Ján Vojtaššák was a Slovak bishop and the official Catholic representative to the Slovak Diet during the Axis Slovak State regime. When the deportation of Jews from Slovakia to Poland was discussed in March 1942, Vojtaššák did not oppose the deportation but asked that Jews who had converted to Christianity be settled separately from those who continued to practice Judaism. In 1995, Pope John Paul II suggested that Vojtaššák should be canonized, opposed by Israeli historians; as of 2019, the case for his beatification is ongoing. SourcesHutzelmann, Barbara. "Einführung: Slowakei". In Hutzelmann, Barbara. Slowakei, Rumänien und Bulgarien. Die Verfolgung und Ermordung der europäischen Juden durch das nationalsozialistische Deutschland 1933-1945. 13. Munich: Institut für Zeitgeschichte. Pp. 18–45. ISBN 978-3-11-036500-9. Hlavinka, Ján; the burden of the past: Catholic bishop Ján Vojtaššák and the regime in Slovakia. Bratislava: Holocaust Documentation Centre. ISBN 978-80-969857-7-7
The Dreamer/The Believer is the ninth studio album by American rapper Common. It was released in the UK on December 19, 2011 and in the US on December 20 through Warner Bros. Records alongside Common's newly launched Think Common Music Inc. Common's longtime friend and frequent collaborator No I. D. handled the album's production himself. Recording sessions for the album began in 2009, was due for a spring release, but was not completed because Common wanted to concentrate on acting; the album was scheduled for an April 2011 release, but was pushed back to late 2011. The first single was "Ghetto Dreams" featuring Nas; the music video was Directed by Executive Produced by Leah Harmony. It was released on iTunes July 6, 2011. In preparation for the album's release, Common spoke with The BoomBox about how the LP was taking shape and that he and No I. D. were crafting the album in a more positive direction: "It's going to be positive hip-hop. Hip-hop that can generate good spirit, the spirit of the music and just good energy.
I'm excited about the album'The Dreamer, The Believer'. I feel blessed that I got to work with No I. D. I'm enthused to do hip-hop, something that I have to do when I feel it. It's the spirit and energy of hip-hop that made you just enjoy it and love the music and not feel like,'Man, is this gonna sell?' or'I sold this many.' It's stuff that made you feel something, it's stuff. I think about hip-hop like Brand Nubian and KRS-One and N. W. A and Rakim, that stuff inspired my life; those things shaped who I am." The Target Exclusive Edition comes with two additional tracks. The second single off the album was "Blue Sky", made available on iTunes October 7, 2011; the song samples "Mr. Blue Sky" by Electric Light Orchestra. After releasing the single "Sweet," the blog-sphere was ablaze with speculation regarding the song's possible target. Many hip hop blogs guessed the song might be about rapper Drake, as he interjects singing into his raps and "Sweet" makes critical jabs at singing rappers. Common insisted "Sweet" was about anyone who feels it and not written for any one person.
But in concert in L. A. Drake fired shots seen as directed towards Common, on January 6, 2012, Drake once again responded on a track called Stay Schemin' from Rick Ross' new mixtape Rich Forever; this resulted in Common remixing the same track with his own verse and the lines "I’m taking too long with this amateur guy, You ain’t wet nobody, n****, you Canada dry". The feud has since settled down with the two came face to face at the Grammys, February 12, 2012. Not long after the Grammys, the two were photographed together after Drake greeted Common at the NBA All-Star game; the Dreamer/The Believer received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 74, based on 26 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews"; the Independent gave the album all five stars and said of Common, "That he manages to express such ethical and religious principles without coming across like a sanctimonious buzz-killer is quite remarkable."
In his Consumer Guide, Robert Christgau gave it a three-star honorable mention while picking out two songs from the album, quipped about Common, "Still on a major label, he's damn well gonna act it."Even more positive results came in. DJ Booth gave it a score of four-and-a-half spins out of five and quipped, "Together the two vets have created a work that's worthy of some serious recognition." HipHopDX gave it a score of four-and-a-half out of five and said that every song "succeeds off the strength of Common and No I. D.'s seasoned chemistry." RapReviews gave it a score of 8.5 out of 10 and stated, "This isn't an album of 1990's styles brought to 2012 - these are contemporary beats and rhymes that can hang with anything else coming out on the scene." Consequence of Sound gave it a score of three-and-a-half stars out of five and said it "doesn't spark until you fold in a few of the harder tracks." BBC Music gave it a favorable review and said that Common "merges his raw lyrical roots with No I.
D.'s voluminous soundtrack, resulting in a decent album far more celebratory than his previous work." Los Angeles Times gave it a score of two-and-a-half stars out of four and said that Common "continues to impress and regress."Other reviews are average or mixed. Canadian magazine Now gave it a score of three out of five and said about Common, "Compared to his earlier work, it's just decent." The A. V. Club gave it a C and called it "a passable album of neutral jams and bare-minimum production." Sputnikmusic gave it a score of two-and-a-half out of five and said it "shows him with his head in the clouds and addressing the same tired crowd with the same speech he's been writing for years." The album debuted at number eighteen on the US Billboard 200 chart, with 69,000 copies sold in its first week in the United States. As of July 2014, the album has sold 154,000 copies in the United States. All songs produced by No I. D. Additional vocals by: Makeba Riddick, James Fauntleroy II, Hannah Sidibe Sample credits"The Dreamer" contains a sample from "Rashida" by Jon Lucien "Ghetto Dreams" contains samples from "Let's Make It Last" by The Fellows and "Hope" by Nas "Blue Sky" contains a sample from "Mr. Blue Sky" by Electric Light Orchestra "Sweet" contains samples from "You Don't Have to Worry" by Doris & Kelley, "Action" by Orange Krush and "Remix for P Is Free" by Boogie Down Productions "Gold" contains samples from "The Jam" by Graham Central Station, "Stud-Spider" by Tony Joe Wh
The J. Russell Major Prize is an annual prize given to a historian by the American Historical Association; the prize was established in memory of J. Russell Major, a distinguished historian who died on December 12, 1998, at the age of 77, he served as a professor of history at Emory University. Only the books with a copyright of 2016 are eligible for the 2017 award. Past winners of the prize include: 2019 - Venus Bivar, Organic Resistance: The Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France 2018 - Peter Sahlins, 1668: The Year of the Animal in France 2017 - Rafe Blaufarb, The Great Demarcation: The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property 2016 - Ethan Katz, The Burdens of Brotherhood: Jews and Muslims from North Africa to France 2015 - Michael Kwass, Contraband: Louis Mandrin and the Making of a Global Underground 2014 - Arlette Jouanna, The St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State 2014 - Joseph Bergin, The St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State 2013 - Miranda Spieler and Underworld: Captivity in French Guiana 2012 - Malick Ghachem, The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution 2011 - Jeremy Popkin, You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery 2010 - Stuart Carroll and Murderers: The Guise Family and the Making of Europe 2009 - Rachel Fuchs, Contested Paternity: Constructing Families in Modern France 2008 - Amalia Kessler, A Revolution in Commerce: The Parisian Merchant Court and the Rise of Commercial Society in Eighteenth-Century France 2007 - Martha Hanna, Your Death Would Be Mine: Paul and Marie Pireaud in the Great War 2006 - Todd Shepard, The Invention of Decolonization: The Algerian War and the Remaking of France 2005 - Barbara Diefendorf, From Penitence to Charity: Pious Women and the Catholic Reformation in Paris 2004 - Steven Englund, Napoleon: A Political Life 2003 - Jessica Riskin, Science in the Age of Sensibility: The Sentimental Empiricists of the French Enlightenment 2002 - Robert W. Harms, The Diligent: A Voyage Through the Worlds of the Slave Trade 2001 - Debora Silverman, Van Gough and Gauguin: The Search for Sacred Art 2000 - Daniel Sherman, The Construction of Memory in Interwar France Official website
Patrick Murphy was an Irish pilot who mistakenly bombed the border town of Naco, Arizona in April 1929 during the Escobar Rebellion. Little is known of his personal life, though he may have come from Oklahoma. Murphy owned a biplane around the time of the Cristero War in Mexico against the purportedly anti-Catholic and secular government of Emilio Portes Gil, he was hired to aid the rebels by using his biplane to bomb the government-controlled town of Naco, Sonora. He made several attempts in 1929 between March 31 and April 6 to bomb Naco but apparently accidentally, bombed the Arizona border town of the same name, destroying various buildings and a car, his poor accuracy has been variously blamed on high winds combined with the consumption of alcohol by either himself, his'bombardier', or both. The plane was shot down by Mexican'Federales' troops, but Murphy escaped to rebel territory and crossed to the United States, where he was arrested. Murphy became the first person working for a foreign power to bomb the mainland United States.
"I Wanna Rock" is the third official single from American rapper, Snoop Dogg's tenth studio album, Malice n Wonderland. It was released digitally on iTunes on November 17, 2009, after the second single "That's Tha Homie"; the song was produced by Scoop DeVille and mixed by Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg released it on a mixtape titled "I Wanna Rock" on November 23; the song was confirmed by BBC Radio 1 to be released in the UK on March 15, 2010 but is now listed as "Coming Soon". The lines "Right about now" and "I wanna rock right now" as well as the beat are sampled from Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock's 1988 song "It Takes Two." The main sample is from "Space Dust" by Galactic Force Band. The song was mixed by him; the beat was produced by Scoop DeVille The music video premiered on MTV Hits and MTV.com on November 26, 2009. It features Jamie Foxx, America's Best Dance Crew season 3 winners Quest Crew, Hip-Hop Group Far East Movement, professional skateboarder Terry Kennedy, Laurie Ann Gibson, popular Jerkin' crew The Ranger$.
The video takes place during Snoop rapping on top of a roof. Digital singleCD single The official remix features Jay-Z and is referred to as "The Kings' G-Mix." The music video was released to YouTube through Snoop Dogg's official channel on March 25, 2010. The video has Jay-Z's vocals but he is not physically in the video Sometimes the Ludacris freestyle is added to the original or The Kings' G-Mix" on the radio as the remix, it features a vocal sample of "Microphone Fiend" by Eric B. & Rakim in Snoop Doggs new verse. It is the 1st track on the album's re-release, entitled More Malice; the 2nd official remix has surfaced known as the "Interstate Trafficking Remix", it features Roscoe Dash on the chorus, Rick Ross, Maino, OJ da Juiceman and Yo Gotti. It is produced by DJ Green Lantern with a new verse by Snoop Dogg, it was leaked on February 15, 2010. The 3rd official remix features Kardinal Offishall, it is known as the "TO Remix", it has a new intro by Snoop Dogg. The 4th official remix is the "Travis Barker Remix".
It is the 2nd bonus track on the album's re-release, entitled More Malice. Other remixes have been released, the "West Coast Remix", which features Tha Dogg Pound, Crooked I, Ras Kass and Nipsey Hussle. as well as the release of a "Queens Remix" featuring Lil' Kim and Lady of Rage. In addition, multiple rappers have freestyled over the beat, including: Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics