University of Redlands

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University of Redlands
University of Redlands seal.svg
Type Private
Established 1907
Endowment $167.2 million[1]
President Ralph Kuncl
Academic staff
204 full-time; 100 adjunct
Students 4500 under and post-graduate
Location Redlands, California, United States
Campus Suburban, 160 acres (65 ha)
Colors Maroon and Gray          
Athletics NCAA Division III
Nickname Bulldogs
Affiliations NAICU[2]
Mascot Live bulldog
University of Redlands logo in horizontal format

The University of Redlands is a private, nonprofit[3] university located in Redlands, California, United States, offering both liberal arts[4] and professional programs.[5] The University's main, residential[6] campus is situated on 160 acres (65 ha) near downtown Redlands. An additional seven regional locations[7] throughout Southern California provide programs for working adults.[8] Founded in 1907 as a Baptist institution, the school is now independent and ended compulsory religious services in 1972, although it maintains an informal relationship with the group American Baptist Churches USA and students there continue to engage in community service.[9][10]


Founding the university[edit]

The University of Redlands had its roots in the founding of two other American Baptist institutions, California College in Oakland, and Los Angeles University. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake damaged the finances of California College, a Baptist commission began exploring the liquidation of both institutions to develop a new institution in Southern California. The Reverend Jasper Newton Field,[11] a Baptist pastor at Redlands, persuaded the Redlands Board of Trade to propose a donation of at least $100,000 and 40 acres (16 ha) for an interdenominational campus on land donated by a K.C. Wells. On June 27, 1907 the Commission voted in favor of the Redlands proposal.[12]

Ground was broken on April 9, 1909, on the hill where the administration building now stands. Nine founding faculty members held their first day of classes in the Redlands Baptist Church on September 30, 1909, with 39 students attending.

On January 27, 1910, the University of Redlands opened its physical doors by occupying the administration building. Bekins Hall and the President's mansion[13] were the only two other buildings completed. Now-university president Field was charged with further securing $200,000 for endowment, but the 1912 United States cold wave, which wiped out half the California citrus crop and severely damaged the local economy, made this impossible.

President Field resigned in 1914. Victor LeRoy Duke,[14] dean and mathematics professor, became the next president. The southern California Baptist community initiated a campaign to raise $50,000 to clear outstanding debt. The following spring the Northern Baptist Education Board endorsed the school, promising to help raise an endowment.

By 1925, the faculty numbered 25, and student enrollment had increased to 465. Finances had improved to the extent that, with significant volunteer help, the University was able to erect 12 new buildings by the end of the decade. New dormitories, classrooms, a library, a gymnasium, and Memorial Chapel[15] were built. A school of education was added. A developing alumni base also started to support the University. By 1928, the University's endowment was $2,592,000, the fourth largest in the state and among the top ten percent of American universities.[16]

The Great Depression[edit]

By the beginning of 1932, the effects of the Great Depression started to be felt at the university. Enrollment soared, as there was no work to be found, but student indebtedness also increased exponentially, as well as the amount the university owed banks. Salaries were cut, and employees were laid-off. On March 3, 1933, President Duke died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

The administration of the university's third president, Clarence Howe Thurber,[17] soon ran afoul of ultra-conservative churches. Student members complained of a liberal attitude toward Baptist doctrine being taught at the campus. The later affair of William H. Roberts, a psychology professor who became the campaign manager of Upton Sinclair's run for governor in 1934, also severely strained town and gown relations.

During and after World War II[edit]

The 1940s brought many changes to the University of Redlands, beginning with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As conscription and enlistments for the war depleted classes, courses were set up for the soldiers at Camp Haan and March Field.

The July 1, 1943, arrival of a Navy V-12 unit, composed of 631 men for officer candidate training, along with a civilian enrollment of 473 women and 110 men, was Redlands’ largest enrollment ever, and gradually led to the easing of social restrictions. Military men were not required to attend chapel, and on New Year's Eve the Marines clandestinely held the first impromptu dance ever on the campus. Two months later, the Navy held the first formal dance on the commons, and the trustees finally discarded the "no dancing" policy in 1945, after the Redlands V-12 unit had been disbanded.[18]

The passage of the G.I. Bill further opened the doors at Redlands. By special action of Congress, housing units for 50 veterans' families ("Vets' Village") were installed on campus. Of the 219 graduates of June 1949, 126 were veterans, 70 of whom were married.

The 1950s saw other changes. Fraternity houses were established for the first time, and other improvements were made to the university. The first Ph.D. ever granted by the university was received in 1957, by Milton D. Hunnex, in Philosophy.

Compulsory chapel attendance fell to the student militancy of the 1960s and 1970s. The seventh president of the university, Dr. Douglas Moore,[19] was not Baptist. The school went some years without clergymen on the Board of Trustees.

Following Moore, James R. Appleton[20] served as the eighth president of the University of Redlands for 18 years from 1987–2005.

Dr. Stuart Dorsey[21] served as the ninth president of the University of Redlands from 2005 to 2010. During this period, the university opened the 42,000-square-foot (3,900 m2) Center for the Arts, and renovated the Armacost Library, adding five computer laboratories and a café. Dr. Dorsey resigned his position on March 16, 2010, amid controversy over budget deficits and proposed cuts.[22]

On March 17, 2010, the then-current chancellor and former president Dr. James R. Appleton was appointed for a two-year term.[23]

In August 2012, Dr. Ralph Kuncl became the 11th president of the University of Redlands.[24] As president, he has focused on expanding the internationalization of the University, raising its stature by bringing public intellectuals into campus residence as University Distinguished Fellows, leading a comprehensive campaign, and strengthening the University's financial health.[25]


Naslund Study Lounge in Armacost Library

Students at the university study in one of several schools and centers: College of Arts & Sciences (including the Johnston Center for Integrative Studies), School of Business (including the School of Continuing Studies), School of Education, School of Music, and Center for Spatial Studies.[26]

College of Arts and Sciences[edit]

The College of Arts and Sciences (CAS)[27] serves approximately 2,400 undergraduate students and 100 graduate students from 41 states and 28 countries.[28]

The College has 187 full-time faculty members serving more than 50 major areas of study.[29] Eighty-five percent of full-time faculty have a Ph.D. or terminal degree. The student-faculty ratio is approximately 13:1; the average class size is 19.[30] Professors or instructors teach all courses and sections.

Johnston Center for Integrative Studies[edit]

Born in the midst of the Experiential Education Movement, Johnston College[31] is an endowed college that began as an experiment in professor-student mentor relationships and a student-initiated, contract-driven education, and operated as an autonomous unit of the University for approximately 10 years. The first class of approximately 30 students graduated in 1972. The structure of the educational system was based on seminars (8–10 students), tutorials (3–8), and independent studies. In 1979, it was integrated into the College of Arts and Sciences as the Johnston Center for Individualized Studies. It operated under that name until the mid-1990s, when it was renamed the Johnston Center for Integrative Studies.

Today, about 200[32] Redlands students live and learn together in the Johnston complex, which includes two residence halls and five faculty offices. Students design their own majors in consultation with faculty and write contracts for their courses, for which they receive narrative evaluations in lieu of traditional grades.

School of Business[edit]

Founded in 1976 as the Alfred North Whitehead College for Lifelong Learning, the School of Business[33] began as an experiment in providing educational services to working adults in locations throughout Southern California. It was one of the first successful ventures in quality education through off-site learning. It evolved to become the School of Business in 2001.

The School of Business currently has approximately 700 undergraduate students and close to 800 graduate students (2010), taught by 22 full-time and 46 adjunct professors. Classes are held at the Redlands campus as well as regional campuses in Burbank, Orange County, Rancho Cucamonga/Ontario, Riverside, Temecula, Torrance, and San Diego.[34]

Degrees granted by the School of Business include: B.S. in Management; B.S. in Business; MBA (in daytime, evening, and online programs[35]); M.A. in Management; and M.S. in Information Technology.[36]

School of Continuing Studies[edit]

Part of the School of Business, the School of Continuing Studies offers certificate programs, individual courses, workshops, and onsite custom programs offered as open enrollment, with no formal admission or application required of participants.[37]

School of Education[edit]

The oldest graduate division within the University, the School of Education[38] was founded in 1924. As of 2006, it serves 516 students in graduate coursework, with 17 full-time professors and 30 adjunct professors.

Geared primarily to the working professional, the School also partners with the College of Arts and Sciences to offer undergraduates a chance to earn their teaching credential. The School offers master's degrees in learning and teaching, curriculum and instruction, clinical mental health counseling, school counseling, educational administration, and higher education, as well a number of credentials: Preliminary Teaching Credential (multiple or single subject), Education Specialist Teaching Credential, Pupil Personnel Services Credential—School Counseling, Preliminary Administrative Services Credential (Tier 1), and Clear Administrative Services Credential (Tier II).[39] In addition, a Doctorate in Leadership for Educational Justice (Ed.D.), the University's only doctoral program,[40] is grounded in theories of social justice and a commitment to ensuring equity for students from all backgrounds.

In 2001, the School of Education partnered with the Lewis Center for Educational Research in Apple Valley, California to offer Preliminary Teaching Credentials onsite and serve Apple Valley and the surrounding high desert communities. In 2008, the University of Redlands School of Education expanded to a second regional campus in Orange County.[41] In 2012, the School began offering programs in Temecula and Rancho Cucamonga.[42]

Center for Educational Justice[edit]

The Center for Educational Justice (CEJ)[43] sponsors institutes, symposia, workshops, and other educational efforts. Topics relate to social advocacy, research, policy development, and professional training on equity, fairness, care, respect, and critical consciousness of broader societal inequities. The center was founded in 2005, and is currently under the direction of Dr. Jose Lalas.

School of Music[edit]

The University of Redlands School of Music[44] was founded along with the University as its School of Fine Arts. It is today an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music, and its requirements for entrance and graduation comply with the standards of this accrediting organization.

Approximately 350 students study music with 13 full-time and 26 adjunct faculty. The School of Music offers Bachelor of Music (BM) degrees in Composition,[45] Performance,[46] and Education;[47] Bachelor of Arts (BA) degrees in Music;[48] and Master of Music (MM) degrees.[49]

Any University student may participate in musical activities through enrollment (usually by audition) in the University Choir, Chapel Singers, Madrigals, Wind Ensemble, Concert Band, Studio Jazz Band, Symphony Orchestra, Chamber Orchestra, University Opera, and a variety of chamber music ensembles.[50] Students are invited to register for private, group, or class lessons, available on all instruments and for voice.

Center for Spatial Studies[edit]

The Center for Spatial Studies endeavors to create a spatially infused learning community at the University of Redlands, through faculty-student interaction, research, and community service.[51]


The University of Redlands offers traditional undergraduate liberal arts degree programs within the College of Arts and Sciences,[52] along with graduate programs in business, education, communicative disorders, music and geographic information systems.[53] The Johnston Center for Integrative Studies offers customized degree programs for undergraduates, based upon a contract system and narrative evaluations.[54]

National and regional rankings[edit]

U.S. News & World Report ranks the University of Redlands among the top dozen regional universities in the western United States[55] and places it among its picks for "Best Education Schools"[56] for its graduate programs in that field. The Princeton Review also includes the University in its list of one of the country's best institutions for undergraduate education.[57]

Washington Monthly places the University among the top 30[58] nationwide for master’s institutions based on contributions to the public good, including social mobility, research and service.

Forbes has selected the University of Redlands as one of its Best Value Colleges.[59] In addition, The Economist puts the University of Redlands in the 93rd percentile among four-year non-vocational American colleges, ranked by alumni earnings above expectation.[60]

Admissions and retention[edit]

Admission to the University of Redlands is classified as "selective," with an acceptance rate of approximately 68% and a freshmen retention rate of 88%, on par with those of other similarly ranked regional universities.[61]


Redlands competes in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SCIAC),[62] which operates within NCAA Division III. Redlands was one of the founding members of the SCIAC in 1915[63] and is one of only two schools to have had continuous membership. The University currently fields ten men’s teams and eleven women’s teams.[64]

The team mascot is the bulldog.[65] The University has traditionally maintained a live bulldog in this capacity. The current mascot is Adelaide ("Addie"),[66] named after founding first lady of the University and wife to the university's first president, Jasper Newton Field. Adelaide is the first female mascot in U of R's 100-year-old bulldog tradition.[67]

Community service[edit]

The University’s Community Service Learning program, which is now more than 25 years old, provides students the opportunity to extend their learning beyond the classroom in activities from mentoring local youths to building houses in Mexico. Each year, University of Redlands students complete more than 120,000 hours of service.[68] These efforts have been recognized by the President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Role.[69]

Campus housing[edit]

The University, whose Redlands campus has been consistently honored by Arbor Day Foundation as a Tree Campus USA School,[70] offers its undergraduate students guaranteed housing during their four years of study and, for the most part, undergraduate students are required live on campus. Exceptions include students who are over the age of 23, living with a parent, or married; sometimes exemptions are also granted to seniors with a GPA of 3.0 or higher.[71]

Many residence halls are "living-learning communities,"[72] with themes such as "freshmen," "social justice," "substance-free," etc. These themes and configurations change from time to time.

Most students live in double-occupancy rooms with hallway or suite-style bathrooms, though triples and quads are available, as well as single rooms for students with special medical needs. In a suite-style layout, two rooms share a single bathroom. In a hallway bathroom layout, residents share a common hallway bathroom, with a sink provided in each residence hall room (except for East and Williams Halls, where sinks are only in the bathrooms). There are a few semi-private showers that are gender neutral, primarily in the Holt building of the Johnston complex.

Air conditioning is not provided in some residence halls. Where air conditioning is provided, it can be controlled centrally, or with a thermostat in each room. Many students, especially in older halls, complain of poorly functioning central heat/AC systems, leading to hot summer days and very cold nights and mornings in the winter.

Students live in the following halls and complexes:[73]

  • Anderson Hall: The largest residence hall on campus, Anderson houses approximately 220 undergraduates. The rooms are in a suite-style layout, with two double-occupancy or triple-occupancy rooms sharing a single bathroom. Air conditioning is only provided in the lobby, leading to uncomfortably warm rooms in the late spring and early fall. The building has not undergone major renovations since the 1960s, and many students dislike the dated facilities. However, the suite-style layout and larger-than-average rooms still make Anderson a popular pick for first-year students who might otherwise live in the freshmen halls. Anderson is known for its very social community as well as its music-themed hallway on the first floor.
  • Bekins Hall: One of the two "Johnston Complex" housing and classroom buildings, Bekins has the distinction of being the first residence hall on campus. It is non air-conditioned and does not meet current earthquake standards. It contains a cafe.
  • Bekins-Holt: Johnston Complex's other building includes the Johnston lobby and is air conditioned during certain hours of the day. It contains a basement cafe.
  • Brockton Avenue Apartments: The newest housing at the University, the Brockton Apartments opened for the 2003–2004 academic year. The complex houses approximately 250 residents in four-person units. These units share two bathrooms and a common area/kitchen. Brockton is viewed as a highly desirable place for upperclassmen to live, but it comes at a higher cost than the halls.
  • California-Founders Hall: It consists of an all-male wing (California) and an all-female wing (Founders) joined by a common lobby to form a living area for almost 200 upperclassmen. "Cal" houses 80 male students and features hallway bathrooms. Founders is home to about 100 women in a suite-style layout. This hall underwent a major renovation in the summer of 2006 to outfit the hall with modern fire equipment, as well as electrical upgrades, structural bolstering, and air conditioning. The hall reopened September 1, 2006, for staff, hosting residents the next day. This residence hall also features a "Sophomore Success" living-learning-community on the second floor.
  • Cortner Hall: Home to 130 residents, usually in the upper classes of juniors and seniors. The hall was renovated in 2000, and is viewed by many to be the epitome of upperclass housing within the hall system. Cortner features large rooms, air conditioning, and suite-style bathrooms.
  • East Hall: Originally built for the Johnston Complex, East hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three air conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors.
  • Fairmont Hall: The smallest residence hall, Fairmont hosts 60 residents. It houses a combination of two first-year seminars and upperclass students with an interest in social justice. Fairmont is the only hall with its own mascot: a rock, deemed such a prize for its theft and relocation over the years that Fairmont residents anchored it to the ground in concrete in 1976. To this day, various other halls attack the rock in a friendly water balloon battle late at night. Fairmont has hallway bathrooms, with the exception of four suites, and is not air-conditioned.
  • Grossmont Hall: With its 2017 renovation complete, Grossmont is no longer women-exclusive, and now houses approximately 120 sophomores. It is now air-conditioned.
  • Grove Street Apartments: The Grove Street Apartments are located south of the University. They provide housing to upperclassmen and transfer students in two-bedroom, two-bathroom apartments. Students may choose to live in double or single-occupancy rooms, with three to four students placed in each apartment.
  • Merriam Hall: The University's dedicated "green hall," Merriam houses a combination of first-year seminars and upperclass students interested in environmental sustainability. Merriam has air-conditioned rooms and features energy-efficient lighting, low-flow plumbing fixtures, and furniture made from recycled materials.
  • Melrose Hall: The "quiet" hall, which houses 65 students, features extended quiet hours from 9pm to 9am daily. It is often referred to as "Hotel Melrose" by students due its large rooms, new facilities, and overall tranquility and cleanliness.
  • North Hall: Merriam's twin hall, North is the "wellness" hall, featuring substance-free living and various programs throughout the year to promote wellness. North is a primary pick for athletes due to its proximity to the athletic facilities.
  • Williams Hall: East's twin hall, Williams hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three air-conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors. It was originally dubbed "West Hall", but was renamed after a donor.

New units[edit]

Lewis Hall

The University has recently added three new buildings: Lewis Hall[74] (named after U.S. Congressman Jerry Lewis), Appleton Hall (named after the University's former president), and Ann Peppers Hall (named after philanthropist and friend of the University, Ann Peppers). Lewis Hall opened in the fall of 2005, and is home to the Master of Science in Geographic Information Systems Program[75] and the Environmental Studies Program.[76] Appleton Hall opened in the spring of 2006, and is home to the physics, math, astronomy, and computer science departments, which were previously in Duke and Hentschke Halls. Appleton Hall, named after former Redlands Chancellor and President Jim Appleton, cost the University about $10.3 million. Its southern wall is graced by a giant sundial designed by physics professor Tyler Nordgren, including a version for daylight-saving time, that is accurate within 10 minutes.[77] It is also sometimes referred to as the "Hall of Numbers." Ann Peppers Hall is the sister building to its old counterpart of the same name on the Gallery Lawn, which still houses the Gallery Building, as well as sculpture and ceramics classrooms. The new Ann Peppers Hall was built on the far southeast corner of campus in 2010 and is home to state-of-the-art graphic design studios, a darkroom, painting and drawing studios, and a lighting studio.

Alternative living[edit]

The University also offers alternative housing to various organizations. Merit houses are awarded to organizations for use during the school year. The University also offers a Greek System, unaffiliated with national Greek organizations, which also contains several houses for residence by the groups' members. The houses that comprise the group of Greek housing are mostly on "Frat Row", which is located behind the school softball field, all with the exception of the Sigma Kappa Alpha and Chi Rho Psi houses. The Kappa Pi Zeta sorority does not have a house.

Greek life[edit]

Hunsaker University Center
Active social fraternities
  • Pi Chi – founded 1909
  • Alpha Gamma Nu – founded 1923
  • Chi Rho Psi – founded 1927 (re-founded 2001)
  • Chi Sigma Chi – founded 1936
  • Kappa Sigma Sigma – founded 1916
  • Sigma Kappa Alpha – founded 1947
Active sororities
  • Alpha Theta Phi – founded 1911
  • Alpha Sigma Pi – founded 1914
  • Alpha Xi Omicron – founded 1927 (re-founded 1998)
  • Beta Lambda – founded 1921 (re-founded 1988)
  • Delta Kappa Psi – founded 1910
  • Kappa Pi Zeta – founded 1926 (re-founded 2011)
Active business fraternities
Active service fraternities
Honors societies
  • Omicron Delta Kappa – a national leadership honor society emphasizing holistic development
  • Phi Alpha Theta – a national honor society for the study of history
  • Phi Beta Kappa – an interdisciplinary national academic honor society
  • Phi Mu Alpha – a social fraternity for men of musicianly character
  • Pi Gamma Mu – an international social science honor society that is dedicated to community service and interdisciplinary scholarship in the social sciences
  • Psi Chi – a national honor society in the field of psychology
  • Sigma Alpha Iota – an international music-based sisterhood founded in 1903
  • Sigma Tau Delta – a national English honor society that provides social and scholarly opportunities

Diversity-based exchanges and organizations[edit]

In October 2017, the University of Redlands partnered with Tuskegee University, a private, historically black university in Alabama, enabling student and faculty exchanges between the institutions and opening the door to a variety of other joint programming.[78]

Diversity-based organizations on the University of Redlands campus include:

  • Rangi Ya Giza (RYG)[79][80] — founded on May 15, 1992 — non-Greek, diversity based brotherhood that seeks to positively affect the campus and community by organizing service projects, raising awareness of local and global issues, and taking action against injustices in our society. Rangi Ya Giza is Swahili for "A Darker Shade" to represent their East African roots. RYG focuses specifically on benefiting organizations in the community such as Boys & Girls Club of Redlands, Emmerton Elementary school, and the Stillman House.
  • Wadada Wa Rangi Wengi (WRW)[81][82] — founded on October 15, 1992 — non-Greek sisterhood dedicated to raising awareness about issues of diversity, gender, and social injustice. Wadada Wa Rangi Wengi means "Sisters of Many Shades" in Swahili. WRW sponsors many events on campus, including Breast Cancer Awareness Week, Diversity Mixer, and Sexual Violence Awareness Week. (RYG and WRW were both founded in response to the 1992 Los Angeles riots.)
  • Fidelity, Isonomy, Erudition (FIE)[83][84] — founded on February 10, 2006 — co-ed siblinghood that prides itself in its commitment to service and awareness, creating a more empathetic community, and combating a gender binary. Service, Awareness, and Siblinghood are the three pillars the organization's members stand firm on. FIE was recognized as the University's Multicultural Organization of the Year in 2006 & 2010.

Filming at Redlands[edit]

Due to its location in the Greater Los Angeles Area, The University of Redlands campus has been used as the setting for films such as "Goodbye My Fancy," with Joan Crawford and Robert Young, Hell Night, Joy Ride, Slackers, and The Rules of Attraction. It has also been used in at least one Perry Mason episode as a stand-in for the fictional Euclid College. The campus was also used for the Korean drama The Heirs, where Kim Tan (Lee Minho) attends during his exile in America.

Redlands culture and traditions[edit]

  • The "R": This letter carved into the vegetation of the San Bernardino Mountains at 34°11′00″N 117°06′17″W started as prank in 1913, but still stands today and is currently the second-largest collegiate letter in the nation.[85]
  • Mascot: The University has a live bulldog who serves as its official mascot. The female pup Adelaide now holds the U of R mascot title. Histories are kept of the past and present bulldog mascots on the University of Redlands website.[86]
  • Commencement: The University holds its annual Commencement Ceremonies on a Thursday, Friday and Saturday in late April instead of May or June.

Notable alumni[edit]



News & Entertainment[edit]


Fiction Writing[edit]




Notable Faculty[edit]


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Coordinates: 34°03′47″N 117°09′50″W / 34.06306°N 117.16389°W / 34.06306; -117.16389