congress of February 18, 1881 dedicated 72 sections in Montana Territory for the creation of the University. Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8, 1889, the Montana Legislature soon began to consider where the state's permanent capital and state university would be located. To be sure that the new state university would be located in Missoula, the city's leaders made an agreement with the standing capital of Helena that Missoula would stay out of the bidding for the new capital and would support Helena over its leading competitor, Anaconda; the cities' bids were supported by the rival "Copper Kings," William A. Clark and Marcus Daly, respectively.

Missoula won the legislative vote for the new university at the Third Montana Legislative Assembly in February 1893. The University was formally opened in 1895. While plans for a university campus were progressing, classes were temporarily held at nearby Willard School; the South Missoula Land Company, owned by A. B. Hammond, Richard Eddy and Marcus Daly, joined with the Higgins family in donating land for the new campus. In June 1898 the cornerstone for A. J. Gibson designed University Hall was laid and Missoula became "the University City." The University of Montana comprises eleven full colleges and schools: College of Humanities & Sciences. A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation; the Phyllis J. Washington College of Education and Human Sciences is divided into five academic departments and the Institute of Educational Research and Service. In 1914, the University of Montana School of Law became a member of The Association of American Law Schools and in 1923, the School received accreditation from the American Bar Association.

The W. A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation offers five undergraduate majors and five Master's of Science and three PhDs. For the fall 2017 term, 6,182 students applied to the University of Montana. Ninety-three percent were accepted; the entering freshman class had an average high school GPA of 3.55, the middle 50% range of SAT scores were 540-650 for reading and writing, 520-620 for math, while the ACT Composite range was 21–26. The original plan of the University campus was designed by one of its first professors, Frederich Scheuch, who called for the central oval to be surrounded by immediate and future University buildings. Although Scheuch's plan called for all building entrances to face the center of the Oval, forming a radiating building pattern, buildings were constructed with three-story in the Renaissance Revival style, with hipped roofs and Spanish green roof tiles; the first set of buildings were set up around the oval in 1895. Since that time, various campus plans and architectural styles have been used.

Today the campus consists of 220 acres and is bordered to the east by Mount Sentinel and the north by the Clark Fork River. The main campus comprises 64 buildings, including nine residence halls and various athletic venues, including Washington–Grizzly Stadium, a 26,500-seat football stadium and the Adams Center, a 7,500-seat multi-purpose arena where the university's basketball teams play. Landmarks include: The OvalA 3 acres swath of grass running east to west, marking the traditional center of the university. Today it is divided into quadrants by two intersecting brick-laid paths, though the oval was solid grass and forbidden to be crossed by students. A double row of trees was planted around the oval on Arbor Day 1896, but many of the trees have since died and are in the process of being replanted; the original gravel driveway that once surrounded the Oval has been replaced by sidewalk. The original master plan of the university called for all buildings to face the center of the oval, but this plan proved difficult and a new plan was created in 1935.

On the western extreme of the Oval is a life-sized grizzly bear statue created by ceramic artist and sculptor Rudy Autio in 1969. The bronze statue took one year to create. Many photographs of the university picture the bear with the Oval, University Hall, Mount Sentinel's'M' in the background; the "M" trailA 3/4 mile long trail with 13 switchbacks that rises 620 feet from the University of Montana at the base of Mount Sentinel. The trail offers sweeping views of the city below. There is debate of. Around 1908, members of the Forestry Club forged a zigzag trail up the mountain and students carried up stones to shape the symbol of the University of Montana. Made of whitewashed rocks and only measuring 25 feet by 25 feet, the first "M" was poorly constructed and replaced by a wooden "M" in 1912, which cost $18; that "M," unlike today's "M," stood upright on the face of Mount Sentinel. A larger wooden version of the "M" was built in 1

List of submissions to the 60th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film

The following 30 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 60th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The bolded titles were the five nominated films, which came from France, Norway and the eventual winner, Babette's Feast, from Denmark; the critically acclaimed Wings of Desire, by Wim Wenders, submitted by West Germany, wasn't nominated, despite being one of the favourites. Indonesia submitted a film for the first time, Cuba submitted a film for the first time in a decade; the Soviet Union submitted a film in Georgian, India chose a film in Tamil, Norway selected the first-ever film made in Northern Sami

Digital diplomacy

Digital diplomacy referred to as Digiplomacy and eDiplomacy, has been defined as the use of the Internet and new information communication technologies to help achieve diplomatic objectives. However, other definitions have been proposed; the definition focuses on the interplay between internet and diplomacy, ranging from Internet driven-changes in the environment in which diplomacy is conducted to the emergence of new topics on diplomatic agendas such as cybersecurity and more, along with the use of internet tools to practice diplomacy. The UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office defines digital diplomacy as'solving foreign policy problems using the internet', a narrower definition that excludes internal electronic collaboration tools and mobile phone and tablet-based diplomacy; the US State Department uses the term 21st Century Statecraft The Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and Development calls it Open Policy. Digital diplomacy can be practiced by state agencies such as Foreign Ministries and consulates, individual diplomats such as ambassadors or ambassadors-at-large, non-state actors such as civil society and human rights groups.

The first foreign ministry to establish a dedicated ediplomacy unit was the US State Department, which created the Taskforce on eDiplomacy in 2002. This Taskforce has since been renamed the Office of eDiplomacy and has 80 staff members, about half of which are dedicated to ediplomacy-related work. Other foreign ministries have begun to embrace ediplomacy; the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office has an Office of Digital Diplomacy, involved in a range of ediplomacy activities. Sweden has been active in promotion of digital diplomacy through the online communication strategy of its foreign minister Carl Bildt who soon became'best connected Twitter leader'. In July 2012, global public relations and communications firm Burson-Marsteller studied the use of Twitter by heads of state and government, referred to as Twitter diplomacy; the study on Twiplomacy found that there were 264 Twitter accounts of heads of state and government and their institutions in 125 countries worldwide and that only 30 leader's tweet personally.

Since the attention on digital diplomacy as a tool of public diplomacy has only increased. In 2013, USC Center on Public Diplomacy has named'Facebook recognizing Kosovo as a country', as one of the top moments in public diplomacy for 2013. Cultural Diplomacy Public diplomacy Facebook diplomacy Twitter diplomacy Office of eDiplomacy Public Diplomacy Council of Catalonia Open government E-government British Council Alliance Française Digiplomacy definition Twiplomacy - Mutual Relations on Twitter Digiplomacy News