Ursa Major is a constellation in the northern sky, whose associated mythology dates back into prehistory. Its Latin name means "greater she-bear," referring to and contrasting it with nearby Ursa Minor, the lesser bear. In antiquity, it was one of the original 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD. Today it is the third largest of the 88 modern constellations. Ursa Major is known from the asterism of its main seven stars, called the "Big Dipper," "the Wagon," "Charles's Wain," or "the Plough," among other names. In particular, the Big Dipper's stellar configuration mimics the shape of the "Little Dipper." Two of its stars, named Dubhe and Merak, can be used as the navigational pointer towards the place of the current northern pole star, Polaris in Ursa Minor. Ursa Major, along with asterisms that incorporate or comprise it, is significant to numerous world cultures as a symbol of the north, its depiction on the flag of Alaska is a modern example of such symbolism. Ursa Major is visible throughout the year from most of the northern hemisphere, appears circumpolar above the mid-northern latitudes.
From southern temperate latitudes, the main asterism is invisible, but the southern parts of the constellation can still be viewed. Ursa Major covers 1279.66 square degrees or 3.10% of the total sky, making it the third largest constellation. In 1930, Eugène Delporte set its official International Astronomical Union constellation boundaries, defining it as a 28-sided irregular polygon. In the equatorial coordinate system, the constellation stretches between the right ascension coordinates of 08h 08.3m and 14h 29.0m and the declination coordinates of +28.30° and +73.14°. Ursa Major borders eight other constellations: Draco to the north and northeast, Boötes to the east, Canes Venatici to the east and southeast, Coma Berenices to the southeast and Leo Minor to the south, Lynx to the southwest and Camelopardalis to the northwest; the three-letter constellation abbreviation "UMa" was adopted by the IAU in 1922. The outline of the seven bright stars of Ursa Major form the asterism known as the "Big Dipper" in the United States and Canada, while in the United Kingdom it is called the Plough or Charles' Wain .
Six of the seven stars are of second magnitude or higher, it forms one of the best-known patterns in the sky. As many of its common names allude, its shape is said to resemble a ladle, an agricultural plough, or wagon. In the context of Ursa Major, they are drawn to represent the hindquarters and tail of the Great Bear. Starting with the "ladle" portion of the dipper and extending clockwise through the handle, these stars are the following: Except for Dubhe and Alkaid, the stars of the Big Dipper all have proper motions heading toward a common point in Sagittarius. A few other such stars have been identified, together they are called the Ursa Major Moving Group; the stars Merak and Dubhe are known as the "pointer stars" because they are helpful for finding Polaris known as the North Star or Pole Star. By visually tracing a line from Merak through Dubhe and continuing for 5 units, one's eye will land on Polaris indicating true north. Another asterism known as the "Three Leaps of the Gazelle" is recognized in Arab culture.
It is a series of three pairs of stars found along the southern border of the constellation. From southeast to southwest, the "first leap", comprising ξ Ursae Majoris. W Ursae Majoris is the prototype of a class of contact binary variable stars, ranges between 7.75m and 8.48m. 47 Ursae Majoris is a Sun-like star with a three-planet system. 47 Ursae Majoris b, discovered in 1996, orbits every 1078 days and is 2.53 times the mass of Jupiter. 47 Ursae Majoris c, discovered in 2001, orbits every 2391 days and is 0.54 times the mass of Jupiter. 47 Ursae Majoris d, discovered in 2010, has an uncertain period, lying between 19097 days. The star is of magnitude 5.0 and is 46 light-years from Earth. The star TYC 3429-697-1, located to the east of θ Ursae Majoris and to the southwest of the "Big Dipper") has been recognized as the state star of Delaware, is informally known as the Delaware Diamond. Several bright galaxies are found in Ursa Major, including the pair Messier 81 and Messier 82 above the bear's head, Pinwheel Galaxy, a spiral northeast of η Ursae Majoris.
The spiral galaxies Messier 108 and Messier 109 are found in this constellation. The bright planetary nebula Owl Nebula can be found along the bottom of the bowl of the Big Dipper. M81 is a nearly face-on spiral galaxy 11.8 million light-years from Earth. Like most spiral galaxies, it has a core made up of old stars, with arms filled with young stars and nebulae. Along with M82, it is a part of the galaxy cluster closest to the Local Group. M82 is a galaxy, interacting gravitationally with M81, it is the brightest infrared galaxy in the sky. SN 2014J, an apparent Type Ia supernova, was observed in M82 on 21 January 2014. M97 called the Owl Nebula, is a planetary nebula 1,630 light-years from Earth, it was discovered in 1781 by Pierre Méchain. M101 called the Pinwheel Galaxy, is a face-on spiral galaxy located 25 million light-years from Earth, it was discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1781. Its spiral arms have re
Night Peacock is a 2016 romantic drama film directed by Dai Sijie. The film is a Chinese-French co-production, it stars Liu Ye, Yu Shaoqun and Leon Lai. The film was released in mainland China by SMG Pictures and Beijing Lupiaoda Media on 20 May 2016; the film is set in France. Liu Yifei Liu Ye Yu Shaoqun Leon Lai The film was shot in Chengdu, China; the film has grossed. The film was awarded first prize under the Special Chinese Film category at the 40th Montreal World Film Festival, Liu was nominated as Best Actress, it won the Golden Angel Award for Film at the 12th Chinese American Film Festival. Night Peacock on IMDb
Aeriel Stiles is the American first guitarist and prime songwriter from the hard rock band Pretty Boy Floyd from Hollywood, California formed in 1987. He was replaced by guitarist Kristy Majors. In 1985, Aeriel joined the band Kery Doll taking the bassist slot to score a gig. Two months Stiles moved to guitar and the band shortened the name to Doll. In 1986, the bass player Michael Hannon left to form Doll dissolved. Aeriel was looking to put together a similar group and he found vocalist Steve Summers and drummer Kari Kane through an ad in Music Connection magazine, they came down and they hit it off. One year they found bassist Vinnie Chas. From there, with their name suggested to Stiles by Kim Fowley, Pretty Boy Floyd was born. Aeriel wrote most of the Pretty Boy Floyd songs himself, he wrote "Leather Boyz With Electric Toyz", "Wild Angels", "48 Hours", "The Last Kiss" in 1984/1985 while he was in Doll. He wrote "I Wanna Be With You" in 1982, two years before he came to L. A. In 1986/1987, while he and Steve were trying to find other members, Aeriel wrote "Only The Young Understand", "Rock'N' Roll Outlaws", "Your Mama Won't Know".
Aeriel played guitar for several years for The Richard Berry Group. Richard Berry is best known as the songwriter of "Louie Louie" and "Have Love Will Travel." They played as the house band for the L. A. Doo Wop Society backing other famous singers of the genre. In 1988 Aeriel Stiles was replaced by guitarist Kristy Majors, after 8 shows Pretty Boy Floyd were snapped up by MCA Records, their debut album named Leather Boyz with Electric Toyz was released in 1989 and produced by Motörhead producer Howard Benson. It reached #130 on the United States Billboard charts. Aeriel rejoined the band in January 1991 and stayed with the band until about spring of 1994 when they broke up. In 1995 Aeriel Stiles created a band called "Stratosphere"; the band were forced to take nearly a year hiatus when Stiles suffered a back injury which required surgery. Afterwards, Stiles recorded an additional 10 songs at his home studio, they narrowed the 15 tracks down to 10 and released the CD "Time" in 1997. The band recruited drummer Jay Rezendes and bassist John Binkley in time to appear on the cover art, but the "Time" CD was finished prior.
Stratosphere began playing regular shows in the L. A. area. Aeriel Stiles was nominated by Rock City News magazine for best guitarist for 3 consecutive years, their live shows were a retro-hippie stage set which featured lots of lighting effects, including the use of invisible fluorescent paints which made Jeff Alpin's artwork banners and scrims reveal hidden images when the black lights came on. The band played its final live shows in 2002; the band disbanded before its second CD was completed. In 2003, Aeriel and Rabatin formed the Psychedelic Blues Experience as a working cover band for about a year. In 2005, Aeriel and Purcell joined up again and formed Throttlehold, an original metal band in the vein of Tool but with electronica elements. Stiles is in the process of forming another group. From 2002-2007 Aeriel created and produced funny comedy songs and parodies for FOX Interactive, Madblast, Atom Films, Loony Music, he has had the number one internet file on all those networks at one time and several times.
His baby-voiced parodies have been downloaded in excess of 200 million times. In 2007, he played on, re-arranged and produced a new track for Steve Summers of Pretty Boy Floyd called "Take You Down", written by Summers and Keri Kelli. In 2007-2008 Aeriel composed and produced 36 pieces of music, including the title track, for the film Sugar Boxx which will be released in June/July 2009; the film was directed by Cody Jarrett. In 2008 Aeriel composed the music and contributed voice-overs to the video game: Mr. Biscuits - The Case of the Ocean Pearl In 2008 Aeriel collaborated with vocalist Kery Doll and former Doll drummer Philip Geldray to play on and produce the Kery Doll song: "A child shall lead them." The musicians plan to re-record several of the older Kery Doll songs and new material for a new release, which will include several Kery Doll former members. Confirmed at this time are Michael Hannon, Steven Darrow, Kim Renee, Keri Kelli, as well as former Pretty Boy Floyd bassist Vinnie Chas.
Aeriel works as a songwriter and producer in Nashville, doing production for radio jingles, songwriter demos and master tracks for film and television. He teaches a comedy and humorous songwriting workshop at SongU.com. He has started a new as yet unnamed group with vocalist Rob Hill. Aeriel Stiles is the demonstration guitarist for the effects pedals at the web sites for Guyatone & Maxon effects, he plays with his favorite pedals, Guyatone's metal monster, Maxon's OD9 and SD9. Aeriel endorses Fisher saturn V guitars. Demo Tape Rock'N Roll Freak Show Tonight Belongs to the Young Remastered demos - The Demos Collection Dirty Glam Rattlin' Bones Time Loony Music Kery Doll Official Site Official Pretty Boy Floyd official website
Manuel Ventura Cajuda de Sousa is a Portuguese retired footballer who played as a midfielder, the manager of Leixões SC. In a career which spanned three decades, he managed nearly 20 teams in his own country, worked in Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Thailand. Born in Olhão, Cajuda played in his native Algarve region during his career, starting out at S. C. Olhanense. In 1975 he joined what would be his main club, S. C. Farense in the second division. In the summer of 1983 though the Faro side had just promoted to the Primeira Liga, 32-year-old Cajuda decided to retire from playing. After retiring, Cajuda started working as a manager with Farense, leading the team through 12 games in their first-ever season in the top flight and managing to help them retain their league status after finishing 12th, he continued to work in his native region in the following years, with Portimonense SC, Olhanense and Louletano DC. In 1994, after years of working exclusively in the second level – the exception being S.
C. U. Torreense in the 1991–92 campaign – Cajuda signed for S. C. Braga, remaining in Minho for the following eight years, with two incomplete seasons with C. F. Os Belenenses in between, he managed to finish in the top six with his following two clubs, U. D. Leiria – he had been in charge of them nine years before, in division two – and C. S. Marítimo. Cajuda left the Madeira side only one game into the 2004–05 season, joined S. C. Beira-Mar of the top tier, but only lasted an additional ten matches in Aveiro. After a brief spell with Associação Naval 1º de Maio he left for Egypt with Zamalek SC, becoming its second Portuguese coach after Nelo Vingada. Cajuda returned to Portugal midway through 2006–07 campaign joining Vitória de Guimarães – being announced on Christmas Day – which he led to promotion and a third position in the following year, just narrowly surpassing S. L. Benfica for the last UEFA Champions League berth and only to lose controversially in the last qualifying round against FC Basel of Switzerland.
He left at the conclusion of 2008–09 with an eighth-place finish, joining Al-Sharjah SCC of the United Arab Emirates. In late September 2011, Cajuda became Leiria's third coach of the season after the dismissed Pedro Caixinha and Vítor Pontes, he was relieved of his duties on 14 March 2012, with the team ranking last in the league. After nearly a quarter of a century away, Cajuda returned to hometown club Olhanense on 8 January 2013, succeeding Sérgio Conceição, he resigned on 1 May with the side having slipped from eighth to 14th, one place off the bottom. Following brief spells across Asia, namely in China and the UAE, Cajuda returned to his country to take over at Académico de Viseu F. C. in February 2018, replacing Francisco Chaló at a team challenging for a place in the top flight. Having finished that campaign in third, one place off promotion, he resigned the following 13 January them in 13th place. On 26 January 2020, Cajuda was hired at Leixões S. C. who were placed tenth in the second tier.
Cajuda's sons, Hugo and João, were both involved in sports: the former played twice for Braga in the top division – under the management of his father – representing their reserves during a short spell. The latter was engaged in gymnastics in his youth, but took up an acting career. Manuel Cajuda at ForaDeJogo Manuel Cajuda manager stats at ForaDeJogo
Moll Flanders is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published in 1722. It purports to be the true account of the life of the eponymous Moll, detailing her exploits from birth until old age. By 1721, Defoe had become a recognised novelist, with the success of Robinson Crusoe in 1719, his political work was tapering off at this point, due to the fall of both Whig and Tory party leaders with whom he had been associated. Defoe's Whig views are evident in the story of Moll, the novel's full title gives some insight into this and the outline of the plot:It is assumed that the novel was written by Daniel Defoe, his name is given as the author in modern printings of the novel. However, the original printing did not have an author; the attribution of Moll Flanders to Defoe was made by bookseller Francis Noble in 1770, after Defoe's death in 1731. The novel is based on the life of Moll King, a London criminal whom Defoe met while visiting Newgate Prison. Moll's mother is a convict in Newgate Prison in London, given a reprieve by "pleading her belly," a reference to the custom of staying the executions of pregnant criminals.
Her mother is transported to Colonial United States, Moll Flanders is raised from the age of three until adolescence by a kindly foster mother. Thereafter she gets attached to a household as a servant where she is loved by both sons, the elder of whom convinces her to "act like they were married" in bed. Unwilling to marry her, he persuades her to marry his younger brother. After five years of marriage, she is widowed, leaves her children in the care of in-laws, begins honing the skill of passing herself off as a fortuned widow to attract a man who will marry her and provide her with security; the first time she does this, her "gentleman-tradesman" spendthrift husband goes bankrupt and flees to the Continent, leaving her on her own with his blessing to do the best she can to forget him. The second time, she makes a match that leads her to Virginia Colony with a kindly man who introduces her to his mother. After three children, Moll learns that her mother-in-law is her biological mother, which makes her husband her half-brother.
She dissolves their marriage and after continuing to live with her brother for three years, travels back to England, leaving her two children behind, goes to live in Bath to seek a new husband. Again she returns to her con skills and develops a relationship with a man in Bath whose wife is elsewhere confined due to insanity, their relationship is at first platonic, but develops into Moll becoming something of a "kept woman" in Hammersmith, London. They have three children, but after a severe illness he repents, breaks off the arrangement, commits to his wife. However, he assures Moll that their son will be well cared for, so she leaves yet another child behind. Moll, now 42, resorts to another beau, a bank clerk, who while still married to an adulterous wife, proposes to Moll after she entrusts him with her financial holdings. While waiting for the banker to divorce, Moll pretends to have a great fortune to attract another wealthy husband Lancashire, assisted by a new female acquaintance who attests to Moll's social standing.
The ruse is successful and she marries a rich man who claims to own property in Ireland. They each realize that they were both conned and manipulated by the before mentioned new acquaintance, he discharges her from the marriage, telling her that she should inherit any money he might get. After enjoying each other's company for about a month, they part ways, but Moll soon discovers that she is pregnant, she gives birth and the midwife gives a tripartite scale of the costs of bearing a child, with one value level per social class. She continues hoping he will still have her. Moll leaves her newborn in the care of a countrywoman in exchange for the sum of £5 a year. Moll marries the banker, but realizes "what an abominable creature I am! and how this innocent gentleman is going to be abused by me!" They live in happiness for five years before he becomes bankrupt and dies of despair, the fate of their two children left unstated. Desperate now, Moll begins a career of artful thievery, which, by employing her wits, beauty and femininity, as well as hard-heartedness and wickedness, brings her the financial security she has always sought.
She becomes well known among those "in the trade," and is given the name Moll Flanders. She is helped throughout her career as a thief by her Governess, who acts as receiver. Moll is caught by two maids whilst trying to steal from a house. In Newgate she is led to her repentance. At the same time, she reunites with her soulmate, her "Lancashire husband", jailed for his robberies. Moll is found guilty of felony, but not the second charge, yet Moll convinces a minister of her repentance, together with her Lancashire husband is transported to the Colonies to avoid hanging, where they live together. Once in the colonies, Moll learns her mother has left her a plantation and that her own son is alive, as is her husband/brother. Moll introduces herself to her brother and the
Dr. Lucian Jayasuriya is a Sri Lankan civil servant and medical manager. Jayasurya has held many positions of responsibility in the Sri Lankan healthcare system. Jayasuriya trained at Ceylon Medical College and joined the Health Ministry as an Intern Medical officer in 1962, his first posting after the internship was as District Medical Officer, Ittapana from April 1963 to April 1965. Jayasuriya held the posts of Director General Hospital Colombo 1982-1984, Director General Ministry of Teaching Hospitals 1984-1989 and Additional Secretary Ministry of Health 1995-1997, he was Medical Advisor and Medical Director of GlaxoSmithKline Sri Lanka from 1997 to 2013. He is part-time consultant to GlaxoSmithKline from 2014 to 2019 Jayasuriya has provided leadership to several medical organisations.. He served as Founder and President of the Sri Lanka College of Venereologists from 1996-1997, President of the College of Medical Administrators in 1997 and as President of the Sri Lanka Medical Association in 1995.
He is credited with initiating career guidance seminars for doctors in Sri Lanka and initiating the health management committee of the SLMA. He served on the Drugs Committee and Communicable Diseases Committee of the SLMA in addition to editing the SLMA Guidelines on Vaccines 2001, 2004, 2008, 2011. Jayasuriya served as Chairman of the Board of Management Postgraduate Institute of Medicine from 2001-2004 and again from 2011-2012, as a council member of the Sri Lanka Medical Council, the National Stroke Association and The safe bottle Lamp Foundation. Jayasuriya has been a critic of both government ministries as well as the medical trade union Government Medical Officers Association, he is referred to as "a prominent and powerful figure in medical circles" in an editorial in the Daily Mirror. He wrote the appreciation of Surendra Ramachandran. Jayasuriya has been honoured by many of the medical educational institutions teaching medical management and by professional associations; these include: Honorary Fellowship of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine Honorary Fellowship of the College of General Practitioners of Sri Lanka Fellowship of the College of Medical Administrators Fellowship of the College of VenereologistsHe delivered the EM Wijerama endowment lecture awarded by the Sri Lanka Medical Association in 2003.
He delivered the MPM Cooray memorial oration "Reflections of a Catholic Doctor" on 5 November 2011