DeCamp Bus Lines
DeCamp Bus Lines is an apportioned bus company serving Essex County, New Jersey and Passaic County, New Jersey, with line-run and charter service to and from Manhattan. Because there are no fixed stops other than terminals, buses can be hailed to board. Local passengers within New Jersey are not carried on any line except for the 32. DeCamp Bus Lines
Mountain Avenue station
Mountain Avenue is a New Jersey Transit station in Montclair in Essex County, New Jersey, United States, along the Montclair-Boonton Line. The station is located on Upper Mountain Avenue; the station is the fifth stop in Montclair along the line heading towards Hackettstown and Dover, the second heading towards Hoboken Terminal. This station building, constructed in 1893, is used as a private residence, is on lease from the railway; the station's low-level side platforms are not wheelchair accessible. Weekend service is not provided. Catlin, George L.. Homes on the Montclair Railway, for New York Business Men. A Description of the Country Adjacent to the Montclair Railway, Between Jersey City and Greenwood Lake. New York, New York: Montclair Railway Company. Shaw, William H.. History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey. 2. Essex County, New Jersey: Everts & Peck. Media related to Mountain Avenue at Wikimedia CommonsStation House from Google Maps Street View
Little Falls, New Jersey
Little Falls is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The township was named for a waterfall on the Passaic River at a dam near Beattie Mill; as of the 2010 census, the township's population was 14,432, reflecting an increase of 3,577 from the 10,855 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 439 from the 11,294 counted in the 1990 Census. Little Falls traces its first settlement to 1711 when seven Bergen Dutch settlers banded together to begin farming; the Speer Homestead dates from circa 1785. The Morris Canal, once an important artery of trade and transportation until 1925 between the Delaware and Hudson rivers, wound its way through the township and vestiges of it still remain, some parts of which are a greenway. Little Falls was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1868, from portions of Acquackanonk Township. On March 25, 1914, portions of the township were taken to form the borough of West Paterson. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.810 square miles, including 2.735 square miles of land and 0.075 square miles of water.
Singac is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Little Falls Township. The township has three main sub-divisions. Great Notch is the easternmost part of Little Falls; the downtown area is referred to as "The Center of Town" by longtime residents, is referred to as Little Falls. Singac is in the westernmost portion of the township. Much of Singac borders the Passaic River. Little Falls is bordered by the municipalities of Clifton, Totowa and Woodland Park in Passaic County, Cedar Grove, Fairfield and North Caldwell in Essex County, it is located about 15 miles west of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,432 people, 4,740 households, 2,825.040 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,276.2 per square mile. There were 4,925 housing units at an average density of 1,800.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 86.68% White, 4.11% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 4.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.38% from other races, 2.11% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.89% of the population. There were 4,740 households out of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.4% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04. In the township, the population was spread out with 13.7% under the age of 18, 29.4% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.1 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 78.2 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $78,318 and the median family income was $92,462. Males had a median income of $67,585 versus $42,270 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $34,505.
About 4.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over. Same-sex couples headed 42 households in 2010, an increase from the 33 counted in 2000; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,855 people, 4,687 households, 2,873 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,941.8 people per square mile. There were 4,797 housing units at an average density of 1,742.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 92.13% white, 0.65% African American, 0.06% Native American, 4.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.33% from other races, 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.33% of the population. There were 4,687 households out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99. In the township the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $58,857, the median income for a family was $70,223. Males had a median income of $49,136 versus $37,727 for females; the per capita income for the township was $33,242. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. The New Jersey Jackals of the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball play at Yogi Berra Stadium, located in Little Falls. Effective January 1, 2005, the form of government in Little Falls was changed by a public referendum to the Mayor-Council form authorized by the Faulkner Act.
Under the new govern
Cedar Grove, New Jersey
Not to be confused with Cedar Grove in Princeton, Mercer County. Cedar Grove is a township in New Jersey, United States; as of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,411, reflecting an increase of 111 from the 12,300 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 247 from the 12,053 counted in the 1990 Census. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Cedar Grove as its 4th best place to live in Essex County and 17th best place overall to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. In 2016, Cedar Grove was rated the 12th safest city in New Jersey by backgroundchecks.org. What is now Cedar Grove was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Verona on February 7, 1892, from portions of Caldwell Township. Portions of the township were taken to create Verona borough, based on the results of a referendum held on April 30, 1907. On April 9, 1908, the name was formally changed to Cedar Grove; the township's name derives from the cedar trees that hillsides.
Cedar Grove was part of the Horseneck Tract, an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells and portions of Livingston and West Orange. In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325; this purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River. Cedar Grove was a small farming community. In 1896, Essex County built the county mental institution in Cedar Grove known as Overbrook. In 1908, Cedar Grove was incorporated as a township. In the 1950s and 1960s, Cedar Grove became one of the destination suburbs in Essex County among those looking to escape urban living from Newark and New York City. Cedar Grove was once home to Frank Dailey's Meadowbrook Ballroom, located on Route 23, which hosted well-known bands and vocalists, including Buddy Rich, Glenn Miller and Tommy Dorsey, Frank Sinatra, Jo Stafford.
The ballroom, located on the old Pompton Turnpike, still stands, is used by Sts. Kiril & Methodij Macedonian Orthodox Church; the first Dinner Theatre was opened at The Meadowbrook on Route 23 in the fall of 1959 by Gary and Helga McHugh. It closed in 1973. An extensive web site about The Meadowbrook Dinner Theatre contains a listing of the productions done there, playbills from the productions, hundreds of photographs, other information about the operation and its history. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.378 square miles, including 4.252 square miles of land and 0.126 square miles of water. The township is located between the Second Watchung Mountains; the center of the township is in a valley, about 280 feet above sea level. Cedar Grove's highest point is on hilltop. Cedar Grove is located 12 miles west of Midtown Manhattan and 4 miles northwest of Newark. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Lindsley and Overbrook.
The sections of Cedar Grove are: North End: The North End of Cedar Grove starts after the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue. It consists of homes, but there are some businesses located on Pompton Avenue, at the corner of E. Lindsley Road and Stevens Avenue. A notable part of the north end of town is the Park Ridge Estates, which contain million dollar homes. Central Cedar Grove: This consists of the center of town and extends from the corner of Fairview Avenue and Pompton Avenue to the corner of Bradford Avenue and Pompton Avenue; the central portion of the town contains Cedar Grove's business district. On the west central side of town is the former location of the Essex County Hospital Center, on the east central side is the Cedar Grove Reservoir and Mills Reservation. South End: The south end of Cedar Grove is the most urbanized part of the township, as it contains homes that are closer together; the south end extends from the corner of Pompton Avenue to the Verona border. There are homes here, but there are some businesses on Pompton Avenue, including Burger King, the Pilgrim Diner, Staples.
Like the north end of town, the south end contains a section of million dollar homes. Cedar Grove's population density is less than the surrounding towns of Montclair and Little Falls because significant portions of Cedar Grove are owned or owned by county or city governments; the Essex County Hospital Center was owned by Essex County. Mills Reservation is a county-owned park, the Cedar Grove Reservoir property is owned by the City of Newark. Cedar Grove is bordered by North Caldwell, Little Falls and Verona. Most of the eastern portion of the township is bordered by Upper Montclair. Cedar Grove cool/cold winters; the climate is colder overall during the summer and winter than in New York City because the urban heat island effect is not as prevalent. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s and low 40s and lows in the lower to mid 20s. July is
Glen Ridge, New Jersey
Glen Ridge is a borough in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 7,527, reflecting an increase of 256 from the 7,271 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 195 from the 7,076 counted in the 1990 Census. Glen Ridge was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 13, 1895, from portions of Bloomfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. In 1982, the official name was changed to the "Township of Glen Ridge Borough" as one of seven four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had made the change, of what would be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. Effective May 1993, the borough's original name of "Glen Ridge Borough" was restored.
The borough's name comes from the ridge formed by Toney's Brook. Of the many legacies left to the town by its founders, the one that has become its trademark is the gas lamps. With only 3,000 gaslights remaining in operation in the entire United States, Glen Ridge has 665 such lamps lighting its streets. In 1924, Glen Ridge became the first municipality in New Jersey to establish a zoning ordinance. In 2010, Glen Ridge was ranked as the 38th Best Place to live by New Jersey Monthly magazine. Glen Ridge traces its beginning to 1666 when 64 Connecticut families led by Robert Treat bought land from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans and named it New Ark to reflect a covenant to worship without persecution; the territory included the future towns of Bloomfield, Montclair and Nutley. When Bloomfield was established in 1812, Glen Ridge was a section "on the hill" composed of farms and woodlands with the exception of a thriving industrial area along Toney's Brook in the glen. For most of the nineteenth century, three water-powered mills produced lumber, pasteboard boxes and brass fittings.
A copper mine and a sandstone quarry were located on the north side of the brook. With the arrival of the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad in 1856 and the construction of the Glen Ridge station and the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway station at today's Benson Street in 1872, Glen Ridge began its transition to a suburban residential community. Stately homes replaced orchards and wooded fields. Mountainside Hospital, a local hospital with more than 300 beds now known as HackensackUMC Mountainside, was founded in 1891; the Glen Ridge Country Club was founded in 1894. Residents "on the hill" became unhappy with their representation on the Bloomfield Council. In spite of repeated requests to Bloomfield officials, roads remained unpaved and sewer systems were nonexistent, schools were miles away. Area residents marked out the boundaries of a 1.45-square-mile area to secede from the adjoining town. At the election held on February 12, 1895, the decision to secede passed by only 23 votes. Robert Rudd was elected the first mayor of Glen Ridge.
In 1989, athletes from the high school were involved in the sexual assault of a mentally handicapped student. Three teenagers were found guilty of first-degree aggravated sexual assault. Author Bernard Lefkowitz wrote about the incident in the 1997 book Our Guys: The Glen Ridge Rape and the Secret Life of the Perfect Suburb. Lefkowitz's book was adapted into the 1999 TV movie Our Guys: Outrage at Glen Ridge. Glen Ridge is a common location for film and commercial shoots. Notable works include Mona Lisa Smile. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.287 square miles, including 1.282 square miles of land and 0.005 square miles of water. It is bounded by Bloomfield and East Orange. Glen Ridge is a maximum of six blocks wide and in "the Panhandle" north of Bay Avenue it is only three or two blocks wide. Glen Ridge has a temperate climate, with warm / hot humid summers and cool / cold winters, according to the Köppen climate classification humid subtropical climate.
The town gets an average of 49 inches of rain per year and 20 inches of snowfall, compared to the US averages of 37 inches and 25 inches inches. Glen Ridge has 124 days of measurable precipitation a year. During the winter, it is recommended to wear warm clothing because it can get cold, while the summers can get hot and humid; the majority of February and a bit of March is. Sometimes if the snowfall gets dangerous, they will cancel school in order to maintain the safety in the town. There are about 205 sunny days per year in Glen Ridge; the temperature ranges from a high around 86 degrees in a low around 21 degrees in January. The comfort index for the town is 47 out of 100, compared to a national average of 44; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,527 people, 2,476 households, 2,032.796 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,872.8 per square mile. There were 2,541 housing units at an average density of 1,982.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 86.21% White, 5.04% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 4.65% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.37% from other races, 2.70% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.01% of the population. There were 2,476 hou
Bloomfield, New Jersey
Bloomfield is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 47,315, reflecting a decline of 368 from the 47,683 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,622 from the 45,061 counted in the 1990 Census, it surrounds the Bloomfield Green Historic District. The initial patent for the land that would become Bloomfield Township was granted to the English Puritan colonists of Newark, the area assigned to Essex County in 1675, Newark Township in 1693. From the 1690s to about the 1720s, much of the northern and eastern land was sold to descendants of New Netherland colonists who had settled Acquackanonk, the remainder to English families. Speertown, Stone House Plains, Second River were Dutch, while Cranetown and the Morris Neighborhood were predominantly English. Starting in the mid-18th century, the English and Dutch neighborhoods integrated, with Thomas Cadmus being among the first Dutchmen to settle in an English neighborhood.
Numerous residents served in the Revolutionary War. No significant engagements occurred in Bloomfield, although the locale was on the Continental Army's retreat route after the Battle of Long Island; the Green was set aside to commemorate the use of that space for drilling of militia. The Presbyterian Society of Bloomfield was formed in 1794 in honor of then-brigadier Joseph Bloomfield, commander of New Jersey troops in the Whiskey Rebellion. About the same time, the Dutch Reformed Church of Stone House Plains was established; the two churches became integral institutions of northern Bloomfield, respectively. Bloomfield was incorporated as a township from portions of Newark Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1812. At the time, the Presbyterian parish's namesake was governor of New Jersey and had been appointed brigadier general for service in the looming War of 1812. At the time it was incorporated, the township covered 20.52 square miles and included several municipalities which were formed from portions of Bloomfield during the course of the nineteenth century, including Belleville, Woodside Township and Glen Ridge.
The Stone House Plains neighborhood was renamed as Brookdale in 1873. In the township's first century, Brookdale farms thrived while southern Bloomfield industrialized, the township's infrastructure, civil framework and social institutions developed. Several miles of the Morris Canal passed through Bloomfield; the Oakes woollen mill thrived as a major supplier to the Union army. Bloomfield was incorporated as a town on February 26, 1900. In 1981, the town was one of seven Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining four municipalities that had made the change, of what would be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. In the 20th century, GE, Westinghouse and Schering built major facilities, among others, the Charms Candy Company was started and grew. After World War I, Brookdale's farms were developed into residential neighborhoods and supporting services.
Substantial population growth continued into the 1950s. During World War II, while many Bloomfield men served in the armed forces, Bloomfield's farms and factories staffed by women, supported the war effort. In the decades after the war, the township's industrial base shut down with stricter environmental regulations, rising labor costs, growing competition; these influences, as well as construction of the Garden State Parkway, further drove urban decay and related population turnover and stagnation through the latter part of the 20th century. In the early 21st century, redevelopment of blighted and underutilized properties has further shifted Bloomfield towards being a residential municipality. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 5.328 square miles, including 5.304 square miles of land and 0.024 square miles of water. Silver Lake is an unincorporated community and census-designated place defined by the United States Census Bureau as of the 2010 Census, split between Belleville and Bloomfield.
Brookdale is a CDP located within Bloomfield. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Halycon and Watsessing. Bloomfield is in the New York metropolitan area. In comparison to the other municipalities in the U. S. the cost of living in Bloomfield was an average 20% higher than the U. S. average. According to a 2007 report from CNNMoney.com, the quality of life in Bloomfield in terms of crime are 3 incidents per 1,000 people as compared to the "best places to live average" of 1.3 incidents per 1,000. There were 35 property crime incidents per 1,000 people in Bloomfield as compared to the "best places to live average" of 20.6. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,315 people, 18,387 households, 11,767.680 families residing in the towns
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai