Special Forces (United States Army)
The United States Army Special Forces, colloquially known as the Green Berets due to their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force of the United States Army tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, counter-terrorism. The first two emphasize language and training skills in working with foreign troops. Other duties include combat search and rescue, counter-narcotics, counter-proliferation, hostage rescue, humanitarian assistance, humanitarian demining, information operations, psychological operations, security assistance, manhunts. S. government activities may specialize in these secondary areas. Many of their operational techniques are classified, but some nonfiction works and doctrinal manuals are available; as special operations units, Special Forces are not under the command authority of the ground commanders in those countries. Instead, while in theater, SF units may report directly to a geographic combatant command, USSOCOM, or other command authorities.
The Central Intelligence Agency's secretive Special Activities Division and more its Special Operations Group recruits from the Army's Special Forces. Joint CIA–Army Special Forces operations go back to the MACV-SOG branch during the Vietnam War; the cooperation still is seen in the War in Afghanistan. The primary mission of the Army Special Forces is to train and lead unconventional warfare forces, or a clandestine guerrilla force in an occupied nation; the 10th Special Forces Group was the first deployed SF unit, intended to train and lead UW forces behind enemy lines in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion of Western Europe. As the U. S. became involved in Southeast Asia, it was realized that specialists trained to lead guerrillas could help defend against hostile guerrillas, so SF acquired the additional mission of Foreign Internal Defense, working with Host Nation forces in a spectrum of counter-guerrilla activities from indirect support to combat command. Special Forces personnel qualify both in advanced military skills and the regional languages and cultures of defined parts of the world.
While they are best known for their unconventional warfare capabilities, they undertake other missions that include direct action raids, peace operations, counter-proliferation, counter-drug advisory roles, other strategic missions. As strategic resources, they report either to a regional Unified Combatant Command. To enhance their DA capability, specific Commanders In-Extremis Force teams were created with a focus on the direct action side of special operations. SF team members work together and rely on one another under isolated circumstances for long periods of time, both during extended deployments and in garrison; because of this, they develop long-standing personal ties. SF non-commissioned officers spend their entire careers in Special Forces, rotating among assignments to detachments, higher staff billets, liaison positions, instructor duties at the U. S. Army John F. Kennedy Special School, they are required to move to staff positions or to higher command echelons. With the creation of USSOCOM, SF commanders have risen to the highest ranks of U.
S. Army command, including command of USSOCOM, the Army's Chief of Staff, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Special Forces traces its roots as the Army’s premier proponent of unconventional warfare from purpose-formed special operations units like the Alamo Scouts, Philippine guerrillas, First Special Service Force, the Operational Groups of the Office of Strategic Services. Although the OSS was not an Army organization, many Army personnel were assigned to the OSS and used their experiences to influence the forming of Special Forces. During the Korean War, individuals such as former Philippine guerrilla commanders Col. Wendell Fertig and Lt. Col. Russell W. Volckmann used their wartime experience to formulate the doctrine of unconventional warfare that became the cornerstone of the Special Forces. In 1951, Major General Robert A. McClure chose former OSS member Colonel Aaron Bank as Operations Branch Chief of the Special Operations Division of the Psychological Warfare Staff in the Pentagon.
In June 1952, the 10th Special Forces Group was formed under Col. Aaron Bank, soon after the establishment of the Psychological Warfare School, which became today’s John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School; the 10th Special Forces Group was split, with the cadre that kept the designation 10th SFG deployed to Bad Tölz, Germany, in September 1953. The remaining cadre at Fort Bragg formed the 77th Special Forces Group, which in May 1960 was reorganized and designated as today’s 7th Special Forces Group. Since their establishment in 1952, Special Forces soldiers have operated in Vietnam, Laos, North Vietnam, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panama, Somalia, Kosovo, 1st Gulf War, Iraq, the Philippines, Yemen, Niger and, in an FID role, East Africa. 1st Special Forces Command In 1957 the two original special forces groups were joined by the 1st, stationed in the Far East. Additional groups were formed in 1961 and 1962 after President John F. Kennedy visited the Special Forces at Fort Bragg in 1961.
Nine groups were organized for the reserve components in 1961.. Among them were the 16th and 17th Special Forces, Groups. However, 17th Special Forces Gr
Asheboro, North Carolina
Asheboro is a city in and the county seat of Randolph County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 25,012 at the 2010 census, it is the home of the state-owned North Carolina Zoo. Asheboro was named after Samuel Ashe, the ninth governor of North Carolina, became the county seat of Randolph County in 1796, it was a small village in the 1800s, with a population of less than 200 through the Civil War. Asheboro's population only began to grow following its connection to railroads: the High Point, Randleman and Southern Railroad first served the city in 1889, followed by the Montgomery Railroad in 1896. Asheboro emerged as a textile production center in the 20th century with the opening of the Acme Hosiery Mills in 1909. After World War II, the city's manufacturing sector grew to include batteries and food products; the city's main tourist attraction, the North Carolina Zoo, opened in 1979. Asheboro suffered from an economic downturn in the 2000s due to a decline in its traditional manufacturing industries amid increasing competition from overseas.
Acme-McCrary Hosiery Mills, Asheboro Hosiery Mills and Cranford Furniture Company Complex, Central School, Wilson Kindley Farm and Kindley Mine, Lewis-Thornburg Farm, Mount Shepherd Pottery Site, Randolph County Courthouse, Sunset Theater, Thayer Farm Site are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Asheboro is located at 35°42′55″N 79°48′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.4 square miles, of which, 15.3 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Asheboro is known as the center point of NC. Although Asheboro is located in the rolling Piedmont plateau region of central North Carolina, far to the east of the Appalachian Mountains, the town and surrounding area are hilly; the town lies within the Uwharrie Mountains, an ancient series of ridges and monadnocks which have been worn down by erosion to high hills. As such, Asheboro gives the impression of being in a more mountainous area than it is; as of the census of 2000, there were 21,672 people, 8,756 households, 5,516 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,412.5 people per square mile. There were 9,515 housing units at an average density of 620.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.45% White, 12.08% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 7.72% from other races, 1.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.9% of the population. There were 8,756 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males. According to Asheboro's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were: In October 2012 Hyosung USA announced the closure of the Asheboro wire plant and loss of 310 jobs. Built by Goodyear and acquired by Hyosung in 2011, the plant makes wires for use in car and truck tires. Black & Decker Corp was one of the main employers in the mid 1990's with one of its best product's line the sneak light that it sold millions in the late 1994; the plant employed about 1100 workers and it was one of the first three biggest employers in Randolph County https://www.greensboro.com/black-decker-to-move-two-units-from-asheboro-most-of/article_af1f9bc3-d0e4-5fdb-a3bc-2093d961780e.html Asheboro is home to the Asheboro Copperheads of the Coastal Plain League, a collegiate summer baseball league. The Copperheads play at McCrary Park in Asheboro; the Copperheads began play for the 1999 season. Caraway Speedway, a Whelen Southern Modified Tour racing location.
It is.455 mile asphalt oval that has seen famous stockcar drivers Dale Earnhardt, Richard Petty, Kyle Petty grace its track. Randolph Mall opened in 1982. Asheboro lies at the intersection of U. S. Route 220 and Interstate 73/Interstate 74, which connect it to Greensboro, U. S. Route 64, which connects it to Raleigh, North Carolina Highway 49, which connects it to Charlotte. Asheboro Regional Airport serves general aviation traffic to and from the city; the closest airport with scheduled passenger service is Piedmont Triad International Airport in Greensboro. Asheboro City Schools operates public schools serving the city. Fayetteville Street Christian School, located in Asheboro, is the largest private school in Randolph County. In addition the Randolph County Schools has its headquarters in Asheboro. Sam Ard, 1983 and 1984 Nascar Busch Series Champion William Johnston Armfield, business executive and philanthropist Scott Bankhead, Major League Baseball and 1984 US Olympic Team pitcher Chuck Bown, 1990 Nascar Busch Series Champion Lane Caudell and actor.
Starred in motion pictures, daytime television show Days Of Our Lives, had recording contracts spanning two decades. Keith Crisco, Secretary of Commerce for North Carolina, primary candidate for U. S. Representative, Second District. William Cicero
North Carolina Highway 24
North Carolina Highway 24 is the longest primary state highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Traveling east–west between the Charlotte metropolitan area and the Crystal Coast, connecting the cities of Charlotte, Fayetteville and Morehead City. Prior to the western terminus of NC 24 at I-485, the road begins as an unmarked street named W. T. Harris Boulevard at Mount Holly-Huntersville Road; the road was named for W. T. Harris, better known as one of the founders of Harris Teeter. Along the way NC 24 provides access to I-77, US 21, NC 115, I-85, US 29, NC 49. At NC 27 NC 24 makes a sharp left turn and joins that route in a concurrency, while W. T. Harris Boulevard continues further south unmarked towards US 74. NC 24 is both one of the most concurrent routes in the state. Besides the 100-mile concurrency with NC 27 between Johnsonville and Charlotte, this route shares long stretches of pavement with: US 258 between Richlands and Jacksonville NC 50 between Kenansville and Warsaw NC 87 between Fayetteville and Spout Springs Shorter concurrencies with I-40, NC 903, US 421, US 701, US 17, NC 210, NC 22, NC 109, NC 73.
It runs concurrent with US 15/US 501 in Carthage. All told, about half of the total length of NC 24 runs concurrent with other routes; as a route, it is designated as a "High Priority Corridor" for North Carolina, much of it is traveled, providing the most direct access between Charlotte and Jacksonville. It passes near or through three major Military installations, as well as Morrow Mountain State Park, Lake Tillery and the Uwharrie National Forest. Most of the route east of I-40 is at least four lanes, with sections near freeway grade. Along its eastern portions, NC 24 is known as Lejeune Boulevard thru Jacksonville, Freedom Way from the Camp Lejeune Main Gate to Swansboro, Corbett Avenue through Swansboro, Cedar Point Boulevard through Cedar Point, the W. B. McLean Highway through much of central Carteret County from JCT NC 58 to its terminus in Mansfield at US 70. 1922: NC 24 runs from Warsaw to Laurinburg, through Fayetteville. Most of this routing west of Fayetteville is now US 401. 1925: NC 24's western terminus is extended to the South Carolina line and its eastern terminus is extended to Kenansville.
1930: The route is extended east to Swansboro, using part of US 17. NC 24 is rerouted through Kenansville, Beaulaville and Jacksonville. Furthermore, NC 24 is given a more direct route from Laurinburg to Wagram. 1930s: NC 24 is rerouted numerous times after the introduction of new U. S. Highways to North Carolina. 1941: NC 24 west of Fayetteville is truncated. 1963: The western terminus of NC 24 is moved and extended to Charlotte. Mid 1960s: NC 24 is routed around Clinton and its routing through Fayetteville changed. Early 1970s: The construction of the Cape Fear River bridge at Fayetteville removed many zigzags of NC 24 in Fayetteville. 1982: NC 24 is routed along a four-lane bypass around Vander to access the newly built I-95. 2000: NC 24 is routed onto I-40 for a segment between exits 364 and 373 and onto NC 11 around Kenansville and Warsaw. The old route was signed as Business NC 24. 2003: NC 24 splits from NC 27 in eastern Charlotte to follow Harris Boulevard to a new western terminus at I-77.
2006: NC 24 is rerouted onto the Jacksonville Bypass US 17 for 4 miles. The old route is signed as Business Route 24. 2008: NC 24 western terminus is extended from I-77 to I-485 on December 8, 2008. The extension added 1 mile to the route. In March 2003, The state DOT rerouted the west end of NC 24 from US 74 to I-77; this was facilitated by following Harris Boulevard in east Charlotte instead of following NC 27. This added nearly 15 miles onto the highway's length. On December 8, 2008, Interstate 485 opened in Northwest Mecklenburg County. Before this rerouting, NC 24 was extraneous west of Johnsonville, it was concurrent with NC 27 over its entire length to its terminus at US 74, at which point NC 27 continued while NC 24 did not. NC 24's eastern terminus is at US 70 in Morehead City; this eastern segment leading to the terminus provides access to communities on the mainland side of the Bogue Sound. North Carolina Highway 243 appeared in 1931 as a renumbering of NC 24 from Hubert to Swansboro. In 1934, NC 243 was reverted to NC 24.
North Carolina Highway 605 was established in 1932 as a new primary route between US 1/US 15/NC 50/NC 75, in Tramway, US 421/NC 60, in Jonesboro. In 1936, NC 24 was extended northwest from Fayetteville to Tramway, replacing NC 605. North Carolina Highway 24 Business was established in March, 1999 when mainline NC 24 was rerouted overlapping I-40 and NC 903. North Carolina Highway 24 Business was established in January 2008 when mainline NC 24 was placed on new bypass south of Jacksonville; the business loop follows the old alignment through downtown Jacksonville, via Richlands Highway, Marine Boulevard, Johnson Boulevard and Lejeune Boulevard. North Carolina Bicycle Route 6 Media related to North Carolina Highway 24 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N. C
North Carolina Highway 109
North Carolina Highway 109 is a north–south state highway in North Carolina. It connects small towns in the central Piedmont region of the state; the 117-mile route is a two-lane road for most of its length, but the segment between Winston-Salem and Thomasville is being upgraded to a divided 4-lane highway. The central segment of NC 109 passes through the Uwharrie Mountains and the Uwharrie National Forest. North Carolina Highway 109 begins at the North Carolina-South Carolina border north of Ruby, South Carolina. NC 109 intersects Long Pine Church Road about a mile north of the border. NC 109 continues north from there to Wadesboro. NC 109 enters Wadesboro on Camden Road; the road runs a short concurrency with the road. In downtown Wadesboro NC 109 intersects US 52/US 74/NC 742. NC 109 continues north from the intersection out of Wadesboro along N Greene Street; as the road goes further to the north it crosses the Pee Dee River into Richmond County. After crossing into Richmond County NC 902 intersects Grassy Island Road.
The road passes through the rural area going directly north towards Mount Gilead. The last intersection along NC 109 in Richmond County is with Jack Currie Road, right before the road heads into Montgomery County. NC 109 continues towards the north; when the road enters Mount Gilead on Wadesboro Boulevard it intersects NC 731 and bypasses downtown. As NC 109 comes around the north side of Mount Gilead it intersects NC 73 and leaves the town. About a mile after leaving Mount Gilead the road enters the Uwharrie National Forest. NC 109 intersects NC 24/NC 27 inside the national forest. NC 109 runs a concurrency with NC 24/NC 27 until Troy. In Troy NC 109 turns left to continue back north along N Bilhen Street. NC 109 crosses the Uwharrie River before entering Randolph County. NC 109 enters and leaves Randolph County within a half a mile and enter Davidson County. North Carolina Highway 515 was established as a new primary routing from NC 51, in Mount Gilead, to NC 74, three miles to the northwest. In 1928, NC 515 was extended south to US 74/NC 20 in Wadesboro.
The road was extended to its final southern terminus at the South Carolina state line. In 1934, most of NC 515 was renumbered to NC 109; the only part, not renumbered to NC 109 was the segment from NC 74 to NC 51. NCDOT conducted a project study to improve the safety of NC 109 between Thomasville and Winston-Salem in 2012. Various improvements were identified, including the use of the Superstreet concept. North Carolina Highway 109 Business was established between 1963-1968 as a renumbering of NC 109, via Allenton Street and Main Street, its designation is unmarked as it only appears in state and county maps. North Carolina Highway 109 Alaternate was established around 1950-1953 as a renumbering of mainline NC 109, placed on a new bypass alignment west of Troy; the route traverses on Albemarle Road, West Main Street, North Main Street, Smitherman Street and Eldorado Street. North Carolina Highway 109 Business was established in 1960 as a rebannering of NC 109A through downtown Troy. North Carolina Highway 109 Alaternate was established in 1936 as a new alternate routing of NC 109 along Fisher Ferry Road and Main Street.
North Carolina Highway 109 Business was established in 1960 as a rebannering of mainline NC 109A. In 1971, mainline NC 109 was aligned on new road further east. Media related to North Carolina Highway 109 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N. C. 109 NCRoads.com: N. C. 109A NCRoads.com: N. C. 109 Business North Carolina Highway Begins/Ends - NC 109
Interstate 73 is an Interstate Highway, located within the U. S. state of North Carolina. It is part of a longer planned corridor, defined by various federal laws to run from Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, to Sault Ste. Marie, but only the part south of West Virginia is under study as of 2012; the corridor passes through the states of South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia and Michigan. Ohio and Michigan do not plan to build any part of the highway, as the I-73 corridor in both of these states is served by existing freeways or 4-lane highways that will be upgraded to freeways. West Virginia is building its section along U. S. Highway 52, as a four-lane divided highway. On the other hand, North Carolina and South Carolina have built sections and Virginia plans to build its part, thus Interstate 73 will, once scheduled projects are completed, run from South Carolina to Roanoke, where it will end at Interstate 81. Associated with these plans are those for the extension of Interstate 74 from Cincinnati to Myrtle Beach, with several highway overlaps contemplated.
There is one continuous section of Interstate 73, totaling 93.5 miles, first traversing the US 220 freeway 70.0 miles from Ellerbe, NC to I-85 in Greensboro, NC along the southwestern segment of the Greensboro Outer Loop 12 miles from US 220 to Bryan Blvd. 9.5 miles along a newly built route opened completed in July 2017 from Bryan Blvd west north to US 220 near Summerfield, NC. Future I-73 will traverse northeastern South Carolina, from the Grand Strand to Bennettsville; the current alignment will replace South Carolina Highway 22 and run parallel north of U. S. Route 501 and South Carolina Highway 38. In June 2017, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers approved permits required to build I-73. Now funding needs to be acquired, which may make I-73 a toll road in SC. North Carolina is the only state that has a finished section of Interstate 73, as of 2017, it traverses along the US 220 freeway through Asheboro, to Greensboro. When completed, it will connect the cities of Rockingham and Madison. Future Interstate 73 is planned to connect Martinsville and Roanoke head west to Blacksburg before entering West Virginia.
Future Interstate 73 is planned to enter, from Virginia, near Bluefield and go northwest along the King Coal Highway to Huntington. Future Interstate 73 is planned to parallel US 52 to Portsmouth north with US 23 through Columbus and Toledo. Future Interstate 73 is planned to go northwesterly to Jackson go north with US 127 to Grayling. From there, the corridor continues along Interstate 75 to Sault Ste. Marie. In 1979, K. A. Ammar, a Bluefield, West Virginia businessman, started the Bluefield-to-Huntington Highway Association in order to widen US 52, a dangerous two-lane road used to transport coal from mines to barges on the Ohio River. With coal employment in decline and the desire to bring in other businesses, Ammar worked to get the road improved. In 1989, Bluefield State College Professor John Sage learned of plans to add more Interstate Highways. Ammar and Sage came up with the idea for a road that would be called I-73, to run from Detroit to Charleston, South Carolina. Ammar and others promoted the idea to the people of Portsmouth and Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
In 1991, as Congress worked on reauthorization of the Surface Transportation Act, the people from West Virginia worked to get I-73 approved. The influential Robert Byrd, at the time West Virginia's senior senator, chaired the Senate Appropriations Committee, but Byrd said funding for such a highway would be hard to find. In North Carolina, Marc Bush of the Greensboro Area Chamber of Commerce admitted the plan would benefit his area, but said it was not a priority; the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 defined High Priority Corridor 5, the "I-73/74 North–South Corridor" from Charleston, South Carolina, through Winston-Salem, North Carolina, to Portsmouth, Ohio, to Cincinnati and Detroit, Michigan." This would provide for a single corridor from Charleston, splitting at Portsmouth, with I-74 turning west to its current east end in Cincinnati, I-73 continuing north to Detroit. In North Carolina, any new construction would require more money than the state had available, but Walter C.
Sprouse Jr. executive director of the Randolph County Economic Development Corporation pointed out that most of the route of I-73 included roads scheduled for improvements that would make them good enough for interstate designation. A connector between I-77 and US 52 at Mt. Airy was planned, US 52 from Mt. Airy to Winston-Salem and US 311 from Winston-Salem to High Point were four-lane divided highways. A US 311 bypass of High Point was planned, which would connect to US 220 at Randleman. I-73 would follow US 220 to Rockingham. Another possibility was following I-40 from Winston-Salem to Greensboro. In Winston-Salem, congestion on US 52 was expected to be a problem; the route through High Point was approved in May 1993. However, by November of that year, an organization called Job Link, made up of business leaders from northern North Carolina and southern Virginia, wanted a major highway to connect Roanoke with the Greensboro area, it could be I-73, the group did not have to be. In April 1995, John Warner, who chaired the Senate subcommittee that would select the route of I-73, announced his support for the Job Link proposal.
This distressed Winston-Salem officials who were counting on I-73, though Greensboro had never publicly sought the road. But an aide to US Senator Lauch Faircloth said the
Pisgah National Forest
Pisgah National Forest is a National Forest in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina. It is administered by the United States Forest Service, part of the United States Department of Agriculture; the Pisgah National Forest is contained within the state of North Carolina. The forest is managed together with the other three North Carolina National Forests from common headquarters in Asheville, North Carolina. There are local ranger district offices located in Pisgah Forest, Mars Hill, Nebo. Pisgah is a biblical Hebrew word for "summit", but some translators of the Bible book of Deuteronomy translated the word as a name of a mountain in general referring to Mount Nebo; the Pisgah National Forest was established in 1916, one of the first national forests in the eastern United States. The new preserve included 86,700 acres, part of the Biltmore Estate, but were sold to the federal government in 1914 by Edith Vanderbilt; some of the forest tracts were among the first purchases by the Forest Service under the Weeks Act of 1911.
While national forests had been created in the western United States, the Weeks Act provided the authority required to create national forests in the east as well. Although tracts in the future Pisgah National Forest were among the first purchased under the Weeks Act, the first to receive formal approval was the 31,000-acre Gennett Purchase in northern Georgia. On March 25, 1921 Boone National Forest was added to Pisgah, on July 10, 1936, most of Unaka National Forest was added. In 1954 the Pisgah National Forest was administratively combined with the Croatan and Nantahala national forests, collectively known as the National Forests of North Carolina. American forestry has roots in; the Cradle of Forestry, located in the southern part of the forest, was the site of the first school of forestry in the United States. It operated during the late early 20th centuries; the school was opened and operated at the direction of George Washington Vanderbilt II, builder of the Biltmore Estate in Asheville.
The Forestry Education offered at Biltmore was taught by Carl Schenk. A native German, Schenk was referred to Vanderbilt when Gifford Pinchot resigned to operate the newly formed Division of Forestry; the Cradle of Forestry and the Biltmore Estate played a major role in the birth of the U. S. Forest Service. Today these lands are part of an recreational area in Pisgah National Forest. Located on the forest property is the Bent Creek Campus of the Appalachian Forest Experiment Station, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Convicted murderer Eric Rudolph was a fugitive in the Pisgah National Forest for several years; the Pisgah National Forest is divided into 3 Ranger Districts: the Grandfather and Pisgah districts. The Grandfather and Appalachian Ranger Districts lie in the northern mountains of North Carolina and include areas such as the Linville Gorge Wilderness, Wilson Creek, the watersheds of the Toe and Cane rivers, Roan Mountain, Mount Mitchell, Craggy Gardens, the Big Ivy/Coleman Boundary area.
The Appalachian Ranger District stretches along the Tennessee border from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park north to Hot Springs. The Appalachian Trail passes through this section of this National Forest; the Pisgah National Forest covers 512,758 acres of mountainous terrain in the southern Appalachian Mountains, including parts of the Blue Ridge Mountains and Great Balsam Mountains. Elevations reach over 6,000 feet and include some of the highest mountains in the eastern United States. Summit elevations include Black Balsam Knob at 6,214 feet, Mount Hardy at 6,110 feet, Tennant Mountain at 6,056 feet, Cold Mountain at 6,030 feet. Mount Mitchell, in Mount Mitchell State Park, is the highest mountain east of the Mississippi River and lies just outside the boundary of Pisgah National Forest; the forest includes tracts surrounding the city of Asheville, the city of Brevard and land in the French Broad River Valley. Recreation includes activities such as hiking and mountain biking; the land and its resources are used for hunting, wildlife management, timber harvesting, as well as the North Carolina Arboretum.
The forest lies in parts of 12 counties in western North Carolina. In descending order they are Transylvania, McDowell, Madison, Burke, Buncombe, Mitchell and Watauga counties; some 46,600 acres of old-growth forests have been identified in the Pisgah National Forest, with 10,000 acres in Linville Gorge. Bent Creek, Mills River, Davidson River - three major streams and tributaries of the French Broad River - are located in the Pisgah Ranger District, which lies on either side of the Blue Ridge Parkway south of Asheville, along the Pisgah Ridge and Balsam Mountains. Three long-distance recreational trails - the Mountains-to-Sea Trail, the Shut-In Trail, the Art Loeb Trail travel through this district. Included in the Pisgah Ranger District are the Shining Rock and Middle Prong Wildernesses; the Blue Ridge Parkway transects this National Forest, many National Forest and Parkway trails intersect. Pisgah National Forest is a popular place for many activities, such as hiking, road biking, mountain biking and rock climbing.
Popular mountain biking trails include Sycamore Cove Trail, Black Mountain Loop. Farlow Gap is an expert-level trail, considered "one of the toughest mountain bike trails in Pisgah National Forest." There are three designated wilderness areas lying within Pisgah National For
Interstate 74 is an Interstate Highway in the midwestern and southeastern United States. Its western end is at an interchange with Interstate 80 in Iowa; the major cities that I-74 connects to includes Iowa. I-74 exists as several disconnected sections of highways in North Carolina. In the state of Iowa, Interstate 74 runs south from Interstate 80 for 5.36 miles before crossing into Illinois on the Interstate 74 Bridge. North of the Mississippi River, I-74 bisects Davenport. In the state of Illinois, Interstate 74 runs south from Moline to Galesburg. I-74 continues southeast to the Champaign-Urbana area, intersecting with Interstate 57; the interstate runs east past Danville at the Illinois-Indiana state line. U. S. Route 150 parallels Interstate 74 in Illinois for its entire length, save the last few miles on the eastern end, where it parallels U. S. Route 136. In the state of Indiana, Interstate 74 runs east from the Illinois state line to the Crawfordsville area before turning southeast, it runs around the city center of Indianapolis along Interstate 465.
Once I-74 reaches the southeast side of Indianapolis it diverges from I-465 and continues to the southeast. It enters Ohio in Harrison, Ohio. In the state of Ohio, Interstate 74 runs southeast from the Indiana border to the western segment's current eastern terminus at Interstate 75 just north of downtown Cincinnati, it is signed with U. S. Route 52 for its entire length. While planned to continue through West Virginia and Virginia to the Interstate 74 section in North Carolina, the route remains unsigned or unbuilt past Cincinnati. At this point, I-74 would follow U. S. Route 52 east from Cincinnati and the current Interstate 74. In the state of North Carolina, as of the end of 2018 I-74 exists in several segments, starting with a concurrency with I-77 at the Virginia border; this includes the most western portion from Interstate 77 to US 52 just south of Mount Airy, a segment co-signed as US 311, first opened to traffic as a bypass of High Point bypass extended west to I-40 east of Winston-Salem and east to Interstate 73 near Randleman another along the southern segment of Interstate 73 and U.
S. Route 220 from just north of Asheboro to south of Ellerbe, a more eastern segment that runs from Laurinburg to an end at NC 41 near Lumberton; the latest segment to be signed, from I-40 to High Point, occurred after the federal government approved signing this section as I-74 in the summer of 2013, despite the highway not being up to current interstate standards. It was uncertain why the Federal Highway Administration made an exception, but this might have been the result of a misinterpretation when a state highway administrator asked for interstate designation for another section and "Future Interstate" for the section completed that did not meet standards; the 1991 plan to build Interstate 73 soon included an extension of I-74 from where it ended in Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth, Ohio along Ohio State Route 32. In November 1991, the United States Congress passed the $151 billion Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act that included the I-73/74 North-South Corridor and made I-73 a priority and included an extension of I-74 from Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth.
On August 31, 1992, the Ohio Turnpike Commission passed a resolution to study making the extension of I-74 a toll road. Congress had authorized paying for 80 percent of the cost, but the state would have to pay the remainder of the $56 million, it was estimated that improving US 52 to interstate standards in West Virginia would cost $2 billion. Still, by 1994, improvements to US 52 were planned, future plans called for I-73 to follow that route; the I-74 extension seemed more certain. The Ohio Turnpike Commission proposed that the extension run along Ohio State Route 32. Long-range plans call for I-74 to continue east and south of Cincinnati to North Carolina using OH 32 from Cincinnati to Piketon and the proposed I-73 from Portsmouth through West Virginia to I-77, it would follow I-77 through Virginia into North Carolina, where I-74 splits from Interstate 77 near the Virginia state line and runs eastward to northwest U. S. Route 52, which it will follow to Winston-Salem along U. S. Route 311 through High Point to I-73.
I-73 and I-74 overlap to Rockingham. In 1996 AASHTO approved the signing of highways as I-74 along its proposed path east of I-81 in Wytheville, where those highways meet Interstate Highway standards. North Carolina started putting up I-74 signs along its roadways in 1997; as of October 2009, Interstate 74 remains unbuilt in the state of West Virginia. WVDOT is upgrading the Tolsia Highway to four lanes, but not to Interstate Highway standards; as of December 2008, Interstate 74 is proposed to follow the path of Interstate 77 through the state of Virginia, but remains unsigned from the West Virginia border to the North Carolina border. Two sections of I-74 in North Carolina are under construction; these include building the first part of a bypass of Rockingham with Interstate 73 by reconstructing US 220 to interstate standards for 4 miles south of Ellerbe and is scheduled to be completed in 2018 and the first