Van Lingle Mungo (song)
"Van Lingle Mungo" is a song composed and performed by jazz pianist Dave Frishberg. Frishberg wrote the music; the song, released in 1969, was distributed by Red Day Division of Inc. under CTI Records. It was released as a single, but was incorporated into Frishberg's LP, Oklahoma Toad. Frishberg developed the melody first, but couldn't settle on lyrics, rejecting several sets of lyrics he drafted. Frishberg browsed through a copy of a baseball encyclopedia, which lists the names of players in Major League Baseball. In the encyclopedia, he found the name of a name he found unusual, he found himself humming Mungo's name to the melody. From there, Frishberg found more names in the encyclopedia, he proceeded to write song lyrics for the melody that included only the names of major league players and the words "and" and "big", attempting to order the names in a rhyming fashion. The song is performed in bossa nova style; the players mentioned in most versions of the song, in addition to Mungo, are: In certain versions of the song, a few names change.
On the "Retromania: At The Jazz Bakery" album which contains a recording of the song, Frishberg substitutes Art Passarella in place of Roy Campanella. On an early recording that coincided with the release of the "Oklahoma Toad" album, Frishberg replaces the mellifluous Lou Boudreau and Claude Passeau with Virgil Trucks and Johnny Kucks. With the death of Johnny Pesky on August 13, 2012, Eddie Basinski is the last surviving player mentioned in the song. Jazz critic and author Ira Gitler considers "Van Lingle Mungo" as "one of the best jazz works of the 70s and the best done combining jazz and baseball." The song has been entered in the National Baseball Library, a section of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York. "Van Lingle Mungo" was included in Baseball's Greatest Hits, a 1990 compilation of baseball-themed songs. Mungo and his wife reported. MajorSwingMusic. "Van Lingle Mungo". Retrieved November 28, 2016 – via YouTube
The Dick Cavett Show
The Dick Cavett Show was the title of several talk shows hosted by Dick Cavett on various television networks, including: ABC daytime titled This Morning ABC prime time, Wednesdays & Fridays ABC late night CBS prime time, Saturdays PBS, early evenings, weeknights USA Network prime time ABC late night, Tuesdays & Wednesday nights CNBC TCM Cavett taped his programs in New York City. The Dick Cavett Show refers to television programs on the ABC, PBS, USA and CNBC networks hosted by comedian, comedy writer and author Dick Cavett between 1968 and 1995 in New York; the first daytime show featured Gore Vidal, Muhammad Ali, Angela Lansbury. ABC pressured Cavett to "get big names," although subsequent shows without them got higher ratings and more critical acclaim. A well received prime-time three show a week summer replacement series led to the memorable late-night talk show that ran from December 29, 1969 to January 1, 1975 opposite NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Cavett took the time slot over from The Joey Bishop Show.
In addition to the usual monologue, Cavett opened each show reading selected questions written by audience members, to which he would respond with witty rejoinders. While Cavett and Carson shared many of the same guests, Cavett was receptive to rock and roll artists to a degree unusual at the time, as well as authors and other personalities outside the entertainment field; the wide variety of guests, combined with Cavett's literate and intelligent approach to comedy, appealed to a significant enough number of viewers to keep the show running for several years despite the competition from Carson's show. The late-night show's 45-minute midpoint would always be signaled by the musical piece "Glitter and Be Gay" from Leonard Bernstein's Candide; the Candide snippet became Cavett's theme song, being used as the introduction to his PBS series, was played by the house band on his various talk show appearances over the last 30 years. Each show had several guests, but Cavett would devote an entire show to a single guest.
Among those receiving such special treatment were Groucho Marx, Laurence Olivier, Judy Garland, Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Orson Welles, Noël Coward, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Ray Charles, Alfred Hitchcock, Fred Astaire, Woody Allen, Gloria Swanson, Jerry Lewis, Lucille Ball, Zero Mostel and David Bowie. These shows helped showcase Cavett's skills as a host who could attract guests that otherwise might not do interviews, at the expense of some of the excitement that might ensue from the multiple-guest format. In January 1973, despite a vociferous letter campaign, ratings forced the show to be cut back to occasional status, airing one week a month under the umbrella title ABC's Wide World of Entertainment. Jack Paar, whom ABC had tried to recruit as Cavett's successor, insisted that both he and Cavett get at least one week per month as a sign of respect for Cavett. By the end of 1974, it was airing only twice a month; the PBS series featured single guests in a half-hour format and was produced by Christopher Porterfield, a former roommate of Cavett's at Yale University who had coauthored the book Cavett published in August 1974.
The show remained on the PBS lineup until affiliates voted it off the schedule in 1982. On all three of the early ABC shows, the bandleader was Bobby Rosengarden and the announcer was Fred Foy of The Lone Ranger fame; the morning show was produced by Woody Fraser. Tony Converse was the producer of the ABC Prime Time show and the original producer of the ABC late-night show, succeeded by John Gilroy. Cavett's writer was Dave Lloyd; the Dick Cavett Show was the name of a short-lived radio show. In the first broadcast of his 90-minute morning show, Cavett had as his first guest, engineer and futurist Buckminster Fuller; the two discussed how politicians would become obsolete through technological advances, while the wide-ranging discussion included a comment from Fuller that a woman is a baby factory and that a man's role is to press the right button. On in the program, Cavett chatted with actress Patricia Neal, who discussed her long rehabilitation from a near-fatal stroke in 1965. During an interview with Christine Jorgensen, the first known trans woman to have sex reassignment surgery she walked off the show when she felt offended when Cavett asked her about the status of her romantic life with her "wife".
Due to continuing coverage of the Robert F. Kennedy assassination that took place earlier that morning, Cavett's show didn't begin until 11 a.m. and was interrupted at 11:20 for 30 minutes of further updates on the unfolding tragedy. At 11:50, Cavett's show returned for its final 10 minutes; the assassination was the lone topic discussed during the entire 30 minutes the show was presented. On the following two mornings, the show began at its regular time of 10:30 a.m. and was once again devoted to assassination coverage, presented without commercial interruption. Due to conflicting netw
Tommy Bond (baseball)
Thomas Henry Bond was a Major League Baseball player, a pitcher and a right fielder a total of ten seasons. A native of Granard, Ireland, he is the first man born in Ireland to play Major League Baseball. Bond was the last survivor of the National League's first season. Bond played for six teams during his career: the Brooklyn Atlantics, Hartford Dark Blues, Boston Red Caps, Worcester Ruby Legs, Boston Reds, Indianapolis Hoosiers, he managed the Worcester team for six games. During his 10-season career, he was a three-time 40-game winner, played for two National League pennant-winning clubs, finished in the top ten in many pitching categories. In 1877, he was the first winner of baseball's pitching Triple Crown, leading the NL in wins, earned run average, strikeouts, his career statistics include a record of 234-163, 386 complete games in 408 starts, 42 shutouts, an ERA of 2.31. Bond played 92 games in the outfield, a few more in the infield, batted.238 with 174 RBI and 213 runs scored. Bond holds the third-best strikeouts per walks rate in baseball history, at a 5.0363 ratio, for pitchers who threw a minimum 1000 innings.
Bond held the record for over 130 years, as of 2018 still holds the record for retired pitchers. Bond died the age of 84 in Boston, is interred at Forest Hills Cemetery. In the Irish Baseball League, the annual award for the best pitcher is named "The'Tommy Bond' Best Pitcher Award." List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders Major League Baseball Triple Crown List of Major League Baseball annual ERA leaders List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders List of players from Ireland in Major League Baseball List of Major League Baseball player-managers Baseball awards#Ireland Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Tommy Bond at Find a Grave
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The Major League Baseball All-Star Game known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual professional baseball game sanctioned by Major League Baseball contested between the All-Stars from the American League and National League selected by fans for starting fielders, by managers for pitchers, by managers and players for reserves. The game occurs on either the second or third Tuesday in July, is meant to mark a symbolic halfway-point in the MLB season. Both of the major leagues share an All-Star break, with no regular-season games scheduled on the day before or two days after the All-Star Game itself; some additional events and festivities associated with the game take place each year close to and during this break in the regular season. No official MLB All-Star Game was held in 1945 including the official selection of players due to World War II travel restrictions. Two All-Star Games were held each season from 1959 to 1962; the most recent All-Star Game was held on July 17, 2018, at Nationals Park, home of the National League's Washington Nationals.
The 2019 and 2020 All-Star Games are scheduled to be held in Cleveland and Los Angeles, respectively. A Major League Baseball All-Star is a professional baseball player, named to either the American League or National League All-Star Team. Major league All-Star namings began in July 1933. Fans have participated in the selection of the players who fill the AL and NL All-Star rosters. Between 1935 and 1946, each All-Star team's manager selected their entire teams. From 1959 through 1962, All-Stars played in two All-Star Games each season. On January 29, 1936, Babe Ruth became the first of the original thirty-six All-Stars to be inducted in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Hank Aaron holds the record for the most All-Star Game appearances. In 2017, each All-Star team had 32 players, with fans voting for the starting players, the players selecting the reserve players for each position and five starting pitchers and three relief pitchers; the final All-Star player vote still exists, but the MLB commissioner's office will now fill out the remaining roster spots instead of the managers.
The 90th Installment will be played in Progressive Field, home of the AL central's Cleveland Indians. The first All-Star Game was held on July 6, 1933, as part of the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago, at Comiskey Park and was initiated by Arch Ward sports editor for the Chicago Tribune. Intended to be a one-time event, its great success resulted in making the game an annual one; the venue for the All-Star Game is chosen by Major League Baseball. The criteria for the venue are subjective. Over time, this has resulted in certain cities being selected more at the expense of others due to timely circumstances: Cleveland Stadium and the original Yankee Stadium are tied for the most times a venue has hosted the All-Star game, both hosting four games. New York City has hosted more than any other city, having done so nine times in five different stadiums. At the same time, the New York Mets failed to host for 48 seasons, while the Los Angeles Dodgers have not hosted since 1980 and will do so in 2020. Among current major league teams, the Tampa Bay Rays have yet to host the All-Star game.
In the first two decades of the game there were two pairs of teams that shared ballparks, located in Philadelphia and St. Louis; this led to some shorter-than-usual gaps between the use of those venues: The Cardinals hosted the game in 1940, the Browns in 1948. The Athletics hosted the game in 1943, the Phillies in 1952; the venues traditionally alternate between the American National League every year. This tradition has been broken several times: The first time was in 1951, when the AL Detroit Tigers were chosen to host the annual game as part of the city's 250th birthday; the second was when the two-game format during the 1959–1962 seasons resulted in the AL being one game ahead in turn. This was corrected in 2007, when the NL San Francisco Giants were the host for the 2007 All-Star Game, which set up the 2008 game to be held at the AL's original Yankee Stadium in its final season, it was broken when again the NL hosted the four straight games from 2015-2018. The AL will host its next game in 2019 in Cleveland.
The "home team" has traditionally been the league in which the host franchise plays its games, but the American League was designated the home team for the 2016 All Star Game, despite its being played in Petco Park, home of the National League's San Diego Padres. This decision was made following the announcement of Miami as host for the 2017 All Star Game, the third straight year in which the game is hosted in a National League ballpark. Since 1934, the managers of the game are the managers of the previous year's league pennant winners and World Series clubs; the coaching staff for each team is selected by its manager. This honor is given to the manager, not the team, so it is possible that the All-Star manager could no longer be
History of the Brooklyn Dodgers
The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League baseball team, active in the National League from 1884 until 1957, after which the club moved to Los Angeles, where it continues its history as the Los Angeles Dodgers. The team moved west at the same time as its longtime rivals, the New York Giants in the National League, relocated to San Francisco in northern California as the San Francisco Giants; the team's name derived from the reputed skill of Brooklyn residents at evading the city's trolley streetcar network. The Dodgers played in two stadiums in South Brooklyn, each named Washington Park, at Eastern Park in the neighborhood of Brownsville before moving to Ebbets Field in the neighborhood of Flatbush in 1913; the team is noted for signing Jackie Robinson in 1947 as the first black player in the modern major leagues. The first convention of the National Association of Base Ball Players were from Brooklyn, including the Atlantic and Excelsior clubs that combined to dominate play for most of the 1860s.
Brooklyn helped make baseball commercial, as the locale of the first paid admission games, a series of three all star contests matching New York and Brooklyn in 1858. Brooklyn featured the first two enclosed baseball grounds, the Union Grounds and the Capitoline Grounds. Despite the early success of Brooklyn clubs in the National Association of Base Ball Players, which were amateur until 1869, they fielded weak teams in the succeeding National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league formed in 1871; the Excelsiors no longer challenged for the amateur championship after the Civil War and never entered the professional NAPBBP. The Eckfords and Atlantics thereby lost their best players; the National League replaced the NAPBBP in 1876 and granted exclusive territories to its eight members, excluding the Atlantics in favor of the New York Mutuals who had shared home grounds with the Atlantics. When the Mutuals were expelled by the league, the Hartford Dark Blues club moved in, changed its name to The Brooklyn Hartfords and played its home games at Union Grounds in 1877 before disbanding.
The team known as the Dodgers was formed as the Brooklyn Grays in 1883 by real estate magnate and baseball enthusiast Charles Byrne, who convinced his brother-in-law Joseph Doyle and casino operator Ferdinand Abell to start the team with him. Byrne arranged to build a grandstand on a lot bounded by Third Street, Fourth Avenue, Fifth Street, Fifth Avenue, named it Washington Park in honor of first president George Washington; the Grays played in the minor level Inter-State Association of Professional Baseball Clubs that first season. Doyle became the first team manager, they drew 6,431 fans to their first home game on May 12, 1883 against the Trenton, New Jersey team; the Grays won the league title after the Camden Merritt club in New Jersey disbanded on July 20 and Brooklyn picked up some of its better players. The Grays were invited to join the two year old professional circuit, the American Association to compete with the eight year old NL for the 1884 season. After winning the American Association league championship in 1889, the Grays moved to the competing older National League and won the 1890 NL Championship, being the only Major League team to win consecutive championships in both professional "base ball" leagues.
They lost the 1889 championship tournament to the New York Giants and tied the 1890 championship with the Louisville Colonels. Their success during this period was attributed to their having absorbed skilled players from the defunct New York Metropolitans and Brooklyn Ward's Wonders. In 1899, most of the original old Baltimore Orioles NL stars from the legendary Maryland club which earlier won three consecutive championships in 1894-1895-1896, moved to the Grays along with famed Orioles manager Ned Hanlon who became the club's new manager in New York / Brooklyn under majority owner Charles Ebbets, who had by now accumulated an 80% share of the club; the new combined team was dubbed the "Brooklyn Superbas" by the press and would become the champions of the National League in 1899 and again in 1900. The team name, Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers, was coined in 1895; the nickname was still new enough in September 1895 that a newspaper could report that "'Trolley Dodgers' is the new name which eastern baseball cranks have given the Brooklyn club."
In 1895, Brooklyn played at Eastern Park, bounded by Eastern Parkway, Powell Street, Sutter Avenue, Van Sinderen Street, where they had moved early in the 1891 season when the second Washington Park burned down. Some sources erroneously report that the name "Trolley Dodgers" referred to pedestrians avoiding fast cars on street car tracks that bordered Eastern Park on two sides. However, Eastern Park was not bordered by street-level trolley lines that had to be "dodged" by pedestrians; the name "Trolley Dodgers" implied the dangers posed by trolley cars in Brooklyn which in 1892, began the switch from horse-power to electrical power, which made them much faster, were hence regarded as more dangerous. The name was shortened to Brooklyn Dodgers; the "Trolley Dodgers" name was adopted by the team for the 1911 and 1912 seasons, the "Dodgers" name was used in 1913. Other team names used by the franchise that came to be called "the Dodgers" were the Atlantics, Bridegrooms or Grooms (1888
Opening Day is the day on which professional baseball leagues begin their regular season. For Major League Baseball and most of the minor leagues, this day falls during the first week of April. In Nippon Professional Baseball, this day falls in the last week of March. For baseball fans, Opening Day serves as a symbol of rebirth. Many feel that the occasion represents a newness or a chance to forget last season, in that all 30 of the major league clubs and their millions of fans begin with 0–0 records. Opening Day festivities extend throughout the sport of baseball, from hundreds of Minor League Baseball franchises to college, high school, youth leagues in North America and beyond. Since Major League Baseball starts their season first among professional leagues, their Opening Day is the one most recognized by the general public. Most of the minor leagues start a few days but within the same week. Opening Day ignores the exhibition games played during spring training in the month leading up to Opening Day.
For generations, Opening Day has arrived amid pageantry. In Cincinnati, home of the sport's first professional team, the annual Findlay Market Parade marks an official "city holiday" with young and old alike taking the day off to cheer on the Reds. For decades, the first pitch of every major league season took place in Cincinnati, the Reds remain the only major league team to always open the season with a home game; the Chicago Cubs have been the Reds' most common Opening Day opponent, visiting Cincinnati 36 times on Opening Day, most in 2007. The Pittsburgh Pirates, whom the current Reds organization played their first Opening Day against in 1882, is a close second with 31, most in 2015. Fittingly, the Reds were the first team to host an Interleague game on Opening Day when the team hosted the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in the first year of year-round Interleague play in 2013. Since 1994 ESPN has televised a regular-season game the night before "Opening Day" and recent years have seen the staging of season-opening series in Mexico, Puerto Rico and Australia.
While these are technically "opening games", Major League Baseball still reserves the title "Opening Day" for the first day in which multiple games are played. A home opener is a team's first game of the season on their home field. Opening Day is a state of mind as well, with countless baseball fans known to recognize this unofficial holiday as a good reason to call in sick at work or be truant from school and go out to the ballpark for the first of 162 regular season games. Teams' home openers serve as the only regular season games during the year in which the entire rosters of both teams as well as coaches and clubhouse staff are introduced to the crowd prior to the games; some teams, among them the New York Mets, have had their broadcasters as the master of pre-game ceremonies for their home openers, which typically feature appearances by retired players, local celebrities or media personalities and other dignitaries. Prior to Opening Day, the teams' managers have to decide the starting pitchers for the game, an assignment given to the ace of each team's staff.
For a pitcher to start on Opening Day is considered an honor, regardless of whether they are on the home or visitor team. Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn, who played for the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox, once said: "An opener is not like any other game. There's a faster beating of the heart. You have that anxiety to get off for yourself and for the team. You know that when you win the first one, you can't lose'em all."In 2014, Ozzie Smith, with the support of Anheuser-Busch, began a campaign using the We the People site on WhiteHouse.gov to petition the U. S. government to make Opening Day an official national holiday. In 1907, the New York Giants forfeited their game at the Polo Grounds to the Philadelphia Phillies, 9–0, after rowdy fans made and threw snowballs. Without police available to restore order, umpire Bill Klem awarded the game to the Phillies. In 1940, Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller threw a no-hitter to open the season against the Chicago White Sox.
It remains the only no-hitter in Opening Day history. Twelve U. S. Presidents have thrown the first ball of the season. On April 14, 1910, baseball enthusiast William Howard Taft attended the home opener in Washington, D. C. becoming the first U. S. President to throw out the first pitch to start a season. Harry S. Truman threw first pitches with both his right and left arm in 1950. On April 4, 1994, Bill Clinton inaugurated the Cleveland Indians' new ballpark known as Jacobs Field and now as Progressive Field, with
William Watson Clark born in St. Joseph, was a baseball pitcher for the Cleveland Indians, Brooklyn Robins/Dodgers and New York Giants, he finished 20th in voting for the 1931 National League MVP for having a 14–10 win–loss record, 34 games, 16 complete games, 3 shutouts, 2 games finished, 1 save, 233⅓ innings pitched, 243 hits allowed, 86 runs allowed, 83 earned runs allowed, 4 home runs allowed, 52 walks, 96 strikeouts, 1 hit batsman, 3 wild pitches, 981 batters faced, 1 balk, 3.20 ERA and 1.264 WHIP. He led the National League in walks/9 IP in 1930 and 1935, innings in 1929, games started in 1929 and 1932, hits allowed in 1929, losses in 1929 and batters faced in 1929, he ranks 81st on the Major League Baseball career walks/9 IP list. He holds the Dodgers single season record for walks/9 IP. In 12 seasons, he had a 111–97 win–loss record, 355 games, 91 complete games, 14 shutouts, 84 games finished, 16 saves, 1,747⅓ innings pitched, 1,897 hits allowed, 836 runs allowed, 711 earned runs allowed, 86 home runs allowed, 383 walks allowed, 643 strikeouts, 17 hit batsmen, 21 wild pitches, 7,442 batters faced, 2 balks, 3.66 ERA and 1.305 WHIP.
He died at the age of sixty-nine in Florida. List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference