Alba Berlin, officially stylized as ALBA BERLIN, is a prominent German professional basketball club that is based in Berlin, Germany. The club was founded in 1991, and is today the largest German national basketball club by membership figures, Alba Berlin hosts its home games at the Mercedes-Benz Arena Berlin and competes in the German League and the Euroleague or the Eurocup. With an average attendance of more than 10,000 fans per game in a season, in 2013, Alba was portrayed in the ESPN documentary series Basketball Capitals. In 2014, the club was the first German basketball team to beat a reigning NBA champion, Alba Berlin traces its history back to the BG Charlottenburg, a basketball club in western Berlin which was founded in 1989. In 1991, when the global recycling company, Alba AG, agreed to a significant basketball sponsorship, shortly thereafter, under the direction of head coach Faruk Kulenović, Alba Berlin became runner-up at the German Championship. In 1993, the Serbian Svetislav Pešić took over as coach, winning the Korać Cup in 1995 was the first international title of a German club team in basketball.
In addition to winning the Korać Cup and other successes at the European level, in his career as head coach, Pešić won four German championships. Under head coach Emir Mutapčić the team recorded three German championships and two German Cup victories, but particularly at the European level no significant progress could be made, as a reaction to the time without titles, the team was largely rebuilt for each new season. In 2004 and 2005, Berlin eventually was kicked out of the national playoffs semi-final series, the club created the new position of team manager, which was occupied by Henning Harnisch. Further, the section of the club was transformed into a GmbH on September 1,2005. In the season 2005–06, under new coach Henrik Rödl, Alba Berlin won another German Cup, as winner of the regular season, the team advanced to the finals series of the championship, in which they lost to RheinEnergie Köln. Köln was coached by Saša Obradović, who had helped Berlin win the FIBA Korać Cup in 1995, the following season, 2006–07, Berlin was once again winner of the regular season but was eliminated in the quarter finals by the Artland Dragons.
This event triggered the dismissal of Rödl and the signing of a new head coach Luka Pavićević, led by the league MVP Julius Jenkins, the team was superior to all other competitors in the play-offs and won the championship again after five-year hiatus. In the 2003–04 season, Berlin achieved its last master qualification to participate in the highest European League, between the seasons 2004–05 and 2007–08, the team was able to present itself only in ULEB Cup, the second-highest European league. Here, only in the 2006–07 season the team made it beyond the first round, with the move into the new 14, 500-seat O2 World Berlin, the reigning champion Alba Berlin opened a new chapter in the clubs history. Berlin was the first team in German history to average more than 7,000 fans in attendance per game. The Anschutz Group, owner of the O2 World Berlin, and Alba Berlin agreed to a 15-year contract until 2023, as the reigning German champion, Alba participated in the 2008–09 Euroleague. There, the reached the Top 16, where it could not hold its ground against European elite clubs like FC Barcelona, Real Madrid
Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours. This change prevents confusion for officials and spectators, in most sports it is the visiting team that must change – second-choice kits are commonly known as away kits or change kits in British English, and road uniforms in American English. Some sports leagues mandate that teams must always wear an alternative kit. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit, in most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice, occasionally even in a home game, at some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy. Some teams have produced third-choice kits, or even old-fashioned throwback uniforms, in American sports, road teams usually wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash.
Further, almost all road uniforms are white in American football, in the National Basketball Association, home uniforms are white or yellow, and visiting teams wear a darker colour. In the United States, color vs. color games are a rarity, most teams choose to wear their color jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s, a white vs. color game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, even long after the advent of color television, the use of white jerseys has remained in almost every game. The NFLs current rules require that a home jerseys must be either white or official team color throughout the season. If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks Wolf Grey alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for home game of the 1955 season.
The only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, in 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Browns and Rams wore white regularly for their home games according to Tim Brulias research. The St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their colored jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was instigated by general manager Tex Schramm, the Cowboys still wear white at home today
A basketball uniform is a type of uniform worn by basketball players. Basketball uniforms consist of a jersey that features the number and last name of the player on the back, as well as shorts and athletic shoes. Within teams, players wear uniforms representing the colors, the home team typically wears a lighter-colored uniform. Different basketball leagues have different specifications for the type of uniform that is allowed on the court, early in the history of the sport, basketball was played in any type of athletic attire, but by the 1900s, special uniforms were developed and marketed to basketball players. The style and fit of basketball uniforms evolved throughout subsequent decades, basketball was played in any type of athletic attire, ranging from track suits to football uniforms. There were two types of suggested jersey, a sleeve and a sleeveless version. The long pants evolved into medium-length shorts in the 1920s, and by the 1930s, in the 1970s and 80s, uniforms became tighter-fitting and shorts were shorter, consistent with the overall fashion trends of these two decades.
At this time, womens basketball uniforms transitioned from longer-sleeved uniforms to tank-top style jerseys similar to mens basketball uniforms, which more explicitly showed off players muscle tone. In 1984, Michael Jordan asked for longer shorts and helped popularize the move away from tight, for the Christmas Day games of 2013, the NBA introduced a newly designed sleeved jersey with large team and NBA logos on the front. Marketers for the new uniforms realized that fans were unwilling to wear jerseys in their day-to-day life. In 1903, a basketball shoe with suction cups to prevent slippage was added to the official basketball uniform demonstrated in the Spalding catalog. In the 1970s, Slick Watts and Bill Walton began to wear headbands, rick Barry popularized wrist-bands, and other players soon created variations, such as bands that covered their forearms or biceps. These were used to wipe off sweat, or simply worn as fashion statements, in professional basketball leagues today, teams playing at home typically wear lighter-colored uniforms than the visiting team.
In the NBA, basketball shorts must fall at least 1 inch above the knee, unlike European basketball leagues, the NBA forbids the display of commercial logos on players uniforms, with the exception of players shoes. Some WNBA teams have allowed sponsors logos to appear on their uniforms, uniforms are made of wicking material designed to absorb sweat and ensure that it evaporates faster. They are the product of a study researching professional basketball players, who identified the need for fewer seams, lighter weight
Košarkarski Klub Krka, commonly referred to as KK Krka or simply Krka, is a professional basketball team that is based in Novo Mesto, Slovenia. The team competes in the Premier A Slovenian Basketball League, the teams home arena is Leon Štukelj Hall. The first basketball club in Novo Mesto was founded in 1948, but not until 1983, after that triumph, basketball saw a decline in Novo Mesto that lasted until after the separation of the Slovenian Republic from the former Yugoslavia. Soon the team was climbing through the division to rejoin the Slovenian First League in 1997. A fourth-place finish in the league and third in the Slovenian Cup allowed the club to qualify for the Korać Cup for 1998–99. The big breakthrough came a year later, however, as Krka defeated historical rival Olimpija Ljubljana in the Slovenian playoff finals to win the national title and that year, the team played the Saporta Cup and reached third place in the Slovenian Cup. In 2000–01, Krka consolidated its strength, but nonetheless fell to Olimpija in the finals, in 2001–02, Krka qualified for the Euroleague in a pre-season tournament and made its mark in a group of superpowers.
Though Krka missed the Top 16, it was able to all its opponents once, including names like Real Madrid, Panathinaikos, CSKA Moscow. At home, Krka finished as the runners-up in the Adriatic League, in the Slovenian Championship and in the national cup, Krka zoomed to the 2003 ULEB Cup double finals, narrowly losing to Pamesa Valencia despite being the only ULEB Cup team to win in Valencia. Krka won their second Slovenian championship, beating Olimpija in the finals, Zoran Martić resigned during the season after poor results in the Euroleague, and was replaced by Petar Skansi. Krka finished Euroleague with only two wins, in the Adriatic League and in the Slovenian League, Krka finished in 7th place. Loss against Helios Domžale in quarterfinals implied drop from Adriatic League, the 2005–06 season was one of the worst in the clubs history, after Krka finished in the last place after the regular season. In the releagtion part, Krka finished 9th and avoided relegation, in the 2007–08 season, Krka finished third in domestic league and replaced Geoplin Slovan in Adriatic League.
Krka was one of three Slovenian clubs that represented Slovenia in the regional Adriatic League, finishing in 11th place, Aleksandar Džikić became head coach of the club in the 2009–10 season. Krka defeated Olimpija 3–2 in the final and won the national title, Aleksandar Džikić was confirmed as head coach for the 2010–11 season. He got a new assistant coach for help, Aleksander Sekulić, Krka qualified for Adriatic League and decided to compete in the third rank European league called FIBA EuroChallenge. The season started with a win in the Slovenian Supercup, beating Olimpija in Maribor, Krka qualified for Adriatic League Final 4, where they lost against Olimpija in the semifinals. They made it to the EuroChallenge Final 4 where they won clubs first European trophy, beating Oostende in semifinal and they finished Slovenian league in the 1st place with one loss
Club Baloncesto Zaragoza is a basketball team based in Zaragoza, Aragón, who played from 1981 to 1996 in the top Spanish league and nowadays plays in 1ª División, the fifth tier. Most of the years in which the played in Liga ACB, CB Zaragoza was known as CAI Zaragoza by sponsorship reasons. CB Zaragoza must be not confused with Basket Zaragoza 2002, the team of the city who plays today in Liga ACB. The club was founded in 1981 with the purpose to have a team in the city of Zaragoza with sufficient resources to play in 1ª División. In 1984, CAI Zaragoza achieved its first title, the Copa del Rey, the second Copa del Rey arrived in 1990, when CAI Zaragoza won Ram Joventut by 76–69 in the Centro Insular de Deportes at Las Palmas. In 1990–91 season, the participated in the FIBA European Cup Winners Cup. From 1992 to 1994, the club was sponsored by Banco NatWest España, later, in 1996, due to financial problems, CB Zaragoza sold their Liga ACB berth and the FIBA Korać Cup spot to CB Granada and the senior team was folded.
In 2001 the senior team returned to Liga EBA but only played two years, since 2004, CB Zaragoza started to play regional competitions. It promoted several times to Liga EBA, but always remained in Primera División
Real Madrid Baloncesto
Real Madrid Baloncesto is a Spanish professional basketball team that was founded in 1931, as a division of the Real Madrid C. F. multi sports club. They play domestically in the Liga ACB, and internationally in the EuroLeague, as successful as the Real Madrid athletic associations football club, the basketball team has been the most successful of its peers in both Spain and Europe. The Real Madrid squads have won a record 33 Spanish League championships and they have won a record 27 Spanish Cup titles, a record 9 EuroLeague Championships, and a record 4 Saporta Cups. Madrid has won a record 5 Intercontinental Cups, and they have won 3 Triple Crowns. Some of the star players over the years have included, Arvydas Sabonis, Dražen Petrović, Dražen Dalipagić, Mirza Delibašić, Juan Antonio Corbalán, Fernando Martín. Real Madrid has a basketball team that plays in the amateur level Spanish 4th-tier Liga EBA. Its early dominance in Spain has resulted in another cache of 33 domestic league and 27 cup trophies.
Madrid downed Milano the 1984 Cup Winners Cup on free throws by Brian Jackson, Madrid added a 1988 Korać Cup title against Cibona, and a 1992 Saporta Cup trophy against PAOK on a buzzer-beating jumper by Rickey Brown. It was not until Sabonis arrived in Madrid when Real won its last Euroleague title in 1995, Madrid still won the 1997 Saporta Cup title against Verona, but no more European trophies came in the next decade. Madrid still found success at home, winning Spanish League titles in 2000 and 2005 and it all changed in 2007 when Joan Plaza was promoted to head coach. Moreover, Madrid won the Spanish regular season and stayed strong in Palacio Vistalegre to lift its 30th league trophy, in Pablo Lasos era Real Madrid Baloncesto still found the success. New Spanish top tier players like Sergio Rodríguez and Rudy Fernández were acquired, ACB Rising Star winner Nikola Mirotić mixed with Sergio Llull and Felipe Reyes, to give Real Madrid a strong home grown core. The team gave Real Madrid Baloncesto 5 Copa del Reys,3 Spanish Super Cups,3 Liga ACBs,1 EuroLeague, on May 17,2015, after waiting 20 years to win another EuroLeague championship, Real Madrid won the 2015 Euroleague against Olympiacos.
Madrids Andrés Nocioni was named the Final Four MVP and this title was called La Novena. Following the EuroLeague title, the 2014–15 ACB season was won, because Real won the Cup and Supercup that season, it won its first Quadruble crown. On September 27,2015,34 years after their last FIBA Intercontinental Cup title, Real Madrid won their fifth FIBA Intercontinental Cup trophy, Sergio Llull was named MVP of this tournament. Fronton Fiesta Alegre, before the team played in not domed courts, colegio Maravillas, used for home games during the construction of the new pavilion. 3 Trofeo Teresa Herrera,1987,1989,1991,2 Trofeos Open de París, 1961/62, 1962/63
The Liga ACB, known as Liga Endesa for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system. A total of 48 teams have competed in Liga ACB since its inception, six teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid winning the title a record 33 times and FC Barcelona 18 times. Real Madrid dominated the championship from the 1950s through the 1970s when was organized by the Spanish Basketball Federation, in more recent years, Baskonia has joined a coalition of now three teams dominating Liga ACB alongside Real Madrid and FC Barcelona. Liga ACB is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world. The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format, during the course of a season, which lasts from October to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 32 games. Teams receive one point for a win, and no points for a loss, teams are ranked by total points, with the eight highest-ranked clubs at the end of the season plays the playoffs and the winner of the playoffs is crowned champion.
A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Liga ACB and the LEB Oro and these three teams were CB Guadalajara and CB Cornellà in 1993 and CB Cajabilbao in 1994. Since 2012, due to the crisis that started in 2008. This fact started a discussion about the requirements of the ACB in order to promote, for clubs that promote and would make their debut in the ACB demands, An arena with a minimum capacity of 5,000 seats. For clubs that come back to the league after a promotion, a deposit of €1, 7m that would be returned in case of relegation to LEB Oro. In case of a new promotion, this deposit is required to be restored, the conversion into a Sociedad Anónima Deportiva if the club remains in Liga ACB after its first season. In 2012, Iberostar Canarias and Menorca Bàsquet achieved the promotion to ACB, Canarias finally played in ACB after buying the berth in the league of Lucentum Alicante, previously sold to the association. In 2013, neither CB Atapuerca, Ford Burgos by sponsorship reasons, the seconds resigned to play in the second league and joined the fifth division.
In 2014 and 2015, CB Tizona, Ford Burgos by sponsorship reasons, after its second failed promotion, the third in the city of Burgos, the club sued the Association and this one accused them of distorting the reality. However, ACB would admit Ourense for the 2016–17 season if it fulfill the requirements regardless of their position in the 2015–16 LEB Oro season. On June 2016, the two promoted teams from LEB Oro resigned to promote to the 2016–17 ACB season and requested to the ACB their sign in before the 2017–18 season, the second million delayed on the dates agreed between the club and ACB. A deposit of €1, 6m that would be returned in case of relegation to LEB Oro, in case of a new promotion, this deposit is required to be restored. The conversion into a Sociedad Anónima Deportiva before the start of their season in Liga ACB
Introduced in 2000, the competition replaced the FIBA EuroLeague, which had been run by FIBA since 1958. For Euroleague Basketball records purposes, the FIBA European Champions Cup and EuroLeague are considered to be the same competition, with the change of name being simply a re-branding. EuroLeague is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 8,184. The EuroLeague title has been won by 20 different clubs,13 of which have won the more than once. The FIBA European Champions Cup was originally established by FIBA and it operated under its umbrella from 1958 until the summer of 2000 and that was when Euroleague Basketball was created. FIBA had never trademarked the EuroLeague name, even though it had used that name for the competition since 1996. Euroleague Basketball simply appropriated the name, and since FIBA had no recourse to do anything about it, it was forced to find a new name for its championship series. Thus, the following 2000–2001 season started with 2 separate top European professional club competitions, the FIBA SuproLeague.
The rift in European professional club basketball initially showed no signs of letting up, in May 2001, Europe had two continental champions, Maccabi of the FIBA SuproLeague and Kinder Bologna of the Euroleague. The leaders of both organizations realized the need to come up with a unified competition, although only a year old, Euroleague Basketball negotiated from a position of strength and dictated proceedings. FIBA essentially had no choice but to agree to Euroleague Basketballs terms, as a result, European club competition was fully integrated under Euroleague Basketballs umbrella and teams that competed in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000–01 season joined it as well. In essence, the authority in European professional basketball was divided over club-country lines, FIBA stayed in charge of national team competitions, while Euroleague Basketball took over the European professional club competitions. From that point on, FIBAs Korać Cup and Saporta Cup competitions lasted only one season before folding.
In November 2015, Euroleague Basketball and IMG agreed on 10-year joint venture, both Euroleague Basketball and IMG will manage the commercial operation, and the management of all global rights covering both media and marketing. The deal was worth €630 million euros guaranteed, with projected revenues reaching €900 million euros, FIBA era, FIBA European Champions Cup, FIBA European League, FIBA EuroLeague, FIBA SuproLeague, Euroleague Basketball era, Euroleague. *There were two separate competitions during the 2000–01 season, the SuproLeague, which was organized by FIBA, and the Euroleague, which was organized by Euroleague Basketball. On 26 July 2010, Turkish Airlines and Euroleague Basketball announced a €15 million strategic agreement to sponsor the top European basketball competition across the globe, according to the agreement, starting with the 2010–11 season, the top European competition would be named Turkish Airlines Euroleague Basketball. Similarly, the EuroLeague Final Four would be named the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague Final Four and this title partnership was set to run for five seasons, with the option of extending it to an additional five