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Valdemar I of Denmark

Valdemar I of Denmark known as Valdemar the Great, was King of Denmark from 1146 until his death in 1182. The reign of King Valdemar I saw the rise of Denmark, which reached its zenith under his second son, successor, King Valdemar II of Denmark, he was the son of Canute Lavard, Duke of Schleswig, a chivalrous and popular Danish prince, the eldest son of King Eric I of Denmark. Valdemar's father was murdered by Magnus the Strong, days before the birth of Valdemar; as an heir to the throne, with his rivals gaining power, he was raised at Ringsted in the court of Danish nobleman Asser Rig of Fjenneslev. Asser was a member of the Hvide noble family and had been raised together with Valdemar's father Canute Lavard. Valdemar was raised together with Asser's sons, including Absalon who would become his trusted friend and minister and who would serve as Bishop of the Diocese of Roskilde from 1158-92 and Archbishop of Lund from 1178 until his death. In 1146, when Valdemar was fifteen years old, King Eric III of Denmark abdicated and a civil war erupted.

The pretenders to the throne were: Sweyn III Grathe, son of King Eric II of Denmark, the son of King Eric I. Valdemar himself held Jutland, at least Schleswig, as his possession; the civil war lasted the better part of ten years. In 1157, the three agreed to divide the country in three among themselves. Sweyn hosted a great banquet for Canute and Valdemar, during which he planned to dispose of all of them. Canute was killed. Valdemar returned to Jutland. Sweyn launched an invasion, only to be defeated by Valdemar in the Battle of Grathe Heath on 23 October 1157, he was killed during flight by a group of peasants who stumbled upon him as he was fleeing from the battlefield. Valdemar, having outlived all his rival pretenders, became the sole King of Denmark. In 1158, Absalon was elected Bishop of Roskilde, King Valdemar I made him his chief friend and advisor; the King rebuilt war-torn Denmark. He built Sønderborg Castle as a fortified fortress, constructed on an islet in the Als Strait, connected to Als Island.

At Absalon's instigation, he declared war upon the Wends. They inhabited the island of Rügen in the Baltic Sea. In 1168, the Wendish capital, was taken, the Wends became Christians and subject to Danish suzerainty. Danish influence had reached into Pomerania. In 1175, King Valdemar I built Vordingborg Castle as a defensive fortress and as a base from which to launch raids against the German coast. Valdemar married Sophia of Minsk, the daughter of Richeza of Poland, Dowager Queen of Sweden, from her marriage to Volodar of Minsk, ruling Prince of Minsk, she was the half-sister of King Canute V of Denmark. Valdemar and Sophia had the following children: Sophia of Denmark, married Siegfried III, Count of Weimar-Orlamünde. King Canute VI of Denmark Maria of Denmark, became a nun at Roskilde. Margaret of Denmark, became a nun at Roskilde. King Valdemar II of Denmark Ingeborg of Denmark, married King Philip II of France. Helena of Denmark, married Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Richeza of Denmark, married King Eric X of Sweden.

Walburgis of Denmark, married Bogusław I, Duke of Pomerania. His widow Sophia married Louis III, Landgrave of Thuringia. Illegitimate with Frille Tove: Christopher of Denmark, Valdemar's eldest son, Duke of Jutland ca. 1170–1173. Media related to Valdemar I of Denmark at Wikimedia Commons Valdemar I of Denmark at Find a Grave Valdemar den Store Kings of Denmark, DK

Aberaman

Aberaman is a village near Aberdare in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, south Wales. It was dependent on the coal industry and the population, as a result, grew in the late nineteenth century. Most of the industry has now disappeared and a substantial proportion of the working population travel to work in Cardiff and the M4 corridor. Aberaman, to the south of Aberdare, was an agricultural area until the early nineteenth century. Prior to the industrial revolution, Aberaman was the home of the Mathew family, local gentry who owned land throughout Glamorgan and who came to prominence in the seventeenth century when three members of the family served as High Sheriff of Glamorgan; the family seat was at Aberaman Isha known as Aberaman House. The last of the Mathew family, Edward Mathew, died in 1788 and the estate was broken up after two centuries and divided between his three daughters and their husbands. In 1806, Anthony Bushby Bacon, an illegitimate son of Anthony Bacon, a prominent iron master at Merthyr Tydfil, bought Aberaman House.

He shared the Hirwaun ironworks with his brother but proceeded to sell his share to his brother and with the proceeds from the sale, he purchased the Matthews estate at Aberaman, including Aberaman House. Bacon known as Anthony Bacon II, did not aspire to be an iron master like his father and, in 1814, sold the entire Cyfarthfa estate, which he alone had inherited, to Richard Crawshay. For the rest of his life he used the Aberaman estate as a summer residence, he died there on 11 August 1827. After his death, it passed to Crawshay Bailey, who owned the ironworks at Beaufort. Bailey recognised the potential of the rich coal seams of the Aberdare and Rhondda valleys and bought up land in these areas in the 1830s. Amongst the lands he acquired was the Aberaman estate, which he bought from the executors of Anthony Bacon II, together with its mansion, by indenture dated 17 February 1837, it was several years. By 1845, Crawshay Bailey had, in partnership with Josiah John Guest, built the Aberdare Railway and, around this time, the Aberaman Ironworks and a number of collieries associated with it were opened.

Bailey remained the owner of the Aberaman Estate but despite the profitability of his colliery activities, the depression in the iron trade meant that the enterprise did not prove as successful as Bailey had hoped so he decided to sell the Aberaman estate and return to Monmouthshire. He disposed of the entire Aberaman estate including its collieries, ironworks and private railway, to the Powell Duffryn Steam Coal Co. by indenture dated 2 February 1867 for the sum of £123,500. Bailey retired to Abergavenny. Around 1843, the valuable steam-coal seams on the Blaengwawr estate began to be exploited by David Davis, Blaengwawr. Davis was a self-made man whose family firm became one of the most important in the South Wales coal trade, with interests in both the Aberdare and Rhondda valleys. During the second half of the nineteenth century, Aberaman continued to grow southwards. During the early years of the twentieth century the area known as Godreaman became built up, meaning that there was unbroken development between Aberaman and neighbouring Cwmaman, a settlement dependent wholly on the coal industry.

By this time, Lewis Street at the heart of Aberaman village had developed into a small urban and commercial core around the Aberaman Hall and Institute. It can be seen that the industrial developments of the mid-1840s were the catalyst for the growth of Aberaman as an industrial settlement; the earliest housing in the 1840s took the form of a ribbon development southwards from Aberdare along Cardiff Road. In the 1850s, the settlement grew out from Cardiff Road as, amongst others, Curre Street, Holford Street, Gwawr Street and Lewis Street were built. There were settlements near the collieries, including Incline Row and Bell Place near Aberaman Colliery, Blaengwawr Row and Blaengwawr Cottages adjacent to Blaengwawr Colliery. John Griffith, in his evidence to the inspectors compiling the 1847 Education Reports reported that Aberaman had only been in existence for eighteen months, yet its population stood at 1200; this figure was expected to increase to 4,800 within a year. Fifty carpenters and eighty masons were reported to be employed in the building of industrial housing.

Two contemporary accounts give a vivid description of the conditions prevailing in Aberdare as the area struggled to cope with the population explosion. On 1 December 2016, following The Rhondda Cynon Taf Order 2016, the community of Aberaman was split into two new communities, Aberaman North and Aberaman South, which are coterminous with the electoral wards of the same names. Aberaman Ironworks was the last ironworks to be opened in the Aberdare Valley, it was established in 1845 by Crawshay Bailey and the first iron was produced in 1847. However the works were not successful, they re-opened the following year. In 1862 it appears that Bailey failed to find a buyer. Following Bailey's retirement the works were taken over by the Powell Duffryn Company but were never worked again following their closure in 1866. Crawshay Bailey was the pioneer of the coal industry at Aberaman, opening the Aberaman Colliery in 1845; this passed for the Powell DuffrynCompany in 1866 after their purchase of the Aberaman Estate.

In 1909 the first Mines Rescue Station in South Wales was opened at the Aberaman Colliery and at this time over a thousand men were employed there. The manager of the colliery at this time was E. M. Hann, a powerful figure in the South Wales coal trade for many years. Powell Duffryn co

Neil Harvey (footballer)

Neil Anthony Cory Harvey is an English-born Barbadian footballer who has represented Barbados and plays for Conwy. Harvey played for three seasons, his scoring record in all competitions was an impressive 76 goals in 134 matches, culminating in 35 in 46 in his final season. He was watched by Sheffield United and scored in a trial game for Lincoln City late in the 2007–08 season, but it was Macclesfield Town manager Keith Alexander who secured his signature on 27 June 2008 when he joined the Silkmen on a one-year deal. Harvey had been tracked by League Two side Morecambe in January 2008, he joined Macclesfield Town in League Two in June 2008. He returned to Retford on loan in 2009, returned permanently in July 2009 after being one of the 13 players released by Macclesfield. On 29 May 2010, it was announced, he left the club in May 2012 with Marine reporting that they understood he intended to sign for Hednesford Town. Hednesford announced. On 11 May Harvey scored a goal in the 2nd minute of the Evo-Stik Play Off Final inside 2 minutes and Hednesford won the game 2–1 to be promoted to the Conference North.

Harvey scored 20 goals in his first season at Keys Park. Hednesford Town announced on 21 March 2014 that Harvey had left the club by mutual consent and he rejoined Marine. In July 2014 he joined Witton Albion. In June 2016 he left without playing a game to join Widnes, he scored twice on his debut for the club in a 3–1 win over Eccleshall. In November 2016, Harvey moved to Conwy Borough, he was signed by Brian Pritchard for a third time, having played under Pritchard at both Witton Albion and Widnes. Harvey made his debut for Barbados in a January 2007 Caribbean Cup match against Trinidad and Tobago in which he scored a goal, he played in the other two Caribbean Cup matches that month scoring against Martinique. He earned his fourth cap in a February 2008 World Cup qualification match against Dominica. Neil Harvey at Soccerbase Neil Harvey at National-Football-Teams.com