The Utva-65 Privrednik is a Yugoslav civil aircraft designed and used for agricultural work. The Utva-65 was designed as an agricultural aircraft, it was a low-wing braced monoplane with a single engine. The wings were identical to those of the high-wing UTVA-60 apart from the wing roots, which were extended and strengthened so that the chord was greater and the wingspan increased by 0.82 metres These wings were of single-spar, all-metal construction, carrying ailerons that linked to the flaps, drooping 15 degrees when the flaps were set to 40 degrees. A single streamlined strut ran from the upper fuselage to mid-wing on either side, with minor struts from them to the wing at about one-quarter span; the conventional all-metal tail surfaces were from the UTVA-60, but had increased elevator area. The fuselage of the Utva-65 had a steel-tube structure, with metal skinning forward and below and fabric elsewhere; the single-seat pilot's cockpit was high and behind the trailing edge. There was a 0.75-cubic-meter hopper for fertilizer, etc. ahead of the cockpit.
Standard spray bars could be fitted under the trailing edge. The undercarriage was of the conventional tailwheel kind, with cantilever main legs angling outwards from the wing root. At launch there were three choices of engine, all Lycoming six-cylinder horizontally-opposed air-cooled types; the GO-480-B1A6 produced 270 hp, the geared GO-480-G1A6 290 hp, the IGO-540-B1A 350 hp. A variant of the Utva-65, the Utva-67, was similar, but had the eight-cylinder, 400‑hp Lycoming IO-720-A1A and a revised fuselage of greater capacity, its top speed was 295 km/h. The Utva-65 was used in Yugoslavia by agricultural cooperatives for pesticide application and mosquito control; the Algerian airline Societé de Travail Aérien began operations in October 1968 using five Utva-65 aircraft for similar work. Utva-65 Privrednik-GO Variant with a 295 hp Lycoming GO-480-G1A6. Utva-65 Privrednik-IO Alternate variant with a 300 hp Lycoming IO-540-K1A5. Utva-65 Super Privrednik-350 1973 variant with a 350 hp Lycoming IO-540-A1C engine.
Algeria Yugoslavia SerbiaMuseum of Aviation in BelgradeA Utva-65 S is on display. Data from Jane's 1966–7 p.367General characteristics Crew: 1 Length: 8.46 m Wingspan: 12.22 m Height: 2.60 m Wing area: 19.4 m2 Empty weight: 700 kg Gross weight: 1,890 kg Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IGO-540-B1A six-cylinder horizontally-opposed, 260 kW Performance Maximum speed: 234 km/h Cruising speed: 192 km/h Stall speed: 76 km/h Range: with 185 L fuel 620 km Armament Aircraft of comparable role and era Piper Pawnee Cessna 188
Utva 213 Vihor
Utva 213 Vihor was a late 1940s Yugoslavian two-seat advanced trainer. Designed and built by the Yugoslav state factory, the Type 213 was first flown in 1949, a cantilever low-wing monoplane powered by a 520 hp Ranger SVG-770-CB1 engine; the prototype had a conventional landing gear which retracted forward, the second prototype and production aircraft had a wider track main gear that retracted inwards. It had an enclosed cockpit for the student in tandem under a long glazed canopy. For training the Vihor could carry up to 100 kg of bombs. In 1957 an improved radial engined variant entered service as the Type 522. One aircraft is on display at the Museum of Yugoslav Aviation, Serbia. Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1956–57General characteristics Crew: 2 Length: 11.52 m Wingspan: 11.0 m Height: 3.58 m Gross weight: 2,300 kg Powerplant: 1 × Ranger SVG-770C-1B air-cooled inverted V12 engine, 390 kW Performance Maximum speed: 362 km/h Stall speed: 118 km/h Service ceiling: 7,000 m Armament Guns: 2× machine guns Bombs: 2× 50 kg or 4× 25 kg bombs Related development Soko 522
UTVA Aero 3
The UTVA Aero 3 was a piston-engined military trainer aircraft built in Yugoslavia to replace the Ikarus Aero 2 in service. One hundred ten were built, in Yugoslav Air Force service from 1958 to mid-1970s, it was superseded by the UTVA 75. First flown in 1956 the Aero 3 was designed to meet a Yugoslav Air Force requirement for a primary trainer that could be used in the army co-operation role; the Aero 3 was a low wing cantilever monoplane that seated the student and instructor in tandem under a bubble canopy. Of all wood construction it had a fixed, tailwheel landing gear and powered by a nose-mounted 190 hp Lycoming O-435-A piston engine. Yugoslavia Yugoslav Air Force Aviation Technical Group of Aviation Training School Light Combat Aviation Squadron of 3rd Air Command Light Combat Aviation Squadron of 5th Air Command Light Combat Aviation Squadron of 7th Air Command 463rd Light Combat Aviation Squadron 464th Light Combat Aviation Squadron 465th Light Combat Aviation Squadron Letalski center Maribor SerbiaMuseum of Aviation in BelgradeA UTVA Aero 3 prototype and UTVa Aero 3 are on display Data from General characteristics Crew: 2 a teacher and student Capacity: 2 Length: 8.58 m Wingspan: 10.5 m Height: 2.7 m Wing area: 18.9 m2 Gross weight: 1198 kg Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-435-A pistson engine, 142 kW Performance Maximum speed: 230 km/h Cruising speed: 180 km/h Range: 680 km Service ceiling: 4300 m Armament Aircraft of comparable role and era de Havilland Chipmunk Zlin Z-226 PZL M-2 Photos and drawings at Ugolok Neba
Blic is a daily middle-market tabloid newspaper in Serbia. Founded in 1996, Blic is owned by Ringier Axel Springer Media AG, a joint venture between Ringier media corporation from Switzerland and Axel Springer AG from Germany; the initial owners of Blic, Austria-based businessmen Aleksandar Lupšić and Peter Kelbel, sold the paper along with its parent company Blic Press d.o.o. in November 2000 to Gruner + Jahr, a German publishing firm majority-owned by the Bertelsmann conglomerate, right after the October 5th overthrow in Serbia. G+J bought 49% stake in Blic Press d.o.o. But bought the remaining stake as well. In March 2003, Gruner + Jahr sold its 25.1% stake in Blic Press d.o.o. to Vienna Capital Partners while retaining the remaining 74.9%. After buying 74.9% stake in Blic Press d.o.o. from Gruner+Jahr in January 2004, Ringier AG assigned Attila Mihók to be the CEO of its new Serbian subsidiary that got renamed Ringier d.o.o. He performed the job until November 2007 and was in July 2008 succeeded by Jelena Drakulić.
In 2010, when Ringier AG and Axel Springer AG launched a new joint venture Ringier Axel Springer Media AG, Blic got incorporated among the assets of the newly created joint venture entity while Ringier d.o.o. in Serbia changed its name to Ringier Axel Springer d.o.o. The joint Swiss-German entity owns and operates Blic through its local subsidiary Ringier Axel Springer d.o.o. A limited liability company. Blic online platforms such as blic.rs, 24sata.rs, alo.rs are controlled by Ringier Digital AG, which has in July 2014 had its 49% stake bought by KKR, an American private equity firm specializing in leveraged buyouts. KKR thus increased its presence on the Serbian digital media and telecommunications market, having in October 2013 bought the majority stake in Serbia Broadband, leading Serbian cable and Internet provider. Since its founding, Blic has become a centerpiece of several other publications, they include: Alo! Euro Blic Blic Žena Blic Puls 24 sata Auto Bild Blic.rs online portal incorporates news content from the Blic daily as well as from other publications under the Ringer Axel Springer umbrella in Serbia.
Since the late 2000s, Blic.rs is among the most visited websites in Serbia, according to Gemius Audience research. Other online offerings include Alo.rs, 24sata.rs, PulsOnline.rs, SuperOdmor.rs, NonStopShop.rs, MojAuto.rs, Nekretnine.rs. The newspaper was founded in September 1996 by a group of Austria-based businessmen that included Peter Kelbel and Aleksandar Lupšić, who bought Bratislava's Nový čas though the original newspaper had been started a year before and had drawn some journalists, working for Borba and Nasa Borba. At the time of his investment in Blic, Lupšić had strong ties to Milošević's wife Mira Marković and her party Yugoslav Left; the first issue of Blic appeared on September 16, 1996 thus becoming the 10th daily newspaper to be published in FR Yugoslavia at the time. Prior to that, the same group took over a Prague newspaper where they gained valuable publishing experience which encouraged them to go on further. For their Serbian operation, the owners got seasoned journalist Manojlo "Manjo" Vukotić to be the editor-in-chief.
Just like many other media operations in Serbia from the 1990s and beyond, Blic's ownership structure was murky as well. It was controlled by an entity called Blic Press d.o.o. - a limited liability company registered in Belgrade in March 1996. Blic Press' owners according to the Serbian Business Register were listed to be Milorad Perovic, a resident of Belgrade and Liechtenstein-based company named Mitsui Securities Eastern Europe Fund AG whose owners were not listed. Starting out, Blic was a typical stripped-down tabloid with short and simple stories, as well as a lot of entertainment content, its first issues were circulated in 50,000 copies per day with the price set at 1 dinar. It ran a advertised sweepstakes with the grand prize being a Volkswagen Polo Classic car and DM30,000; as a result of the sweepstakes, the paper's circulation increased by 30% within only a couple of weeks of the first issue. In November 1996, local municipal elections were held across Serbia; the opposition, headed by the DS and SPO, parties made big gains at the expense of Milošević's Socialist Party of Serbia.
Milošević refused thus sparking a huge outpouring of street protests. Blic capitalized on this to further its position on the market through fair coverage of the events ignored by the government-controlled media; the decision turned out to be a business winner in the short term as circulation grew to 200,000 copies a day, but it drew the ire of the Milošević authorities. In the circumstances when state media made no mention of the protests and the reporting of the independent media was insufficient on the subject, Blic made a gutsy decision to devote a sizable part of its paper every day to the protests; the government responded by restricting Blic's access to print and distribution facilities as the state printing house refused to print any more than 80,000 copies of the paper. The problem first appeared when it came time to print the 29 November 199
Zemun is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. Zemun was a separate town, absorbed into Belgrade in 1934; the development of New Belgrade in the late 20th century affected the expansion of the continuous urban area of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Zemun has a population of 168,170 inhabitants. In ancient times, the Celtic and Roman settlement was known as Taurunum; the Frankish chroniclers of the Crusades mentioned it as a toponym from the 9th century. This was a period when the Slavic name Zemln was recorded for the first time. Believed to be derived from the word zemlja, meaning soil, it was a basis for all other future names of the city: modern Serbian Земун or Zemun, Hungarian Zimony and German Semlin; the area of Zemun has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. Baden culture graves and ceramics like bowls and anthropomorphic urns were found in the town. Bosut culture graves were found in nearby Asfaltna Baza; the first Celtic settlements in Taurunum area originate from the 3rd century BC when the Scordisci occupied several Thracian and Dacian areas of the Danube.
The Scordisci founded both Singidunum across the Sava, predecessor of modern Belgrade. The Romans came in the 1st century BC, Taurunum became part of the Roman province of Pannonia around 15 AD, it served as a harbour for the Pannonian fleet of Singidunum. The pen of Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso was said to be found in Taurunum. After the Great Migrations the area was under the authority of various peoples and states, including the Byzantine Empire, the Kingdom of the Gepids and the Bulgarian Empire; the town was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary in the 12th century and in the 15th century it was given as a personal possession to the Serbian despot Đurađ Branković. After the nearby Serbian Despotate fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1459, Zemun became an important military outpost. In 1521, the forces of the Kingdom of Hungary, 500 šajkaši led by Croatian Marko Skoblić, Serbs fought against the invading Ottoman army of Suleyman the Magnificent. Despite hard resistance, Zemun fell on July Belgrade soon afterwards.
In 1541, Zemun was integrated into the Syrmia sanjak of the Budin pashaluk. Zemun and the southeastern Syrmia were conquered by the Austrian Habsburgs in 1717, after the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Peterwardein and through the Treaty of Požarevac became a property of the Schönborn family. In 1736, Zemun was the site of a peasant revolt, its strategic location near the confluence of the Sava and the Danube placed it in the center of the continued border wars between the Habsburg and the Ottoman empires. The Treaty of Belgrade of 1739 fixed the border, the Military Frontier was organized in the region in 1746, the town of Zemun was granted the rights of a military commune in 1749. In 1754, the population of Zemun included 1,900 Orthodox Christians, 600 Catholics, 76 Jews, about 100 Romani. In 1777, the population of Zemun numbered 1,130 houses with 6,800 residents, half of which were ethnic Serbs, while another half of population was composed of Catholics, Jews and Muslims. Among Catholic population, the largest ethnic group were Germans.
From this period originates the increased settlement of Germans and Hungarians in the Zemun. Zemun prospered as a border city; the town was a major fishing center. It is recorded. In 1816 it was expanded by mass resettlement of Germans and Serbs in the new town suburbs of Franzenstal and Gornja Varoš, respectively. In the 19th century, Zemun reached 1,310 houses. Zemun became important in Serbian history as the refuge for Karađorđe in 1813 as well as many other people from the nearby Belgrade and the rest of Karađorđe's Serbia which fell to the Ottoman rule. During the Revolution of 1848-1849, Zemun was one of the de facto capitals of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within Habsburg Empire, but in 1849, it was returned under the administration of the Military Frontier. With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1882, Zemun and the rest of Srem was included into Syrmia County of Croatia-Slavonia, an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary; the first railway line that connected it to the west was built in 1883, the first railway bridge over the Sava followed shortly thereafter in 1884.
During World War I, Zemun changed hands between Serbia and Austria-Hungary ending up in Serbia on November 5, 1918. The town became part of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes; the inter-war period was marked by political struggle between the city gentry and the more socialist parties supported by the ethnic Germans. In 1934 two intra-city bus lines were introduced connecting Zemun with the parts of Belgrade, the general shift of attention towards this issue was supported by the growing Serbian population of Zemun; the Zemun airbases built in 1927 were an important geostrategic objective in the Axis invasion of April 1941. Following the surrender of Yugoslavia that same month, along with the rest of Syrmia, was given to the Independent State of Croatia; the city was taken from Axis control in 1944, since it is part of Serbian region known as Central Serbia. The city is now home of the Air force command building, a monumental edifice, situated at 12 Аvijatičarski Square in Zemun, Belgrade; the Municipality ha
Yugoimport–SDPR is a Serbian state-owned intermediary company for the import and export of defense-related equipment, with the headquarters in Belgrade, Serbia. The company was founded in 1949 in what was Yugoslavia, for the needs of the Yugoslav defense industry. Today the company represents the Government and military industrial complex of Serbia in the sphere of importation and exportation cooperation of defense equipment and related services; the company works together with the Serbian Army, Military Technical Institute Belgrade and many private companies in Serbia and around the world in developing new weapons and systems. The company provides weapons design, consulting and engineering services. SDPR opened a new "Complex Battle System" factory in Velika Plana, Serbia for producing combat vehicles. Yugoimport built many military and civilian objects in numerous countries around the world including airports, command posts etc. Up to and including the 1990s, Yugoimport built many civilian and military facilities for Iraq, under Saddam Hussein's regime.
Yugoimport had many high-profile technology transfers with a goal to establish arms or ammunition production in target friendly countries. One of the best known is the export of the M-87 Orkan MLRS' technology to Iraq and many other licenses to many countries. Most there were production licenses bought by Azerbaijan to produce grenade launchers, along with Algeria and India for small arms and ammunition production. In November 2011, a contract was signed in Algiers forming a joint-venture for the construction of three arms factories in Algeria for the manufacture of individual weapons and the ammunition for a total amount of US$400 million; the latest ammunition production license was made under the "Made in India" program and is worth 2.8 billion Euros. Bumbar Portable ATGM system ALAS LORANA M-84AS/M-84AS1 M-84 Tank Upgrade Nora B-52 Self-propelled Howitzer LRSVM Morava MLRS Sora 122mm Self-Propelled artillery Soko SP RR 122mm Self-Propelled gun Sumadija M-56 Howitzer M-77 Oganj MLRS M84 NORA Gun-howitzer M-80A/98М/М-80А/98MIFV Upgrade M-80AB1 IFV Upgrade Lazar 1 BVT MRAV Lazar 2 MRAV/MRAP Multi-purpose armored vehicle Lazar 3 MRAV BOV M10 APC BOV M11 APC BOV M16 Milosh Armoured multi-purpose combat vehicle Premax 39 Multirole combat boat Pegaz 011 Long range UAV Strsljen UCAV helikopter long range UTVA Kobac PASARS-16 "Terminator" Hybrid Air Defence system Many different calibers including small arms and large artillery weapons Defense industry of Serbia Official website