The Utah State Legislature is the state legislature of the U. S. state of Utah. It is a bicameral body, comprising the Utah House of Representatives, with 75 state representatives, the Utah Senate, with 29 state senators. There are no term limits for either chamber; the Legislature convenes at the Utah State Capitol in the state capital of Salt Lake City on the fourth Monday of January for an annual 45-day session. The Utah State Legislature meets in the Utah State Capitol in Salt Lake City; the Republicans have super-majorities in both the House and Senate. They control the House by a margin of 59–16 and the Senate by 23–6; the current Senate President is Stuart Adams, the Speaker of the House is Brad Wilson. The state is divided into 29 Senate districts, each representing 77,000 people and the House is divided into 75 House districts, each representing 29,800 people. Senate districts overlap House districts allowing two legislators for each constituency in Utah. Senators are elected to a four-year term, Representatives to a two-year term.
All state House districts and half of all state Senate districts are up for election every two years. To be eligible for the office of a state senator or representative, a person must be a citizen of the United States, be at least 25 years of age, be a qualified voter in the district from which elected, must be a resident of the State of Utah for three years and a resident of the district from which elected for six months. There are no term limitations for either the Utah Senate; the annual General Session is held for 45 calendar days. The General Session must conclude by midnight on the 45th day according to the Utah State Constitution; the Governor may by proclamation convene the Legislature in Special Session, to transact legislative business, but no legislative business can be conducted except that, expressed in the proclamation or other legislative business that the Governor shall call attention to. These special sessions, except in the cases of impeachment, cannot exceed 30 calendar days.
The House may convene for the purpose of impeachment if two-thirds of the members are in favor of convening for that purpose. The Speaker of the House shall determine by poll whether there is a sufficient number of members to convene for an Impeachment Session outside the General Session. If the House impeaches an official, the Senate is required to convene to try that impeachment; the Utah Territory was established by an act of Congress on Monday, September 9, 1850 which provided for a territorial government made up of a territorial governor chosen every four years, a territorial Assembly with a 13-member council chosen every second year and a 26-member House of Representatives chosen annually, a territorial Judiciary made up of a Supreme Court, District Courts, Probate Courts, justices of the peace. The creation of the Territory of Utah was part of the Compromise of 1850 seeking to preserve the political balance of power between the slave and free states. Following the organization of the territory, Brigham Young was inaugurated as its first governor on Sunday, February 9, 1851 and the first territorial assembly met Monday, September 22, 1851.
The legislative body of the Utah Territory continued to act until 1896 with the successful passage of the Utah Constitution and Utah achieving statehood. The first President of the Utah Territorial Senate was Willard Richards and the first Territorial Speaker of the House was William Wines Phelps. In 1870, the length of a Representative's term was extended to two years, in 1896 the Utah Territorial Council became the Utah Senate with a four-year term. Utah first petitioned for statehood starting in 1849, a constitutional convention was called to draft a State Constitution for a proposed State of Deseret on March 8, 1849 to be held in Salt Lake City; the U. S. House of Representatives and Senate rejected the proposed state and followed up the rejection by creating the Territory of Utah, it wasn't for another six years before the Fifth Territorial Legislature passed an act on December 10, 1855 establishing a constitutional convention to make a second attempt at Statehood. This second constitutional convention was held on March 17, 1856 in Salt Lake City and a proposed constitution was created, subsequently rejected by the U.
S. Congress. A third constitutional convention was held on January 20, 1862 in Salt Lake City and a proposed constitution was drafted and subsequently submitted to the U. S. Congress which rejected the petition for statehood; the Twentieth Territorial Legislature on January 31, 1872 would call for a fourth constitutional convention and again petitioned Congress for statehood yet this effort failed and it was not until April and May 1882 that a fifth and final attempt at statehood was made prior to Congress passing the Utah Enabling Act in 1894. The Utah Territory proceeded to hold a constitutional convention on March 4, 1895 which ended on March 6, 1895 and the proposed Constitution was ratified by the voters Tuesday, November 5, 1895; the first election was held on this day and state officials were elected. The First Utah State Legislature convened on January 13, 1896 and proceeded to conduct the business of organizing the state; the current party composition of the Utah Senate is: The current party composition of the Utah House is: The Utah Legislature is a bicameral, partisan body composed of a lower chamber, the Utah House of Representatives with 75 members, upper chamber, the Utah Senate, with 29 members.
State senators serve four-year terms with half the seats in the Utah Senate being up for election every two years and state representatives serve two-year terms with all the seats in the Utah House
Temple of Birth is an album by American jazz flautist Jeremy Steig released on the Columbia label in 1975. All compositions by Jeremy Steig except where noted "King Tut Strut" − 8:38 "Gale" − 2:35 "Ouanga" − 7:58 "Mountain Dew Dues" − 3:53 "Goose Bumps" − 3:56 "Belly Up" − 3:16 "Temple of Birth" − 2:14 "Shifte-Telle Mama" − 9:39 "Rupunzel" − 2:51 Jeremy Steig – flute, Armstrong bass flute Johnny Winter − acoustic guitar, electric guitar Richie Beirach − acoustic piano, electric piano Anthony Jackson − bass guitar Alphonse Mouzon – drums Ray Mantilla − congas, percussion
Ella Etna McBride was an American fine-art photographer, mountain climber, centenarian known for her career achievements after age sixty. In addition to running her own photography studio for over thirty years, she spent eight years running the photography studio of Edward S. Curtis, she was a member of the Seattle Camera Club and an early mentor of Japanese-American photographers Frank Kunishige and Soichi Sunami. Ella E. McBride was born on November 17, 1862 in Albia, Iowa to Samuel B. McBride and America McIntire McBride. In 1865, the family of five traveled via the Isthmus of Panama to Oregon. In 1882, McBride graduated high school. McBride began climbing mountains on the west coast, she climbed more than thirty-six more major mountains over her life. She joined Mazamas, a mountaineering organization in Portland in 1896, she was the group's secretary and historian from 1896 to 1898. She met Edward S. Curtis, a photographer and Mazamas member, during a climb he led up Mount Rainier in 1897. Edgar McClure died during the descent after losing his footing.
Curtis respected her independent mountain climbing ability and she assisted him on other climbs. The August 26, 1899 issue of Harper's Weekly reported on her trek with the Mazamas in the North Cascades up Sahale Mountain. In 1889, after receiving her teaching certificate, McBride taught in Oregon schools. In 1894, she became the principal of a position she held for 13 years. McBride moved to Washington by 1907 to work in the Curtis Studio, she worked in the showroom and darkroom. In 1909, she operated his booth at the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition, she opened her own studio in 1916 and the following year Edmund Schwinke joined McBride as a partner. In 1918, Wayne Albee joined the studio as a partner, he was assisted by Frank Kunishige. Albee was a source of inspiration for McBride's photography, she was interested in floral fine art works beginning in 1920; the studio's images were produced including the Town Crier magazine. It photographed dancers at the Cornish School of the Arts. McBride's work was "firmly in the Pictorialist school", a "Modernist sharp-focus documentary style", prevalent after the 1920s, became less popular over time.
She was the only Caucasian and only woman who exhibited at the North American Times Exhibition of Pictorial Photographs in 1921. She won honorable mention for three of the floral photographs she exhibited at the Frederick & Nelson Salon. In 1922, she exhibited at a Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain competition. There were only 154 works selected out of thousands submitted. Three floral photographs of twelve accepted by American photographers were taken by McBride. McBride exhibited eight photographs in 1922 at the Nelson Salon, it includes a portrait of Kunishige, other figure studies and the floral still-life, Life & Death. She exhibited at F&N in 1923 and 1925, her interest in Japanese art is evident in her A Shirley Dogwood works. McBride was an early member of the Seattle Camera Club, which stated that she was among the world's most exhibited photographers, he works included floral and figure studies of dancers. Her works were published in the Royal Photographic Society, American Photography and other magazines in the United States and abroad.
Full-page illustrations of her photographs were shown in the American Annual of Photography in 1927 and 1928. Her work was exhibited at the First International Photographic Salon of Japan in May 1927 and solo exhibitions. In August, 30 of her prints were shown at the California Camera Club in San Francisco and in November at the Portage Camera Club in Akron, Ohio. Another solo exhibition was held in January 1931 at the Art Institute of Seattle, her works were exhibited internationally in Paris, Stockholm, Edinburgh, Turin and Budapest. Within the United States, besides Seattle, her works were shown in New York, Rochester, Cleveland and Portland, her exhibitions were concentrated over a 10-year period, during which she was the sixth most exhibited Pictorialist photographer in the world in 1926 to 1927. She stopped exhibiting at the beginning of the Depression. In 1925, McBride cofounded the women's Seattle Metropolitan Soropotomist Club, which she was a member and officer for 40 years, she focused most of her effort on her studio during the Depression.
Albee had moved to California about 1930 and in 1932 she took on a new partner, commercial photographer Richard H. Anderson, who took images of children. From until the 1960s, it was one of the leading studios in Seattle, they were located in the Loveless Studio building. Her eyesight began to fail and at the age of 91, she retired, her work is documented in the book Captive Light: The Life and Photography of Ella E. McBride by Margaret E. Bullock and David F. Martin. McBride died at 102 years and 10 months of age on September 14, 1965, when she was still vital and clear-minded; some of her negatives from 1917 to the 1950s are at the Seattle's Museum of Industry. Fifteen photographs taken by McBride or her studio are among the collection of the University of Washington Libraries, they include studio portraits, such as poet Don Blanding, images of the University of Washington campus. McBride's works are included in the collections of: Los Angeles County Museum of Art Minneapolis Institute of Arts Museum of History & Industry, Seattle Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art, Utah.