Uppsala Cathedral

Uppsala Cathedral is a cathedral located between the University Hall of Uppsala University and the Fyris river in the centre of Uppsala, Sweden. A church of the Church of Sweden, the national church, in the Lutheran tradition, Uppsala Cathedral is the seat of the Archbishop of Uppsala, the primate of Sweden, it is the burial site of King Eric IX, who became the patron saint of the nation, it was the traditional location for the coronation of new Kings of Sweden. The current archbishop is Antje Jackelén and the current bishop is Karin Johannesson; the cathedral dates to the late 13th century and, at a height of 118.7 metres, it is the tallest church in the Nordic countries. Built under Roman Catholicism, it was used for coronations of Swedish monarchs for a lengthy period following the Protestant Reformation. Several of its chapels were converted to house the tombs of Swedish monarchs, including Gustav Vasa and John III. Carl Linnaeus, Olaus Rudbeck, Emanuel Swedenborg, several archbishops are buried here.

The church was designed in the French Gothic style by French architects including Étienne de Bonneuil. It is in the form of a cross formed by the transept. Most of the structure was built between 1272 and 1420 but the western end was completed only in the middle of the 15th century. Twin towers were built shortly afterwards on the west end of the church. High spires were added but after a fire in 1702, they were adorned with low helms by Carl Hårleman in 1735, they were redesigned by Helgo Zetterwall who undertook substantial changes to the building in the 1880s. The cathedral's principal construction material is brick but the pillars and many details are of Gotland limestone; the vaults were all built according to the original 13th-century plan although some of them were erected as late as around 1440. In addition to the artwork in the funeral chapels, several of the church's older furnishings can be seen in the Treasury Museum. In 1702, many features were destroyed in a major fire. During the renovation work carried out in the 1970s, many of the medieval frescoes, whitewashed over after the Reformation were uncovered and restored.

At the end of the Viking Era, the pagan temple at Gamla Uppsala, about 5 kilometres to the north of today's Uppsala, was replaced by a Christian church. Although the exact date of its construction is not known, in 1123 Siward was ordained Bishop of Uppsala by the Archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, it is however uncertain if Siward assumed office, as he had been expelled and was in Germany in the early 1130s. The catalogue of bishops mentions Severeinus as the first bishop, he may have been the replacement for Siward. Henrik,'Finland's Apostle', was the fourth bishop. In 1164, Sweden became an archbishopric under the control of Lund; the first archbishop was the Cistercian monk Stefan of Alvastra. After the cathedral in Gamla Uppsala was damaged by fire in 1204, the Chapter sought permission from the Holy See to move the building to a larger site. Pope Alexander IV granted this request in 1258 on condition. At a meeting in Söderköping in September 1270, Archbishop Fulco Angelus and the cathedral chapter decided the site should be in Östra Aros.

Formal authorization of the move was issued in 1271 by Bishop Carolus of Västerås whom the Pope had appointed to oversee the case. About 1272, work began on building a new cathedral in Östra Aros near the Fyris River to the south, it was constructed on the site of the earlier stone church dedicated to the Holy Trinity, located exactly where the cathedral's chancel now stands. It was here that Sweden's patron saint Eric Jedvardsson had attended mass before he was murdered in 1160; the name of Uppsala was kept, the surrounding town Östra Aros soon changed its name accordingly. The relics of Saint Eric, the treasure of Uppsala, were moved from Gamla Uppsala to the new site in 1273, along with the formal move of the archbishopric; the church was designed by French architects although the name of the author of the detailed initial plans who supervised work until 1281 has not been recorded. In 1287, a promissory note drawn up by the provost of Paris covers the expenses to be incurred by master builder Étienne de Bonneuil and his assistants in travelling to Sweden to work on the construction of a cathedral at Uppsala.

Étienne is credited with work at the east and south chapels of the chancel, the transepts and the south portal, although in most of his work he appears to have meticulously followed the plans of his predecessor. Progress was slow as a result of the plague and many financial difficulties, it was not until the end of the 14th century that work on the initial plans was completed, thanks in particular to the contribution of the master builder Nikolaus från Västerås who began construction of the nave. When consecrated in 1435 by Archbishop Olaus Laurentii, the cathedral still was not complete, it was dedicated to Saint Lawrence cherished in all of Sweden at that time. It was completed over the following decades. Although there are no documentary records of the consecration, there are several references from the same period to the cathedral's chapels, including their altars which were dedicated to the Holy Cross, to the Virgin Mary or to other saints; the last main component of the cathedral, the towers, were built between 1470 and 1489.

The cathedral was damaged by fire on several occasions during the great fire of 1702 which destroyed much of the city. Restoration work was not completed until the middle of the century. Th

List of former Christian Science churches, societies and buildings

This is a list of former Christian Science churches and buildings. Following its early meteoric rise, the Christian Science Church suffered a steep decline in membership in the second half of the twentieth century. Though the Church is prohibited by the Manual of The Mother Church from publishing membership figures, the number of branch churches in the United States has fallen since World War II. A 1992 study of the Christian Research Journal found that church membership had fallen from 269,000 in the 1930s to about 150,000; some believe membership has fallen further since however current estimates for church membership vary from under 100,000 to 600,000. Dr. Stephen Barrett has reported that since 1971, the number of practitioners and teachers listed in the Christian Science Journal has fallen from about 5,000 to about 1,160 and the number of churches has fallen from about 1,800 to about 1,000; the purpose of this list is to identify and quantify this decline in Christian Science institutions and those related to Christian Science, as well as catalog the buildings and spaces once used by the Christian Science Church.

While it is impossible to get accurate membership figures, it is possible to determine the decline in institutions through official church publications and other sources. Notes: In the status column Relocated indicates that a church or society sold its building but did not dissolve or merge. Merged indicates that a society merged with another one and relocated; the NRHP column is for National Register of Historic Places or state or local listings with the highest one for a property being indicated as follows: Yes = NRHP. Country = CAN for Canada or USA for the United States First Church of Christ, Fort Pierce, Florida, on January 31, 1996, sold its church edifice at 911 Sunrise Boulevard for $110,000 to The Pentecostal Church of God in America, Florida District, Inc. d/b/a Glad Tidings Pentecostal Church of God, by warranty deed recorded in Official Records Book 997, page 2392, St. Lucie County, public records, as accessed online September 5, 2007. First Church is no longer in existence. First Church of Christ Scientist, Holmes Beach, voluntary dissolution, April 5, 2004 First Church of Christ, Lake Worth, Florida, 918 N lakeside Drive, voluntarily dissolved, May 7, 2004 The building is now the Victory Believer's Chapel First Church of Christ, Scientist is now the home of the Hawkeye Community Theatre.

First Church of Christ, Scientist is now a nonreligious wedding venue. Christian Science Church is now the Cat Clinic. Missing from the CS JournalFirst, Manitoba, incorporated 1906 Society, Manitoba, incorporated as First, 1912 Second, Winnipeg First Church of Christ, Scientist is now the Burgdorff Cultural Center and a realtor office. Toronto, Ontario: Second Church of Christ, Scientist, 53 Donlands Avenue Third Church of Christ, Scientist, 70 High Park Avenue Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, 245 Beech Avenue Sixth Church of Christ, met at the former Royal George Theatre, 1219 St Clair Avenue West Saskatoon First, 2402 7 St E, building now mixed use commercial, church downgraded to society and meets at #2 1025 Boychuk Dr First Church of Christ, Scientist is now the Provo Community Theater. First Church of Christ, Scientist, 99 14th Street, is now the Agape Baptist Church. First Church of Christ, Hollywood, with Christian Science Society First Church of Christ, Scientist is now Christian Science Society First Church of Christ, Hudson, New York, is now Christian Science Society, New York.

First Church of Christ, Scientist on the National Register, is now Christian Science Society, Wisconsin. Alvin, First Church at 713 South Lee Street is listed for sale as vacant as of December 7, 2007; the February 2007 Christian Science Journal listed a Christian Science Society at that address. Camp Sangamon and its sister camp, Camp Betsey Cox, both located in Pittsford, were run by Christian Scientists for the children of Christian Scientists. Today there are no religious restrictions. Christian Science Benevolent Association on the West Coast, was one of 2 BAs operated by the Mother Church. In 1973, it was turned over to a local group of Christian Scientists who continue to operate it as Arden Wood nursing home. Daycroft School in Greenwich, closed in 1991. Mary Baker Eddy Birthplace Monument, New Hampshire The large granite monument erected on the site was dynamited by order of the CS Board of Directors. Bexhill-on-Sea, East Sussex First Church of Christ, Bexhill-on-Sea: worship registration cancelled July 2000.

Birmingham, West Midlands First Church of Christ, Birmingham: worship registration cancelled July 2000. Second Church of Christ, Birmingham: worship registration cancelled December 1986; the Grade II-listed building dates from 1848–49 and was a Presbyterian chapel. Fourth Church of Christ, Birmingham: worship registration cancelled March 1980. Bolton, Greater Manchester First Church of Christ, Bolton: worship registration cancelled August 2012. Now a mosque. Bradford, West Yorkshire First Church of Christ, Bradford: worship registration cancelled December 1979. Second Church of Christ, Bradford: worship registration cancelled January 199

Boil That Dust Speck

Boil That Dusk Speck is the second studio album by Mike Keneally. All tracks composed by Mike Keneally. "Sooth" "'Cause of Breakfast" "The Desired Effect" "Skunk" "I'm Glad There's Lemon-Freshened Thorax in You" "Top of Stove Melting" "Aglow" "Bryan Beller's Favorite Song" "Deep-Fried Skinks Are Go" "Good Morning, Sometime" "Them Dolphins Is Smart" "1988 Was a Million Years Ago" "Yep, Them Dolphins Is Smart, Alright" "Bullys" "My Dilemma" "Helen Was Brash" "Weekend" "Land of Broken Dreams" "Blameless" "That Claim-Jumping Swine, O'Bannon" "Faithful Axe" "Natty Trousers" "Scotch" "There Have Been Bad Moments" "Frang Tang, The Valentine Bear" "I Will" "In the Bone World" "The Old Boat Guy, Part One" "The Old Boat Guy, Part Two" "The Old Boat Guy, Part Three"