The University of Tasmania is a public research university located in Tasmania, Australia. Founded in 1890, it is Australia's fourth oldest university. Christ College, one of the university's residential colleges, was founded in 1846 and is the oldest tertiary institution in the country; the University of Tasmania is a sandstone university and is a member of the international Association of Commonwealth Universities and the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning. The university offers various undergraduate and graduate programs in a range of disciplines, has links with 20 specialist research institutes and cooperative research centres; the university's Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies have contributed to the university's multiple 5 rating scores for excellence in research awarded by the Australian Research Council. The University delivers tertiary education at the Australian Maritime College, the national centre for maritime education and research; the university was ranked in the top 10 research universities in Australia and in the top two per cent of universities worldwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The University of Tasmania was established on 1 January 1890, after the abolition of overseas scholarships freed up funds. It took over the role of the Tasmanian Council for Education. Richard Deodatus Poulett Harris, who had long advocated for the establishment of the university, became its first warden of the senate; the first degrees to graduates admitted ad eundem gradum and diplomas were awarded in June 1890. The university was offered an ornate sandstone building on the Queens Domain in Hobart the High School of Hobart, though it was leased by others until mid-1892; this became known as University House. Three lecturers began teaching 11 students from 22 March 1893, once University House had been renovated. Parliamentarians branding it an unnecessary luxury made the university's early existence precarious; the institution's encouragement of female students fuelled criticism. James Backhouse Walker, a local lawyer and Vice-Chancellor, mounted a courageous defence. By the First World War there were over 100 students, several Tasmanian graduates were influential in law and politics.
According to Chancellor Sir John Morris, from 1918 until 1939 the institution still'limped along'. Distinguished staff had been appointed, such as historian William Jethro Brown and mathematicians Alexander McAulay and his son Alexander Leicester McAulay, classicist RL Dunbabin, philosopher and polymath Edmund Morris Miller. Housed in the former Hobart High School, facilities were outgrown, but the state government was slow to fund a new campus. In 1914 the university petitioned King George V for Letters Patent; the Letters Patent, sometimes called the Royal Charter, granted the university's degrees status as equivalent to the established universities of the United Kingdom, where such equivalents existed. During the Second World War, while the Optical Munitions Annexe assisted the war effort, local graduates, replacing soldier academics, taught a handful of students. New post-war staff, many with overseas experience, pressed for removal to adequate facilities at Sandy Bay on an old rifle range.
Chancellor Sir John Morris Chief Justice, though a dynamic reformer, antagonised academics by his authoritarianism. Vice-Chancellor Torliev Hytten, an eminent economist, saw contention peak while the move to Sandy Bay was delayed. In a passionate open letter to the premier, Philosophy Professor Sydney Orr goaded the government into establishing the 1955 Royal Commission into the university; the commission's report demanded extensive reform of governing council. Staff were delighted. On 10 May 1949, the university awarded its first Doctor of Philosophy to Joan Munro Ford. Ford worked as a research biologist in the University of Tasmania's Department of Physics between 1940 and 1950. In early 1956 Orr was summarily dismissed for his alleged though denied seduction of a student. A ten-year battle involved academics in Australia and overseas. Orr lost an unfair dismissal action in the Supreme Court of Tasmania and the High Court of Australia; the Tasmanian Chair of Philosophy was boycotted. In 1966 Orr received some financial compensation from the University, which established a cast-iron tenure system.
The latter disappeared with the federal reorganisation of higher education in the late 1980s. In the early 1960s The University of Tasmania at last transferred to a purpose-built new campus at Sandy Bay, though many departments were housed in ex-World War II wooden huts, it profited from increasing federal finance following the 1957 Murray Report. Medical and Agricultural Schools were established and the sciences obtained adequate laboratories. Physics achieved world recognition in astronomy, while other departments attracted good scholars and graduates were celebrated in many fields. Student facilities improved remarkably; the 1965 Martin Report established a traditional role for universities, a more practical role for colleges of advanced education. The Tasmanian Government duly created the Tasmanian College of Advanced Education in 1966 sited on Mount Nelson above the university, it incorporated The School of Art, the Conservatorium of Music and the Hobart Teachers College. In 1971, a Launceston campus of the TCAE was announced.
These were fateful decisions. It was argued. In 1978 the University of Tasmania took over two of the courses offered by the T
Diane Gail North-Saunders is a Bahamian historian and author. North-Saunders established the Bahamian National Archives and was the director from 1971 until 2004, she was the president of the Bahamas Historical Society from 1989 until 1999. North-Saunders was president of the Association of Caribbean Historians. North-Saunders has authored books about Bahamian history including Historic Bahamas, Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People, Race and Class in the Colonial Bahamas, 1880–1960. North-Saunders was one of the four women to first represent The Bahamas in an international sports competition as a member of the sprint relay team at the 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games. Diane Gail North was born to Edward Basil and Audrey Virginia North on March 10, 1944. During her high school and college years, she was athlete. North represented the country on the sprint relay team at the 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games, in Kingston, Jamaica. At the event, along with Althea Rolle-Clarke, Elaine Thompson, Christina Jones-Darville, she was one of the four women to first represent The Bahamas in an international sports competition.
North earned a Bachelor of Arts in History in 1966 from University of Newcastle upon Tyne and a postgraduate certificate in Education from the University of Leicester in 1967. She taught history at Government High for two years. North married Winston Saunders in 1968; the couple relocated to England for further schooling. She studied at University College London and worked at the British Council in Public Record Offices to study process for archiving; when they moved back to The Bahamas in 1969, Winston took a position as deputy headmaster at Highbury High School. Upon returning to The Bahamas, North-Saunders took a position at the library in the Ministry of Education where she organized the records of the old Board of Education to make the first deposit in the National Archives. Saunders studied under historian Michael Craton at the University of Waterloo to earn a doctorate; the Ministry of Education asked North-Saunders to establish the Bahamian National Archives. The archives were held at the Eastern Public Library for 16 years.
North-Saunders was the director from 1971 until 2004 and director-general of the archives until her retirement in 2008. North-Saunders was president of the Association of Caribbean Historians. North-Saunders has authored books about Bahamian history including Historic Bahamas, Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People with Michael Craton, Race and Class in the Colonial Bahamas, 1880–1960. After retirement from the National Archives, North-Saunders remains active in academic pursuits as Scholar-in-residence at the College of The Bahamas. In 2006, her husband Winston died. North-Saunders was awarded the Commonwealth honour of the Order of the British Empire in 2003; the University of the West Indies awarded her an honorary degree in 2004. She was inducted into the Bahamas National Sports Hall of Fame in 2013
Gerd Heusch is a German physician and physiologist and chair of the Institute for Pathophysiology at the University of Essen Medical School. Gerd Heusch.jpg|Gerd Heusch Heusch attended the Medical Schools at the Universities of Düsseldorf and Bonn, where he graduated in 1979 and received his MD degree in 1980. Following obligatory military service as medical officer, he was postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Physiology at the University of Düsseldorf Medical School where he completed his PhD in 1985. From 1985 to 1986 Heusch was research cardiologist at the University of California, San Diego under the mentorship of Dr. John Ross Jr. From 1986 to 1989 Heusch held a Heisenberg scholarship from the German Research Foundation in the Department of Physiology and the Clinic of Cardiology at the University of Düsseldorf Medical School. Since 1989 he is professor and chair of the Institute for Pathophysiology at the University of Essen Medical School. From 1999 to 2000 he spent a sabbatical in the Department of Physiology at the University of Southern Alabama, Mobile where he is adjunct professor since.
Since 2014 Heusch is scientific chief executive of the West German Vascular Center Essen. Heusch served as president of the European Section of the International Society for Heart Research from 2002 to 2005 and as president of the German Cardiac Society from 2007 to 2009; as president of the German Cardiac Society Heusch put particular emphasis on the establishment of Chest Pain Units to fight myocardial infarction – today there are more than 250 Chest Pain Units in Germany. From 2008 to 2016 Heusch served on the medical review board of the German Research Foundation, from 2012 to 2016 as its speaker. Heusch is editor of Basic Research in Cardiology since 1992. Heusch is fellow of the Royal College of Physicians since 2006 and regular member of the North Rhine-Westphalian Academy of Sciences and Arts since 2012 and speaker of its medical members since 2019. Heusch’s research focus is on coronary blood flow and the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, he first reported that the coronary circulation is not maximally dilated during myocardial ischemia, but subject to active vasoconstriction through alpha-adrenergic effects of the sympathetic innervation.
He characterized in detail the hemodynamic, morphological and molecular features of hibernating myocardium and of coronary microembolization. In recent years, he analyzed the signal transduction of ischemic conditioning; the translation of preclinical data to clinical practice is of particular importance to him, he succeeded to translate remote ischemic conditioning to patients undergoing bypass surgery. Heusch published more than 600 original and review articles in respected international journals. Seven collaborators of Heusch received the habilitation degree, his long-term collaborator Rainer Schulz is professor and chair of the Department of Physiology at the University of Giessen Medical School since 2011, his long-term collaborator Bodo Levkau is professor and chair of the Institute of Molecular Medicine of the University of Düsseldorf Medical School since 2020. Heusch received an honor’s doctorate from the Medical Academy Nishnij Novgorod/Russia in 2000 and an honor’s professorship from Tangshan Medical College/China in 2006.
In 2012, he was awarded the federal cross of merit and in 2017 the order of merit of the state North Rhine-Westphalia for his merits on the research on and the fight against myocardial infarction Edens-Award, University of Düsseldorf Wulf-Vater-Award, Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz Fritz-Acker-Award, German Cardiac Society Basic Science Lecture and Silver Medal, European Society of Cardiology Keith-Reimer Award, International Society for Heart Research Paul-Morawitz-Award, German Cardiac Society Greats of Cardiology-Award, University Heart Center Freiburg/Bad Krozingen Hans-Peter-Krayenbühl-Award, International Academy of Cardiology Golden Badge of Honor, German Cardiac Society William-Harvey Lecture and Silver Medal, European Society of Cardiology Distinguished Leader Award, International Society for Heart Research Carl-Ludwig-Medal of Honor, German Cardiac Society Carl-Wiggers Award, American Physiological Society Medal of Merit, European Section of the International Society for Heart Research.