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Upminster Bridge

Upminster Bridge is a crossing of the River Ingrebourne carrying the A124 road between the suburbs of Hornchurch and Upminster in northeast London, England. The bridge is known to have existed since at least 1375 and the current brick bridge was opened in 1892, replacing a series of wooden bridges, it gave its name to the nearby Upminster Bridge tube station, which opened in 1934, has been applied to the neighbourhood around the station in the London Borough of Havering. The bridge has been alternatively known as Bridge House Bridge and Lower Bridge, with Bridge House referring to a house which stood nearby on the current site of Hornchurch Stadium; the placename Upminster is first recorded in 1062 as Upmynstre and is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book. It is formed from Old English upp and mynster meaning the large church on high ground, above the valley of the Ingrebourne. However, it may indicate the position of an Anglo-Saxon minster secondary to those at Barking or Tilbury; the bridge has existed since at least 1375.

It is recorded in 1617 as being in need of repair. The River Ingrebourne formed the boundary between the ancient parishes of Upminster. However, upkeep of all bridges over the river were the responsibility of the Upminster parish authorities, as Hornchurch claimed exception due to the charter of the Royal Liberty of Havering; the wooden bridge was destroyed and replaced with another after the winter of 1709/10. Replacement wooden carriage bridges were constructed in 1759 and 1827 and an adjacent ford was in use up until the 19th century. A stone and brick structure contains a time capsule; the significance of the boundary was reduced in 1934 when both sides became part of Hornchurch Urban District. Upminster Bridge tube station opened in 1934; until its last replacement with railings in the 1980s by Havering London Borough Council, the bridge used to have two low height cast-iron plated bridge sides that were cast by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, makers of Big Ben and other bells in the Houses of Parliament.

A nearby pub used to bear the name The Bridge House but is now called The Windmill, after a brief period being the Hungry Horse. The area is split between the Upminster post towns. However, the post town boundary does not follow the line of the river, instead deviating from it at Hacton Bridge, following the Fenchurch Street–Southend railway line to Berkeley Close and realigning to the river at Upminster Golf Course; this causes three streets east of the Ingrebourne to be in the Hornchurch post town and twelve streets west of the river to be in the Upminster post town. The street names Bridge Avenue, Boundary Road, Hornminster Glen and Minster Way allude the nature of the location as a boundary between places, it is the location of Upminster Bridge tube station. The area is served by the 193, 248 and 370 bus routes, with services to Cranham, Romford and Lakeside; the London Loop key walking route passes through the Upminster Bridge area, the station forms the end point of section 22 from Harold Wood and the starting point of section 23 to Rainham.

Until 1972, bus routes on the A124 road that crosses the narrow bridge were more numerous. Before 248 was extended from its orbital run around Upminster Park Estate to connect into Romford town centre, the London Transport buses reaching Upminster station were the 193 and the 86; the latter running all the way from Bow and Limehouse the 15 or so miles to Upminster most of the time hugging the course of the A124 road. Hidden London - Upminster Bridge

2016–17 Derde Divisie

The 2016–17 Derde Divisie season is the first edition of the new Dutch fourth tier called Topklasse, since the restructuring of the league system in the summer of 2016. This change in the league system was approved in a KNVB assembly in December 2014. A new semi-professional level Tweede Divisie was added at the third tier, thus the Derde Divisie and leagues below it decremented by one level, furthermore and relegation between the Tweede Divisie and the new Derde Divisie became effective; the numbers 15 and 16 from the 2016–17 Tweede Divisie and three period winners of each of the 2016–17 Derde Divisie's, making a total of eight teams, decide in a 2-round knockout system in which two teams will play next season in the 2017–18 Tweede Divisie. The remaining six teams will play next season in the 2017–18 Derde Divisie. * Promotion to Tweede Divisie The numbers 15 and 16 from the 2016–17 Derde Divisie Saturday league and 3 period winners of each of the two 2016–17 Hoofdklasse Saturday leagues, making a total of 8 teams, decided in a 2-round knockout system which 2 teams play next season in the 2017–18 Derde Divisie Saturday league.

The remaining 6 teams play next season in the 2017–18 Hoofdklasse Saturday leagues. The same applied for the 2016–17 Derde Divisie Sunday league and each of the two 2016–17 Hoofdklasse Sunday leagues. See Hoofdklasse Promotion Play-offs

Danny O'Regan

Daniel O'Regan is a German born American professional ice hockey forward, playing for the Hartford Wolf Pack of the American Hockey League while under contract to the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League. O'Regan was selected by the San Jose Sharks in the fifth-round of the 2012 NHL Entry Draft, he is the son of former professional ice hockey player Tom O'Regan. O'Regan spent parts of his childhood in Germany. After his father had retired from professional ice hockey, the family returned to the United States, settling in Needham, Massachusetts, he attended Roxbury Latin School in West Roxbury, before transferring to St. Sebastian’s School in Needham, after his sophomore year, he attended the USA Hockey's National Team Development Program and subsequently enrolled at Boston University in 2012, leading the Terriers in points as a freshman, while making the Hockey East All-Rookie Team. He received Hockey East Second Team honors as a junior, helping BU win the Hockey East championship and was named to the All-Regional Team.

An assistant captain his senior year, he was named a Hockey East First Team All-Star. O’Regan played 154 games wearing a Terriers' uniform, tallying 66 goals and 88 assists to become the first BU player to pass the 150-point mark since 1998. In April 2016, he signed a two-year entry-level contract with the San Jose Sharks of the National Hockey League, he was assigned to AHL affiliate, the San Jose Barracuda to begin the 2016–17 season. On November 21, 2016, O'Regan was recalled from the Barracuda by the San Jose Sharks to make his NHL debut against the New Jersey Devils, he was scoreless. O'Regan was soon returned to the Barracuda and continued to lead the club in scoring in his first professional season. In 63 regular season games, O'Regan compiled a league best 58 points as a rookie, helping the Barracuda to their first pacific division title, he added 7 points in 15 post-season games before suffering defeat in the Western Conference finals to the Grand Rapids Griffins. O'Regan was awarded as the AHL's Rookie of the Year and earned a selection to the AHL All-Rookie Team.

During the 2017–18 season, on February 26, 2018, the Sharks traded O'Regan along with a conditional first-round and fourth-round pick in the 2019 NHL Entry Draft to the Buffalo Sabres in exchange for Evander Kane. He was called up by Buffalo for the first time on March 7, 2018, reuniting O'Regan with his two linemates from Boston University, Jack Eichel and Evan Rodrigues. On July 1, 2019, O'Regan was signed as a free agent to a one-year, two-way contract with the New York Rangers. Representing the United States, O'Regan won gold at the 2012 U18 World Championships and played at the 2014 U20 World Championships. Danny was born in Berlin, where his father Tom, a former Boston University team captain, played professionally for Berliner SC Preussen at the time, his older brother Tommy played ice hockey at Harvard University. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

James Watson Webb II

James Watson Webb II was an American polo champion and insurance executive. He was a grandson of James Watson Webb. Webb was born on July 1884 in Burlington, Vermont, he was the son of Eliza Osgood Vanderbilt of William Seward Webb. His siblings included William Seward Webb, Jr. and Vanderbilt Webb. His paternal grandparents were James Watson Webb, the United States Ambassador to Brazil during Abraham Lincoln's administration, Laura Virginia Cram, his paternal uncles included H. Walter Webb, a noteworthy railway executives, Alexander Stewart Webb, a noted Civil War general, his maternal grandparents were Maria Vanderbilt. His maternal aunts and uncles included Cornelius Vanderbilt II, Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt Shepard, William Kissam Vanderbilt, Frederick William Vanderbilt, Florence Adele Vanderbilt Twombly, Emily Thorn Vanderbilt and George Washington Vanderbilt II. Webb attended and graduated from the Groton School and received an A. B. from Yale University in 1907. After graduating from Yale, Webb started his career with the Chicago and Northwest Railway before joining Marsh & McLennan, the New York insurance brokerage house in 1911.

In 1929, he became a partner in Pausner & Webb. In 1933, Webb founded Webb & Lynch, a general insurance brokerage firm, located at 99 John Street in New York, that he served as chairman of. In 1921, again in 1924 and 1927, he played on the American polo team that won the International Polo Cup from England at the Meadowbrook Polo Club, his teammates in 1921 were Thomas Hitchcock, Jr. and Devereaux Milburn. His teammates in 1924 were Hitchcock, Malcolm Stevenson, Robert Early Strawbridge, Jr. and Milburn, in 1927, they were Hitchcock and Milburn. The Cup was the most anticipated event on the sporting calendar in the United States in the 1920s and 1930s. Webb, a left hander, was named America's all-time all-star polo team in 1934 by Louis E. Stoddard, chairman of the United States Polo Association. During World War I, Webb served in France as a captain of the 311th Field Artillery, 79th Infantry Division, which saw action during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, his wife drove an ambulance in New York City, was named Assistant Director of the Motor Corps during the War, in 1942, during World War II she joined the Civilian Defense Volunteer Organization, directed the Pershing Square Civil Defense Center and its blood bank.

A Republican, Webb served a term in the Vermont House of Representatives in 1921. In 1910, he was married to Electra Havemeyer, daughter of Henry Osborne Havemeyer and Louisine Waldron Elder. Together, they were the parents of five children: Electra Webb, who married Dunbar Bostwick in 1932. Samuel Blatchley Webb, who married Elizabeth Richey Fisk Johnson in 1935, they divorced and he married Martha Trinkle. Lila Vanderbilt Webb, who married John Currie Wilmerding J. Watson Webb Jr. who never married. Harry Havemeyer Webb James died at his home, 740 Park Avenue in New York City on March 4, 1960, his widow died a little over eight months on November 19, 1960. Along with his wife, he was a co-founder of the Shelburne Museum; the museum was a showcase of his wife's "collection of collections" of early American homes and public buildings, including a general store, meeting house, log cabin, a steamship. He was a trustee of the New York Zoological Society and Norwich University in Northfield, where he received an honorary Doctor of Laws in 1955.

James Watson Webb II at Find a Grave

Degree (music)

In music theory, the term scale degree refers to the position of a particular note on a scale relative to the tonic, the first and main note of the scale from which each octave is assumed to begin. Degrees are useful for indicating the size of intervals and chords and whether they are major or minor. In the most general sense, the scale degree is the number given to each step of the scale starting with 1 for tonic. Defining it like this implies that a tonic is specified. For instance, the 7-tone diatonic scale may become the major scale once the proper degree has been chosen as tonic. If the scale has no tonic, the starting degree must be chosen arbitrarily. In set theory, for instance, the 12 degrees of the chromatic scale are numbered starting from C=0, the twelve pitch classes being numbered from 0 to 11. In a more specific sense, scale degrees are given names that indicate their particular function within the scale; this definition implies a functional scale. This example gives the names of the functions of the scale degrees in the seven note diatonic scale.

The names are the same for the major and minor scales, only the seventh degree changes name when flattened: The term scale step is sometimes used synonymously with scale degree, but it may alternatively refer to the distance between two successive and adjacent scale degrees. The terms "whole step" and "half step" are used as interval names; the number of scale degrees and the distance between them together define the scale. In Schenkerian analysis, "scale degree" translates Schenker's German Stufe, denoting "a chord having gained structural significance"; the degrees of the traditional major and minor scales may be identified several ways: by their ordinal numbers, as the first, third, fifth, sixth, or seventh degrees of the scale, sometimes raised or lowered. These names are derived from a scheme where the tonic note is the'centre'; the supertonic and subtonic are a second above and below the tonic. Factor Ear training and music education

Germanic verb

The Germanic language family is one of the language groups that resulted from the breakup of Proto-Indo-European. It in turn divided into North and East Germanic groups, produced a large group of mediaeval and modern languages, most importantly: Danish and Swedish; the Germanic verb system lends itself to both historical comparative analysis. This overview article is intended to lead into a series of specialist articles discussing historical aspects of these verbs, showing how they developed out of PIE, how they came to have their present diversity; the Germanic verb system carried two innovations over the previous Proto-Indo-European verb system: Simplification to two tenses: present and past. Development of a new way of indicating the preterite and past participle, using a dental suffix. Germanic languages developed further tenses periphrastically, that is, using auxiliary verbs, but the constituent parts of the most elaborate periphrastic constructions are still only either in present or preterite tenses.

Germanic verbs fall into two broad types and weak. Elements of both are present in the preterite-present verbs. Despite various irregularities, most verbs fall into one of these categories. Suppletive verbs are irregular, being composed of parts of more than one Indo-European verb. There is one verb, in a category of its own, based on an Indo-European "athematic" form, having a "weak" preterite but a "strong" passive participle. Strong verbs display vowel gradation or ablaut, may be reduplicating; these are the direct descendants of the verb in Proto-Indo-European, are paralleled in other Indo-European languages such as Greek: leipo leloipa elipon. All Indo-European verbs that passed into Germanic as functioning verbs were strong, apart from the small group of irregular verbs discussed below. Examples in Old English: fallan – feoll – feollon – fallen hātan – hēt – hēton – hātenOr Old High German: fallan – fiall – fiallun – fallan heizan – hiaz – hiazun – heizanIn Proto-Germanic consonant alternations known as grammatischer Wechsel developed, as a result of Verner's law.

An example in modern Dutch: verliezen – verloor – verlorenThe preterite of strong verbs are the reflex of the Indo-European perfect. Because the perfect in late Indo-European was no longer stative, but began to be used of stative actions whose source was a completed action in the past, this anterior aspect of it was emphasized in a couple of Indo-European daughter languages, so it was with Germanic that the perfect came to be used as a simple past tense; the semantic justification for this change is that actions of stative verbs have an implied prior inception. An example of this is the typical and widespread PIE stative *woida'I know': one who "knows" something at some point in the past "came to know" it, much as the natural inference from noting someone in a sitting state is that a prior action of becoming seated occurred; the classical/Koine Greek perfect is an early step in the development of the stative aspect to a past tense, being a hybrid of the two that emphasizes the ongoing effects of a past action.

It was this latter anterior respect, responsible for the Indo-European perfect showing up as a past tense in Germanic and Celtic. The Indo-European perfect took o-grade in zero grade in the dual and plural; the Germanic strong preterite shows the expected Germanic development of short o to short a in the singular and zero grade in the plural. The Indo-European perfect carried its own set of personal endings, the remnants of which are seen in the Germanic strong preterite; the reduplication characteristic of the Indo-European perfect remains in a number of verbs, a distinction by which they are grouped together as the seventh class of Germanic strong verbs. Weak verbs are those that use a dental suffix in the past or "preterite" tense, either -t- or -d-. In Proto-Germanic such verbs had no ablaut—that is, all forms of all tenses were formed from the same stem, with no vowel alternations within the stem; this meant that weak verbs were "simpler" to form, as a result strong verbs ceased to be productive.

In the earliest attested Germanic languages strong verbs had become closed classes, all new verbs were formed using one of the weak conjugations. This pattern repeated itself—further sound changes meant that stem alternations appeared in some weak classes in some daughter languages, these classes became unproductive; this happened, for example, in all of the West Germanic languages besides Old High Germanic, where umlaut produced stem alternations in Class III weak verbs, as a result the class became unproductive and most of its verbs were transferred to other classes. In Middle English, stem alternations between long and short vowels appeared in Class I weak verbs, the class in its turn became unproductive, leaving the original Class II as