Utah County, Utah

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Utah County, Utah
East (closer) at Historic Utah County Courthouse, Jul 15.jpg
Historic Utah County Courthouse
Map of Utah highlighting Utah County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 31, 1850 (created)
April 18, 1852 (organized)
Named forUte Tribe
SeatProvo
Largest cityProvo
Area
 • Total2,144 sq mi (5,553 km2)
 • Land2,003 sq mi (5,188 km2)
 • Water141 sq mi (365 km2), 6.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)606,425
 • Density303/sq mi (117/km2)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.utahcounty.gov

Utah County is a county in the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 516,564,[1] thus making it Utah's second-most populous county; the county seat and largest city is Provo,[2] which is the state's third-largest city.

Utah County is part of the Provo-Orem, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Combined Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of Utah was in Utah County, in the city of Saratoga Springs.[3]

Utah County is one of seven counties in the United States to have the same name as its state.[4]

History[edit]

The legislature of the State of Deseret created a county on January 31, 1850,[5] to govern the civic affairs of Utah Valley, which by the 1850s was bustling with newly arrived settlers; the county name derived from the valley name, which derived from the Spanish name (Yuta) for the Ute Indians. The State of Deseret was dissolved soon after (April 5, 1851), but the counties it had set in place continued in existence. There is little record of any official activity conducted by the fledgling county until April 18, 1852, when a full slate of county officials was published and recordkeeping began; the first courthouse was built in central Provo in 1866-67. It was soon outgrown, and was replaced by a second courthouse (1872–73). By the 1920s this building was also cramped, and the decision was made to erect a combined city-county building, which was completed in 1926.[6]

The county's boundaries were adjusted in 1852, 1854, 1856, 1862, 1880, and 1884, it has retained its present boundary since 1884.[7]

Geography[edit]

Utah County terrain ranges from stiff mountain ranges in the east (the Wasatch Range, dropping steeply to a large lake-filled valley. Most of the comparatively level ground is dedicated to agriculture or developed uses, while most of the steep terrain is covered with arid-climate forestation;[8] the county generally slopes to the west and north, with its highest point (Mt. Nebo in the southern part of the county), at 11,928' (3636m) ASL.[9] The county has an area of 2,144 square miles (5,550 km2), of which 2,003 square miles (5,190 km2) is land and 141 square miles (370 km2) (6.6%) is water.[10]

Utah Valley lies at the center of the county, lined by the mountains of the Wasatch Range on the east. Utah Lake occupies a large part of the valley; the elevation ranges from 4,487 feet (1,368 m) above sea level at the lake to 11,928 feet (3,636 m) at the peak of Mount Nebo.

Major Highways[8][edit]

  • US Interstate I-15
  • US - 6
  • US - 89
  • US - 189
  • Utah State Highway 68
  • Utah State Highway 73
  • Utah State Highway 77
  • Utah State Highway 85
  • Utah State Highway 92
  • Utah State Highway 146
  • Utah State Highway 147
  • Utah State Highway 198

Adjacent counties[edit]

A partial view of Utah Valley seen here from outside of Salem

Protected areas[8][edit]

Lakes[8][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,026
18608,248307.1%
187012,20348.0%
188017,97347.3%
189023,76832.2%
190032,45636.6%
191037,94216.9%
192040,7927.5%
193049,02120.2%
194057,38217.1%
195081,91242.7%
1960106,99130.6%
1970137,77628.8%
1980218,10658.3%
1990263,59020.9%
2000368,54039.8%
2010516,56440.2%
Est. 2017606,425[11]17.4%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010–2014[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 516,564 people, 140,602 households, and 114,350 families in the county; the population density was 258/sqmi (99.6/km²). There were 148,350 housing units, at an average density of 74.1/sqmi (28.6/km²). The county's racial makeup was 89.4% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.4% Asian, 0.8% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 4.6% some other race, and 2.7% from two or more races. 10.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 140,602 households, out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were headed by married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 11.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57, and the average family size was 3.88.

The county's population was spread out with 35.2% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 28% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $45,833, and the median income for a family was $50,196. Males had a median income of $37,878 versus $22,656 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,557. About 6.80% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 4.80% of those age 65 or over.

The five most reported ancestries in Utah County are:[16]

Religion[edit]

  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: 88.1%
  • Non-aligned: 10.1%
  • Other: 1.8%[17]

Government[edit]

View of the cities of Lehi, American Fork, Pleasant Grove, Lindon and Orem along Interstate 15 and the northeast shore of Utah Lake

The government is a three-member elected county commission elected at-large. Other elected officials include the county sheriff, the county clerk, county recorder, county assessor, county surveyor, county treasurer, and the county attorney.

Social issues[edit]

Utah County saw high rates of opioid and other prescription drug addiction from the mid-2000s onwards, foreshadowing the national opioid crisis; the 2008 documentary Happy Valley examined the problem.[18]

Giving USA, which reports on charitable giving in the US, named Utah County as one of the three most generous counties in philanthropic donations, alongside San Juan County, Utah and Madison County, Idaho.[19]

Infrastructure[edit]

The I-15 CORE project added multiple lanes on Interstate 15 through most of Utah County; this expanded 24 miles (39 km) of freeway and was completed in 2012.[20]

Politics[edit]

Utah County has been referred to as "the most Republican county in the most Republican state in the United States."[21] It has only supported a Democrat for president nine times since statehood, and has not supported a Democrat for president since 1964.

In the 1992 presidential election, George H. W. Bush received the most votes and Bill Clinton was third in votes received. In the 2004 presidential election, 85.99% voted for George W. Bush.[22] In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, the county voted for John McCain by a 58.9% margin over Barack Obama, compared to McCain winning by 28.1% statewide.[23] Eight other Utah counties voted more strongly in favor of McCain.[24] In the 2012 election, Mitt Romney received 88.32% of the vote. In the 2016 election, it gave a slim majority of the vote to Donald Trump, and nearly 30% of the vote to independent candidate Evan McMullin, who outperformed Hillary Clinton in the county; this was McMullin's largest share of the vote in any county in Utah and his second best nationwide after Madison County, Idaho.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 50.2% 102,182 14.0% 28,522 35.8% 72,938
2012 88.3% 156,950 9.7% 17,281 2.0% 3,482
2008 77.7% 122,224 18.8% 29,567 3.5% 5,488
2004 86.0% 128,269 11.6% 17,357 2.4% 3,547
2000 81.7% 98,255 13.7% 16,445 4.6% 5,556
1996 71.1% 69,653 18.7% 18,291 10.3% 10,087
1992 56.8% 61,398 13.0% 14,090 30.2% 32,690
1988 77.2% 68,134 21.0% 18,533 1.8% 1,560
1984 82.6% 72,284 16.9% 14,801 0.5% 419
1980 83.4% 71,859 14.1% 12,166 2.4% 2,096
1976 69.5% 49,328 25.8% 18,327 4.7% 3,338
1972 70.9% 42,179 18.2% 10,828 10.9% 6,453
1968 59.0% 29,226 33.6% 16,629 7.4% 3,673
1964 46.6% 20,912 53.4% 23,936
1960 54.0% 23,057 46.0% 19,626 0.1% 25
1956 66.6% 25,371 33.4% 12,747
1952 57.7% 20,913 42.3% 15,327
1948 44.8% 13,395 54.2% 16,191 1.0% 300
1944 38.7% 9,946 61.1% 15,722 0.2% 45
1940 36.5% 8,740 63.3% 15,168 0.2% 48
1936 29.8% 6,173 69.5% 14,387 0.7% 135
1932 38.7% 7,953 59.1% 12,140 2.2% 443
1928 52.2% 8,771 47.3% 7,955 0.5% 81
1924 46.3% 6,946 34.8% 5,226 18.9% 2,838
1920 53.3% 7,752 43.9% 6,377 2.8% 403
1916 37.5% 5,201 59.3% 8,235 3.3% 451
1912 35.5% 4,185 39.3% 4,636 25.3% 2,986
1908 54.8% 6,373 42.9% 4,984 2.3% 269
1904 59.2% 6,490 38.7% 4,243 2.2% 239
1900 51.0% 5,698 48.2% 5,391 0.8% 90
1896 21.7% 2,039 78.3% 7,375

Utah County is split between two congressional districts. Most of the county is in the 3rd District, represented by Republican John Curtis; the northern portion is in the 4th District, represented by Democrat Ben McAdams.

The county's Republican bent runs right through state and local politics. All five state senators representing the county, as well as all 14 state representatives,[26] are Republicans.

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

Universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

Utah Valley, Utah County as seen from Traverse Ridge in Lehi
Mount Timpanogos in the Wasatch Range is visible from much of Utah County.

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[8][edit]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  4. ^ The other six are Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, New York, and Oklahoma Counties. Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1.
  5. ^ The Utah County website "History" cites January 28, 1850 as the date of establishing Utah County [1]
  6. ^ "Historic Utah County Courthouse" Utah County website (accessed 26 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Utah: Individual County Chronologies". Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e Utah County UT Google Maps (accessed 26 March 2019)
  9. ^ "Utah County High Points" Peakbagger (accessed 26 March 2019)
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "Utah County, Utah, Ancestry & Family History". ePodunk Inc. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  17. ^ "Utah County, Utah (UT) Religion Statistics Profile - Provo, Orem, Pleasant Grove, American Fork, Springville". City-data.com. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  18. ^ "Happy Valley (2008)". Amazon.com.
  19. ^ Giving USA 2003 (PDF) (Report). AAFRC Trust for Philanthropy (www.afpnet.org).
  20. ^ "New changes on I-15 in Utah County". Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  21. ^ Krakauer, Jon (2003). Under the Banner of Heaven. New York: Doubleday. p. 78.
  22. ^ "Utah County General Election, Official Results". UtahCounty.Gov, the Official Website of Utah County Government (http://www.utahcounty.gov). November 2, 2004.
  23. ^ "US Election Atlas". United States Presidential Election Results. David Leip.
  24. ^ "State of Utah County Election Results". NPR. November 21, 2008. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012.
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  26. ^ Hesterman, Billy. "Lawmakers say Utah County did well in redistricting process". Daily Herald. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  27. ^ "Utah School Districts & Charter Schools" (PDF). Utah State Office of Education. July 25, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°07′N 111°40′W / 40.12°N 111.67°W / 40.12; -111.67