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Vágar Airport

Vágar Airport is the only airport in the Faroe Islands, is located 1 NM east of the village of Sørvágur, on the island of Vágar. Due to the Faroe Islands' status as a self-governing territory, the airport is not subject to the rules of the European Union, it is the main operating base for Faroese national airline Atlantic Airways and, for a brief period during 2006, was the base for the low-cost airline FaroeJet. The airport was built by British Royal Engineers during World War II on the island of Vágar; the site was chosen because it was hard to see from the surrounding waters and any potential German warship. The first aeroplane landed here in Autumn 1942.. British engineers had first built Reykjavík Airport in Iceland in 1940 known as RAF Reykjavik, following the British Occupation of Iceland. After the war, Vágar airfield was abandoned and left unused until 1963 when it was reopened as a civilian airport at the initiative of two Sørvágur residents, Hugo Fjørðoy and Lars Larsen; the two worked with the Icelandic airline Icelandair, which began the scheduled flights to Bergen and Glasgow using a Douglas DC-3 aircraft.

In 1964 a separate airline, Faroe Airways, operated flights, first using chartered aircraft but in 1965 they bought a DC-3 from the Swedish airline Linjeflyg. The company ceased operating on 28 September 1967. In 1971, Icelandair was operating Boeing 727-100 jetliners into the airport with weekly nonstop service to Glasgow and Reykjavik. In 1988, Atlantic Airways was flying British Aerospace BAe 146-200 jet service nonstop to Copenhagen; until 2004 Maersk Air operated flights into the airport. Maersk Air flew Boeing 737-500 jetliners into the airport with service to Copenhagen; until 2002 travel from the airport to most locations in the Faroe Islands including the capital Tórshavn required a car ferry, but since the Vágatunnilin, a tolled road tunnel, was opened, travel has been made much easier by giving direct road access to the neighbouring island of Streymoy, where Tórshavn is located. A new terminal opened 17 June 2014 with increased passenger capacity; the runway was extended from 1,250 m to 1,799 m in 2011, allowing a greater variety of aircraft types to be used, further-away destinations to be introduced.

Construction work started in May 2010, on 3 December 2011, the extended runway was opened and put into use for the first time. Jet aircraft with short airfield performance such as the British Aerospace BAe 146 were preferred for use into the airport, the most distant destination was Copenhagen, 1,300 km; the Airbus A319 of Atlantic Airways is able to utilise the extended runway, services with this type with Atlantic Airways began in March 2012. Tourist summer flights to Barcelona and Milan were introduced. However, in 2014 they decided to stop the routes to London. Instead, they chose to fly to Mallorca and to Aberdeen changed to Edinburgh. and in 2017 to Gran Canaria. On 26 March 2016, Scandinavian Airlines began to fly from Copenhagen to Vágar, the first airline other than Atlantic to do so in many years. SAS has had trouble with fog landings, but in February 2019 SAS started using the Required Navigation Performance procedure, which allows landings in more fog, but requires special onboard equipment, pilot training and approval from the aviation administration.

Atlantic Airways began using the system in 2012 as first airline in Europe. The airport is managed by the Danish Transport Authority although the ownership of the airport was handed over to the Faroese government in May 2007. A number of domestic Faroese destinations can be reached from Vágar by the Atlantic Airways helicopter service. International destinations include Copenhagen and Billund in Denmark, Reykjavík in Iceland, Edinburgh in Scotland, Bergen in Norway and Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca in Spain; the following airlines offer regular passenger scheduled and seasonal flights at Vágar Airport: There are occasional public charter flights done by major European airlines, e.g. Wizzair and Austrian Airlines, for example for supporters to football qualification matches. There are fairly frequent corporate charter flights done by e.g. Widerøe; the extended runway and better instrument landing system has made it easier for other airlines than Atlantic Airways to land at Vágar. There are bus services about 10 times each direction per day between Tórshavn.

They take one hour. The road distance to Tórshavn is 47 km; the "Vágatunnilin" tunnel connects the airport and the Vágar island to the main towns and villages in the Faroe Islands. 3 August 1996: a Gulfstream III of the Danish Air Force crashed during final approach to Vágar Airport in bad weather and poor visibility. Nine people, including the Chief of Defence Jørgen Garde and his wife, perished as the aircraft collided with high terrain surrounding the airport. 25 January 1975: a Fokker F27 aircraft registered as OY-APB attempted to land on a wet and icy runway. Without having been informed of the conditions, the pilots veered the aircraft off the runway and collided with terrain. 26 September 1970: Icelandair Fokker F27 originating in Copenhagen with a stopover in Bergen, Norway. The flight from Bergen to Vágar Airport crashed in bad weather on Mykines. Eight of the 34 passengers lost their lives, the badly injured were airlifted away by helicopter. A marble memorial was placed in the Church.

List of airports in the Faroe Islands List of the largest airpo

Locost

A Locost is a home-built car. The car features a space frame chassis welded together from mild steel 1 in × 1 in square tubing. Front suspension is double wishbone with coil spring struts; the rear is traditionally live axle, but has many variants including independent rear suspension or De Dion tube. Body panels are fiberglass nose and wings and aluminium side panels; each car is individualized according to the resources and desires of each respective builder. The original design was intended to be built from scratch. However, the design has become so popular that several fabricators have begun producing the chassis in kit car form. Additionally, fiberglass body components, suspension pieces and other Locost-specific components can be sourced from various suppliers; the Locost pattern originated in the mid 90s, with the publishing by Haynes Manuals of the book Build your own sports car for as little as £250 by Ron Champion. This design was based on the original Lotus Seven, it used a live axle rear suspension.

The De Dion tube setup was used in some of the models offered by Caterham. Both Colin Chapman and Ron Champion have a background in the 750 Motor Club and the design of the Locost is based on a Clubman's Race Car designed and built by Ron Champion in 1963; the rear of the Locost is of course "inspired by" the Lotus 7. Ron Champion's original book was followed up with Build Your Own Sports Car: On a Budget by Chris Gibbs; the subject car differs most from the original in that it has an independent rear suspension. Additionally, the car was designed using CAD software, eliminating the measurement errors inherent to the original design. Other additions to the original Locost design include information for fabricating a rollbar and advice on using engines with fuel injection; the suggested donor car is a Ford Sierra. The book contains alternative suggestions for incorporating other donors including a BMW E36, Mazda MX-5 and motorcycle engines. Roadsters are becoming an popular choice over the Locost due to the more plentiful donors and the more advanced suspension.

10 cars have been completed and passed by their countries government for use on the road. In the UK this entails an IVA test and registration with the DVLA; the Locost is not to be confused with the named Locust, a Lotus Seven-inspired car. In contrast to the Locost's space frame-inspired chassis, the Locust uses a ladder chassis and a body constructed from plywood skinned with aluminium; the Champion Locost and the Haynes Roadster share similar chassis dimensions to the original Lotus Seven. Locost Builder Jim McSorley revised the Ron Champion design in order to accommodate wider engines, rear axles, seats. In particular, the McSorley 442 design was referenced by Car and Driver Magazine in August 2006. In Australia, kit cars must pass structural testing for certification for road use; this has led to a series of improvements to the Champion design, including increased reinforcement at the nose of the chassis and around the occupants. These modifications increase the stiffness and torsional rigidity of the chassis and have been adopted in Locosts in other countries.

Various projects have analyzed the strength of the Locost Chassis under finite element analysis for interest's sake. The FEA is known to show the original Locost's design to be under engineered. While the title of Ron Champion's book claims to offer a means to build a car for £250, most Locosts are as much as ten times that cost or more; the £ 250 figure does not include the cost of tools, which can exceed the cost of the car. The book is based on purchasing a Mk1 or Mk2 Ford Escort, rejected for road use by the British MOT. At the time of printing, Champion claimed said cars could be purchased for £50. Rear wheel drive Escorts are now hard to find due to their becoming a classic car in their own right, continued use in Rallying and increased interest from collectors; the book gives some hints and tips on how to cut the costs for the build: Build the chassis from scrap metal instead of buying new Make your own fibreglass nose cone and wheel arches instead of buying them Use the rear seat from the donor or one from the junkyard instead of buying new race seats Use the donor gauges, steering wheel and rims instead of buying new Buy wrongly mixed paint at a discount and paint the car yourself Find some aluminium sheet metal at the scrapper to use for the bonnetSome builders have come up with additional cost saving tips: Use the sheet metal roof of the donor for the bottom of the chassis instead of buying new sheet metal Use the fuel tank from a Saab 96 or Triumph Spitfire Use the headlights and chrome rims from an older Volvo 240 and an 8 inch stainless steel salad bowl from IKEA to make the headlights Make your own coilovers.

At ten times the £250, Locosts cost far less than a car of similar performance. The car described in the Champion book is built using parts from a Mk1 or Mk2 Ford Escort with front spindles from Ford Cortina. Due to the dwindling supply of Escorts, the Haynes Roadster is based on mechanicals from the Ford Sierra; some use small car-based trucks as donors such as Mazda E1800 and Suzuki Carry. In North America, the Toyota Corolla and Mazda Miata are popular donor cars, as are the Ford Fox platform cars; the Wankel engine-based Mazda RX-7 is starting to become popular. Many different companies sell parts and complete kits for building the car. Exa

The Amazing Race 29

The Amazing Race 29 is the twenty-ninth installment of the reality television show The Amazing Race. Unlike previous seasons, which exclusively feature teams with preexisting relationships, this edition features 22 contestants who were all complete strangers that met for the first time and formed eleven teams of two at the Starting Line; these teams competed in a race around the world for a US$1 million grand prize. The season premiered on Thursday, March 30, 2017 on CBS for the 2016–17 television season replacing the low-rated action series Training Day; the season finale aired on June 1, 2017. Brooke Camhi and Scott Flanary were the winners of this season of the Race. In March 2016, CBS renewed The Amazing Race for the 2016–17 TV season, but was left out of the Fall schedule for the first time since Season 12 and the entire Fall schedule run since the 2003–04 TV season; the show's Friday time slot instead went to new drama series MacGyver. It was announced in November 2016 that the season would premiere Friday, April 21, 2017 in its regular Friday time slot after MacGyver had finished its season run.

On March 10, 2017, CBS announced that it was moving low-rated new drama Training Day to Saturdays and would move the Race premiere up to March 30 to fill the now vacated Thursday, 10pm time slot. The season included visits to 17 cities across five continents and nine countries over 36,000 miles with teams traveling to countries including Panama, Tanzania and Greece. Filming began on June 10, 2016 in Los Angeles, concluded on July 2, 2016 in Chicago; this season introduced a few alterations to the Race rules. While the traditional limit on Roadblock performances were still enforced, there was an additional requirement wherein team members could not perform more than four Roadblocks before the ninth leg of the Race. Additionally, there was no limit. Winter X Games snowboarder Matt Ladley was one of the twenty-two individuals included in this season's cast. Becca & Floyd from "Team Fun" returned to compete on The Amazing Race 31; as announced by CBS, the following teams participated in the Race. Unlike the traditional format of the Race, these contestants arrived at the Starting Line unpaired, an idea that Race producers claim fans have suggested to them in the past.

A challenge prior to the official start of the Race was used to determine a ranking of the 22 contestants. The highest-ranked unpaired contestant was allowed to draft any remaining unpaired contestant as his or her teammate; the process continued. Selections were based on first impressions and the interactions contestants had with each other during the first challenge; each team is listed with the unique hashtag. A red team placement indicates. A brown ⊃ or a cyan ⋑ indicates that the team chose to use one of the two U-Turns in a Double U-Turn, while a ⊂ or ⋐ indicates the team who received it. A green ƒ indicates. An underlined leg number indicates there was no mandatory rest period at the Pit Stop, all teams were ordered to continue racing. An underlined team placement indicates that the team came in last on a "continue racing" leg and was ordered to continue racing. An underlined blue placement indicates the team came in last on a non-elimination leg and had to perform a Speed Bump during the next leg of the Race.

A purple ε indicates. Episode titles are taken from quotes made by the racers. "We're Coming For You, Phil!" – Seth "Scared Spitless" – Liz "Bucket List Type Stuff" – Logan "Another One Bites the Dust" – Liz "Have Faith in Me, Broski" – Liz "Double U-Turn Ahead" – Phrase on Clue "Have Fun and Get It Done" – Tara "Good Job, Donkey" – Tara "I Thought We Were Playing It Nice" – London "Riding a Bike Is Like Riding a Bike" – London "As Easy As Stacking Cups" – Redmond "We're Going To Victory Lane" – Race-car driver at Chicagoland Speedway The prize for each leg was awarded to the first place team for that leg. Trips were provided by Travelocity; the prizes were: Leg 1 – US$2,000 each Leg 2 – A trip for two to Barbados Leg 3 – A trip for two to Amsterdam, Netherlands Leg 4 – US$5,000 each Leg 5 – None Leg 6 – A trip for two to Ushuaia, Argentina Leg 7 – A trip for two to Grenada Leg 8 – US$7,500 each Leg 9 – A trip for two to Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Leg 10 – A trip for two to Costa Rica Leg 11 –None Leg 12 – US$1,000,000 Airdate: March 30, 2017 Los Angeles, United States Los Angeles Los Angeles to Panama City, Panama Panama City Soberanía National Park Gamboa Panama City The first Detour of the Race was a choice between Scoot or Shoot.

Both options required teams to paddle a traditional Panamanian vessel called a cayuco. In Scoot, teams had to beat a pair of professional canoers in a 400 metres regatta. Once teams finished the race before the rowers, they received their next clue. Teams that lost on the first attempt received a 50-meter head start for the second attempt. In Shoot, teams had to row to a marshy area where they must use a bow and arrow to shoot down two silver fishes hung on a cluster of bamboo poles to receive their next clue. Additional taskTo deter

Richard Hargrave

Richard Hargrave was an Australian politician and a pastoralist. Hargrave was born to Sarah Hargrave on 1 February 1817 at Greenwich, England, his father was a hardware merchant. He arrived in Sydney in 1838 on board the Argyle and went to work on Combelong Station at Monaro for Messrs Hughes and Hosking; the following year he became a partner of the Callendoon Station and the Goondiwini Stations on the Macintyre River. He founded Whylm on the Severn River. In 1843, he lost everything along with his partners following the financial collapse of the New South Wales economy in that year, his merchant father refinanced Hargrave and he was able to purchase 21,000 acres at Armidale which he named "Hillgrove Station". He acquired leases for Bostobrick and Tyringham and Hernani in New England, he was said to be involved in much conflict with the local Aboriginal population. He married Mary William on 16 February 1847 at Sydney, they had one daughter. Was a member for New England and Macleay from 17 April 1856 to 19 December 1857 in the first New South Wales Legislative Assembly.

During his time as a member he was a member of the following committees: Elections and Qualifications Committee Impounding Laws Committee Australian Trust Company’s Bill Committee Petition of Mr David Cross Committee Elections and Qualifications Committee Reclaiming Land, Woolloomooloo Bay Committee Secondary Punishment Committee Scab and Catarrh in Sheep Committee Australian Gas Company’s Light Bill CommitteeAfter politics, he and his wife retired to Armidale and moved into a cottage near the railway station. The street where they lived is now named Hargrave Street after them, he died at Armidale on 19 January 1905. His brother John Hargrave served in the New South Wales Parliament after arriving in New South Wales in 1857, his brother went on to become Solicitor-General, Attorney General and a judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. His nephew Lawrence Hargrave was the inventor of the box or cellular kite. Hargrave’s great, grandson Rick Colless was a member of the Legislative Council

John Bröcheler

John Bröcheler is a Dutch operatic baritone who began as a concert singer, specialising in contemporary music such as the world premiere of Mauricio Kagel's Mare Nostrum. His appearance at De Nederlandse Opera in Donizetti's Maria Stuarda alongside Joan Sutherland was followed by an international operatic career, performing for example as Mandryka in Arabella by Richard Strauss, again in world premieres such as Menotti's La Loca at the New York City Opera and the complete version of Henze's König Hirsch at the Staatsoper Stuttgart. Born in Vaals, Bröcheler became a member of the men's choir Het Koninklijk Mannenkoor Cecilia 1837 in 1961, where he performed solo parts beginning with Die zwölf Räuber at age 17, he studied voice at the Conservatorium Maastricht with Leo Ketelaars and in Paris with Pierre Bernac. He achieved first prize at the 1969 Landelijk Concours van Nederlandse Vocalisten in's-Hertogenbosch. Bröcherler gave a recital in Utrecht in 1966, dedicated to contemporary works. In 1974, he took part in the world premiere of Henri Pousseur's Die Erprobung des Petros Hebraicus at the Berliner Festwochen festival, followed a year by the world premiere of Mauricio Kagel's Mare Nostrum there.

He made his operatic debut in 1973 at De Nederlandse Opera as Sid in Britten's Albert Herring. He performed the role of Talbot in Donizetti's Maria Stuarda, alongside Joan Sutherland in the title role, he appeared in leading roles such as Mozart's Don Giovanni, Germont in Verdi's La traviata, Marcello in Puccini's La bohème and Mandryka in Arabella by Richard Strauss. He performed the latter role at the 1984 Glyndebourne Festival. From 1977, he appeared in the United States, first at the San Diego Opera, as Ford in Verdi's Falstaff, staged by Tito Capobianco, as Sharpless in Puccini's Madama Butterfly, he performed in the world premiere of Menotti's La Loca in San Diego and at the New York City Opera, alongside Beverly Sills in the title role. He appeared as Verdi's Nabucco with Grace Bumbry als Abigaille at the Los Angeles Opera and in Toronto. In Hamlet by Ambroise Thomas, he performed with Sutherland as Ophelia. In Germany, Bröcheler appeared as the Statthalter in the completed version of Henze's König Hirsch at the Staatsoper Stuttgart in 1985, conducted by Dennis Russell Davies.

A recorded excerpt from the third act was used for the series Musik in Deutschland 1950–2000, with Julia Conwell as the Girl and Helmut Holzapfel as the King. The same year, he first sang at La Scala in Milan: Jochanaan in Salome by Richard Strauss Orest in Elektra, Golo in Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande. Bröcheler recorded Schumann's Dichterliebe with pianist Tan Crone, awarded the Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik. In 2002, he appeared at De Nederlandse Opera as Dr. Schön in Alban Berg's Lulu, alongside Anja Silja, with the Nederlands Philharmonisch Orkest conducted by Hartmut Haenchen. In 2005, Bröcheler became a Ridder of the Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw. Levenslang zingen John Bröcheler discography at Discogs John Bröcheler on IMDb John Bröcheler Bach Cantatas Website John Bröcheler, Een leven lang zingen, Omroep Limburg, 2007 Beste jarige: Toespraken voor Wagner operamagazine.nl 21 May 2013

Ruppia

Ruppia known as the widgeonweeds, ditch grasses or widgeon grass, is the only extant genus in the family Ruppiaceae, with eight known species. These are aquatic plants widespread over much of the world; the genus name was given in honour of a German botanist. They are widespread outside of the tropics; the leaf is simple and not rhizomatous. They can be perennial; these species are adapted to be in brackish water. The leaves are medium-sized, their disposition can be opposite, or whorled. Lamina keep entire and are setaceous or linear; the leaf just shows one vein without cross-venules. Stomata are not present; the mesophyll leaks calcium oxalate crystals. The minor leaf veins do not present phloem leaks vessels; these plants have stems without secondary xylem without vessels. The sieve-tube plastids are P-type; the root xylem does not present vessels. These plants are hermaphroditic, with hydrophilous pollination; the flowers are ebracteate and regular. The flowers are aggregated in ‘inflorescences’, but sometimes they are solitary.

They grow in racemes, spikes, or umbels. The scapiflorous inflorescences are terminal, in short spikes, or subumbelliform racemes, sometimes one- or few-flowered, they do not have hypogynous disks. These flowers do not have perianth absent, except when small staminal appendages are regarded as perianth segments; the androecial members are all equal. The androecium just presents two fertile stamens with sessile anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; the pollen is polysiphonous and its grains are three-celled and nonaperturate. The gynoecium 4 is superior and euapocarpous; the carpel is not apically stigmatic with the stigma peltate, or umbonate. These flowers only present one ovule pendulous, campylotropous and crassinucellate; the placentation is apical and embryo-sac development is of the polygonum type. Before fertilization, they fuse polar nuclei; the fruit is drupaceous and fleshy. The fruiting carpel is indehiscent on a long, spirally twisted peduncle, with each drupelet becoming long-stalked.

The fruit contains one nonendospermic seed with starch. The embryo can be straight or curved. Membranous testa do not have phytomelan; the Cronquist system of 1981 placed the family in order Najadales of subclass Alismatidae in class Liliopsida in division Magnoliophyta. The APG II system of 2003 does recognize such a family and places it in the order Alismatales, in the clade monocots. According to the AP-Website the family is doubtfully distinct from the family Cymodoceaceae: the plants in the three families Cymodoceaceae and Ruppiaceae form a monophyletic group. A genus-level taxonomy was revised by Zhao and Wu, including the following species in the world: speciesRuppia bicarpa - Western Cape, South Africa Ruppia cirrhosa* - temperate regions: Europe, north + south Africa, North America, West Indies, Argentina *The name is a homotypic synonym of R. maritima Ruppia didyma - Mexico, West Indies Ruppia drepanensis - western + central Mediterranean Ruppia filifolia - southern South America, Falkland Islands Ruppia maritima - seashores and lakeshores around the world Ruppia megacarpa - Australia, New Zealand, Asia Ruppia occidentalis - Canada, USA Ruppia polycarpa - Australia, New Zealand Ruppia spiralis - seashores and lakeshores around the world Ruppia tuberosa - AustraliaMarine grasses families: Zosteraceae, Cymodoceaceae and Posidoniaceae.

Related families: Potamogetonaceae and Zannichelliaceae. The first molecular phylogeny of the monogeneric family discerned three distinct species, R. tuberosa, R. megacarpa, R. polycarpa, one species complex comprising six lineages. The species complex, named R. maritima complex, was updated as a group of eight lineages. These studies revealed that multiple hybridization and polyploidy events as well as chloroplast capture have occurred in the evolution of the genus; these plants present an anatomy non-C4 type. Seven labdanes have been identified from this genus: ent-14,15-Dinor-8-labden-13-one Methyl ester of -15,16-Epoxy-12-hydroxy-12-oxo-8,13,14-labdatrien-19-oic acid. -15,16-epoxy-8,13,14-labdatrien-19-ol. Methyl ester of -15,16-epoxy-8,13,14-labdatrien-19-oic acid. -15,16-Epoxy-8,13,14-labdatrien-19-al. -15,16-Epoxy-8,13,14-labdatrien-19-yl acetate -8,13-Labdadien-15-olThree steroids have been isolated: -Ergosta-8,22-diene-3,6,7-triol. -Ergosta-8,22-diene-3,6,7-triol -Ergost-4-ene-3,6-dione.

Ruppiaceae in the Flora of North America NCBI Taxonomy Browser links at CSDL, Texas