Maccabi Tel Aviv B.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv B. C. for sponsorship reasons Maccabi FOX Tel Aviv, is a professional basketball club based in Tel Aviv, Israel. The team plays internationally in the EuroLeague; the club started in the mid-1930s, as part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv Sports Club, founded in 1906. With 6 EuroLeague championships, one Adriatic League championship, 52 Israeli League championships, 44 Israeli State Cup titles, 7 Israeli League Cup titles, Maccabi has been the most successful basketball team in Israel, is one of the most successful basketball teams in Europe, its players, such as: Tal Brody, Miki Berkovich, Jim Boatwright, Kevin Magee, Earl Williams, Aulcie Perry. The Israeli Basketball Super League started in 1954, Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first champion, it has dominated the championship since, winning the title 51 times, including a run of 23 titles in a row between 1970 and 1992. The team has won the Israeli Basketball State Cup 44 times. Maccabi is considered Israel's national sporting representative in the world.
From 1969 until 2008, Maccabi Tel Aviv was sponsored by Elite, Israel's largest food company, carried its name. Since July 2008, Maccabi has had a new sponsor – Electra. In 2015 they switched their sponsor once again, this time to "Fox". Since 1963, the club's home court has been the Yad Eliyahu Arena] in Tel Aviv. An open-air court for 5,000 spectators, it is now a modern indoor arena with a capacity of 11,060. Most Maccabi head coaches have been former players of the club. Yehoshua Rozin was involved with the club for 40 years. Ralph Klein started as an 18-year-old player and had several spells as a coach, led the club to its first EuroLeague title in the 1977–78 season. Zvi Sherf played for Maccabi's second team, coached the team for three spells. Pini Gershon played in the Youth Section, as a coach, led Maccabi to three EuroLeague titles. Maccabi Tel Aviv has always provided the senior Israeli national basketball team with a large number of players. Five Maccabi players, headed by Avraham Shneur, were on the team that represented Israel in its first EuroBasket, in 1953 in Moscow.
Tanhum Cohen-Mintz was one of Europe's top centers in the sixties, was selected to the first FIBA European Selection European All-Star Team, which played in Madrid in 1964. Miki Berkowitz, Motty Aroesti, Lou Silver, Eric Minkin played a major part in winning the silver medal at the 1979 EuroBasket in Torino. Doron Jamchy played 16 years for the Israeli national team, holds the record for appearances and points scored. Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first Israeli club to enter the FIBA European Champions Cup in the 1958 season. Since it has played over 600 games in European-wide competitions, was the only Israeli club to play in a FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup Final, to win the European-wide top-tier level EuroLeague on six occasions. Maccabi has played in 15 EuroLeague Finals. In 1994 Tel Aviv, in 2004 in Tel Aviv, Maccabi organized the EuroLeague Final Four; the first basketball game between an NBA and a FIBA team, was held in Tel Aviv. Maccabi Tel Aviv beat the defending NBA champions, Washington Bullets, 98–97.
Maccabi has played a record 18 times vs. NBA teams, became the first European team to win on an NBA floor, when it beat the Toronto Raptors, 105–103, in 2005, it beat the Phoenix Suns and Brooklyn Nets in 1984, to win a tournament in Tel Aviv. 5 Israeli League championships, 3 Israeli Cups. Early success in the Israeli League. Rivalry with Hapoel Tel Aviv begins. 5 Israeli League championships, 5 Israeli Cups. Establishment as an elite club with FIBA European All-Stars, like center Tanhum Cohen-Mintz. Fierce rivalry with home-town foes, Hapoel Tel Aviv. Tal Brody came to Israel in 1966, from the United States, after having been drafted #12 in the 1965 National Basketball Association Draft just to take one year out of his life to play for Maccabi Tel Aviv. Ralph Klein, Israel's most successful coach at the time, said that up until the enthusiastic Brody's arrival, Israelis had only viewed basketball as a fun game, but within a year, with his serious attitude and his inspirational commitment, Brody had inculcated his teammates with his view of basketball as a way of life.
At his urging, the team doubled the number of practices. To capitalize on Brody's quickness and speed, the coach abandoned the team's slow pace, in favor of a fast-paced motion game, built around fast breaks. Brody was the most dominant player in the European-wide second tier level FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup in the 1966–67 season. In 1967, he was named Israel's Sportsman of the Year; the team made it through the first and third rounds of the European Cup Winners' Cup's playoffs, reached the Finals, finishing second in the league. For the first time, the Israeli Prime Minister, the Israeli Defense Forces Chief of Staff, Knesset members came to games. Demand for tickets to games in the team's 5,000-seat stadium was so high that they became exceedingly difficult to obtain. 1 FIBA European Champions Cup, 10 Israeli League championships, 8 Israeli Cups. The rise to the top in Europe
Vitoria-Gasteiz is the seat of government and the capital city of the Basque Country and of the province of Araba/Álava in northern Spain. It holds the autonomous community's House of Parliament, the headquarters of the Government, the Lehendakari's official residency; the municipality — which comprises not only the city but the agricultural lands of 63 villages around — is the largest in the Basque Country, with a total area of 276.81 km2, it has a population of 242,082 people. The dwellers of Vitoria-Gasteiz are called vitorianos or gasteiztarrak, while traditionally they are dubbed babazorros. Vitoria-Gasteiz is a multicultural city with strengths in the arts, education, architectural conservation, vehicle industry and gastronomy, it is the first Spanish municipality to be awarded the title of European Green Capital and it is ranked as one of the 5 best places to live in Spain. The old town holds some of the best preserved medieval streets and plazas in the region and it is one of few cities to hold two Cathedrals.
The city holds well known festivals such as the Azkena rock festival, FesTVal, Vitoria-Gasteiz jazz festival, the Virgen Blanca Festivities. Vitoria-Gasteiz's vicinity is home to world-renowned wineries such as Ysios and the Marqués de Riscal Hotel. Beethoven dedicated his Opus 91 called the "Battle of Vitoria" or "Wellington's Victory", to one of the most famous events of the Napoleonic Wars: the Battle of Vitoria, in which a Spanish and British army under the command of General the Marquess of Wellington broke the French army and nearly captured the puppet king Joseph Bonaparte, it was a pivotal point in the Peninsular War, a precursor to the expulsion of the French from Spain. A memorial statue can be seen today in Virgen Blanca Square; the official name of Vitoria-Gasteiz is a compound name of its traditional names in Spanish and Basque, respectively. By inhabitants, it is still referred to as either Vitoria or Gasteiz, depending on the language spoken. More it may be referred to by Basque speakers as Vitorixe, a Basque form of the Spanish name.
In 581 AD, the Visigoth king Liuvigild founded the city of Victoriacum, trying to emulate the Roman foundations, as a celebration of the victory against the Vascones near what is assumed to be the hill occupied by the primitive village of Gasteiz. This however is not sufficiently proven, some historians and experts believe that Victoriacum was located not on the site of present-day Vitoria-Gasteiz but nearby. Several possible locations have been proposed, the foremost of, the late Roman military camp of Iruña-Veleia. Veleia is located some 11 km north of modern Vitoria, on the banks of the same river. However, modern archeological studies of the site suggest that Veleia was last inhabited c.5th century AD, archeologists are still to find a 6th-century visigothic resettlement in the site. Another theory has suggested that Victoriacum was located at the foot of Mount Gorbea where there is a village called Vitoriano; the town of Armentia, nowadays in the outskirts of Vitoria, has been proposed as a possible location of Victoriacum.
In either case, Victoriacum vanishes from history shortly after its foundation. In 1181, Sancho the Wise, King of Navarre founded the town of Nova Victoria as a defensive outpost on top of a hill at the site of the previous settlement of Gasteiz; the existence of Gastehiz inhabited by vasconic people, can be traced back to the lower Middle Ages. It is assumed that Sancho the Wise gave the new city its name in memory of the old settlement of Victoriacum, which must had long since been abandoned. In 1199, the town was besieged for nine months and captured by the troops of Alfonso VIII of Castile, who annexed the town to the Kingdom of Castile; the town was progressively enlarged and in 1431 it was granted a city charter by King Juan II of Castile. In 1463, it was one of the five founding villas of the Brotherhood of Álava alongside Sajazarra, Miranda de Ebro and Salvatierra/Agurain; the Battle of Vitoria of the Peninsular War occurred near Vitoria-Gasteiz along the river Zadorra on 21 June 1813.
An allied British and Spanish army under General the Marquess of Wellington broke the French army under Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan. The victory assured the eventual end of French control in Spain. There is a monument commemorating this battle in the main square of the city known as the Monument to Independence; when news came to Vienna in late July of that year, Johann Nepomuk Mälzel commissioned Ludwig van Beethoven to compose a symphony, the op. 91 Wellingtons Sieg oder die Schlacht bei Vittoria or Siegessymphonie. Work began on the Institute for Middle Education in 1843, with classes beginning during the 1853–54 academic year, it is now current headquarters of the Basque Parliament and the convent of Santa Clara. The Free University opened in the wake of the revolution of 1868; the University operated from 1869, to just prior to the 1873–1874 term because of the second Carlist War. Chief academ
The EuroLeague, known as the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague for sponsorship reasons, is the top-tier European professional basketball club competition, organized by Euroleague Basketball since 2000. Introduced in 2000, the competition replaced the FIBA EuroLeague, run by FIBA since 1958; the FIBA European Champions Cup and the EuroLeague are considered to be the same competition, with the change of name being a re-branding. The EuroLeague is one of the most popular indoor sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 8,780 for league matches in the 2017–18 season; that was the fifth-highest of any professional indoor sports league in the world, the second-highest of any professional basketball league in the world, only behind the National Basketball Association. The EuroLeague title has been won by 21 different clubs, 13 of which have won the title more than once; the most successful club in the competition is Real Madrid, with ten titles. Real Madrid are the current champions, having defeated Fenerbahçe in the 2018 final.
The FIBA European Champions Cup was established by FIBA and it operated under its umbrella from 1958 until the summer of 2000, concluding with the 1999–00 season. That was. FIBA had never trademarked the "EuroLeague" name though it had used that name for the competition since 1996. Euroleague Basketball appropriated the name, since FIBA had no legal recourse to do anything about it, it was forced to find a new name for its championship series. Thus, the following 2000–2001 season started with two separate top European professional club basketball competitions: the FIBA SuproLeague and the brand new Euroleague 2000–01 season; the rift in European professional club basketball showed no signs of letting up. Top clubs were split between the two leagues: Panathinaikos, Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv, CSKA Moscow and Efes Pilsen stayed with FIBA, while Olympiacos, Kinder Bologna, Real Madrid Teka, FC Barcelona, Paf Wennington Bologna, Benetton Treviso, AEK and Tau Cerámica joined Euroleague Basketball. In May 2001, Europe had two continental champions, Maccabi of the FIBA SuproLeague and Kinder Bologna of the Euroleague.
The leaders of both organizations realized the need to come up with a unified competition. Although only a year old, Euroleague Basketball negotiated from a position of strength and dictated proceedings. FIBA had no choice but to agree to Euroleague Basketball's terms; as a result, European club competition was integrated under Euroleague Basketball's umbrella and teams that competed in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000–01 season joined it as well. In essence, the authority in European professional basketball was divided over club-country lines. FIBA stayed in charge of national team competitions, while Euroleague Basketball took over the European professional club competitions. From that point on, FIBA's Korać Cup and Saporta Cup competitions lasted only one more season before folding, when Euroleague Basketball launched the ULEB Cup, now known as the EuroCup. In November 2015, Euroleague Basketball and IMG agreed on 10-year joint venture. Both Euroleague Basketball and IMG will manage the commercial operation, the management of all global rights covering both media and marketing.
The deal was worth €630 million guaranteed over 10 years, with projected revenues reaching €900 million. On 26 July 2010, Turkish Airlines and Euroleague Basketball announced a €15 million strategic agreement to sponsor the top European basketball competition across the globe. According to the agreement, starting with the 2010–11 season, the top European competition would be named Turkish Airlines Euroleague Basketball; the EuroLeague Final Four would be named the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague Final Four, whereby the new league title would appear in all media accordingly. This title partnership was set to run for five seasons, with the option of extending it to an additional five. On 23 October 2013, Turkish Airlines and Euroleague Basketball agreed to extend their partnership, up until 2020. FIBA era: FIBA European Champions Cup: FIBA European League: FIBA EuroLeague: FIBA SuproLeague: Euroleague Basketball era: Euroleague:. EuroLeague:.*There were two separate competitions during the 2000–01 season.
The SuproLeague, organized by FIBA, the Euroleague, organized by Euroleague Basketball. The EuroLeague operated under a tournament system, from its inaugural 1958 season, through the 2015–16 season. FIBA European Champions Cup: The champions of European national domestic leagues, the current European Champions Cup title holders, competing against each other, played in a tournament system; the league culminated with either a single game final, or a 2-game aggregate score finals. FIBA European Champions Cup: The champions of European national domestic leagues, competing against each other, played in a tournament system; the league culminated with a Final Four. FIBA European League: The champions of the European national domestic leagues, the current European League title holders, along with some of the other biggest teams from the most important national domestic leagues, played in a tournament system; the league culminated with a Final Four. FIBA EuroLeague: The champions of th
Liga Española de Baloncesto Aficionado known as Liga EBA, is a Spanish basketball championship, the fourth tier level in the Spanish basketball league system, after the Liga ACB, LEB Oro, LEB Plata. It is administered by the FEB, it was the Spanish second tier level competition from 1994 to 1996, the third tier level from 1996 to 2000, the fifth tier level, from 2007 to 2009. The Liga EBA is made up of five inter-regional groups. After the regular season, sixteen teams advance to the playoffs, where only four teams are promoted to the LEB Plata; the lowest ranked teams of each group, are relegated to the Primera División. The best teams in the Final Eight were promoted to a higher division. Due to economic problems, sometimes the winners couldn't be promoted to higher divisions; the 16 qualified teams were divided in four groups of four teams. The winners of the regular season groups hosted each group; the four group winners were promoted to the disappeared LEB Bronce. After the play-offs, the FEB set a table to determine the official champion of the Liga EBA.
In this table, the four group winners were the four first qualified teams, the runners-up from 5th to 8th, third qualifieds from 9th to 12th and last teams from 13th to 16th. The 32 qualified teams played a two-leg play-off where four teams were promoted to the higher division. From the 2010–11 season, only 16 teams qualified for the'May madness' format. Four teams were promoted each season to LEB Plata. For the 2012–13 season, FEB decided to return to the Final Groups format. After the play-offs, the FEB set a table to determine the official champion of the Liga EBA; as in 2008 and 2009, the final round was played by 16 teams divided in four groups, where the winners were promoted to LEB Plata. The Copa EBA was a competition held from 1996 to 2000 season; this cup was played by the champions of the groups. Spanish Basketball Federation Official Website Liga EBA History
A basketball uniform is a type of uniform worn by basketball players. Basketball uniforms consist of a jersey that features the number and last name of the player on the back, as well as shorts and athletic shoes. Within teams, players wear uniforms representing the team colors. Different basketball leagues have different specifications for the type of uniform, allowed on the court. Early in the history of the sport, basketball was played in any type of athletic attire, but by the 1900s, special uniforms were developed and marketed to basketball players; the style and fit of basketball uniforms evolved throughout subsequent decades modeled after the general fashion trends of the day. Basketball was played in any type of athletic attire, ranging from track suits to football uniforms; the first official basketball uniforms, as displayed in the Spalding catalog of 1901, featured three types of pants: knee-length padded pants, similar to those worn for playing football, as well as shorter pants and knee-length tights.
There were two types of a quarter-length sleeve and a sleeveless version. The long pants evolved into medium-length shorts in the 1920s, by the 1930s, the material used for jerseys changed from heavy wool to the lighter polyester and nylon. In the 1970s and 80s, uniforms became tighter-fitting and shorts were shorter, consistent with the overall fashion trends of these two decades. At this time, women's basketball uniforms transitioned from longer-sleeved uniforms to tank-top style jerseys similar to men's basketball uniforms, which more explicitly showed off players' muscle tone. In 1984, Michael Jordan asked for longer shorts and helped popularize the move away from tight, short shorts toward the longer, baggier shorts worn by basketball players today. Throughout the 1990s, basketball uniforms fell under the influence of hip hop culture, with shorts becoming longer and looser-fitting, team colors brighter, designs more flashy and suggestive of rappers' bling. At the turn of the 21st century, basketball uniforms became more oversized and loose-fitting.
For the Christmas Day games of 2013, the NBA and its apparel partner Adidas introduced a newly designed sleeved jersey with large team and NBA logos on the front. Marketers for the new uniforms realized that fans were unwilling to wear sleeveless jerseys in their day-to-day life and hoped the new sleeved jerseys would be more popular for everyday wear. However, it was a "not-so-well-kept secret that the NBA wanted to implement jersey ads in the years following the introduction of sleeved jerseys" as the "sleeves allow more space for potential partners to add their corporate logos to jerseys" like association football. After the league deal with Adidas expired and Nike signed on as the new apparel partner, the sleeved jersey did not continue; the sleeved jersey was controversial among players. LeBron James famously ripped the sleeves off during a prime time game against the New York Knicks in 2015, but in the 2016 NBA Finals James convinced his teammates to wear the sleeved jerseys in Game 5 and again in the title-clinching Game 7.
In 1903, a special basketball shoe with suction cups to prevent slippage was added to the official basketball uniform demonstrated in the Spalding catalog. Over the decades, different shoe brands and styles were popular as basketball shoes: Chuck Taylor All-Stars and Keds in the 1960s and 70s. In the 1970s, Slick Watts and Bill Walton began to wear headbands, which soon became popular with other players. Rick Barry popularized wrist-bands, other players soon created variations, such as bands that covered their forearms or biceps; these were used to wipe off sweat, or worn as fashion statements. In professional basketball leagues today, teams playing at home wear lighter-colored uniforms than the visiting team; as of the 2017–18 season, the NBA has eliminated the distinction between designated "home" and "away" uniforms. The home team is now allowed to wear any uniform color it chooses, while its opponent may wear any color that sufficiently contrasts with the home team's choice. In the NBA, basketball shorts must fall at least 1 inch above the knee, T-shirts cannot be worn under the jersey – however, they are permitted in American college basketball.
Some NBA and WNBA teams have allowed sponsors' logos to appear on their uniforms. Uniforms are made of wicking material designed to ensure that it evaporates faster, they are the product of a four-year study researching professional basketball players, who identified the need for fewer seams, lighter weight, faster drying and cooling in their jerseys. The main difference between U. S. basketball uniforms and those of other countries is the appearance of sponsorship iconography. S. uniforms feature center. For the 2017-18 season, some U. S. teams have started putting sponsorship logos on their jerseys on the upper left of the jersey, a maximum of 2.5 inches by 2.5 inches. Sportswear
Rafael Martínez Aguilera, known as Rafa Martínez, is a Spanish professional basketball player who plays for Valencia Basket of the Liga ACB. He represented the Spanish national basketball team internationally, he plays the shooting guard position. Rafa Martínez started playing basketball for Basquet Manresa rising from clubs junior team ranks; the team played in the Spanish second division LEB but was promoted to the ACB for the 1999-2000 season where on October 9, 1999 he made his professional debut in the top Spanish league against FC Barcelona. The following season he spent in the Basketball team CB Vic. After spending two years in the Valls Felix Hotel in LEB-2, he returned to the Basquet Manresa in 2003. In 2008, Martínez joined Valencia Basket, he won the EuroCup in the 2009–10. Along with that, Martínez had the highest three-point percentage in the Liga ACB that season. In the 2013–14 season, he won the Eurocup for the second time. On March 14, 2017, Martínez became the all-time three-point field goals leader of the EuroCup after passing Marko Popović with 208 three-pointers.
First all-time pointer of valencia basket since 26/02/2019 in the match against San Pablo Burgos team, surpassing Brad Branson. He has been with the Spanish national basketball team from the youth level. With the U-20 he won the silver medal at the U-20 European Basketball Championship 2002 played in Vilnius, won the bronze medal with the B-team at the Mediterranean Games 2005 played in Almería. In June 2010 he was included on the list of 24 candidates for the Spanish national basketball team, but did not make the final 12-man roster for 2010 FIBA World Championship. Note: The EuroLeague is not the only competition in which the player participated for the team during the season, he played in domestic competition, regional competition if applicable. Rafa Martínez at acb.com Rafa Martínez at draftexpress.com Rafa Martínez at eurobasket.com Rafa Martínez at euroleague.net
2014 Eurocup Finals
The 2014 Eurocup Finals were the concluding two games of the 2013–14 Eurocup season, the 11th season of Europe's second tier basketball league. Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first; the two teams met in the Last 32 phase as they both advance from Group O. UNICS won both games over Valencia, winning 82–75 at home and 73–76 away. Valencia's Justin Doellman was named the Eurocup Finals MVP, after averaging 27 points and 5.5 rebounds in the series