The University of Texas at Austin is a public research university in Austin, Texas. It is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System; the University of Texas was inducted into the Association of American Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South to be elected. The institution has the nation's eighth-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty and staff. A Public Ivy, it is a major center for academic research, with research expenditures exceeding $615 million for the 2016–2017 school year; the university houses seven museums and seventeen libraries, including the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum and the Blanton Museum of Art, operates various auxiliary research facilities, such as the J. J. Pickle Research Campus and the McDonald Observatory. Among university faculty are recipients of the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, the Wolf Prize, the Primetime Emmy Award, the Abel Prize, the Turing Award, the National Medal of Science, as well as many other awards.
As of October 2019, 12 Nobel Prize winners, two Turing Award winners and two Fields medalists have been affiliated with the school as alumni, faculty members or researchers. Student athletes are members of the Big 12 Conference, its Longhorn Network is the only sports network featuring the college sports of a single university. The Longhorns have won four NCAA Division I National Football Championships, six NCAA Division I National Baseball Championships, thirteen NCAA Division I National Men's Swimming and Diving Championships, has claimed more titles in men's and women's sports than any other school in the Big 12 since the league was founded in 1996; the first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Although Title 6, Article 217 of the Constitution promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was taken by the Mexican government. After Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Texas Congress adopted the Constitution of the Republic, under Section 5 of its General Provisions, stated "It shall be the duty of Congress, as soon as circumstances will permit, to provide, by law, a general system of education."On April 18, 1838, "An Act to Establish the University of Texas" was referred to a special committee of the Texas Congress, but was not reported back for further action.
On January 26, 1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land—approximately 288,000 acres —towards the establishment of a publicly funded university. In addition, 40 acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill." In 1845, Texas was annexed into the United States. The state's Constitution of 1845 failed to mention higher education. On February 11, 1858, the Seventh Texas Legislature approved O. B. 102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds toward construction of the state's first publicly funded university. The legislature designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the university's endowment. On January 31, 1860, the state legislature, wanting to avoid raising taxes, passed an act authorizing the money set aside for the University of Texas to be used for frontier defense in west Texas to protect settlers from Indian attacks. Texas's secession from the Union and the American Civil War delayed repayment of the borrowed monies.
At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texas's endowment was just over $16,000 in warrants and nothing substantive had been done to organize the university's operations. This effort to establish a University was again mandated by Article 7, Section 10 of the Texas Constitution of 1876 which directed the legislature to "establish and provide for the maintenance and direction of a university of the first class, to be located by a vote of the people of this State, styled "The University of Texas."Additionally, Article 7, Section 11 of the 1876 Constitution established the Permanent University Fund, a sovereign wealth fund managed by the Board of Regents of the University of Texas and dedicated for the maintenance of the university. Because some state legislators perceived an extravagance in the construction of academic buildings of other universities, Article 7, Section 14 of the Constitution expressly prohibited the legislature from using the state's general revenue to fund construction of university buildings.
Funds for constructing university buildings had to come from the university's endowment or from private gifts to the university, but the university's operating expenses could come from the state's general revenues. The 1876 Constitution revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858, but dedicated 1,000,000 acres of land, along with other property appropriated for the university, to the Permanent University Fund; this was to the detriment of the university as the lands the Constitution of 1876 granted the university represented less than 5% of the value of the lands granted to the university under the Act of 1858. The more valuable lands reverted
David Maximillian Cunningham, known professionally as Dun Deal, is an American record producer and rapper. He is best known for producing A$AP Mob's hit single "RAF", Young Thug's single "Stoner" and Migos' single "Hannah Montana". Cunningham has worked with Gucci Mane, Trey Songz, Drake, Rich Homie Quan, Kevin Gates, among others. Deal started his career as a rapper in 2003, when he formed the group O Boys with his high school friends, they were signed with one of Ruff Ryders' sub-labels. He used the money he received from the label to buy studio equipment and started learning how to create beats. By 2005, Deal had moved from rapping to producing, his first major production work was one of Tyler Perry's movies. In about 2007, Deal started producing for artists, such as Rich Kidz, Cash Out, Young Thug and Dem Franchize Boyz, he had a studio in downtown Atlanta and was working with a production team called Planet 9. In 2012, while producing on Rich Kidz's album Everybody Eat Bread, Deal signed to DJ Spinz's production team Hoodrich Production Group, which includes C4, S.
O. S and Childish Major. In 2013, Deal gained recognition for producing Migos' single "Hannah Montana". According to Deal, when Spinz was in a recording session with Migos, he contacted Deal and requested some instrumentals; the song was recorded. Deal sent back a beat which he had created about two years before, Migos recorded what would turn to be "Hannah Montana" in about 30 minutes. Deal was skeptical about the song's title, but the song became a hit. In October 2013, Deal was included on Complex's list "25 New Producers To Watch For"; the list author Craig Jenkins commented that "his beats the emotional focal points of whatever album he's on, his restless versatility ensures we'll be hearing his name a lot more in the years to come." In January 2014, among his team HPG, was included on FACT's "10 hip-hop producers to watch in 2014". FACT authors Chris Kelly and John Twells stated that "the group's sound defined 2013 with a diverse set of productions". In early 2014, Young Thug's "Stoner", produced by Deal, got mainstream popularity, peaked at number 47 on the Billboard Hot 100.
The song spawned a number of unofficial remixes by rappers, such as Wale, Jim Jones, Iamsu! and Trick-Trick. Deal, working with Young Thug, since the rapper was 16 years old, revealed that it took him 15 minutes to create the instrumental for "Stoner" and Thug recorded the whole song in another 15 minutes freestyling, he commented on the success of the song: "I'm always surprised when a song takes off like that. You know, you expect it to be a hit when you think it's a good song and you make it yourself, but you never know it's gonna be a big hit."On April 30, 2014, Deal released a collaboration EP with rapper Rome Fortune, titled Drive, Thighs & Lies. Deal is working on a compilation mixtape, called BASS, set for a release during 2014.that same year he sign 2 young producers Isaac Flame and Goose who produced, 9 tracks of Rich Gang: Tha Tour Pt. 1 Mixtape https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Gang:_Tha_Tour_Pt._1 in 2015 he partnered up with P. Kaldone Ceo of MafiaSoul Records LLC, the 2 opened a studio in Atlanta alongside fame producer Bangladesh, where they started developing young artist such has Ray Moon Vory, who's sign to Kobalt Music Publishing, Arius who on June 15, 2017 released her first EP "Pandora's Box”.
Gabriel Herrera of Vice described Deal as "a driving force behind a number of huge hits on the southern mixtape circuit, Top 40 radio, everything in between." In an interview with MercyHope, Deal commented on his musical growth, saying: "there was a certain sound I felt like I was missing when I first started. And the more I did it every day, I started to catch that formula to make those type of songs where they could be on the radio."Deal uses Logic Studio to create his music, sometimes plays live instruments: a guitar, a grand piano and drums. Like many hip-hop producers, Deal uses a musical signature on the instrumentals he creates, which consists of the phrase "Dun Deal on the Track", followed by a pitched-up vocal effect; the tag was recorded by Skool Boy from the Rich Kidz. Drive, Thighs & Lies World War 3: Molly B. A. S. S
'Sam Perrett known by the nickname of "Pez"' or "Sammy", is a New Zealand former professional rugby league footballer. A representative for New Zealand at international level, he was a versatile back, capable of playing on the wing, in the centres and at fullback, he played for the Sydney Roosters and the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in the National Rugby League. Perrett was a member of the World Cup winning New Zealand team in 2008. Perrett, of Māori and European descent, was born on 14 May 1985 in New Zealand, he moved to Australia when he was 13. He is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. While attending Palm Beach Currumbin High School in 2003, Perrett was selected to play for the Australian Schoolboys team. A Gold Coast junior, Perrett came to the Sydney Roosters ahead of the 2004 season, it was in round 15 of the 2004 season that he made his first grade debut, playing on the wing against the Newcastle Knights at Aussie Stadium. Perrett had an "impressive" debut in a 48-4 victory to the Roosters, however during the match he sustained an ankle injury and was forced to come off the field in the 54th minute.
The ankle injury kept Perrett out for six weeks, however he didn't make another appearance for the Roosters all season. Perrett played a limited role in the 2005 season, only playing 3 matches for the Roosters. Despite his few appearances, Perrett was still able to cross for his maiden first grade try, with a double in the Roosters' final round victory over the Bulldogs. While the 2006 season was a poor one for the Roosters, it can be considered Perrett's breakthrough season as he played 17 matches, scoring 7 tries. Playing the entire season on the wing, Perrett scored a double against the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks in Round 19 and his first career hat-trick in Round 23 against the Penrith Panthers; the 2007 season was one of improvement for Perrett as he played each of the Rooster's 24 games, scoring 9 tries. He alternated between playing wing and centre for a majority of the season, however moved to fullback under the guidance of new Roosters' coach Brad Fittler in the latter part of the season, filling in for the injured Anthony Minichiello.
His performances throughout the season were strong enough that he was selected as in the New Zealand squad for the historic 2007 All Golds Tour. In the 2008 season it was announced that Perrett had signed a contract extension with the Roosters, keeping him at the club until at least the end of 2012. Perrett ran 3,720 metres with the ball in 2008, more than any other player in the competition. In the 2009 NRL season, Perrett played every game for the club as they endured a horror year on the field finishing last for first time since 1966. In 2010, Perrett made 27 appearances and scored 9 tries as the Sydney Roosters reached the 2010 NRL Grand Final against St George. Perrett played on the wing. In 2012 Perrett joined the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs mid-season. Perrett played on the wing for Canterbury in the 2012 NRL Grand Final loss against Melbourne. In 2014, Perrett played 24 games for Canterbury including the 2014 NRL Grand Final loss against South Sydney; this was Perrett's third grand final loss as a player.
In 2016 against the Sydney Roosters, Sam Perrett played his 250th NRL game. Coincidentally against his former club. In what would be his last NRL game, he scored the final try in the elimination final as Canterbury lost 12-28 to the Penrith Panthers, he made headlines the day after his final career game, by dressing up as The Rock in his teams Mad Monday celebrations. Despite having played for the Australian Schoolboys, Queensland Schoolboys and New South Wales Under 19s in his junior career, Perrett swore his allegiance to New Zealand. Perrett got his first taste of senior international football playing for New Zealand A against an Australian Invitational team in a curtain raiser to a 2006 Tri-Nations match. In October 2006 he was announced in the Kiwis Tri-Nations squad but did not go on to play any games in the series. A year he was selected in the All Golds side to play Northern Union in the centenary test between the side and after a good performance in that game he was selected for the New Zealand side against Great Britain in both the first and second test.
Perrett was named in the New Zealand squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup which New Zealand won, defeating Australia in dramatic fashion. For the 2010 Anzac Test, Perrett was selected to play for New Zealand on the wing in their loss against Australia. Perrett was named on the 2010 New Zealand squad for the Four nations, in which New Zealand won, beating Australia with two tries late on in the final. For the 2013 Anzac Test, Perrett was selected to play for New Zealand on the wing in their loss against Australia. Perrett is the older brother of fellow Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs player Lloyd Perrett. After retiring, Perrett set up a construction company. Sam Perrett Official Website Sydney Roosters profile