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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation, it grew from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge; the two "ancient universities" are jointly called "Oxbridge". The history and influence of the University of Oxford as well as its academic excellence has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world; the university is made up of 39 constituent colleges, a range of academic departments, which are organised into four divisions. All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities.

It does not have a main campus, its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre. Undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments, it operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide. In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2018, the university had a total income of £2.2 billion, of which £579 million was from research grants and contracts. The university is ranked among the best higher learning institutions by most international and major national league tables. Oxford has educated a wide range of notable alumni, including 28 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world; as of November 2019, 72 Nobel Prize laureates, 3 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners have studied, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.

Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes. The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in some form as early as 1096, but it is unclear when a university came into being, it grew from 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris. The historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190; the head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge forming the University of Cambridge; the students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two'nations', representing the North and the South.

In centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students' affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. In addition, members of many religious orders, including Dominicans, Franciscans and Augustinians, settled in Oxford in the mid-13th century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students. At about the same time, private benefactors established colleges as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots. Another founder, Walter de Merton, a Lord Chancellor of England and afterwards Bishop of Rochester, devised a series of regulations for college life. Thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. In 1333–1334, an attempt by some dissatisfied Oxford scholars to found a new university at Stamford, was blocked by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge petitioning King Edward III.

Thereafter, until the 1820s, no new universities were allowed to be founded in England in London. The new learning of the Renaissance influenced Oxford from the late 15th century onwards. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocyn, who contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, John Colet, the noted biblical scholar. With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Church, recusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, settling at the University of Douai; the method of teaching at Oxford was transformed from the medieval scholastic method to Renaissance education, although institutions associated with the university suffered losses of land and revenues. As a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxford's reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment. In 1636 William Laud, the chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury, codified the university's statutes. These, to a large extent, remained its governing regulations until the mid-19th century.

Laud was responsible for the granting of

Calamagrostis arundinacea

Calamagrostis arundinacea is a species of bunch grass in the family Poaceae, native to Eurasia and India. The species is perennial and tufted with short rhizomes and erect culms that are 60–150 centimetres long; each leaf has a truncate ligule, 2–4 millimetres long, obtuse. The leaf-blades are 8–50 mm by 1.8–10 mm, hairless and have both a scabrous surface and an attenuate apex. The panicle has a scaberulous peduncle and is lanceolate, continuous, is 8–18 cm long by 1–4 cm wide. Flowers have a pair of lodicules and stigmas, three anthers which are 2.4–2.7 mm long. The fruit is a caryopsis with an additional pericarp

Cris Cab

Cristian Cabrerizo, better known by his stage name Cris Cab is an American singer-songwriter and musician who has released a number of EPs, a mixtape, Echo Boom, has become well known with his international hit "Liar Liar". He is signed to Island Def Jam Records and Island Records, his songs are a fusion of pop and soul. Cris Cab started music at a young age. Born to Cuban parents in Miami, Florida, he spent summers in The Bahamas broadening his music tastes. At 14, his father bought him his first studio session. At 15, his early demos caught the attention of Pharrell Williams who mentored him. Hugely popular online, articles appeared about him on blogs including Perez Hilton, Just Jared and online website of Billboard. Cris Cab opened for various acts including T-Pain, Rebelution, Gym Class Heroes and O. A. R. Signing a management deal, he released his debut Foreword EP in 2011 and his original single "Good Girls". Wyclef Jean became a second mentor to him and recorded "She's So Fly" with him. In 2012 Cris Cab released a full-length mixtape, Echo Boom featuring production and collaboration by Pharrell Williams, Wyclef Jean, Melanie Fiona, Daytona, Marc Roberge and was signed to Mercury Records.

His single "Good Girls" was written by Pharrell Williams and produced by Wyclef Jean, features a rap section by Big Sean. His song "Paradise" was featured on the NBA 2K14 soundtrack, his international fame came with "Liar, Liar" released on Island Def Jam Records that has charted in Germany, France and Belgium. The release was accompanied by a music video with cameo appearances by Pharrell Williams, his full-length album Where I Belong was released on April 7, 2014 in Europe, is to be released on May 21 in the United Kingdom. A United States full-length release is due this summer. In October 2014, he was picked as Elvis Duran's Artist of the Month and was featured on NBC's Today show hosted by Kathy Lee Gifford and Hoda Kotb, where he performed live his single "Liar Liar". In 2015, he released the song "Englishman In New York" performed by Sting, reached as high as number 13 on the France Top 40 chart. Cab returned to music in 2017 with "All of the Girls" featuring Pitbull. In 2018, Cab released "Laurent Perrier", a song featuring Latin artist Farruko.

He performed the song at the official FIFA World Cup viewing event in Berlin, Germany prior to the country's final game in the tournament. As a follow-up, Cab released the single "Just Wanna Love You" featuring, J Balvin. At the time of its release, Balvin was the #2 ranked artist in the world streaming on Spotify, behind Drake. 2012: Cris Cab - Live... In the Moment, *Did not appear in the official Belgian Ultratop 50 charts, but rather in the bubbling under Ultratip charts. For Ultratip peaks, added 50 positions to arrive at an equivalent Ultratop position 2011: "Good Girls" 2012: "Face to Face" 2012: "Echo Boom", 2012: "She's So Fly" 2012: "Good Girls" 2012: "White Lingerie" 2013: "When We Were Young" 2013: "Another Love", 2013: "Colors", 2013: "Paradise" 2014: "Liar Liar" 2014: "Loves Me Not" 2015: "Englishman in New York" 2016: "Bada Bing" 2017: "Together" 2017: "Rest of My Life" 2018: "Laurent Perrier" Official website Facebook Twitter VEVO YouTube page SoundCloud

2012 Oxford City Council election

Elections for Oxford City Council were held on Thursday 3 May 2012. As Oxford City Council is elected by halves, one seat in each of the 24 wards is up for election. Overall turnout was 29.4%, down from 61.7% in 2010. However, the 2010 election was held on the same day as the general election, accounting for the unusually high turnout in that year; the lowest turnout was in the highest in Iffley Fields. Note: three UKIP candidates stood in this election, compared with one in 2010 and none in 2008; the last remaining councillor for the Independent Working Class Association, in Northfield Brook ward, stood down at this election. This result has the following consequences for the total number of seats on the Council after the elections: Elections in the United Kingdom

Edric Holmes

Edric Edwin Holmes ) was a British non-fiction topographical author. His first book on Sussex was described by The Observer as "jejune", his second on Wessex was praised for good judgement in content and presentation. London's Countryside, which included 102 illustrations by the author, was noted by The Geographical Journal for encompassing an unfeasibly large area around the capital which made it difficult to cover the territory in any detail. Seaward Sussex: The South Downs from End to End. Robert Scott, London, 1920. Wanderings in Wessex: An Exploration of the Southern Realm from Itchen to Otter. Robert Scott, London, 1922. London's Countryside: The Rural Ways between Oxford and Canterbury and Guildford. Robert Scott, London, 1927


Borsosberény is a village in Nógrád county, Hungary. Borsosberény is located 65 km north of Budapest on the E77 European main road; the village lies at the northeastern foot of Börzsöny hills. It is about 17 km southwest of Balassagyarmat. Outskirts of Borsosberény are populated since the Neolithic Age. Findings from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age were discovered close to the village; the settlement was property of the Losonczy family in 1393. In 1470 King Mathias donated the village to László Madách and Gáspár Jánosy due to their brave behaviour in campaign against the Czechs. In the middle of the 16th century the Ottomans conquered Borsosberény; some of the Turkish landowners were mentioned in e. g. Rizvan Divane Turkish warrior from Dregel in 1587. Borsosberény was desolationed during the Ottoman occupation, its population grew in the 18th century. Big landowners were in Borsosberény: Tihanyi family since 18th century, Baloghs from Ócsa, bishopric of Vác, Bartakovich family, Gindly family from Tengelicz, Mocsáry family at last till 1945.

Kálmán Mikszáth got the land of Szomolya as a gift from the Hungarian nation on his 40th writing jubilee, so his family was landowner between 1909 and 1945. Szomolyapuszta belongs to Borsosberény was a separate village in the Middle Ages, this is where the Johannita Order’s monastery was situated in 1274; the monastery fell to the ground during centuries. During the Ottoman conquest Mahmud Bin Iltsi and Bosna Hassan were mentioned as landowners. Present Roman Catholic church of the village was built between 1728 and 1730. One mansion would be owned by Mocsáry family later; the other mansion was built by Ágoston Bartakovich. The village got railway connection in 1909. Roman Catholic church Tihanyi-Mocsáry mansion Borsosberény in Vendégváró Hungarian