In aviation, V-speeds are standard terms used to define airspeeds important or useful to the operation of all aircraft. These speeds are derived from data obtained by aircraft designers and manufacturers during flight testing for aircraft type-certification testing. Using them is considered a best practice to maximize aviation safety, aircraft performance or both; the actual speeds represented by these designators are specific to a particular model of aircraft. They are expressed by the aircraft's indicated airspeed, so that pilots may use them directly, without having to apply correction factors, as aircraft instruments show indicated airspeed. In general aviation aircraft, the most used and most safety-critical airspeeds are displayed as color-coded arcs and lines located on the face of an aircraft's airspeed indicator; the lower ends of the green arc and the white arc are the stalling speed with wing flaps retracted, stalling speed with wing flaps extended, respectively. These are the stalling speeds for the aircraft at its maximum weight.
The yellow range is the range in which the aircraft may be operated in smooth air, only with caution to avoid abrupt control movement, the red line is the VNE, the never exceed speed. Proper display of V-speeds is an airworthiness requirement for type-certificated aircraft in most countries; the most common V-speeds are defined by a particular government's aviation regulations. In the United States, these are defined in title 14 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations, known as the Federal Aviation Regulations. In Canada, the regulatory body, Transport Canada, defines 26 used V-speeds in their Aeronautical Information Manual. V-speed definitions in FAR 23, 25 and equivalent are for designing and certification of airplanes, not for their operational use; the descriptions below are for use by pilots. These V-speeds are defined by regulations, they are defined with constraints such as weight, configuration, or phases of flight. Some of these constraints have been omitted to simplify the description.
Some of these V-speeds are specific to particular types of aircraft and are not defined by regulations. Whenever a limiting speed is expressed by a Mach number, it is expressed relative to the speed of sound, e.g. VMO: Maximum operating speed, MMO: Maximum operating Mach number. V1 is takeoff decision speed, it is the speed above which the takeoff will continue if an engine fails or another problem occurs, such as a blown tire. The speed will vary among aircraft types and varies according to factors such as aircraft weight, runway length, wing flap setting, engine thrust used and runway surface contamination, thus it must be determined by the pilot before takeoff. Aborting a takeoff after V1 is discouraged because the aircraft will by definition not be able to stop before the end of the runway, thus suffering a "runway overrun". V1 is defined differently in different jurisdictions: The US Federal Aviation Administration defines it as: "the maximum speed in the takeoff at which the pilot must take the first action to stop the airplane within the accelerate-stop distance.
V1 means the minimum speed in the takeoff, following a failure of the critical engine at VEF, at which the pilot can continue the takeoff and achieve the required height above the takeoff surface within the takeoff distance." Transport Canada defines it as: "Critical engine failure recognition speed" and adds: "This definition is not restrictive. An operator may adopt any other definition outlined in the aircraft flight manual of TC type-approved aircraft as long as such definition does not compromise operational safety of the aircraft." ICAO recommendations on use of the International System of Units Getting to grips with aircraft performance. Flight Operations Support & Line Assistance. Airbus Customer Services. January 2002
The 2015–16 season was Al-Minaa's 40th season in the Iraqi Premier League, having featured in all 42 editions of the competition except two. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of November 2015The numbers in brackets registered the player in previous seasons at the club before moving to other clubs. Updated to match played December 2015Source: Al-Minaa SC: Transfers and News Updated to match played July 2015Source: Al-Minaa SC: Transfers and News Updated to match played 13 March 2016Source: Al-Minaa SC: Transfers and News During the previous season, the stadium of Al-Mina'a demolished. A company will build a new stadium that will be completed in 2016. Since they can't play their games at Al Mina'a Stadium, they will be playing at Basra Sports City during this season. Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss Away matches Home matches As of 20 May 2016 FIFA. COM Iraqi League 2015/2016 Al-Minaa SC: Transfers and News
The Arnelo Affair is a 1947 American film noir co-written and directed by Arch Oboler and starring John Hodiak, George Murphy, Frances Gifford and Dean Stockwell. A lawyer's wife, Anne Parkson neglected, she begins meeting with one of her husband's clients, nightclub owner Tony Arnelo, for interior design work. There develops an awareness between them. One afternoon she arrives at Tony's, soon after his girlfriend shows up; the girlfriend starts making a fuss. Tony arrives, hits his girlfriend, Anne Parkson runs out. Police find Anne's unique compact near the body. Tony planted the compact, in order to implicate Anne in the killing, he attempts to force her into leaving her husband. A homicide detective soon confronts Tony; when Tony is made to realize that his lies and blackmail will destroy innocent Anne's place in society, he escapes the detective's custody in order to commit "suicide by cop". John Hodiak as Tony Arnelo George Murphy as Ted Parkson Frances Gifford as Anne Parkson Dean Stockwell as Ricky Parkson Eve Arden as Vivian Delwyn Warner Anderson as Detective Leonard Ruth Brady as Dorothy Alison Lowell Gilmore as Dr. Border Archie Twitchell as Roger Alison Ruby Dandridge as Maid Joan Woodbury as Claire Lorrison The film earned $524,000 in the US and Canada and $314,000 elsewhere.
Although MGM records do not state whether the film was profitable, the cost of $892,000 makes it it incurred a loss. Film critic Bosley Crowther panned the film, he wrote, "And childish it is, beyond question, despite the promising' presence in the cast of John Hodiak, Frances Gifford, George Murphy and other minor'names.' It's a'stream of consciousness' fable about a lawyer's neglected wife who takes up with a night-club owner and gets into a most embarrassing jam. It is unmercifully slow and sombre and utterly devoid of surprise."Variety magazine was more positive. The staff wrote, "Arch Oboler, radio’s master of suspense, has transposed his technique into the visual medium with The Arnelo Affair. Speaking this is not a whodunit, nor can it be catalogued as a psychological suspense picture... There’s never a question as to who committed the murder, but the crime is secondary to its effect on the characters involved; until the film’s climax, no hint is given to the ultimate denouement. Dialogue instills the feeling of action where none exists for much of the footage, the gab is excellent but for a couple of spots when Oboler gives vent to florid passages."