Laurens, South Carolina
Laurens is a city in Laurens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 9,139 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Laurens County. Located in the Upstate region of South Carolina, the city of Laurens is named after John Laurens of Revolutionary War fame, it is part of the Greenville–Mauldin–Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Laurens was established by an act of the General Assembly on March 15, 1785 as a location for commercial activities, it was one of the six counties created from the Old Ninety-Six District of South Carolina. Laurens was named Laurensville. On December 15, 1845, a charter was issued with the name of Laurensville; the first appearance of the town named. The town of Laurens was chartered in 1900 and in 1916; the town was named in the honor of the South Carolina statesman. The first inhabitants of Laurens were the Cherokee Indians, they used the land as their fighting ground. There has been evidence of broken potsherds, a mound found linked to Cherokee culture on land now called Laurens.
There were many treaties made with the Cherokee Indians over the land known as Laurens County dating back to 1721. Before the America Revolution thousands of immigrants from Scotland and Ireland, settled in Laurens County. Laurens developed into a major intersection of commerce in the colonial America. In the Battle of Musgrove Mill, Laurens witnessed intense fighting. In 1790, after the Revolutionary War, Laurens was elected as the county seat. Like other southern towns, cotton was the major crop being produced; the high amount of cotton production led to an economic boom and a substantial increase in the African American population. The economic boom attracted wealthy businessmen to Laurens. Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States, worked as a tailor in downtown Laurens from 1824 until 1826. Before the beginning of the Civil War, Laurens provided a great deal of political leaders to the state government; the state’s decision to secede from the Union was influenced by many of those political leaders.
The fighting of the Civil War never neared Laurens. But Laurens was affected by the influx of refugees that fled Charleston to avoid the progressing Union Army and Navy. Several of the refugees settled in Laurens after the Civil War. In the years after the Civil War, the economy of Laurens evolved to include industry; the recovery of Laurens' economy was dependent upon the creation of the textiles and manufacturing industry after the civil war. In 1895, Lauren Cotton Mill was founded, Watts Mill was started in 1902. Laurens Glass Company was established 1910, one of the largest glass plants in the southeast for over eighty years; the Laurens Railroad Company was chartered in 1847. The Columbia-Newberry-Laurens Railroad and the Charleston-Western Carolina Railroad are the two major intersections provided by the railroad. Laurens and Laurens County is part of the Old 96 District, which includes Abbeville County, Greenwood County, McCormick County, Edgefield County; the textile and glass industries were at one point a major source of employment.
Although many of the textile plants and the glass production facilities have closed over the last 30 years, a variety of industries exist within the county, including corporations like CeramTec, International Paper, Milliken & Co. and others. Walmart operates a distribution center outside of the city near Interstate 385, which serves as a major employer; the area has seen several recent economic retail developments, is seeing new capital investment in heavy industry, including a major new transmission production facility for German ZF Group. The unemployment rate, as of February 2012, sat at 9.6%. Laurens was the town chosen for a makeover in the second season of Town Haul. Laurens is home to Gary Davis and Pink Anderson, acoustic blues musicians who were born in the city, as well as Redtop Davis, lightweight boxer of the 1940s and 1950s. J. T. Taylor, the lead singer of the funk/R&B band Kool & The Gang, grew up in Laurens; the Courthouse Square consists of four acres, purchased in 1792 for two guineas, around $21,000.
The Laurens County Courthouse is placed in the center of the square. The current courthouse is the third courthouse; the first courthouse was constructed of wood. It was used as a church and courthouse; the second courthouse was made of brick. Dr. John Wells Simpson built the third courthouse in 1838; the courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Laurens' church district has two historic churches. Bethel AME Church is one of the historic churches in the district. Columbus White, a former slave and builder, designed the church in 1910, but the first church structure was built in 1868. In 1877, Saint Paul First Baptist, which neighbors Bethel AME Church, was established. Columbus White built Saint Paul First Baptist in 1912; the church is styled in Gothic Revival. The church served as the county’s first African American public school until 1937; the Church of the Epiphany is Lauren’s oldest church building still operating. The church was constructed in 1846; the First United Methodist Church represents Romanesque Revival architecture.
The church was built in 1897. In 1834, the First Baptist Church was built; the name of the original church was Laurensville Baptist Church. In 1850, the first sanctuary was built. In 1893, the second church was constructed; the present sanctuary was built in 1958. The First Presbyterian Church was organized on April 1, 1832, but the present church structure was built in 1891; the first preacher of the church was Samuel B. Lewers, he served
Pickens, South Carolina
Pickens called Pickens Courthouse, is a city in Pickens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 3,126 at the 2010 census. Pickens changed its classification from a town to a city in 1998, but it was not reported to the Census Bureau until 2001, it is the county seat of Pickens County. It was named after Andrew Pickens, an American revolutionary soldier and US Congressman for South Carolina. Pickens is part of the Greenville–Mauldin–Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area. Present-day Pickens of Pickens County was Cherokee Territory. During the American Revolutionary War, the Cherokee sided with the Kingdom of Great Britain; when Great Britain was defeated in the war, the Cherokee were forced to surrender their land. In 1791, the state legislature established Washington District that comprises present-day Greenville, Anderson and Pickens County. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the Pendleton district became Anderson and Pickens County. Pendleton District was divided in 1828 into Pickens.
A courthouse was established on the banks of the Keowee River where the town of Pickens Court House was developed. The Hagood-Mauldin House was built circa 1856 and is one of the historic structures of Pickens County. In 1868, the Pickens District was divided into Pickens and Oconee counties. Pickens Court House was renamed to Pickens; the Pickens Railway was established in 1898 as a shortline railroad from Easley to Pickens. From 1955 until 1987, Sangamo-Weston Inc. operated a capacitor manufacturing facility just outside Pickens. Until they were banned in the US, Sangamo discharged a significant amount of polychlorinated biphenyls into a tributary of the Twelve Mile River which feeds Lake Hartwell. Sangamo dumped contaminated waste in six locations in the vicinity of Pickens. In two of these locations, the waste was burned. According to the Spartanburg Herald-Journal, contamination was discovered at the "Breazeale site", southwest of town. Schlumberger paid $11.8 million to federal and state agencies for injuries to natural resources caused by the contamination.
Pickens is located at 34°52′54″N 82°42′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 2.5 square miles, of which 2.5 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. Pickens has several small mountains that surround the city. Glassy Mountain, located east of Pickens, is a small mountain that can be reached by several small private roads. Glassy Mountain is an excellent example of a piedmont monadnock. Sixty-five acres of the mountain are part of the South Carolina Heritage Trust, contain varied and rare plant species. One of the most famous mountains in the area is Table Rock State Park, located just to the north of Pickens, but still in the Pickens area, a symbol for Pickens and can be seen throughout Pickens and nearby cities such as Easley and Greenville. In addition to Table Rock Mountain, the park contains Pinnacle Mountain, the highest mountain contained within the state of South Carolina; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,012 people, 1,281 households, 794 families residing in the town.
The population density was 1,227.1 people per square mile. There were 1,438 housing units at an average density of 585.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 80.54% White, 16.80% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 1.06% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.49% of the population. There were 1,281 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,364, the median income for a family was $36,316. Males had a median income of $27,316 versus $19,706 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,436. About 12.7% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over. Located three miles north of downtown on US 178 is Hagood Mill, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1972. Constructed in 1845 the grist mill was operational until the 1960s. There are monthly southern heritage festivals at the site, stone ground corn meal and grits may be purchased. <Pickens County SC Cultural Commission>. Of particular interest are petroglyphs discovered in 2003, estimated to be 1,500 to 2,000 years old and from the Hopewell culture. <Anderson SC Independent Mail>. A museum is planned for the significant site. Jocassee Gorges, located about 30 minutes northwest of town, was named by National Geographic as one of the 50 Most Beautiful Places in the World.
The Old Pickens Jail is one of the few remaining early jails in Piedmont South Carolina. It was constructed in 1903 and served as a detention facility and offices and living quarters for the county sheriff; the building is on the National Regi
Pickens County, South Carolina
Pickens County is a county in the northwest part of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,224, its county seat is Pickens. The county was created in 1826, it is part of SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pickens County was Cherokee Indian Territory until the American Revolution; the Cherokees sided with the British, suffered defeat, surrendered their South Carolina lands. This former Cherokee territory was included in the Ninety-Six Judicial District. In 1791 the state legislature established Washington District, a judicial area composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson and Oconee counties, composed of Greenville and Pendleton counties. Streets for the courthouse town of Pickensville were laid off, soon a cluster of buildings arose that included a large wooden hotel, which served as a stagecoach stop. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the latter included what became Anderson and Pickens counties. A new courthouse was erected at Pendleton to accommodate the Court of General Sessions and Common Pleas, soon thereafter Pickensville began to decline.
In view of the growing population and poor transportation facilities in Pendleton District, the legislature divided it into counties in 1826, a year decided instead to divide the area into districts. The legislation went into effect in 1828; the lower part became Anderson and the upper Pickens, named in honor of the Revolutionary soldier, Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, whose home Hopewell was on the southern border of the district. A courthouse was established on the west bank of the Keowee River, a small town called Pickens Court House soon developed By 1860 Pickens District had a population of over 19,000 persons of whom 22 percent were slaves; the district was rural and agricultural. Its small industry consisted of sawmills, a few other shops producing goods for home consumption; the district's Protestant churches were numerous. The Blue Ridge Railroad reached the district in September 1860. There was little combat between the two sides during the Civil War the district was plundered by marauders and deserters who swept down from the mountains.
The war left the region destitute. The South Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1868, meeting during the first year of Congressional Reconstruction, changed the name district to county throughout the state; the Convention established Oconee County out of the portion of Pickens District west of the Keowee and Seneca rivers plus a small area around the Fort Hill estate that belonged to John C. Calhoun; this small area around the Calhoun property was transferred to Pickens County in the 1960s. A new courthouse for Pickens County was erected at its present location, many of the residents of Old Pickens on the Keowee moved to the newly created town, some with their dismantled homes; the loss of the Oconee area reduced the county's population. It did not again reach 19,000 until 1900; the county's growth was accelerated by the building of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad in the 1870s. The town of Easley, named for General W. K. Easley, was chartered in 1874. Liberty and Central were soon incorporated.
Calhoun came into being in the 1890s, to be followed in the early 1900s by Six Mile and Norris as incorporated areas. A major factor in Pickens County's growth was the coming of the textile industry; the county's first modern cotton mill, organized by D. K. Norris and others, was established at Cateechee in 1895. By 1900 the county could boast of three cotton mills, two railroads, three banks, three roller mills, thirty-seven sawmills, ten shingle mills, four brickyards, yet until 1940, with a population of 37,000, the county remained rural and agricultural. Like many other Piedmont counties, Pickens had a one-crop economy, its citizens were engaged in growing cotton or manufacturing it into cloth. A notable change in the Pickens landscape was the coming of paved highways; the most significant developments in the county's history have occurred since World War II. By 1972 there were 99 manufacturing plants in the county employing 15,000 personnel and producing not only textiles but a wide variety of other products.
The population today is estimated to be 93,894 residents. There is a heavy in-migration to Pickens County because of its climate, industrial opportunity, proximity to Greenville's labor market, scenic beauty. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the county contains the highest natural point in South Carolina, Sassafras Mountain, with an elevation of 3560 feet. Table Rock State Park is in Pickens County. Pickens County is in the Savannah River basin, the Saluda River basin, the French Broad River basin. Transylvania County, North Carolina – north Greenville County – east Anderson County – south Oconee County – west US 76 US 123 US 178 As of the census of 2000, there were 110,757 people, 41,306 households, 28,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 223 people per square mile. There were 46,000 housing units at an average density of 93 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.27% White, 6.82% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.18% A
Spartanburg, South Carolina
Spartanburg is the most populous city in and the seat of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States, the 12th-largest city by population in the state. The city of Spartanburg has a municipal population of 37,013, Spartanburg County has an urban population of 180,786 as of the 2010 census; the Spartanburg Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Spartanburg and Union counties, had a population of 317,057 as of the 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Spartanburg is the second-largest city in the greater Greenville–Spartanburg–Anderson Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,385,045 as of 2014, it is part of a 10-county region of northwestern South Carolina known as "The Upstate," and is located 98 miles northwest of Columbia, 80 miles west of Charlotte, North Carolina, about 190 miles northeast of Atlanta, Georgia. Spartanburg is a major city in South Carolina, it is the site of headquarters for Denny's. Spartanburg is home of the BMW Spartanburg factory.
Spartanburg was formed in 1785 and was named after a local militia called the Spartan Regiment in the American Revolutionary War. The Spartan Regiment, commanded by Andrew Pickens, participated in the nearby Battle of Cowpens. In 1831, Spartanburg was incorporated becoming known as the "Hub City": railroad lines radiated from the city forming the shape of a wheel hub, it became a center of textile manufacturing in the late 19th century, with around 40 textile mills being established through the early 1900s. During World War I Camp Wadsworth was used to train 100,000 soldiers for the war. Camp Croft trained soldiers during World War II; the facility was adapted as Croft State Park. By the 1950s, the production in these mills began to decline. Most textile manufacturing jobs were moved offshore by the companies. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles, of which 19.1 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.47%, is water. The city of Spartanburg has a humid subtropical climate with long and humid summers, cool to semi mild winters.
The average annual temperature is 61.6 °F. In the summer season from June through September, average highs are in the 80's to low 90's F, while in the winter months average highs are in the mid 50's F. Annual rainfall is spread evenly throughout the whole year. Spartanburg sees little snowfall, with the annual average being only 1.4 inches. Average precipitation is 51.3 inches and the average growing season is 231 days. Lawson's Fork Creek, a tributary of the Pacolet River, was once known for its plentiful wildlife and crystal clear waters. Parks and woodlands line much of its banks, rocky shoals and natural waterfalls can be found throughout its course, it stretches from the northern end of the county to the eastern end, where it empties into the Pacolet. The Cottonwood Trail is a walking trail located in the Edwin M. Griffin Nature Preserve that runs along part of Lawson's Fork Creek; the trail includes picnic areas, a raised path over an extensive wetlands area and access to sporadic sandbars.
Located just east of downtown, it is used by cyclists and walkers. Since the Lawson's Fork floodplain is not suitable for development, wildlife populate the area. Larger animals that can be found here include white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, pileated woodpeckers, mallard ducks, Canada geese and snapping turtles. Hatcher Garden and Woodland Preserve, is a preserve located in the midst of an urban environment. Retired social activist Harold Hatcher and his wife Josephine transformed an eroding gully into a thick woods and flower garden which now provides a haven for birds and other wildlife. Early European settlers to this area included French fur trappers, English woodsmen, Scots-Irish farmers. Few remnants survive from these early pioneering days, but traces can be found in the more rural areas of the county. Walnut Grove Plantation, an 18th-century farmhouse, has been preserved by The Spartanburg County Historical Association; the site of a locally famous skirmish during the American Revolutionary War, it was the home of the Moore family.
The plantation lies south of Spartanburg near the town of Roebuck, is open to the public for tours and during annual festivals. The Seay House, another 18th-century home, is a more typical representative of a pioneer home, its single stone fireplace and simple construction were common traits of farmsteads from this period. The Price House, the third 18th-century home maintained by the Historical Association, is unique, its sturdy Flemish-bond brick construction and three stories are less common in this area. By examining the original inventory lists of the house, the Historical Association has been able to retrieve period pieces that approximate the original contents of the house. First established in the 1780s as a courthouse village, Spartanburg may have been named for the Spartan regiment of the South Carolina militia; the city was incorporated in 1831, at the time of the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Cowpens, a pivotal fight of the American Revolution that took place only a few miles away.
The city's streets and architectural record reflect the changes of the 20th centuries. Morgan Square, the city's primary downtown hub, is the original courthouse village, it was founded adjacent to a small spring on the western slope of a ridge, which forms the border of the Tyger and Pacolet River watersheds. The square's name derives from Daniel Morgan, the general who commanded the American forces at Cowpens. A statue of Morgan was placed in the square in 1881; the oldest
Spartanburg County, South Carolina
Spartanburg County is a county located on the northwestern border of the U. S. state of South Carolina. The 2017 population estimate is 306,854, its county seat is Spartanburg. Spartanburg County is included in the Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greenville–Spartanburg–Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area. USS Spartanburg County is named after the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 819 square miles, of which 808 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water. Rutherford County, North Carolina – north Cherokee County – east Union County – southeast Laurens County – south Greenville County – west Polk County, North Carolina – northwest I-26 I-85 I-85 Bus. I-585 As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 284,307 people, 109,246 households, 75,404 families residing in the county; the population density was 351.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 122,628 housing units at an average density of 151.8 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 72.3% white, 20.6% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.1% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.6% were American, 10.5% were Irish, 9.6% were English, 8.8% were German. Of the 109,246 households, 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,680 and the median income for a family was $53,149. Males had a median income of $41,445 versus $31,602 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,924. About 11.0% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.
Spartanburg County is served by the Spartanburg County School System, divided into seven districts. Some of the districts share a vocational school, share the McCarthy Teszler School, a special education school. School District One includes Campobello-Gramling, Chapman High School, Holly Springs-Motlow Elementary, Inman Elementary, Inman Intermediate, Landrum High, Landrum Middle, Mabry Middle, New Prospect Elementary, O. P. Earle Elementary. District One students can attend Swofford Career Center School District Two includes Boiling Springs Elementary, Cooley Springs-Fingerville Elementary, Chesnee Elementary, Hendrix Elementary, Carlisle-Foster's Grove Elementary, Mayo Elementary, Oakland Elementary, Boiling Springs Intermediate, Boling Springs Junior High, Rainbow Lake Middle School, Chesnee Middle School, Boiling Springs High 9th grade, Boiling Springs High School, Chesnee High School. District Two students can attend Swofford Career Center. School District Three includes Cannons Elementary, Clifdale Elementary, Cowpens Elementary School, Pacolet Elementary School, Cowpens Middle School, Middle School of Pacolet, Broome High School.
District Three students can attend the Daniel Morgan Technology Center. School District Four has four schools: Woodruff Primary, Woodruff Elementary, Woodruff Middle and Woodruff High School. High school students can attend R. D. Anderson Applied Technology Center to learn vocational skills. School District Five consists of Abner Creek Academy, Duncan Elementary, Lyman Elementary, Reidville Elementary, River Ridge Elementary, Wellford Academy of Science and Technology, Beech Springs Intermediate, Berry Shoals Intermediate, D. R. Hill Middle, Florence Chapel Middle, James F. Byrnes Freshman Academy, James F. Byrnes High School. Vocational school students can attend R. D. Anderson Applied Technology Center. School District Six comprises Anderson Mill Elementary, Arcadia Elementary, Jesse S. Bobo Elementary, Fairforest Elementary, Lone Oak Elementary, Pauline-Glenn Springs Elementary, Roebuck Elementary, West View Elementary, Woodland Heights Elementary, Fairforest Middle, R. P. Dawkins Middle, L. E. Gable Middle, Dorman Freshman Campus, Paul M. Dorman High School.
District Six students can attend R. D. Anderson Applied Technology Center. School District Seven consists of Jesse Boyd Elementary, Chapman Elementary, Cleveland Elementary, Houston Elementary, Park Hills Elementary, Pine Street Elementary, Mary H. Wright Elementary, Edwin P. Todd School, George Washington Carver Middle, Joseph G. McCracken Middle, Whitlock Junior High, Spartanburg High School Freshman Academy, Spartanburg High School; the Daniel Morgan Technology Center, ZL Madden Learning Center, The Myles W. Whitlock Flexible Learning Center, The Early Learning Center at Park Hills serve District Seven. Spartanburg County’s healthcare is provided by Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System. Spartanburg Regional is a public, not-for-profit, integrated health care delivery system with several facilities in Spartanburg, including: Spartanburg Medical Center, a research and teaching hospital with two locations: Spartanburg Medical Center campus on East Wood Street and Spartanburg Medical Center — Mary Black Campus on Skylyn Drive.
Together, these campuses share a history. Spartanburg Medical Center includes a total of 747 beds, services that include emergency, maternity, cancer, a Heart Center and inpatient rehabilitation. Pelham Medical Center, in Greer, S. C. provides emergency services, general surgery, a medical
Anderson, South Carolina
Anderson is a city in and the county seat of Anderson County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 26,686 at the 2010 census, the city was the center of an urbanized area of 75,702, it is one of the principal cities in the Greenville-Anderson--Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 824,112 at the 2010 census. It is further included in the larger Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, South Carolina Combined Statistical Area, with a total population of 1,266,995, at the 2010 census. Anderson is 120 miles from Atlanta and 140 miles from Charlotte. Anderson is the smallest of the three primary cities that makes up the Upstate region and is nicknamed "The Electric City" and "The Friendliest City in South Carolina". Anderson's spirit and quality of life have earned national recognition as Anderson County was named an "All-America City" in 2000. Anderson is the home of Anderson University, a selective private comprehensive university of 3,400 undergraduate and graduate students.
Cherokee first settled the area of. During the American Revolution the Cherokee sided with the British. After the American Revolutionary War the Cherokee's land was acquired as war reparations and colonized. In 1791 the South Carolina legislature created the Washington District which comprised Greenville, Anderson and Pickens counties; the Washington District was divided into Greenville and Pendleton districts. Anderson and Oconee comprised the newly created Pendleton district. Anderson was settled in 1826 and incorporated in 1828 as Anderson Court House separating from the Pendleton district; the name Anderson is in honor of Robert Anderson who fought in the American Revolutionary War and explored the Anderson region in the mid-18th century. Anderson District was established in 1826 out of the Pendleton district. In 1851 the Johnson Female Seminary was established in Anderson as the first college of the town and was named after William Bullein Johnson. One year the seminary was renamed Johnson University.
During the American Civil War Johnson University was closed and converted into a Confederate treasury. On May 1, 1865 Union forces invaded Anderson looking for the Confederate treasury; the treasury office of Anderson was ransacked by Union forces and the main building of Johnson University was used as a Union headquarters. A minor skirmish erupted at the Battle of Anderson leading to two Union casualties. After the war a Union garrison was stationed in Anderson. Anderson became one of the first cities in the Southeastern United States to have electricity. Electricity to Anderson was established by William C. Whitner in 1895 at a hydroelectric plant on the Rocky River giving the city the name "The Electric City." Anderson became the first city in the world to supply a cotton gin by electricity. In 1895 Anderson Court House was renamed to Anderson. In 1897 Whitner's plant was upgraded with a 10,000 volt generating station at Portman Shoals. Whitner's power plant at Portman Shoals became the first hydroelectric plant in the United States to generate high voltage without step-up transformers.
The Portman Dam was swept away in 1901 forcing Anderson to be in darkness until it was rebuilt in 1902. In 1911 Anderson College was established by the Anderson Chamber of Commerce. Anderson College was a successor to the Johnson Female Seminary and is affiliated with the South Carolina Baptist Convention in particular the First Baptist Church of Anderson. Anderson College became a co-ed two year junior college in 1930 and in 2006 it became Anderson University. Anderson is located in the northwest corner of South Carolina on the Piedmont plateau. Anderson is a 1-hour drive from the Blue Ridge Mountains and a four-hour drive from the South Carolina coast. Anderson lies at the midpoint of the busy I-85 corridor between Atlanta and Charlotte, North Carolina. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles, of which 14.6 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 0.30%, is water. Anderson College Historic District Anderson Downtown Historic District Anderson Historic District McDuffie Street Historic District South Boulevard Historic District Westside Historic District Whitner Street Historic DistrictOther historical locations Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage Denver Downs Farmstead Kennedy Street School North Anderson Historic District Dr. Samuel Marshall Orr House Ralph John Ramer House Anderson Memorial Stadium — A ballfield/stadium on 12 acres of land on White Road.
Renovated in 2007 with stadium-style seating. Home to the Anderson University Trojans. Anderson Sports and Entertainment Center — A 300-acre area that includes the Anderson Civic Center, a 37,000 square feet facility, as well as one of South Carolina's largest amphitheaters that can accommodate 15,000 people, a huge castle-like play structure with play equipment, a 64-acre sports center with 7 baseball/softball fields, 3 soccer fields, disc golf course, 8 tennis courts. There is a lake with park, picnic shelters, miles of nature trail; the ASCE is Anderson's largest recreational area. Anderson's economy revolves around manufacturing. Anderson has over 230 manufacturers, including 22 international companies. In the county, Anderson has a thriving business climate; the top major industries in Anderson include manufacturers of automotive products, metal products, industrial machinery, plastics and textiles. Two industries that many times interconnect are automotive sectors. There are more than 27 BMW suppliers in the Upstate region, recognized internationally as an automotive suppl
Charlanta is one of the Megaregions of the United States, is part of the Piedmont Atlantic Megaregion. Extending along the I-85 Corridor, the region includes the cities of Atlanta, Greenville, and Spartanburg