California Institute of the Arts
The California Institute of the Arts is a private university in Santa Clarita, California. It was incorporated in 1961 as the first degree-granting institution of higher learning in the United States created for students of both the visual and performing arts, it offers Bachelor of Fine Arts, Master of Fine Arts, Master of Arts, Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in six schools: Art, Critical Studies, Film/Video and Theater. The school was first envisioned by many benefactors in the early 1960s, staffed by a diverse array of professionals. CalArts students develop their own work, over which they retain control and copyright, in a workshop atmosphere. CalArts was formed in 1961, as a merger of the Chouinard Art Institute and the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music. Both of the existing institutions were going through financial difficulties around the same time, the founder of the Art Institute, Nelbert Chouinard, was mortally ill; the professional relationship between Madame Chouinard and Walt Disney began in 1929 when Disney had no money and Madame Chouinard agreed to train Disney's first animators on a pay-later basis.
It was through the vision of Disney, who discovered and trained many of his studio artists at Chouinard, that the merger of the two institutions was coordinated. Joining him were his brother Roy O. Disney, Lulu Von Hagen and Thornton Ladd, of the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music; the original board of trustess at CalArts included Harrison Price, Royal Clark, Robert W. Corrigan, Roy E. Disney, Roy O. Disney, film producer Z. Wayne Griffin, H. R. Haldeman, Ralph Hetzel, Chuck Jones, Ronald Miller, Millard Sheets, attorney Maynard Toll, attorney Luther Reese Marr, bank executive G. Robert Truex Jr. Jerry Wexler, Meredith Willson, Peter McBean and Scott Newhall. In 1965, the Alumni Association was founded as a nonprofit organization and was governed by a 12-member board of directors to serve the best interests of the institute and its programs. Members included leading professional artists and musicians, who contributed their knowledge and skill to strengthen the institute; the 12 founding board of directors members were Mary Costa, Edith Head, Gale Storm, Marc Davis, Tony Duquette, Harold Grieve, John Hench, Chuck Jones, Henry Mancini, Marty Paich, Nelson Riddle and Millard Sheets.
The ground-breaking for CalArts' current campus took place May 3, 1969. However, construction of the new campus was hampered by torrential rains, labor troubles and the earthquake in 1971. CalArts moved to its present campus in the Valencia section of the city of Santa Clarita, California in November 1971. From the beginning, CalArts was plagued by the tensions between its art and trade school functions as well as between the non-commercial aspirations of the students and faculty and the conservative interests of the Disney family and trustees; the founding board of trustees planned on creating CalArts as a school in an entertainment complex, a destination like Disneyland, a feeder school for the industry. Such a model is exemplified in the 1941 Disney film The Reluctant Dragon. In an ironic turn of fate, they appointed Robert W. Corrigan as the first president of the Institute. Corrigan, former dean of the School of Arts at New York University fired all the artists and teachers from Chouinard in his attempt to remake CalArts into his personal vision.
Herbert Blau was hired as the Institute's dean of the School of Theater and Dance. Subsequently, Blau was instrumental in hiring a number of professionals like Mel Powell, Paul Brach, Alexander Mackendrick, sociologist Maurice R. Stein, Richard Farson, as well as other influential program heads and teachers such as Stephan von Huene, Allan Kaprow, Bella Lewitzky, Michael Asher, Jules Engel, John Baldessari, Judy Chicago, Ravi Shankar, Max Kozloff, Miriam Shapiro, Douglas Huebler, Morton Subotnick, Norman M. Klein and Nam June Paik most of whom came from a counterculture and avant-garde side of the art world; the fundamental principles established at the Institute by Blau and Corrigan included ideas like “no technique in advance of need,” and that a curriculum should be cyclical rather than sequential, returning to root principles at regular intervals, that “we’re a community of artists here, some of us called faculty and some called students."Corrigan held his position until 1972, when he was replaced by William S. Lund, a Disney son-in-law.
Within a month of Lund's tenure as president, 55 of CalArts' 325 faculty and staff were fired. Structured schedules were introduced. Classes were trimmed back and, within a year, the Institute was operating on budget; some credit Lund with saving CalArts. Others see his tenure as the end of an idealistic experiment. In 1975, Robert J. Fitzpatrick was appointed new president of CalArts. Holding this position for 12 years, in 1987 Fitzpatrick resigned as president to head Euro Disney in Paris. Nicholas England, former dean of the School of Music, was appointed acting president. One year Steven Lavine, associate director for arts and humanities at the Rockefeller Foundation, was named new president. On June
Newhall, Santa Clarita, California
Newhall is the southernmost and oldest community of Santa Clarita, California. Prior to the 1987 consolidation of Canyon Country, Saugus and other neighboring communities into the city of Santa Clarita, it was an unincorporated area, it was the first permanent town in the Santa Clarita Valley. Named after businessman Henry Mayo Newhall, Newhall is home to the William S. Hart County Park, featuring tours of the famous silent movie maker's mansion. Newhall is home to the Pioneer Oil Refinery, the oldest surviving oil refinery in the world and the first commercially successful refinery in California. Over the years, Newhall has been the location for many movies, including Suddenly and Disney's The World's Greatest Athlete; the TV-series The Magnificent Seven was for the most part filmed in Newhall. The Lyons Station Stagecoach Stop was a few miles away from. Newhall was the site of the Newhall incident, in which four California Highway Patrol officers were shot to death on April 6, 1970, during a traffic stop of two armed career criminals.
This led to increased emphasis on officer safety both within nationwide. This region experiences dry summers. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Newhall has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. Gene Autry, singing cowboy actor Trevor Brown, Major League Baseball player Andrew Lorraine, Major League Baseball pitcher James Shields, Major League Baseball player Greater Los Angeles portal "Complete History of Newhall". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2004-07-04. Newhall Information on SantaClarita.com Hub for Newhall history and redevelopment info
Shane Patrick-Henry Vereen is an American football running back, a free agent. He was drafted by the New England Patriots in the second round of the 2011 NFL Draft, he played college football for the California Golden Bears. Vereen was born in Valencia neighborhood of Santa Clarita, where he attended Valencia High School. A three-year varsity football player, Vereen played basketball and was one of the Southland's top sprinters, recording the fastest 100-meter time of any junior in Southern California during the 2006 track and field season, his best 100-meter dash time was 10.6 seconds and his best 200-meter dash time was 21.5. He graduated with a 4.0 grade point average. After being recruited to play for California, Vereen redshirted for the 2007 season. In 2008, he served as the primary backup to Jahvid Best as part of Cal's two running back system, playing in all of the team's 13 games. In the season opener against Michigan State, he rushed for a touchdown; the game marked the first time that two Cal running backs had completed over 100 yards rushing since the 2006 Holiday Bowl, with Best tallying 111 yards in the victory.
For the season, he rushed for 715 yards and 4 touchdowns, along with 27 catches for 221 yards and a touchdown. After Best suffered a severe concussion versus Oregon State, Vereen took over the job of primary running back for the final four games of the 2009 season. In the 2009 Big Game against Stanford, Vereen rushed a career-high 42 times for 193 yards and three touchdowns, helping Cal upset Stanford 34-28. For the season, Vereen rushed for 952 yards and 12 touchdowns, along with 25 receptions for 244 yards and two touchdowns, he competed on the track team during the 2009 season in the 100 metres. In the 2010 season opener against UC Davis on September 4, Vereen had 67 rushing yards for two touchdowns, with a third receiving in a 52–3 blowout victory, he followed this up with 60 rushing yards and one score as well as a receiving touchdown the following week against Colorado. On September 17 he had a career-high 198 rushing yards and three touchdowns as Cal fell to Nevada in Reno, 102 rushing yards while being kept out of the end zone in a narrow loss to Arizona on September 25.
On October 9, Vereen had a 151-yard rushing performance with two touchdowns against UCLA. He finished the season with 1,167 rushing yards and 13 touchdowns to go with 22 catches for 209 yards and three touchdowns. After graduating in December 2010 in three and a half years with a degree in Media Studies, Vereen decided to forgo his senior season and declared for the NFL Draft. Vereen was selected by the New England Patriots in the second round of the 2011 NFL Draft with the 56th overall pick, he was signed to a four-year contract by the Patriots on August 1, 2011. On November 21, Vereen scored his first career NFL touchdown on a four-yard run in a 34–3 win over the Kansas City Chiefs. Overall, he finished his rookie season with 57 rushing a touchdown. On November 22, 2012, Thanksgiving night, Vereen caught an 83-yard touchdown reception in a 49–19 rout of the New York Jets; the catch is the longest of his career. Overall, in the 2012 season, he finished with 251 rushing yards, three rushing touchdowns, 149 receiving yards, one receiving touchdown.
In the Patriots' first game of the 2012 NFL Playoffs, against the Houston Texans, Vereen had a career day: he had five receptions for 83 yards, scoring touchdowns on two of them. He added a third touchdown on one of his 7 rushes for 41 yards. Vereen became only the second player in Patriots postseason history, joining Deion Branch, to score both a rushing touchdown and a receiving touchdown in the same postseason game. In addition, he became only the third player in NFL history, joining Roger Craig and Ricky Watters, to score two receiving touchdowns and one rushing touchdown in a postseason game. In the AFC Championship against the Baltimore Ravens, he was limited to 16 rushing yards and 22 receiving yards in the 28–13 loss to the eventual Super Bowl XLVII champions. In Week 14 of the 2013 season, against the Cleveland Browns, he had 153 receiving yards and a rushing touchdown in the 27–26 victory. Overall, in the 2013 season, he finished with 47 receptions, 427 receiving yards, three receiving touchdowns, 208 rushing yards, one rushing touchdown.
In the 2014 season, Vereen finished with 391 rushing yards, two rushing touchdowns, 447 receiving yards, three receiving touchdowns. On February 1, 2015, Vereen caught a game-high 11 passes for 64 yards and won Super Bowl XLIX over the Seattle Seahawks for his first Super Bowl championship. On March 10, 2015, Vereen signed with the New York Giants. In his first season with the Giants, he finished with 260 rushing yards, 495 receiving yards, four receiving touchdowns. On September 27, 2016, Vereen was placed on injured reserve with a triceps injury, he was activated off injured reserve on December 2016 prior to Week 14 against the Cowboys. On December 20, 2016, he was placed back on injured reserve after re-injuring his triceps. In limited time due to injury in the 2016 season, he finished with 158 rushing yards, one rushing touchdown, 94 receiving yards. In the 2017 season, Vereen finished with 164 rushing yards and 253 receiving yards but did not record a touchdown for the first time in his career.
On July 18, 2018, Vereen signed with the New Orleans Saints. He was placed on injured reserve on September 1, 2018 and was released with an injury settlement, his father, Henry Vereen, was a ninth round pick of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the 1979 NFL Draft, played wide receiver in the Canadian Football League for the BC Lions in the early 1980s. Vereen is a first cousin once removed of dancer Ben Vereen. Shane's younger brother, played safety at the Universit
Anthony Lee Ervin is an American competition swimmer who has won four Olympic medals and two World Championship golds. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, he won a gold medal in the men's 50-meter freestyle, earned a silver medal as a member of the second-place United States relay team in the 4×100-meter freestyle event, he was the second swimmer of African descent after Anthony Nesty of Suriname to win an individual gold medal in Olympic swimming. He is the first United States citizen of African descent to medal gold in an individual Olympic swimming event. Ervin stopped swimming competitively at the age of 22 in 2003 and auctioned off his 2000 Olympic gold medal on eBay to aid survivors of the 2004 tsunami, but he began to train again in 2011. Ervin competed in the 50-meter freestyle event at the 2012 Summer Olympics. In the Spring of 2016, Akashic Books released Ervin's memoir, Chasing Water, co-authored by Ervin and Constantine Markides. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, 16 years after his first Olympic gold medal, he won the event for the second time, at the age of 35, becoming the oldest individual Olympic gold medal winner in swimming.
Ervin is African-American and Jewish, was born in Hollywood. He is of Ashkenazi Jewish descent on his mother's side and African-American descent on his father's, he was raised in California. Ervin has described himself as a "practicing Zen Buddhist". In July 2017 he said: "I’m proud to be a Jew."While living in Santa Clarita, he swam for Canyons Aquatic Club, competed on the Hart High School's swim team in Newhall, California. Anthony enrolled in the University of California, where he received his bachelor's degree in English in 2010, he is pursuing a graduate degree in sport and education at Cal. At the 2000 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Ervin competed in two events: the 50-meter and 100-meter freestyle. In the finals of the 100-meter freestyle, Ervin finished fifth with a time of 49.29, ensuring him a spot on the 4×100-meter freestyle relay. In the final of the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin finished tied for first place with Gary Hall Jr. with a time of 21.98. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, Ervin won one silver medal.
In his first final, the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, Ervin teamed up with Gary Hall Jr. Neil Walker and Jason Lezak. Going into the final, the Americans had never lost the event at the Olympics. Ervin swam the leadoff leg in 48.89, the second best lead-off behind Michael Klim's world record time of 48.18. The American team ended up finishing in second place with a time of 3:13.86 behind Australia, who finished in a world record time of 3:13.67. In the final of the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin tied Gary Hall Jr. for the gold with a time of 21.98. After the gold medal race, reporter Jim Gray asked Ervin what it felt like to be the first swimmer of African American descent to win gold. Referring to this moment in a 2012 interview, Ervin stated, "I didn't know a thing about what it was like to be part of the black experience, but now I do. It's like having a bunch of old white people ask you what it's like to be black; that is my black experience." Ervin won two gold medals at the 2001 World Aquatics Championships in the 50-meter freestyle and the 100-meter freestyle.
He competed in the 4 x 100 freestyle relay, but the United States relay team was disqualified. At the 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships Ervin won silver medals in both the 50-meter freestyle and the 4 x 100 freestyle relay. Twelve years after competing in his last Olympics as a 19-year-old, Ervin qualified for his second United States Olympic team as a 31-year-old at the 2012 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska, by finishing second in the men's 50-meter freestyle, his time of 21.60 seconds was only one one-hundredth of a second behind Cullen Jones and a personal best for Ervin. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, he finished fifth in the finals of the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 21.78 seconds. At the 2013 US National Championships, Ervin qualified to swim at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona by placing second in the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 21.70, third in the 100-meter freestyle with a time of 48.49. In his first event at the World Championships, Ervin combined with Nathan Adrian, Ryan Lochte and Jimmy Feigen in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, with the team finishing behind France.
Swimming the third leg, Ervin recorded a split of 47.44, the team finished with a final time of 3:11.44. Ervin's split was the fastest among the Americans. In his only individual event, the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin entered the final as the second seed with a semi-final time of 21.42, a personal best for him and only 2-hundredths of a second behind the American record. In the final, Ervin finished in 6th place with a time of 21.65. In 2014, on the Gold Coast, Ervin collected 2 silver medals at the Pan Pacs. In the 2016 Olympics, Ervin swam the 50 m freestyle, placing 1st in the final with a time of 21.40 seconds. At the age of 35, this made him the oldest individual Olympic gold medal winner in swimming, taking the record from Michael Phelps, he won a gold medal in the relay 4 × 100 m with United States by swimming in the morning heat. Ervin took part in the torch lighting ceremony at the 2017 Maccabiah Games on July 6, 2017, he won gold medals in the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter freestyle, the 4×100m medley relay.
In the special 4x50m relay race between Israeli and American all-star teams, American Olympic champions Ervin, Lenny Krayzelburg, Jason Lezak, with masters swimmer Alex Blavatnik, swam a time of 1:48.23 and defea
The Portolà expedition was a Spanish voyage of exploration in 1769–1770, the first recorded European land entry and exploration of the interior of the present-day U. S. state of California. It was led by Gaspar de Portolà, governor of Las Californias, the Spanish colonial province that included California, Baja California, other parts of present-day Mexico and the United States; the expedition led to the founding of Alta California and contributed to the solidification of Spanish territorial claims in the disputed and unexplored regions along the Pacific coast of North America. Although inhabited by Native Americans, the territory, now California was claimed by the Spanish Empire in 1542 by right of discovery when Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo explored the Pacific Coast. Cabrillo's exploration laid claim to the coastline as far north as forty-two degrees north latitude; this northern limit was confirmed by the United States in the 1819 Adams–Onís Treaty. A competing claim was established for England in 1579 by the privateer Francis Drake, who followed the trans-Pacific route from the Philippines established by the Manila Galleons and reached the California coast near Cape Mendocino, from which he sailed south along the coast at least as far as Point Reyes.
In 1596, a Portuguese captain sailing for Spain, Sebastião Rodrigues Soromenho explored some of the same coastline, leaving a description of coastal features. The Portolá expedition carried a copy of Cermeño's writings to guide them along the coast. Cermeño was followed in 1602 by Sebastián Vizcaíno, whose coastal explorations in 1602 surveyed several California locations for future colonization, including San Diego, the California Channel Islands and Monterey. Vizcaíno sailed north from Mexico, a much more difficult undertaking because of the prevailing winds and ocean currents. After Vizcaíno, the Spanish Empire did little to protect or settle this region for the next 160 years, accomplished no exploration by land. Affairs in Europe took precedence; the little settlement that did occur included the establishment of several missions on the Baja California Peninsula by Spanish Jesuit missionaries. In 1767, Charles III of Spain expelled the Jesuit order from the Spanish kingdom. Gaspar de Portolá, a Catalan military officer and colonial administrator, was appointed governor of the new province of Las Californias and sent to dispossess the Jesuits and replace them with Franciscans, who would set up their own network of missions in the colony.
Gaspar came from a military background and had served as a captain of the dragoons of the Regiment of Spain before being appointed governor. When he first sailed to Baja California as the new governor he brought with him 25 dragoons and 25 infantrymen in order to help him with his expulsion of the Jesuits and the further exploration of the rest of California, his military background would prove helpful during the expedition. By the late 1760s, the Spanish king and a handful of other European rulers began to realize the importance the Pacific coast of North America would have in maritime trade and activity; the Russians had been advancing south from their strongholds in present-day Alaska, the British had been pushing west in Canada and were approaching the Pacific coast. In order to secure Spain’s claims in California, Charles III wanted to explore and settle the coastline so that he could create a buffer zone to protect Spain's territories from the threat of invasion. Upon hearing about the king’s desire to explore Alta California, New Spain's visitador José de Gálvez organized an exploratory expedition and placed Governor Portolá in overall command.
The plan called for a joint land-sea movement up the Pacific coast. The job of the ships was to keep the land contingent supplied with provisions and to carry communications between them and New Spain. Portolá decided to travel by land; the expedition's original assignment was to travel to the "port of Monterey" described by Vizcaíno and establish a settlement there. After that, the explorers were to continue north to locate Cermeño's "Bay of San Francisco", chase away any Russians encountered, claim the area for Spain and determine whether the bay would make a good port; the first leg of the expedition consisted of five groups all departing from Baja California and heading north for San Diego. Three groups traveled by sea. Three galleons, hastily built in San Blas, set sail for San Diego in early 1769: the San Carlos, captained by Vicente Vila, a lieutenant of the royal navy. All three ships, crossing the Gulf of California from San Blas, arrived leaking on the east coast of Baja, requiring repairs there.
On the shore of La Paz on January 9, 1769, friar Junípero Serra blessed the flagship San Carlos and its chaplain, friar Fernando Parrón. José de Gálvez, addressing the men waiting to board, declared their final destination as Monterey and their mission to plant the holy cross among the Indians. Friar Parrón boarded the San Carlos along with captain Vicente Vila, followed by lieutenant Pedro Fages with his 25 Catalan volunteers. Weighing anchor, the San Carlos headed south down the Gulf of California to round Cabo San Lucas and head north along the Pacific coast. On February 15, Gálvez dispatched the San Antonio, captained by Juan Pérez, from Cabo
Taylor Daniel Lautner is an American actor, voice actor, model. He is known for playing Jacob Black in The Twilight Saga film series based on the novels of the same name by Stephenie Meyer. Lautner began his acting career playing bit roles in comedy series such as The Bernie Mac Show and My Wife and Kids, before having voice roles in television series like What's New, Scooby-Doo? and Danny Phantom. In 2005, he appeared in the film Cheaper by the Dozen 2 and starred in The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D, he starred in the 2011 action film Abduction. Since 2013, Lautner has starred in the BBC sitcom Cuckoo as the son of the titular main character. In 2016, he played a leading role, Dr. Cassidy Cascade, in the second season of FOX black comedy series Scream Queens; the late 2000s saw Lautner become a teen idol and sex symbol, after extensively changing his physique to keep the role of Jacob Black in further Twilight installments, generating media attention for his looks. In 2010, he was ranked second on Glamour's "The 50 Sexiest Men of 2010" list, fourth on People's "Most Amazing Bodies" list.
In the same year, Lautner was named the highest-paid teenage actor in Hollywood. Lautner was born on February 11, 1992, in Grand Rapids, the son of Deborah and Daniel Lautner, his mother works for a software development company. He has one younger sister named Makena. Raised as a Roman Catholic, Lautner has Austrian, English, German and Swiss ancestry, has stated that he has "distant" Native American ancestry through his mother, he grew up in a town near Grand Rapids. He has stated, he commented, "I just had to tell myself'I can't let this get to me. This is, and I'm going to continue doing it.'"He took his first karate class at the age of six. A year he attended the national karate tournament in Louisville, where he met Michael Chaturantabut, the founder of Xtreme Martial Arts. Chaturantabut invited Lautner to a camp he held at University of Los Angeles. Lautner trained with Chaturantabut for several years, earning his black belt by the age of eight, winning several junior world championships, he appeared in an ISKA karate event televised on ESPN in 2003, lampooned on the sports-comedy show Cheap Seats that first aired in 2006.
In junior high, Lautner—who was involved in karate and hip-hop dance—won the award for "Best Smile" and played in the school's Turkey Bowl American Football game. He went to public school in California at Valencia High School until his sophomore year. Chaturantabut, who once portrayed the Blue Ranger in Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue, suggested to Lautner that he take up acting. For a few years, the Lautners flew from Michigan to Los Angeles for auditions when his talent agency called, returned to Grand Rapids for school sometimes the same day. Lautner balanced karate and acting with being on the football and baseball teams at his school, taking up jazz and hip-hop dance. After that became tiring and his family decided to move to California for a month, to try it out, before moving to Santa Clarita, permanently in 2002. In his first months after moving to Los Angeles, Lautner appeared in small television roles, small film roles, ads and commercials. In 2001, Lautner first appeared in Shadow Fury.
He got a voice-over job in a commercial for Rugrats Go Wild. He appeared in small television roles on The Bernie Mac Show, My Wife and Kids, Summerland. Lautner earned voice-over roles in animated series such as Danny Phantom, Duck Dodgers, What's New, Scooby-Doo?. The same year, he earned his first breakout role, starring in the film, The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D. Lautner spent three months on location in Austin, Texas, to film the movie, received with negative reviews from critics, was a minor international success. However, Lautner was nominated at the 2006 Young Artist Awards for Best Performance in a Feature Film by a Leading Actor. For the film, Lautner choreographed all of his fight scenes after director Robert Rodríguez learned of his extensive martial arts training. Months he played Eliot Murtaugh in Cheaper by the Dozen 2, panned by critics, being named one of the "Worst Films of the 2000s" by Rotten Tomatoes. After returning from Canada filming the latter movie, Lautner said he realized his newfound fame, from Sharkboy and Lavagirl.
In 2006 he appeared in the show Love Inc. and the TV special He's Charlie Brown. Two years Lautner appeared in a lead role in the short-lived NBC drama, My Own Worst Enemy, portraying Christian Slater's son, Jack Spivey. Rolling Stone coined his early roles as either "the popular kid, jock, or bully." In 2007, filmmakers began a search for actors to portray Jacob Black, a Native American friend of lead character Bella Swan in Twilight, the first film in The Twilight Saga film series. In January 2008, an open casting call was held in Oregon. Lautner was urged by his agent to audition. At his audition, he read lines with Kristen Stewart, cast as Bella, they acted out scenes from The Twilight Saga: New Moon and The Twilight Saga: Eclipse; the film was a commercial success, earning $69 million its opening weekend, has grossed $392 million worldwide. It received mixed reviews from critics, having a "Rotten" rating with a weighted average of 5.5/10. In describing the critical consensus, it stated: "Having lost much of its bite transitioning to the big
Joan Crespí or Juan Crespí was a Franciscan missionary and explorer of Las Californias. A native of Majorca, Crespí entered the Franciscan order at the age of seventeen, he came to New Spain in 1749, accompanied explorers Francisco Palóu and Junípero Serra. In 1767 he went to the Baja California Peninsula and was placed in charge of the Misión La Purísima Concepción de Cadegomó. In 1769, Crespí joined the expedition led by Gaspar de Junípero Serra, he traveled in the vanguard of the land expedition to San Diego, led by Captain Fernando Rivera y Moncada, where a presidio and mission were established. Crespí continued north with Portolá and Rivera to identify the port of Monterey; because he was the only one of the Franciscans to make the entire journey by land, Crespí became the first official diarist for the missions. He was one of three diarists to document the first exploration by Europeans of interior areas of Alta California. After reaching Monterey in October 1769, Crespí continued with the expedition that explored as far north as present-day San Francisco, became one of the first Europeans to see San Francisco Bay.
All told, the expedition traveled in the future state of California through the present-day coastal counties of San Diego, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, San Francisco. In 1772, Crespí accompanied Captain Pedro Fages on an exploration of areas to the east of San Francisco Bay; the Fages expedition members were the first Europeans to see the Sacramento River and the San Joaquin Valley. In 1774, Crespí was chaplain of the expedition to the North Pacific conducted by Juan José Pérez Hernández, his diaries, first published in H. E. Bolton's Fray Juan Crespi, published in the original Spanish with facing page translations as A Description of Distant Roads: Original Journals of the First Expedition into California, 1769-1770 provided valuable records of these expeditions. One chapel he built, at the Misión San Francisco del Valle de Tilaco in Landa, is reported as still standing. Joan Crespí at Find a Grave