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Van Gogh Museum

The Van Gogh Museum is a Dutch art museum dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam. The museum opened on 2 June 1973, its buildings were designed by Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho Kurokawa; the museum contains the largest collection of Van Gogh's drawings in the world. In 2017, the museum had 2.3 million visitors, was the most visited museum in the Netherlands, the 23rd most visited art museum in the world. In 2019, the Van Gogh Museum launched the Meet Vincent Van Gogh Experience, a technology-driven "immersive exhibition" on Van Gogh's life and works, which has toured globally. Upon Vincent van Gogh's death in 1890, his work not sold fell into the possession of his brother Theo. Theo died six months after Vincent, leaving the work in the possession of his widow, Johanna van Gogh-Bonger. Selling many of Vincent's paintings with the ambition of spreading knowledge of his artwork, Johanna maintained a private collection of his works; the collection was inherited by her son Vincent Willem van Gogh in 1925 loaned to the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam where it was displayed for many years, was transferred to the state-initiated Vincent van Gogh Foundation in 1962.

Design for a Van Gogh Museum was commissioned by the Dutch government in 1963 to Dutch architect and furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld. Rietveld died a year and the building was not completed until 1973, when the museum opened its doors. In 1998 and 1999, the building was renovated by the Dutch architect Martien van Goor, an exhibition wing by the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa was added. In late 2012, the museum was closed for renovations for six months. During this period, 75 works from the collection were shown in the Hermitage Amsterdam. On 9 September 2013, the museum unveiled a long-lost Van Gogh painting that spent years in a Norwegian attic believed to be by another painter, it is the first full-size canvas by him discovered since 1928. Sunset at Montmajour depicts trees and sky, painted with Van Gogh's familiar thick brush strokes, it can be dated to the exact day it was painted because he described it in a letter to his brother and said he painted it the previous day 4 July 1888.

In 1991, twenty paintings were stolen from the museum, among them Van Gogh's early painting The Potato Eaters. Although the thieves escaped from the building, 35 minutes all stolen paintings were recovered from an abandoned car. Three paintings – Wheatfield with Crows, Still Life with Bible, Still Life with Fruit – were torn during the theft. Four men, including two museum guards, were convicted for the theft and given six or seven-year sentences, it is considered to be the largest art theft in the Netherlands since the Second World War. In 2002, two paintings were stolen from the museum, Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen and View of the Sea at Scheveningen. Two Dutchmen were convicted for the theft to four-and-a-half-year sentences, but the paintings were not recovered; the museum offered a reward of €100,000 for information leading to the recovery of the paintings. The FBI Art Crime Team listed the robbery on their Top Ten Art Crimes list, estimates the combined value of the paintings at US$30 million.

In September 2016, both paintings were discovered by the Guardia di Finanza in Italy. The two artworks were found according to the Van Gogh Museum; the museum is situated at the Museumplein in Amsterdam-Zuid, on the Paulus Potterstraat 7, between the Stedelijk Museum and the Rijksmuseum, consists of two buildings, the Rietveld building, designed by Gerrit Rietveld, the Kurokawa wing, designed by Kisho Kurokawa. Museum offices are housed on Stadhouderskade 55 in Amsterdam-Zuid; the Rietveld building is houses the permanent collection. It is four stories high. On the ground floor are a shop, a café, an introductory exhibition; the first floor shows the works of Van Gogh grouped chronologically. The second floor gives information about the restoration of paintings and has a space for minor temporary exhibitions; the third floor shows paintings of Van Gogh's contemporaries in relationship to the work of Van Gogh himself. The Kurokawa wing is used for major temporary exhibitions, it is three stories high.

The entrance to the Kurokawa wing is via a tunnel from the Rietveld building. The museum houses the largest Van Gogh collection in the world with 200 paintings, 400 drawings, 700 letters by the artist; the main exhibition chronicles the various phases of Van Gogh's artistic life. His selected works from Nuenen:Avenue of Poplars in Autumn The Potato Eaters His selected works from Antwerp:Skull of a Skeleton with Burning Cigarette His selected works from Paris:Agostina Segatori Sitting in the Café du Tambourin Wheat Field with a Lark View of Paris from Vincent's Room in the Rue Lepic His selected works from Arles:The Zouave Bedroom in Arles The Yellow House Sunflowers His selected works from Saint-Rémy:Almond Blossoms And his selected works from Auvers-sur-Oise:Wheatfield with Crows The permanent collection includes nine of the artist's self-portraits and some of his earliest paintings dating back to 1882; the museum features notable artworks by Van Gogh's contemporaries in the Impressionist and post-Impressionist movements and holds extensive exhibitions on various subjects from 19th Century art history.

The museum has sculptures by Auguste Rodin and Jules Dalou, paintings by

Rosedale Field

Rosedale Field was a grandstand stadium located in Rosedale Park at 20 Scholfield Avenue, Ontario, Canada. Called Toronto Lacrosse Grounds, it was linked to St. Andrew's College located in the area west of MacLennan Avenue from Summerhill Avenue to Douglas Drive, it could accommodate upwards of 10,000 standing. It was home to the Toronto Argonauts from 1874–1877, Toronto Football Club/Toronto Athletic Club 1879–1897 and again from 1908–1915, it hosted the Canadian Dominion Football Championship game in 1892, 1894, 1896, 1900, 1905 and 1908. It is most famously known for hosting the first Grey Cup game in 1909 when 4,000 fans witnessed the University of Toronto Varsity Blues defeat Toronto Parkdale by a score of 26-6; the 3,400 seat stadium and field was owned by the Rosedale Golf Club. The grandstand is no longer standing; the namesake golf course moved out in 1909 as The Scottish Ontario and Manitoba Land Company re-developed the area for residential homes. The current field is part of Rosedale Park, owned by the City of Toronto.

The home of Rosedale Tennis Club is located in the northern portion of the park. An outdoor skating rink, two sets of tennis courts, a playground, wading pool, a baseball field are available in the park. Mooredale House uses the park for a soccer baseball league as well as a hockey league; the field is home to the annual spring park party, Mayfair. The event consists of rides, flea market and other such carnival-type activities; the event is traditionally on the first Saturday in May. The event is funded by Mooredale House. Celebrations surrounding the 100th Grey Cup in 2012 began with the unveiling of a Heritage Toronto commemorative plaque at Rosedale Park. Centennial Park Stadium - City of Toronto Esther Shiner Stadium - City of Toronto Lamport Stadium - City of Toronto Monarch Park Stadium - Toronto District School Board Metro Toronto Track and Field Centre - City of Toronto Varsity Stadium - University of Toronto York Lions Stadium - York University Media related to Rosedale Park, Toronto at Wikimedia Commons Rosedale Park Mooredale House

Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch

Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch was a Prussian lieutenant general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars, participating in the battles of Leipzig and Waterloo. He is sometimes referred as Pirch I to distinguish him from his younger brother, Otto Karl Lorenz von Pirch, referred as Pirch II. Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch was born on 13 December 1763 in Magdeburg. In 1775 Pirch began his career in the Prussian military, becoming a cadet in the Hessen-Kassel Nr. 45 infantry regiment. In 1787 he saw action in the Prussian invasion of Holland and in 1793 he participated in Siege of Mainz, he became a French prisoner for two years after Prussian defeat in Battle of Jena in 1806. When the War of the Sixth Coalition began Pirch was appointed commander of a brigade in April 1813. Serving under the Army of Bohemia, he fought in the battles of Lützen, Bautzen and Kulm, earning promotion to the rank of Major General and both classes of the Iron Cross. At the Battle of Leipzig he led the capture of the village of Probstheida, despite suffering heavy casualties in his brigade.

In 1814 he participated in the Battle of Laon under the command of Blücher. In May 1815 General Ludwig von Borstell, commander of the Prussian II Corps, was sent home after protesting against the rough treatment of revolting Saxon units. Pirch replaced him as commander of the corps. At the beginning of Waterloo campaign, II Corps under Pirch's command numbered 30,000 men and officers; the corps was engaged in the Battle of Ligny on 16 June, suffering about 6,000 casualties and similar number of deserters. On June 18 Pirch's Corps set off from Wavre following after Bülow's IV Corps reaching Napoleon's flank at the Battle of Waterloo. Pirch's leading unit, 5th Infantry Brigade, joined the heavy fighting over Plancenoit village. Only part of Pirch's II Corps saw action in the battle, with a significant portion being bogged down in muddy country roads. After the battle Pirch was tasked with stopping the retreat of Grouchy's force at Wavre, but his assault on Namur failed due to the exhaustion of his troops and lack of reconnaissance.

After Waterloo Pirch handed over the command of II Corps to Prince Augustus of Prussia. After the end of the war Pirch was promoted to lieutenant general and received a gift of 4,000 thaler and multiple awards, including the Order of the Red Eagle 1st class with oak leaves and the Russian Order of St. George 3rd class, he retired in 1816. Pirch died in Berlin on 3 April 1838. Prussian general August von Nostitz characterized Pirch as a leader better suited for lower level commands, where he would properly carry out his orders, would not be required to act independently taking into account circumstances and greater goals