Camp County, Texas
Camp County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 12,401, its seat is Pittsburg. The county is named for John Lafayette Camp, a Texas politician. Camp County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican Bryan Hughes, a lawyer in Mineola. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 203 square miles, of which 196 square miles is land and 7.4 square miles is water. It is the third smallest county by area in Texas. U. S. Highway 259 U. S. Highway 271 State Highway 11 Titus County Morris County Upshur County Wood County Franklin County As of the census of 2000, there were 11,549 people, 4,336 households, 3,156 families residing in the county; the population density was 58 people per square mile. There were 5,228 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 69.53% White, 19.20% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 9.63% from other races, 1.07% from two or more races.
14.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,336 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.20% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,164, the median income for a family was $36,142. Males had a median income of $31,870 versus $18,797 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,500.
About 15.90% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.00% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over. Pittsburg Rocky Mound Ebenezer Leesburg Center Point National Register of Historic Places listings in Camp County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Camp County Media related to Camp County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Camp County government's website Camp County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Historic Camp County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
United States Secretary of State
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, as head of the United States Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U. S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs. The Secretary of State is nominated by the President of the United States and, following a confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, is confirmed by the United States Senate; the Secretary of State, along with the Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, are regarded as the four most important Cabinet members because of the importance of their respective departments. Secretary of State is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule and thus earns the salary prescribed for that level; the current Secretary of State is Mike Pompeo, who served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Pompeo replaced Rex Tillerson whom President Trump dismissed on March 13, 2018.
Tillerson's last day at the State Department was March 31, 2018. Pompeo was confirmed by the Senate on April 26, 2018 and was sworn in that day; the stated duties of the Secretary of State are as follows: "Supervises the United States Foreign Service" and "administers the Department of State" Advises the President on matters relating to U. S. foreign policy including the appointment of diplomatic representatives to other nations and on the acceptance, recall, or dismissal of representatives from other nations "Negotiates, interprets, or terminates treaties and agreements" and "conducts negotiations relating to U. S. foreign affairs" "Personally participates in or directs U. S. representatives to international conferences and agencies" Provides information and services to U. S. citizens living or traveling abroad such as providing credentials in the form of passports Ensure the protection of the U. S. government to U. S. citizens and interests in foreign countries "Supervises the administration of the U.
S. immigration policy abroad" Communicates issues relating the U. S. foreign policy to Congress and to U. S. citizens "Promotes beneficial economic intercourse between the U. S. and other countries"The original duties of the Secretary of State include some domestic duties such as: Receipt, publication and preservation of the laws of the United States Preparation and recording of the commissions of Presidential appointees Preparation and authentication of copies of records and authentication of copies under the Department's seal Custody of the Great Seal of the United States Custody of the records of former Secretary of the Continental Congress except for those of the Treasury and War departmentsMost of the domestic functions of the Department of State have been transferred to other agencies. Those that remain include storage and use of the Great Seal of the United States, performance of protocol functions for the White House, the drafting of certain proclamations; the Secretary negotiates with the individual States over the extradition of fugitives to foreign countries.
Under Federal Law, the resignation of a president or of a vice president is only valid if declared in writing, in an instrument delivered to the office of the secretary of state. Accordingly, the resignations in disgrace of President Nixon and of Vice-President Spiro Agnew, domestic issues, were formalized in instruments delivered to the Secretary of State; as the highest-ranking member of the cabinet, the secretary of state is the third-highest official of the executive branch of the Federal Government of the United States, after the president and vice president, is fourth in line to succeed the presidency, coming after the vice president, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President pro tempore of the Senate. Six secretaries of state have gone on to be elected president. Others, including Henry Clay, William Seward, James Blaine, William Jennings Bryan, John Kerry, Hillary Clinton have been unsuccessful presidential candidates, either before or after their term of office as Secretary of State.
The nature of the position means. The record for most countries visited in a secretary's tenure is 112 by Hillary Clinton. Second is Madeleine Albright with 96; the record for most air miles traveled in a secretary's tenure is 1,417,576 miles by John Kerry. Second is Condoleezza Rice's 1,059,247 miles, third is Clinton's 956,733 miles. Official website
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Longview is the forty-fifth largest city in the state of Texas. The city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat. Longview is located in East Texas, where Interstate 20 and U. S. Highways 80 and 259 converge just north of the Sabine River. According to the 2010 U. S. census, the city had a population of 80,455. The estimated population in 2017 was 81,522. Longview is the principal city of the Longview metropolitan statistical area, comprising Gregg and Rusk counties; the population of the metropolitan area as of 2017 census estimates is 217,481. Longview became a railroad route in East Texas. Today, Longview is considered a major hub city for the region. In 2014, Forbes magazine ranked Longview as the sixth fastest-growing small city in the United States. Companies with significant presence in Longview are Eastman Chemical and Trinity Rail Group and Consolidated Electrical Distributors. Longview was founded in the 1870s by Sr.. In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar to persuade them to build their line in the direction of land he owned.
That year, he sold another 100 acres for $500 in gold. He hoped. Methvin coined the name of the town when he stated, "What a long view!" from his home. In June 1871, Longview was incorporated as the first town in Gregg County. In 1884 the elite Mobberly Hotel opened for business servicing the railroad travelers and served as the center of social gatherings for Longview; the hotel featured cherry wood furniture with carved bed posters, marble top wash stands, linen table cloths, electric crystal chandeliers and a fireplace in every room. Mobberly was located in the junction part of town near the train depot; the hotel was destroyed by fire on June 13, 1965. In July 1919, a reporter for The Chicago Defender was in Longview looking into the mysterious death of a black man named Lemuel Walters. An armed white mob attacked a home where the reporter, S. L. Jones, attempted to batter their way in. A gunfight began between the men in the house. Jones made a getaway; the white men began to burn buildings in the black section of the town.
In 1942, construction began on the Big Inch pipeline in Longview. From 1943 to 1945, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast. At the time of construction, Big Inch and its smaller twin, Little Inch, comprised the longest petroleum pipeline built in the world. Both were integral in supplying the United States war effort in World War II. After World War II Longview's population grew from 24,502 to 40,050 in 1960, its growth fueled by migration from rural Gregg County and the annexation of Greggton and Spring Hill. Longview is located at 32°30′33″N 94°45′14″W, it is bordered to the west by the city of White Oak and is surrounded by many other cities and towns, including Kilgore, Gilmer, Ore City, Harleton and Lakeport. It is 37 miles northeast of the sized city of Tyler. Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Pine Tree and Longview Heights. Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2 inches, with one or two ice storms each winter. Normal highs are from the 50s–60s.
Lows range from the 30s to the 40s. In Longview, the temperature dips below 20 °F and can get as warm as 80 °F during the winter months; the spring season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from the 60s to 80s for the high, the 40s to the 60s for the low; the average date of the last frost is April 4. Severe thunderstorms are common during this season; this is the wettest time of year. Summers are humid. Temperatures climb from the 90s to over 100 going into the dog days of summer; this is the sunniest time of year. The heat index can climb to around 110 °F. Fall is marked by the first cold front. Foliage begins to change in late October. Temperatures cool down and dew points drop. In the 2010 census, Longview had a population of 80,455; the median age was 34. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 56.2% non-Hispanic white, 22.6% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 9.5% from some other race, 2.3% from two or more races and 18.0% Hispanic or Latino.
In the census of 2000, 73,344 people, 28,363 households, 19,116 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,341.8 people per square mile. The 30,727 housing units averaged a density of 562.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.31% of the population. Of the 28,363 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were not families. About 27.9% of all households were individuals who lived alone, 10.7% of all households were 65 years of age or more and living alone. The average household size was 2.50 a
Marion County, Texas
Marion County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,546, its county seat is Jefferson. Marion County is in East Texas and is named for Francis Marion, the Revolutionary War general from South Carolina, nicknamed the "Swamp Fox"; the farming Caddoan Mississippian culture dates as far back as 200 BCE in the area. The Hernando de Soto expedition of 1541 resulted in violent encounters. Spanish and French missionaries brought a smallpox, measles malaria and influenza epidemics against which the Caddo had no immunity; the Caddo were forced to reservations. Shashidahnee is the last known permanent Marion County settlement of the Caddo people; the 19th Century saw Shawnee and Kickapoo in the area. The legislature formed Marion County from Cass County in 1860 and named for Revolutionary War Swamp Fox Francis Marion. Jefferson, named after Thomas Jefferson became the county seat; the majority of the settlers brought their slaves with them. The county was developed as cotton plantations, enslaved African Americans made up 51 percent of the population in 1860.
In 1861, the white male voters in the county voted unanimously for secession from the Union. The county benefitted financially from Confederate government contracts. One of the county’s most famous disasters occurred in February 1869, when the steamboat Mittie Stephens caught fire from a torch basket that ignited a hay stack on board. Sixty-one people died, either from the fire or from being caught in the boat’s paddlewheel as they jumped overboard. On October 4, 1869, George Washington Smith, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, was murdered by a band of vigilantes while incarcerated in Jefferson. Smith's slaying led to occupation of Jefferson by military troops who offered protection for the black majority. Republican presidential races benefited from the black majority in the county. In 1898, the White Primary disfranchised the black vote; the Marion County brick courthouse was erected in architect Elmer George Withers. Outside the building the Dick Taylor Camp of Confederate veterans erected a monument to honor the county’s dead in the American Civil War.
Caddo Lake State Park was first proposed in 1924. 1933-1937 the Civilian Conservation Corps made improvements to the park. The Army barracks and mess hall were converted to log a recreation hall for park goers. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 420 square miles, of which 381 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 59 Interstate 369 is under construction and will follow the current route of U. S. 59 in most places. State Highway 43 State Highway 49 State Highway 155 Farm to Market Road 134 Farm to Market Road 248 Farm to Market Road 2208 Farm to Market Road 726 Farm to Market Road 729 Farm to Market Road 727 Farm to Market Road 805 Farm to Market Road 2683The TTC-69 component of the once-planned Trans-Texas Corridor went through Marion County. Cass County Caddo Parish, Louisiana Harrison County Upshur County Morris County As of the census of 2000, there were 10,941 people, 4,610 households, 3,120 families residing in the county; the population density was 29 people per square mile.
There were 6,384 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 72.74% White, 23.91% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, 1.54% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest ancestry groups in Marion County are: English - 49% Black or African American - 24% Irish - 6% German - 5% Scotch-Irish - 4% Scottish - 4% Dutch - 3% Italian - 2% French or French Canadian - 2% Mexican - 2% Polish - 1%There were 4,610 households out of which 24.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 28.40% from 45 to 64, 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,347, the median income for a family was $32,039. Males had a median income of $30,584 versus $17,885 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,535. About 17.80% of families and 22.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.90% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over. Jefferson Ore City Pine Harbor Corinth Museums in East Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Marion County Marion County government website Marion County from the Handbook of Texas Online Inventory of the county archives of Texas: Marion County, no. 158, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Smith County, Texas
Smith County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 209,714, its county seat is Tyler. Smith County is named for a general during the Texas Revolution. Smith County is part of the Tyler metropolitan statistical area as well as the Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area. For thousands of years, indigenous peoples occupied this area of present-day Texas; the first known inhabitants of the area now known as Smith County were the Caddo Indians, who were recorded here until 1819. That year a band of Cherokee Indians, led by The Bowl, migrated from Georgia and settled in what are now Smith and Rusk counties; the Treaty of Bowles Village on February 23, 1836, between the Republic of Texas and the Cherokee and twelve affiliated tribes, gave all of Smith and Cherokees counties as well as parts of western Rusk County, southern Gregg along with southeastern Van Zandt counties to the tribes. The Native Americans remained on these lands until the Cherokee War in the summer of 1839, as part of conflicts with Native Americans in Texas.
The Cherokee were driven out of Smith County, as others of their kin were forced from the Southeast United States during Indian Removal. After 1845 some Cherokee returned when Benjamin Franklin Thompson, a white man married to a Cherokee, purchased 10,000 aces of land in Rusk County; the Mount Tabor Indian Community developed here, some six miles south of present-day Kilgore. The Community grew and incorporated areas near Overton and Troup, Texas. In July 1846 Smith County separated from the Nacogdoches District and was named for James Smith, a General of the Texas Revolution. At this time Tyler was designated as the county seat. Camp Ford was the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Here Sheriff Jim Reed of Collin County and Judge McReynolds, former chief justice of the district, were seized and lynched by "Regulators." The original site of the Camp stockade is now a public historic park, owned by Smith County, managed by the Smith County Historical Society.
The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles north of Loop 323. The Smith County Historical Society, a 501 non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering and preserving data and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. More information can be found at the Smith County Historical Society Website. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 950 square miles, of which 921 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water; the county infrastructure includes some 1,180 miles of two lane county road. Wood County Upshur County Gregg County Rusk County Cherokee County Henderson County Van Zandt County As of the census of 2010, there were 209,714 people and 76,427 households residing in the county; the population density was 227.6 people per square mile. There were 87,309 housing units; the racial makeup of the county was 70.1% White, 17.9% Black or African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.2% Asian, 2.0% persons reporting two or more races.
17.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 76,427 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of a householder living alone. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13. The median income for a household in the county was $46,139; the per capita income for the county was $25,374. About 15.4% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males. Conservative whites in Smith County began to ally with the Republican Party in 1964, making it one of three East Texas counties, along with Panola and Gregg, to vote for Barry Goldwater in 1964, when native son Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson won re-election.
At that time most blacks and Latinos in the county were still disenfranchised due to the state's discriminatory use of certain barriers. The last Democrat to carry Smith County was incumbent President Harry S. Truman in 1948. No Democrat has gained 30 percent of the county’s vote in the past five elections; the last Democrat to gain more than 40 percent was Jimmy Carter from Georgia in 1976. Smith County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Matt Schaefer of Tyler and the Texas Senate by Senator Bryan Hughes, its U. S. representative is Louie Gohmert. The county is governed by a Commissioners Court, made up of four members elected from single-member districts and a County Judge elected at-large; the county has been concerned about its roads since the early 21st century. It has some 1,180 miles of two-lane county roads. 70% of these county roads were rated as "bad" or "poor" in 2004. The county Commissioners Court appointed a new county engineer in 2005 and initiated an aggressive reconstruction campaign.
But after the election of 2006, the Commissioners Court cut back on the improvement campaign. During this period the county commissioners and judge passed what beca