Pleasant Grove, Utah
Pleasant Grove named Battle Creek, is a city in Utah County, United States known as "Utah's City of Trees". It is part of the Provo–Orem Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 33,509 at the 2010 census. On July 19, 1850, William H. Adams, John Mercer and Philo T. Farnsworth, Mormon pioneers sent by Brigham Young, arrived at the area now known as Pleasant Grove and staked out farms in what is now the southwest corner of the city. A small community was established September 13, 1850, consisting of George S. Clark and his wife, Susannah Dalley Clark and Ann Elizabeth Sheffer Clark, John Greenleaf Holman and Nancy Clark Holman, Lewis Harvey and his wife Lucinda Clark Harvey, Johnathan Harvey and Sarah Herbert Harvey, Charles Price and wife and child, Widow Harriet Marler and children, John Wilson, Ezekiel Holman, one or two others, relatives of those mentioned. Of note and Sis Reynolds in 1852 brought Ellis Reynolds Shipp to live, which Shipp became the legendary MD, Pediatrician, through the young women's midwife training program of Dr. Richards and Eliza Snow, beginning her training in young women's MIA in Pleasant Grove.
Pleasant Grove was incorporated as a town January 18, 1855, by which time the settlement had grown to 623 people. The original name of the city was Battle Creek, it was named for a battle which took place there in 1849 between Mormon settlers and a small band of Ute Indians, wherein all the male Utes were massacred because Brigham Young believed they had stolen some of his horses. The settlers decided they needed a more uplifting name and began calling their town Pleasant Grove after a grove of cottonwood trees located between Battle Creek and Grove Creek, near the current-day intersection of Locust Avenue and Battle Creek Drive. A monument with a plaque describing this battle is located at Kiwanis Park, at the mouth of Battle Creek Canyon. During the Walker Indian War in the 1850s, citizens built a fort with walls two or three feet thick and six feet tall that occupied an area the size of sixteen city blocks; the settlers in the area at the time built homes inside the fort. While the fort no longer stands, memorial cornerstones were erected by local historians.
The northeast monument was erected near the intersection of 100 North and 300 East streets. The northwest monument was erected four blocks west of that point at 100 West Street and the southeast monument erected four blocks south at 300 South Street; the southwest monument would have been located near 300 South 100 West, the area is now occupied by a large parking lot and retail store. This city was one of the filming locations for Universal's 1995 film Gold Diggers: The Secret of Bear Mountain; some filming of Stephen King's "The Stand". According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.2 square miles, all land. Sloping off the Mt. Timpanogos bench, Pleasant Grove is represented by a large, white "G" just above the city; as of the census of 2010, there were 33,509 people, 6,109 households, 5,388 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,691.5 per square mile. There were 6,334 housing units at an average density of 726.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.15% White, 0.29% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.39% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, 1.50% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.56% of the population. There were 6,109 households out of which 58.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.8% were non-families. 9.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83 and the average family size was 4.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 41.0% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 13.8% from 45 to 64, 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $52,036, the median income for a family was $54,182. Males had a median income of $42,042 versus $23,296 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,268. About 5.4% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
The city's government consists of a city council. As of January 2018, the city's mayor is Guy L. Fugal; the city council is made up of five members: Lynn Walker, Eric Jensen, Todd N. Williams, Cyd LeMone and Dianna Andersen. Council members serve staggered terms that end in either 2018 or 2020. Pleasant Grove is home to Strawberry Days, a summer festival, as of 2007-2008 the longest continuing community celebration in Utah. Although no strawberries are grown commercially in the city, the festival takes its name from a time when strawberries were a major economic activity in the city; the city hosts the annual festival during the third week of June. A rodeo held in conjunction with this festival brings competitors and spectators from throughout the West; the festival includes parades, a carnival and other activities. The first Strawberry Days celebration was held the second week of June, 1921, it was organized by the forerunner of the Chamber of Commerce. In November 2008, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the case of Pleasant Grove City v. Summum.
The case regarded whether Pleasant Grove, which allowed the display of a privately-d
Brigham Young University
Brigham Young University is a private, non-profit research university in Provo, United States owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and run under the auspices of its Church Educational System. 99 percent of the students are members of the LDS Church and one-third of its U. S. students are from Utah. The university's primary focus is on undergraduate education, but it has 68 master's and 25 doctoral degree programs. Students attending BYU agree to follow an honor code, which mandates behavior in line with LDS teachings such as academic honesty, adherence to dress and grooming standards, abstinence from extramarital sex and from the consumption of drugs and alcohol; the university curriculum includes religious education, with required courses in, the Bible, LDS scripture and history, the university sponsors weekly devotional assemblies with most speakers addressing religious topics. Many students either delay enrollment or take a hiatus from their studies to serve as LDS missionaries.
An education at BYU is less expensive than at similar private universities, since "a significant portion" of the cost of operating the university is subsidized by the church's tithing funds. BYU offers a variety of academic programs, including liberal arts, agriculture, management and mathematical sciences and law; the university is broadly organized into 11 colleges or schools at its main Provo campus, with certain colleges and divisions defining their own admission standards. The university administers two satellite campuses, one in Jerusalem and one in Salt Lake City, while its parent organization, the Church Educational System, sponsors sister schools in Hawaii and Idaho. BYU's athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the BYU Cougars, their college football team is an NCAA Division I Independent, while their other sports teams compete in either the West Coast Conference or Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. BYU's sports teams have won a total of fourteen national championships.
Brigham Young University's origin can be traced back to 1862 when a man named Warren Dusenberry started a Provo school in Cluff Hall, a prominent adobe building in the northeast corner of 200 East and 200 North. After some financial difficulties the school was recreated in the Kinsey and Lewis buildings on Center street in Provo, after gaining some recognition for its quality, was adopted to become the Timpanogos branch of the University of Deseret; when financial difficulty forced another closure, on October 16, 1875, Brigham Young president of the LDS Church, deeded the property to trustees to create Brigham Young Academy after earlier hinting a school would be built in Draper, Utah, in 1867. Hence, October 16, 1875, is held as BYU's founding date. Brigham Young had been envisioning for several years the concept of a church university. Said Young about his vision: "I hope to see an Academy established in Provo... at which the children of the Latter-day Saints can receive a good education unmixed with the pernicious atheistic influences that are found in so many of the higher schools of the country."
Brigham Young Academy classes commenced on January 3, 1876. Warren Dusenberry served as interim principal for several months until April 1876 when Brigham Young's choice for principal arrived—a German immigrant named Karl Maeser. Under Maeser's direction, the school educated many luminaries including future U. S. Supreme Court Justice George Sutherland and future U. S. Senator Reed Smoot; the school, did not become a university until the end of Benjamin Cluff's term at the helm of the institution. At that time, the school was still supported by members of the community and was not absorbed and sponsored by the LDS Church until July 18, 1896. A series of odd managerial decisions by Cluff led to his demotion; the suggestion received a large amount of opposition, with many members of the Board saying the school wasn't large enough to be a university, but the decision passed. One opponent to the decision, Anthon H. Lund said, "I hope their head will grow big enough for their hat."In 1903 Brigham Young Academy was dissolved, was replaced by two institutions: Brigham Young High School, Brigham Young University.
The BY High School class of 1907 was responsible for the famous giant "Y", to this day embedded on a mountain near campus. The Board elected George H. Brimhall as the new President of BYU, he had not received a high school education. He was an excellent orator and organizer. Under his tenure in 1904 the new Brigham Young University bought 17 acres of land from Provo called "Temple Hill". After some controversy among locals over BYU's purchase of this property, construction began in 1909 on the first building on the current campus, the Karl G. Maeser Memorial. Brimhall presided over the University during a brief crisis involving the theory of evolution; the religious nature of the school seemed at the time to collide with this scientific theory. Joseph F. Smith, LDS Church president, settled the question for a time by asking that evolution not be taught at the school. A few have described the school at this time as nothing more than a "religious seminary". However, many of its graduates at this time would go on to great success and become well renowned in their fields.
Franklin S. Harris was appointed the university's president in 1921, he was the first BYU president to have a doctoral degree. Harris made several
Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple
The Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple is the 49th operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The temple is located in American Fork, Utah and is the second temple built in Utah County and the ninth in Utah; the temple was announced by Gordon B. Hinckley a counselor in the church's First Presidency, in general conference on October 3, 1992; the exact location, on land in American Fork used as a church welfare farm, was announced at the following conference six months later. The Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple overlooks the cities of American Fork, Cedar Hills and Alpine as well as nearby Utah Lake. Mount Timpanogos, a majestic 11,750-foot peak, the Wasatch Mountains serve as a backdrop. Ground was broken for the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple a year after its announcement. 12,000 people gathered on the temple site for the ceremony. During the services, the location of the Madrid Spain Temple was announced. Twenty-thousand people attended a ceremony as the angel Moroni statue was lifted to its resting place on the 190-foot spire of the temple in July 1995.
Once the statue was in place, the throngs of visitors broke into applause and spontaneously began to sing The Spirit of God. A total of 679,217 people toured the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple during the six weeks of its public open house. More than 800 children's choirs - made up from nearly every ward and branch in the temple district - performed near the front entrance to the temple at least once during the open house; the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple was dedicated on October 13, 1996 by LDS Church president Gordon B. Hinckley; the dedication lasted an entire week with three sessions on Sunday and four on each of the following days for a total of 27 dedicatory sessions. Before the dedication and his two counselors in the First Presidency, Thomas S. Monson and James E. Faust, applied mortar to the temple's cornerstone, they were followed by Boyd K. Packer Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. A total of 11,617 participated in the first dedicatory session, of which about 2,900 met in the temple.
The others attended the session in the American Fork Tabernacle, 12 stake centers in Utah and Wasatch counties, the Salt Lake Tabernacle on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, locations to where proceedings of subsequent sessions were transmitted. Like any temple dedication, admittance to the other locations was for worthy members of the church with a ticket from their bishops. Speakers for the first session were Hinckley, Monson and Packer, they were each accompanied to the temple by their wives. About 38,000 attended the three sessions of dedication on the first day. During the week, Hinckley presided over and spoke in 11 dedicatory sessions, including the cornerstone ceremony. Monson and Faust each presided over eight dedicatory sessions, each spoke in 11 sessions, which included the cornerstone ceremony. A total of 52 general authorities addressed the sessions, as well as the temple presidency and matron; the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple has a total of 107,240 square feet, four ordinance rooms, eight sealing rooms.
The floor plan of the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple is an adaption of the floor plan created for the Bountiful Utah Temple. The temples are nearly identical from the outside. Notable presidents of the temple include Robert J. Matthews.
Saratoga Springs, Utah
Saratoga Springs is a city in Utah County, United States. The elevation is 4,505 feet, it is part of the Provo -- Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is a new development along the northwestern shores of Utah Lake, it was incorporated on December 31, 1997 and has been growing since then. The population was 1,003 at the 2000 United States Census, while the 2009 estimates placed it at 16,125, making it one of the fastest-growing U. S. cities during this time period. The 2010 United States Census states population at 17,781, meeting expectations of growth despite the state of the economy. Saratoga Springs became a city in 2001. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.61 square miles, of which 16.51 square miles is land and 0.1 square mile is water. The natural hot springs near the source of the Jordan River inspired early European-American settlers to create a resort known as Beck's Saratoga Springs, named after the original New York resort and owner John Beck.
The Beck family used it as their residence. With several lodge buildings and amusement park facilities, the resort became a popular location for tourists and visitors; the original buildings were taken down. The resort area has now been redeveloped containing an outdoor pool, clubhouse and kitchen facility for groups and parties. In the early 1990s, landowners began to investigate the possibilities of developing the land around the hot springs and in the foothill locations of the nearby Lake Mountains range; the Utah County land development ordinances were not sufficiently urban in nature, so several landowners sought incorporation as a town. Subsequently, Saratoga Springs incorporated in December 1997. Several hundred acres have since been annexed into the City limits and the City now occupies a somewhat narrow strip running north and south between Utah Lake and the Jordan River on the East and the foothills to the west; the City contains over twenty-one square miles and runs from Pelican Point on the west side of Utah Lake over eleven miles north to the Camp Williams US Army facility in the foothills between Utah and Salt Lake Counties.
On April 2, 2017, Thomas S. Monson, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, announced that an LDS temple would be built somewhere in Saratoga Springs. Saratoga Springs has a manager-by-ordinance form of government. A professional manager is appointed by the City Council to oversee the daily operations of the city; as of 2014, the mayor of Saratoga Springs is Jim Miller. Former mayor Mia Love in 2015 was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Utah's 4th congressional district. Saratoga Springs is part of the Alpine School District, which covers all of Utah County north of Orem. Due to rapid population growth, Saratoga Springs had to build several elementary schools, followed by its junior high and high schools. Springside Elementary School Riverview Elementary School Thunder Ridge Elementary School Horizon School Sage Hills Elementary School Harvest Elementary School Lakeview Academy K-9 Saratoga Shores Elementary School Vista Heights Middle School New Middle School Westlake High School In addition, a private girls' school, the New Haven School, opened in 2014.
As of the 2010 census Saratoga Springs had a population of 17,781 in 4,387 households and 4,022 families. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 89.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.5% African-American, 0.9% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanics from some other race, 0.3% Native American, 2.8% from two or more races, 5.8% Hispanic or Latino. The median age in 2010 was 21.6. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,003 people, 271 households, 249 families residing in the town; the population density was 98.2 people per square mile. There were 301 housing units at an average density of 29.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.72% White, 0.60% black, 0.10% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.99% of the population. There were 271 households out of which 57.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 84.1% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.1% were non-families.
6.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.70 and the average family size was 3.88. In the town the population was spread out with 38.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, 3.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $62,212, the median income for a family was $61,923. Males had a median income of $44,464 versus $36,739 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,304. About 3.8% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over. Saratoga Springs is one of the few American cities in the 21st century to have started a municipal library with a majority of donations from volunteers.
In 2010, the city council authorized $10,000 in seed money to fund the start of a city library. In 2013 the
Adobe Inc. is an American multinational computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California. It has focused upon the creation of multimedia and creativity software products, with a more recent foray towards digital marketing software. Adobe is best known for its Adobe Flash web software ecosystem, Photoshop image editing software, Acrobat Reader, the Portable Document Format, Adobe Creative Suite, as well as its successor Adobe Creative Cloud. Adobe was founded in December 1982 by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell the PostScript page description language. In 1985, Apple Computer licensed PostScript for use in its LaserWriter printers, which helped spark the desktop publishing revolution; as of 2018, Adobe has about 19,000 employees worldwide, about 40% of whom work in San Jose. Adobe has major development operations in Newton, Massachusetts, it has major development operations in Noida and Bangalore in India The company was started in John Warnock's garage.
The name of the company, comes from Adobe Creek in Los Altos, which ran behind Warnock's house. Adobe's corporate logo features a stylized "A" and was designed by Marva Warnock, graphic designer and John Warnock's wife. Steve Jobs asked to buy the company for five million dollars in 1982, but Warnock and Geschke refused, their investors urged them to work something out with Jobs, so they agreed to sell him shares worth 19 percent of the company, for which Jobs paid a five-times multiple of their company's valuation at the time, plus a five-year license fee for PostScript, in advance. The purchase and advance made Adobe the first company in the history of Silicon Valley to become profitable in its first year. Warnock and Geschke considered various business options including a copy-service business and a turnkey system for office printing, they chose to focus on developing specialized printing software, created the Adobe PostScript page description language. PostScript was the first international standard for computer printing as it included algorithms describing the letter-forms of many languages.
Adobe added kanji printer products in 1988. Warnock and Geschke were able to bolster the credibility of Postscript by connecting with a typesetting manufacturer, they weren't able to work with Compugraphic, but worked with Linotype to license the Helvetica and Times Roman fonts. By 1987, PostScript had become the industry-standard printer language with more than 400 third-party software programs and licensing agreements with 19 printer companies. Warnock described the language as "extensible", in its ability to apply graphic arts standards to office printing. Adobe's first products after PostScript were digital fonts, which they released in a proprietary format called Type 1. Apple subsequently developed a competing standard, TrueType, which provided full scalability and precise control of the pixel pattern created by the font's outlines, licensed it to Microsoft. In the mid-1980s, Adobe entered the consumer software market with Illustrator, a vector-based drawing program for the Apple Macintosh.
Illustrator, which grew from the firm's in-house font-development software, helped popularize PostScript-enabled laser printers. Adobe entered NASDAQ in August 1986, its revenue has grown from $1 billion in 1999 to $4 billion in 2012. Adobe's fiscal years run from December to November. For example, the 2007 fiscal year ended on November 30, 2007. In 1989, Adobe introduced what was to become its flagship product, a graphics editing program for the Macintosh called Photoshop. Stable and full-featured, Photoshop 1.0 was ably soon dominated the market. In 1993, Adobe introduced PDF, the Portable Document Format, its Adobe Acrobat and Reader software. PDF is now an International Standard: ISO 32000-1:2008. In December 1991, Adobe released Adobe Premiere, which Adobe rebranded as Adobe Premiere Pro in 2003. In 1992, Adobe acquired Inc.. In 1994, Adobe acquired Aldus and added PageMaker and After Effects to its product line in the year. In the same year, Adobe acquired Compution Inc.. In 1995, Adobe added FrameMaker, the long-document DTP application, to its product line after Adobe acquired Frame Technology Corp.
In 1996, Adobe Inc added Ares Software Corp. In 2002, Adobe acquired Canadian company Accelio. On December 12, 2005, Adobe acquired its main rival, Macromedia, in a stock swap valued at about $3.4 billion, adding ColdFusion, Captivate, Adobe Connect, Dreamweaver, Flash, FlashPaper, FreeHand, HomeSite, JRun and Authorware to Adobe's product line. Adobe released Adobe Media Player in April 2008. On April 27, Adobe discontinued development and sales of its older HTML/web development software, GoLive in favor of Dreamweaver. Adobe offered a discount on Dreamweaver for GoLive users and supports those who still use GoLive with online tutorials and migration assistance. On June 1, Adobe launched a series of web applications geared for collaborative work. Creative Suite 4, which includes Design, Production Premium, Master Collection came out in October 2008 in six configurations at prices from about US$1,700 to $2,500 or by individual application; the Windows version of Photoshop includes 64-bit processing.
On December 3, 2008, Adobe laid off 600 of its employees citing the weak economic environment. On November 10, 2009, the company laid off a further 680 emplo
Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation headquartered in Redwood Shores, California. The company specializes in developing and marketing database software and technology, cloud engineered systems, enterprise software products — its own brands of database management systems. In 2018, Oracle was the third-largest software maker by revenue, after Alphabet; the company develops and builds tools for database development and systems of middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software, customer relationship management software, supply chain management software. Larry Ellison co-founded Oracle Corporation in 1977 with Bob Miner and Ed Oates under the name Software Development Laboratories. Ellison took inspiration from the 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Codd on relational database management systems named "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks." He heard about the IBM System R database from an article in the IBM Research Journal provided by Oates.
Ellison wanted to make Oracle's product compatible with System R, but failed to do so as IBM kept the error codes for their DBMS a secret. SDL changed its name to Relational Software, Inc in 1979 again to Oracle Systems Corporation in 1982, to align itself more with its flagship product Oracle Database. At this stage Bob Miner served as the company's senior programmer. On March 12, 1986, the company had its initial public offering. In 1995, Oracle Systems Corporation changed its name to Oracle Corporation named Oracle, but sometimes referred to as Oracle Corporation, the name of the holding company. Part of Oracle Corporation's early success arose from using the C programming language to implement its products; this eased porting to different operating systems. 1979: offers the first commercial SQL RDBMS 1983: offers a VAX-mode database 1984: offers the first database with read-consistency 1986: offers a client-server DBMS 1987: introduces UNIX-based Oracle applications 1988: introduces PL/SQL.
1992: offers full applications implementation methodology 1995: offers the first 64-bit RDBMS 1996: moves towards an open standards-based, web-enabled architecture 1999: offers its first DBMS with XML support 2001: becomes the first to complete 3 terabyte TPC-H world record 2002: offers the first database to pass 15 industry standard security evaluations 2003: introduces what it calls "Enterprise Grid Computing" with Oracle10g 2005: releases its first free database, Oracle Database 10g Express Edition 2006: acquires Siebel Systems 2007: acquires Hyperion Solutions 2008: Smart scans in software improve query-response in HP Oracle Database Machine / Exadata storage 2010: acquires Sun Microsystems 2013: begins use of Oracle 12c, capable of providing cloud services with Oracle Database 2014: acquires Micros Systems 2016: acquires NetSuite Inc. Oracle ranked No. 82 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. According to Bloomberg, Oracle's CEO-to-employee pay ratio is 1,205:1.
The CEO's compensation in 2017 was $108,295,023. Meanwhile, the median employee compensation rate was $89,887. Oracle designs and sells both software and hardware products, as well as offering services that complement them. Many of the products have been added to Oracle's portfolio through acquisitions. Oracle's E-delivery service provides documentation. Oracle Database Release 10: In 2004, Oracle Corporation shipped release 10g as the latest version of Oracle Database. Release 11: Release 11g became the current Oracle Database version in 2007. Oracle Corporation released Oracle Database 11g Release 2 in September 2009; this version was available in four commercial editions—Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Standard Edition One, Personal Edition—and in one free edition—the Express Edition. The licensing of these editions shows various restrictions and obligations that were called complex by licensing expert Freirich Florea; the Enterprise Edition, the most expensive of the Database Editions, has the fewest restrictions — but has complex licensing.
Oracle Corporation constrains the Standard Edition and Standard Edition One with more licensing restrictions, in accordance with their lower price. Release 12: Release 12c became available on July 1, 2013. Oracle Corporation has acquired and developed the following additional database technologies: Berkeley DB, which offers embedded database processing Oracle Rdb, a relational database system running on OpenVMS platforms. Oracle acquired Rdb in 1994 from Digital Equipment Corporation. Oracle has since made many enhancements to this product and development continues as of 2008. TimesTen, which features in-memory database operations Oracle Essbase, which continues the Hyperion Essbase tradition of multi-dimensional database management MySQL, a relational database management system licensed under the GNU General Public License developed by MySQL AB Oracle NoSQL Database, a scalable, distributed key-value NoSQL database Oracle Fusion Middleware is a family of middleware
The Wasatch Range is a mountain range that stretches 160 miles from the Utah-Idaho border, south through central Utah in the western United States. It is the western edge of the greater Rocky Mountains, the eastern edge of the Great Basin region; the northern extension of the Wasatch Range, the Bear River Mountains, extends just into Idaho, constituting all of the Wasatch Range in that state. According to the Utah History Encyclopedia, Wasatch in Ute means "mountain pass" or "low pass over high range." According to William Bright the mountains were named for a Shoshoni leader, named with the Shoshoni term wasattsi, meaning "blue heron". Since the earliest days of settlement, the majority of Utah's population has chosen to settle along the range's western front, where numerous river drainages exit the mountains; the mountains were a vital source of water and granite for early settlers. Today, 85% of Utah's population lives within 15 miles of the Wasatch Range in the valleys just to the west; this westside concentration is known as the Wasatch Front and has a population of just over 2,000,000.
Salt Lake City lies between the Great Salt Lake. At 11,928 feet, Mount Nebo, a triple peak rising above Nephi, at the southern end of the range, is the highest peak of the Wasatch Range. In some places the mountains rise from the valley's base elevation of 4,330 feet to over 11,000 feet, producing steep inclines. Other notable peaks include Mount Timpanogos, a massive peak which looms over northern Utah County and is prominent from Pleasant Grove and Orem. Since they top out just below 12,000 feet, Wasatch peaks are not high compared to the Rocky Mountains of Colorado or the Uinta Mountains. However, they are sculpted by glaciers, yielding notably rugged, sweeping upland scenery comparing well with other prominent ranges of western North America, they receive heavy falls of snow, in some places over 500 inches per year. This great snowfall, with its runoff, made possible a prosperous urban strip of some 25 cities along nearly 100 miles of mountain frontage; the Wasatch Range is home to a high concentration of ski areas, with 11 stretching from Sundance in northeastern Utah County to Powder Mountain and Wolf Mountain northeast of Ogden.
There is one ski resort in the Bear River Mountains. Park City alone is bordered by two ski resorts. Due to the low relative humidity in wintertime, along with the added lake-effect from the Great Salt Lake, the snow has a dry, powdery texture which most of the local ski resorts market as "the Greatest Snow on Earth"; the high concentration of ski resorts located close to a major urban area, as well as the famed light, powdery snow that's considered good for skiing, were prime reasons for Salt Lake City's hosting of the 2002 Winter Olympics. Several of the canyons in the Lone Peak area, most notably Little Cottonwood Canyon, have a number of high-quality granite outcroppings, make up a popular climbing area such as the Pfeifferhorn. Farther north, Big Cottonwood Canyon features tricky climbing on quartzite; the densely vegetated narrow canyons of the Wasatch Range, such as Big Cottonwood Canyon and Little Cottonwood Canyon, are visited. The canyons are located within 24 miles of downtown Salt Lake City and the year-round paved roadways can reach 5,000 feet higher in elevation above the city within a short distance.
Dirt roads drivable in passenger cars with moderate clearance stretch up from Park City and Big Cottonwood Canyon. These provide impressive long-range high country views. Mount Nebo, the highest peak of the Wasatch, is located at the southern edge of the range; the Colorado Plateau comes to its northwest corner here as it meets the southern end of the Rocky Mountains. West of these two, the Great Basin, the northern region of the Basin and Range Province and stretches westward across western Utah and Nevada until it reaches the Sierra Nevada near the Nevada/California border; the range is punctuated by a series of chief among them the Wasatch Fault. These faults formed the Timpanogos Cave; the northern Wasatch Range is punctuated by a series of mountain valleys. While the western side of the range drops to the floors of the Wasatch Front valleys, the eastern side of the range is gentler, allowing for the construction of several ski resorts; the Cottonwoods, a rugged and dense area just east of the Salt Lake Valley, shelters small mountain coves that harbor four world-famous ski resorts.
The eastern slopes of the Cottonwoods drop to the Snyderville Basin, which contains Park City and its two ski resorts. Much of the eastern side of the range from north of Salt Lake City to the Bear River Mountains is gentle in comparison to the rest of the range; the range widens east of Ogden, sheltering a high mountain valley known as the Ogden Valley. Three more ski resorts lie here, as well as several small towns. North of this, the Wellsville Mountains branch off from the northwest of the range, continuing a line of mountains paralleling the I‑15 corridor; this range is noted for being exceptionally thin and