Upplands-Bro Municipality

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Upplands-Bro Municipality

Upplands-Bro kommun
Coat of arms of Upplands-Bro Municipality
Coat of arms
Upplands-Bro Municipality in Stockholm County.png
CountrySweden
CountyStockholm County
SeatKungsängen
Area
 • Total325.23 km2 (125.57 sq mi)
 • Land235.47 km2 (90.92 sq mi)
 • Water89.76 km2 (34.66 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
 (31 December 2018)[2]
 • Total28,756
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceUppland
Municipal code0139
Websitewww.upplands-bro.se
Density is calculated using land area only.

Upplands-Bro Municipality (Upplands-Bro kommun) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Kungsängen.

The municipality was formed in 1952 through the amalgamation of five rural municipalities in Uppsala County. In 1971 it was transferred to Stockholm County.

Geography[edit]

Situated by Lake Mälaren it is distinguished by its nature; the overwhelming majority of the population are located to one of the three towns Kungsängen (pop. 7,500), Bro (6,200) and Brunna (4,000), and most of the remaining area is taken up by countryside, a substantial part of it being agricultural.

Demography[edit]

Population development in Upplands-Bro Municipality 1970–2017
Year Population
1970
10,936
1975
14,792
1980
18,489
1985
19,887
1990
20,191
1995
20,025
2000
20,878
2005
21,327
2010
23,676
2015
25,789
2017
27,614

Source: SCB - Folkmängd efter region och år.

Residents with a foreign background[edit]

On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 9 646, or 34.93% of the population (27 614 on the 31st of December 2017). On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 5 002, or 23.64% of the population (21 162 on the 31st of December 2002).[3]

Foreign countries of birth[edit]

On 31 December 2017 there were 27 614 residents in Upplands-Bro, of which 7 088 people (25.67%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.[4]

Public transportation[edit]

The municipality is served by the Stockholm public transport system operated by SL; the municipal seat Kungsängen used to be the north-western terminus of the Stockholm commuter rail network, but in 2000 this line was extended to Bålsta in Uppsala County and a new station was built in Bro. A new depot for commuter trains has recently been built in the municipality. There is also a bus network.

History[edit]

As apparent from its coat of arms, Upplands-Bro takes pride in its pre-historic history, and boasts some of the oldest ancient remains in Sweden. From the Iron Age, about 4,000 burial places have been found, and the remains from the Viking Age include 20 runestones.

Every one of the six parishes also hosts a medieval church, built between 1100–1400.

In the 15th century, the fortress Almarestäket was built in the municipality, just east to the present location of Kungsängen, it was the seat of the Swedish archbishop until the Archbishop Gustav Trolle besieged himself there in 1517, leading to the demolition of the fortress in 1519. The ruins can still be visited.

Since 1970, the main base of the combined cavalry/infantry regiment Life Guards is located in Upplands-Bro; the regiment trains conscript companies of mechanized infantry, Royal Guards and military police. It is also the home of the Swedish Armed Forces International Centre (Swedint).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2018" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  3. ^ Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 5 januari 2019)
  4. ^ a b Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 5 januari 2019

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°29′N 17°45′E / 59.483°N 17.750°E / 59.483; 17.750