Upper Silesian metropolitan area

The Upper Silesian metropolitan area is a metropolitan area in southern Poland and northeast Czech Republic, centered on the cities of Katowice and Ostrava in Silesia. Located in the three administrative units: Silesian Voivodeship, a small western part of Lesser Poland Voivodeship and a small east part of Moravian-Silesian Region; the area lies within the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Silesian metropolitan area with nearby Kraków metropolitan area and Częstochowa metropolitan area create a great metropolitan area covering 7 million people. Upper Silesian metropolitan area has a population of 5,294,000, with 4,311,000 in Poland and 983,000 in the Czech Republic. According to Polish Scientific Publishers area is 5,400 km², with 4,500 km² in Poland and 900 km² in the Czech Republic; the area consists of several Functional Urban Areas, each of, defined as a core Morphological Urban Area based on population density plus the surrounding labour pool, i.e. a metropolitan area. This area contains the following FUAs: Katowice FUA: 3,029,000.

Most of the area was characterized by heavy industry since the age of industrialisation in the late 19th and early 20th century. In addition to coal, Upper Silesia contains a number of other minable resources. Resources of coal to a depth to 1000 meters – about 70 billion tons, the conditions for the extraction – good. Rhine-Ruhr Katowice urban area, part of the Upper Silesian metropolitan area Upper Silesian Industrial Region Silesian Metropolis, a political and economic association of local municipalities


Cataonia was one of the divisions of ancient Cappadocia. It is described by Strabo, who had visited it, as a level plain surrounded by mountains: on the south by the Amanus, on the west by the Antitaurus, which branches off from the Cilician Taurus and contains deep narrow valleys. Through the plain of Cataonia flows the river Pyramus, which has its source in the middle of the plain, passes through the gaps of the Taurus into Cilicia; the plain is productive, except that it has no evergreens. Strabo speaks of a temple of Zeus Dacius, where there is a salt-lake of considerable extent with steep banks, so that the descent to it is like going down steps; the plain of Cataonia contained no cities, but it had strong forts on the hills, such as Azamora and Dastarcum, round which the Carmalas flowed the modern Zamantı River. It contained a temple of Cataonian Apollo, in great repute in all Cappadocia. Ptolemy has a list of eleven places in his Cataonia, including Cabassus and Heraclea Cybistra, far beyond the limits of Strabo's Cataonia.

In fact Ptolemy's Cataonia, if there is truth in it, must be a different division of the country. Cataonia contains Mut. Cucusus, mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary, is today Göksun, on the Göksu River, which flows from the west, joins the Pyramus on the right bank lower down than the junction of the Carmalas and Pyramus; the inhabitants of Cataonia were distinguished by the ancients from the other Cappadocians as a different people, but Strabo could observe no difference in manners or in language. Smith, William; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Cataonia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray

Neil Davies (Australian footballer)

Neil Davies was an Australian rules footballer who played in four states, but most notably for Glenelg in the South Australian National Football League. He had a stint with Victorian Football League club Richmond. From Broken Hill, Davies started his SANFL career in 1951 and played as a centreman. In his debut season, despite having only three games experience, he represented South Australia in an interstate game against the Victorian Football Association, he would go on to represent his adopted state on 20 occasions in total, including the 1953 Adelaide Carnival where he was an All-Australian. His best season for Glenelg came in 1953 when he not only won Glenelg's'Best and fairest' but was runner up in the Magarey Medal. Davies joined Richmond in 1955 but managed just two senior appearances, against Essendon and Footscray, he felt that he was receiving harsh treatment from the club and quit, moving to the Northern Territory where he would play in the Northern Territory Football League. He was a Nichols Medalist.

He flirted with a rugby league career and spent a winter in England before returning to Australian rules football and Glenelg for the 1956 season. In his first year back he won another ` fairest' as well as topping the Tiger's goal kicking. Davies was appointed club captain in 1957 and his leadership role was expanded to captain-coach the following season. After steering Glenelg to a Preliminary Final in 1959 he opted to concentrate on his football and passed on the captaincy and coaching, he finished with 143 games for the club. The fourth and final state of Davies football career was Queensland and from 1964 to 1967 he played for Western Districts, he represented Queensland's interstate team. In 2002 he was named in Glenelg's Hall of Fame and the same year was one of the inaugural inductees into the South Australian Football Hall of Fame. Holmesby and Main, Jim; the Encyclopedia of AFL Footballers. 7th ed. Melbourne: Bas Publishing. Neil Davies's playing statistics from AFL Tables Neil Davies at