Tumba is a bimunicipal locality and the seat of Botkyrka Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden with 37,852 inhabitants in 2010. A part of its statistical urban area, called Rönninge, is in Salem Municipality; the population is 35,311. The Swedish krona banknotes are printed by Crane AB in Tumba. Tumba is considered a Stockholm suburb. In Tumba and Rönninge there are stations on the Stockholm commuter rail network. Tumba has a High School with 1.000 students. The Alfa Laval company was founded in Tumba by Gustaf de Laval and remains in the suburb, as does DeLaval, split from Alfa Laval in 1991. Tumba is diverse, with single-family houses. Tumba has a shopping mall, Tumba Centrum, near the railway station; the melodic death metal band Amon Amarth is from Tumba. What makes Tumba different from the communities in northern Botkyrka is that it doesn’t stem from a big farm with historic roots; the people of prehistory preferred to live close to the shores. Tumba was an inland country. That’s why traces of human activity during prehistory are rare.
The big change took place during 1755 when the bank of Sweden bought a small farm and started a papermill. Around the papermill came a community that developed with its own school and houses for the workers to live in; the next big step was taken when the railroad came in 1860. Soon afterwards a society started to grow around the stationhouse; this society had commerce, a movie theatre. A few houses from that period are still left. In 1894 ` Separator' transformed it into a farm specialized in milkprocessing, it soon became a big industry. From the beginning these three parts grew together; the communities of both the papermill and Hamra are well kept. Vretarna Tuna Nackdala Tumba Park Tumba centrum Storvreten Lövholmen Skäcklinge Kassmyra Broängen Solbo Tumba Villastad Segersjö Uttran The following sports clubs are located in Tumba: IFK Tumba FK IFK Tumba Hockey
Uppsala is the capital of Uppsala County and the fourth-largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Malmö. It had 168,096 inhabitants in 2017. Located 71 km north of the capital Stockholm it is the seat of Uppsala Municipality. Since 1164, Uppsala has been the ecclesiastical centre of Sweden, being the seat of the Archbishop of the Church of Sweden. Uppsala is home to Scandinavia's largest cathedral – Uppsala Cathedral. Founded in 1477, Uppsala University is the oldest centre of higher education in Scandinavia. Among many achievements, the Celsius scale for temperature was invented there. Uppsala was located a few kilometres north of its current location at a place now known as Gamla Uppsala. Today's Uppsala was called Östra Aros. Uppsala was, according to medieval writer Adam of Bremen, the main pagan centre of Sweden, the Temple at Uppsala contained magnificent idols of the Norse gods; the Fyrisvellir plains along the river south of Old Uppsala, in the area where the modern city is situated today, was the site of the Battle of Fyrisvellir in the 980s.
The present-day Uppsala was a port town of Gamla Uppsala. In 1160, King Eric Jedvardsson was attacked and killed outside the church of Östra Aros, became venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church. In 1274, Östra Aros overtook Gamla Uppsala as the main regional centre, when the cathedral of Gamla Uppsala burnt down, the archbishopric and the relics of Saint Eric were moved to Östra Aros, where the present-day Uppsala Cathedral was erected; the cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118.70 metres. The city is the site of the oldest university in Scandinavia, founded in 1477, is where Carl Linnaeus, one of the renowned scholars of Uppsala University, lived for many years. Uppsala is the site of the 16th-century Uppsala Castle; the city was damaged by a fire in 1702. Historical and cultural treasures were lost, as in many Swedish cities, from demolitions during the 1960s and 1970s, but many historic buildings remain in the western part of the city.
The arms bearing the lion can be traced to 1737 and have been modernised several times, most in 1986. The meaning of the lion is uncertain, but is connected to the royal lion depicted on the Coat of Arms of Sweden. Situated on the fertile Uppsala flatlands of muddy soil, the city features the small Fyris River flowing through the landscape surrounded by lush vegetation. Parallel to the river runs the glacial ridge of Uppsalaåsen at an elevation around 30 m, the site of Uppsala's castle, from which large parts of the town can be seen; the central park Stadsskogen stretches from the south far into town, with opportunities for recreation for many residential areas within walking distance. Only some 70 km or 40 minutes by train from the capital, many Uppsala residents work in Stockholm; the train to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport takes only 17 minutes, rendering the city accessible by air. The commercial centre of Uppsala is quite compact; the city has a distinct town and gown divide with clergy and academia residing in the Fjärdingen neighbourhood on the river's western shore, somewhat separated from the rest of the city, the ensemble of cathedral and university buildings has remained undisturbed until today.
While some historic buildings remain on the periphery of the central core, retail commercial activity is geographically focused on a small number of blocks around the pedestrianized streets and main square on the eastern side of the river, an area, subject to a large-scale metamorphosis during the economically booming years in the 1960s in particular. During recent decades, a significant part of retail commercial activity has shifted to shopping malls and stores situated in the outskirts of the city. Meanwhile, the built-up areas have expanded and some suburbanization has taken place. Uppsala lies south of the 60th parallel north and has a humid continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers. Due to its northerly location, Uppsala experiences over 18 hours of visible sunshine during the summer solstice, under 6 hours of sunshine during the winter solstice. Despite Uppsala's northerly location, the winter is not as cold as other cities at similar latitudes due to the Gulf Stream. For example, in January Uppsala has a daily mean of −2.7 °C.
In Canada, at the same latitude, Fort Smith experiences a daily mean of −22.4 °C. With respect to record temperatures, the difference between the highest and lowest is large. Uppsala’s highest recorded temperature was 37.4 °C, recorded in July 1933. On the same day Ultuna, which lies a few kilometres south of the centre of Uppsala, recorded a temperature of 38 °C; this is the highest temperature recorded in the Scandinavian Peninsula, although the same temperature was recorded in Målilla, Sweden, 14 years later. Uppsala’s lowest temperature was recorded in January 1875, when the temperature dropped to −39.5 °C. The second-lowest temperature recorded is −33.1 °C, which makes the record one of the hardest to beat, due to the fact that temperatures in Uppsala nowadays goes below −30 °C. The difference between the two records is 76.9 °C. The warmest month recorded is July 1914, with a daily mean of 21.4 °C. Since 2002 Uppsala has experienced 5 months where the d
Älvsjö is a district of the city of Stockholm Municipality in Sweden, located in the borough Älvsjö in Söderort. It has the biggest rentable facility in northern Europe called Stockholm International Fairs, the hotel Rica Talk Hotel, which both are located east of Älvsjö commuter train station. In 2017, the total population of the district was 1,530 inhabitants; the name was written Elffuesio in 1461. The origin of the first element is unclear – it is derived from an Old Swedish male name *Ælve, but that interpretation is uncertain; the last element sjö'lake' refers to Brännkyrkasjön, a former lake east of Älvsjö
Stockholm Central Station
Stockholm Central Station is a railway station in Stockholm, Sweden. It is situated in the district of Norrmalm at Vasagatan/Central Plan; the station opened on 18 July 1871 and it had over 200,000 visitors daily, of which about 170,000 were travellers, until 10 July 2017 when the local commuter trains started to call at the nearby Stockholm City Station. In front of the central station stands a statue of Nils Ericson; the station was built between 1871 with Adolf W. Edelsvärd as the architect; until 1925 the tracks led into the station but during a renovation 1925-1927 the tracks were moved to the west and the former track hall was converted into a 119 meter long, 28 meter wide and 13 meter high waiting hall. During the renovation the station was extended to the south through the construction of the southern pavilion; this part of the station houses a conference facility. Next to the conference facility is the Royal waiting hall where the Royal Family waits when travelling by train. In 1951 the facade towards Vasagatan was given a more simplified look.
In 1958 an underground passage to T-Centralen was opened. In 2017 the commuter trains moved to Stockholm City Station, one kilometer away. In 2011 Jernhusen, a real estate company in Stockholm, found a way to channel the body heat from the hordes of commuters passing through Stockholm's Central Station to warm another building, just across the road; the station consists of two parts: The northern part, with tracks 1 to 7 northwards, constitutes a terminus station for the Ostkustbanan, Mälarbanan and Arlandabanan railways. Tracks 1 and 2 are reserved for the Arlanda Express, which has its own platform on the same level as the trains' floor. Track 3 is used by Uppsalapendeln and tracks 4 to 7 are used for long-distance and regional traffic and overnight traffic to the north. Tracks 10 to 19 in the western part constitute a passing station for Västra stambanan and local commuter trains. Tracks 10 to 12 are used for long-distance and regional trains to the south, but can be used for traffic to the north, while tracks 17 to 19 are used for long-distance and regional trains to the north, but can be used for traffic to the south.
Most of the trains turn back after the Stockholm Central Station, but some trains continue towards the north. The tracks 13-16 are high-floor tracks built for the commuter trains, but are since July 2017 used for regional and long distance trains. On level with the Northern Railway Square are service depots for regional trains. Terminating trains arriving from the south at tracks 17 to 19 for disembarkation, continue to the service depots where they are cleaned and have their supplies refilled, they continue back via tracks 10 to 12. Long-distance trains from tracks 4 to 8 are services in the same way near the Northern Railway Square; the Stockholm Central station was the busiest station on the Stockholm commuter rail, with about 53,000 boarding the trains and about as many disembarking every weekday. The commuter rail used two platforms, one for tracks 13 and 14 and one for tracks 15 and 16; each platform has entries with entry gates from the lower level and a ticket sales office on the upper level with an entry from Klarabergsviadukten.
From 2017 the commuter trains have moved to a separate underground station, known as Stockholm City Station. The commuter trains go on their own tracks along Ostkustbanan via Tomteboda, after Karlberg Station they go underneath the other tracks to avoid conflict with long-distance and regional trains. After the centre, they join the Stockholm connection railway to the south, which has had two tracks since 1871. In 2006, a decision was made to construct Citybanan, a new track in a tunnel, Stockholm City Station, a new station for commuter trains below T-Centralen; the construction was started in January 2009 and was completed in 2017. A bus terminal called Cityterminalen is located adjacent to the main station, directly connected by a short pedestrian tunnel. Local services offered by SL stop at various bus stops close to the main station's exits. Services on all lines of the Stockholm Metro network are provided on a separate station named T-Centralen. An underground pedestrian passage connects it to Stockholm Central Station.
Arlanda Express Stockholm-Arlanda Airport SJ Intercity services Falun via Uppsala, Avesta Krylbo, Borlänge Karlstad via Katrineholm, Hallsberg Gothenburg via Södertälje Syd, Hallsberg, Skövde, Herrljunga Mora via Uppsala, Avesta Krylbo, Borlänge Östersund via Uppsala, Gävle, Bräcke Sundsvall via Uppsala, Gävle Malmö via Norrköping, Nässjö, Lund Night train Luleå via Uppsala, Gävle, Umeå Narvik via Umeå, Boden, Gällivare, Kiruna Storlien via Uppsala, Gävle, Sundsvall, Östersund, Åre Malmö via Norrköping, Nässjö, Alvesta SJ commuter rail services Arboga via Södertälje Syd, Strängnäs, Eskilstuna Hallsberg via Södertälje, Katrineholm Linköping via Södertälje, Nyköping, Kolmården, Norrköping Gävle via Uppsala, some service continues to Ljusdal Gothenburg via Västerås, Örebro, Hallsberg, Skövde, Alingsås Uppsala Västerås via Enköping, Hallsberg via Enköping, Västerås, Arboga, Örebro X 2000 called "SJ Snabbtåg" since 11 December 2011, Express Intercity services Åre via Uppsala, Sundsvall, Östersund Arvika via Hallsberg, Karlstad Borås via Skövde, Herrljunga Malmö via Norrköping, Nässjö, Lund Copenhagen via Norrköping, Nässjö, Malmö Gothenburg via Katrineholm, Skövde Oslo via Karlstad, Arvika Nässjö via Norrköping Sundsvall via Uppsala, Gävle Uddevalla via Skövde, Herrljun
Stockholm Arlanda Airport
Stockholm Arlanda Airport is an international airport located in the Sigtuna Municipality of Sweden, near the town of Märsta, 37 kilometres north of Stockholm and nearly 40 kilometres south-east of Uppsala. The airport is located within Stockholm County and the province of Uppland, it is the largest airport in Sweden and the third-largest airport in the Nordic countries. The airport is the major gateway to international air travel for large parts of Sweden. Arlanda Airport was used by close to 27 million passengers in 2017, with 21.2 million international passengers and 5.5 million domestic. Stockholm Arlanda Airport is the larger of Stockholm's two airports; the other, Stockholm–Bromma, is located north-west of the city's centre, but can only be used by a small number of smaller aircraft. The smaller airports in Nyköping and Västerås are both located around 100 kilometres away from the Swedish capital. Stockholm Arlanda serves as a major hub for Scandinavian Airlines and Norwegian Air Shuttle.
The airport was first used in 1959, but only for practice flights. It opened for limited civil traffic in 1960, in 1962 the official opening ceremony took place, it was used from the start for intercontinental traffic because the runway at Bromma was too short. Scandinavian Airlines started using Douglas DC-8s on North American routes; the airport was used early by Pan American World Airways. The name Arlanda was decided after a competition prior to the airport opening, it is derived from Arland, an old name for the parish Ärlinghundra where the airport is situated. The'-a' was added in analogy with other Swedish place names ending with -landa and plays on the Swedish verb "landa", which means "to land"; the 1960s and'70s saw increases in traffic with scheduled traffic and charter traffic. The Boeing 747 jumbojet started to be used in the 1970s, both on one-stop scheduled flights to New York and on weekend nonstop charters to the Canary Islands. Domestic flights to Gothenburg, Malmö, Luleå and Kiruna were operated by SAS DC-9s from Arlanda since they were considered too noisy to be used at downtown Bromma.
The rest of domestic traffic operated out of Bromma and all international traffic out of Arlanda. In 1983 the domestic traffic operated by Linjeflyg moved from Bromma to Arlanda, using the terminal now known as Terminal 4. In 1990 two new domestic terminals called "Domestic 2 and 3" were built south of the first domestic terminal. In 1992 the terminal 2 was abandoned because of traffic decrease, it started to be used for international traffic the year after, the main domestic and international terminals were renumbered into 4 and 5. The third runway was built between 1998 and 2002. However, a recession in 2002 delayed its opening until 2003. At that time protests were raised by people living under its flight path in the municipality of Upplands Väsby. Traffic has recovered since and is now showing healthy increases but the third runway is only used during peak hours for environmental reasons. In September 2010 the first Airbus A380 superjumbo landed at the airport. In early 2014 Swedavia announced plans for further expansions of the airport terminal complex, including the construction of an additional pier for Terminal 5 in order to better accommodate larger aircraft such as the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8 and address forecasts of rising passenger numbers.
The plans were approved by the Environmental Court of Appeals in December 2014, construction was scheduled to commence in the spring of 2015. Arlanda has three runways: Runway 1, Runway 2 and Runway 3. Runway 1 is 3,301 m long and can handle take-offs and landings of the heaviest aircraft in use today. Runways 2 and 3 are 2,500 m long; as indicated, runways 1 and 3 are parallel runways that can be operated independently of one another. Runways 1 and 3 are equipped with CAT III systems for instrument landings; the airport can handle simultaneous take offs and landings using runways 1 and 3 at the same time. Simultaneous aircraft takeoffs and landings can be performed in instrument meteorological conditions. Runway 3 is reached from the main terminal area via taxiway bridges constructed to be able to handle the heaviest and largest airplanes in traffic. Since runway 3 is located at a distance from the terminals a deicing area is placed close to the runway to avoid too long time between deicing and take off in winter conditions.
Another deicing area is located in connection with the southern ramp area close to take off positions at runway 01L. There are high speed taxiway exits from all runways, except runway 08, to enable aircraft to exit the runways after landing; this increases runway capacity during rush hours. Use of parallel taxiways around the terminal area separates arriving and departing traffic. Arlanda can handle all aircraft types in service including the Airbus A380; the airport has four terminals. Terminals 2 and 5 are used for international flights. Domestic flights are in Terminals 3 and 4; the new central building, Arlanda North, opened in late 2003, connecting terminal 5 with the newly built Pier F. All international flights handled by SAS and its Star Alliance partners use the new central building. An Arlanda South building, connecting terminals 2, 3 and 4 was planned, but construction is suspended due to lack of funds. In the terminal areas and the shopping area "Sky City" there are restaurants, shopping facilities, bars etc. to cater to the needs for passengers and visitors to the airport.
There are hotels both at the airport in connection with the terminals and in its surroundings. There are conference facilities at the airport. Terminal 2 – International Terminal 2 was initia
Löwenströmska lasarettet is a locality situated in Upplands Väsby Municipality, Stockholm County, with a population of 518 in 2010. It takes its name from a hospital, founded by the brother of Jacob Johan Anckarström, the murderer of king Gustav III of Sweden, his brother, Gustaf Adolf Anckarström, changed his surname to Löwenström and founded the hospital as an act of penance. The original hospital was built in 1809–1811 and was in use until 1993. A number of other buildings were added over the years, including a sanatorium and a psychiatric hospital. A new building from the 1960s took over most of the functions of the hospital; the old buildings are now disused
Upplands Väsby Municipality
Upplands Väsby Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, with a population of 38,963. Its seat is located in the town of Upplands Väsby; the municipality was created in connection with the municipal reform of 1952, when the rural municipalities Ed, Fresta and Hammarby were amalgamated. It got its name from a settlement; the name Väsby can be attested from the 13th century. The prefix "Upplands" came to be used by the post station in 1919 as a means of separating it from other Väsbys in the country; the municipality was named "Upplands-Väsby" for a time, but the dash has now been removed. Upplands Väsby is located in between Stockholm and Arlanda Airport, the East Coast Line railroad goes through the municipality. There are local train services to Arlanda Airport, Stockholm Central Station and Älvsjö; the land is covered with good soil and moraine. The western part border to a creek of the lake Mälaren, which marks the border to the municipality Upplands-Bro. There are other water areas, such as streams and small lakes, in the municipality.
One of them is the small river Väsbyån. Located in the province of Uppland the municipality holds. Runestones and axes from the Bronze Age have been found; the number of rune inscriptions in the municipality amounts to 76. When Väsby Centrum, a shopping centre that houses some 60 stores, was built in Väsby in 1972 the population grew markedly; the mall is undergoing a large increase. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 17 533, or 39.31% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 10 132, or 27.06% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 44 605 residents in Upplands Väsby, of which 13 009 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Upplands Väsby Municipality - Official site Väsby Centrum